Lesson One Half a Day
Naguib Mahfouz was born on the 11th Dec. 1911 in an old quarter of Cairo, the youngest son of a
merchant. He studied philosophy at King Faud I (now Cairo) University, graduating in 1934. He
worked in university administration and then in 1939 he worked for the Ministry of Islamic
Affairs. He was later Head of the State Cinema Organization at the Ministry of Culture. He also
worked as a journalist.
Although widely translated, his works are not available in most Middle Eastern countries because
of his support of Sadat’s Camp David initiative. In 1994 he survived an assassination attempt by
He is married, has two daughters and lives in Cairo.
Camp David Accords: popular name for the historic peace accords in 1978 between Israel and
Egypt. The official agreement was signed on Mar. 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C. by Israeli Prime
Minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat, with U.S. President Jimmy
Carter signing as a witness. Under the pact, which was denounced by other Arab states, Israel
agreed to return the Sinai to Egypt, a transfer that was completed in 1982. In a joint letter the two
nations also agreed to negotiate Palestinian autonomy measures in the Israeli-occupied West Bank
and Gaza Strip, but in fact no progress was made on this issue before Sadat’s assassination in Oct.,
II. His works
Naguib Mahfouz was the first Arab to win the Nobel prize for literature, in 1988. He has been described as "a Dickens of the Cairo cafés" and "the Balzac of Egypt".
He is now the author of no fewer than 30 novels, more than 100 short stories, and more than 200 articles. Half of his novels have been made into films which have circulated throughout the Arabic-speaking world.
The Cairo Trilogy in 1957 made him famous throughout the Arab world as a depicter of traditional urban life.
Each book in the trilogy was named after a suburb of Cairo. The first, Palace Walk; The second,
Palace of Desire; The third book, Sugar Street.
III. The world in his works
The picture of the world as it emerges from the bulk of Mahfouz’s work is very gloomy indeed, though not completely disappointing. It shows that the author’s social utopia is far from being realized.
Mahfouz seems to conceive of time as a force of oppression. His novels have consistently shown time as the bringer of change, and change as a very painful process, and very often time is not content until it has dealt his heroes the final blow of death.
To sum up, in Mahfouz’s dark description of the world there are only two bright spots. These consist of man's continuing struggle for equality on the one hand and the promise of scientific progress on the other; meanwhile, life is a tragedy.
IV. Creator of the Universe
I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded. Isa 45:12
I am the creator of the Universe.
I am the Father and Mother of the Universe.
Everything came from me.
Everything shall return to me.
Mind, spirit and body are my temples,
for the Self to realize in them
My Supreme Being and Becoming.
prayer for the new age—Maitreya
V. Different names of God
Answer: EL: God "mighty, strong, prominent" (Gen 7:1; Isa 9:6)
ELOHIM: God "Creator, Mighty and Strong" (Gen 17:7; Jer 31:33)
EL SHADDAI: "God Almighty or" "God All Sufficient" (Gen 49:24; Mic 2:1)
ADONAI: "Lord" (Gen 15:2; Judges 6:15)
YAHWEH / JEHOVAH: "LORD" (Deut 6:4; Dan 9:14)
YAHWEH-YIREH: "The Lord will Provide" (Gen 22:14)
YAHWEH-ROPHE: "The Lord Who Heals" (Isa 61:1)
YAHWEH-NISSI: "The Lord Our Banner" (Exo 1:15)
YAHWEH-M'KADDESH: "The Lord Who Sanctifies" (Lev 20:8)
YAHWEH-SHALOM: "The Lord Our Peace" (Judges 6:24)
YAHWEH-ELOHIM: "LORD God" (Gen 2:4; Psa 59:5)
YAHWEH-TSIDKENU: "The Lord Our Righteousness" (Jer 33:16)
YAHWEH-ROHI: "The Lord Our Shepherd" (Psa 23:1)
Lesson Two Going Home
Pete Hamill was born in Brooklyn, N. Y. in 1935. He attended Mexico City College in
1956—1957, studying painting and writing. He has been a columnist for the New York Post, the
Daily News, and New York Newsday, and has won many journalistic awards.
At the same time, Hamill has pursued a career as a fiction writer, producing 8 novels and 2
collections of short stories. His 1997 novel, Snow in August, was on the New York Times bestseller
list for four months. His memoir, A Drinking Life, was on the same New York Times list for 13
Florida was named by the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León in 1513. He called the region "La
Florida", roughly translated as Land of the Flowers. He probably chose this name because he was
impressed by the many colorful flowers. Statehood for Florida came in 1845 (27th state). Florida
is one of the leading tourist states in the United States. Great stretches of sandy beaches and a
warm, sunny climate make Florida a year-round vacationland. Major attractions include Disney
World, Miami Beach, the Everglades National Park and the Florida Keys. Tourists may also visit
historic sites that date back to the Spanish explorers.
III. New Jersey
One of the original 13 states, New Jersey was named after the island of Jersey in the English
Channel. New Jersey is a state of industrial cities and towns, but also of glistening beaches and
popular summer resorts. It is one of the great coastal playgrounds of the United States. Atlantic
City is one of the most well-known resorts. New Jersey is located between New York City and
Philadelphia, making it a convenient location for tourists to the area.