Ladies and Gentlemen: Good morning

By Nicholas Franklin,2015-02-07 22:29
108 views 0
1 Inaugural Speech Sun Zhengyu (Chairperson of Research Center for social development theory, Jilin University.) It is surely with great pleasure to see this international seminar of Globalization and Multi-Modernity being held today in Jilin University, with the attendance of so many scholars from home and abroad. On behalf of The Res..

    Inaugural Speech

    Sun Zhengyu

     (Chairperson of Research Center for social development theory, Jilin University.)

    It is surely with great pleasure to see this international seminar of Globalization and Multi-Modernity being held today in Jilin University, with the attendance of so many

    scholars from home and abroad. On behalf of The Research Center of Social Development

    Theory In Jilin University, The Research Center of Fundamental Philosophical Theory and

    The School of Philosophy and Sociology, I would like to present my warm welcome and

    hearty thanks to all of you.

    In 1980s, Jilin University took the lead in our country to establish The Institute of Social Development Study, and in 1990s The School of Philosophy And Sociology was established.

    In 2004, The Research Center of Social Development Theory was established as a national

    innovation base, a comprehensive study of social development in cross-subject therefore

    started. In recent 20 years, Prof. Zheng Hangsheng and other scholars helped us make a

    certain amount of achievement, which made this seminar possible.

    I want to take this chance to talk about my understanding of development.

    Development, in its true meaning, is a particular existing pattern of man, that is to say, it is

    an existing pattern for man to realize his own development through the development of

    society. This particular existing pattern is both the most reality we have to face, and the most

    theory of heated argument in sociological field. This is due to the fact that the logic of

    human existence is now facing a severe challenge in our social activities, especially in the

    course of economical globalization.

    The problem of development is severe because, as an existing pattern, it has an unavoidable two-folded meanings. Human history is a course of aim-pursuing activities, it

    always realizes its progress in a certain kind of setback pattern, unilateralism therefore

    becomes the develop pattern of history. Any progress in historical process would certainly

    pay a corresponding cost, any positive effect would be accompanied wit certain negative

    effect, any realization of collective benefits would mean certain lost of partial benefits, and

    any pursue of long term benefits would mean certain abandonment of partial benefits.

    Either the relationship between man and nature, or that between man and society would face

    the same severe challenge in the course of economic globalization.

    As for the relationship between man and nature, Engels once warned us not to enjoy our victory over nature, for nature would take revenge for any victory we have made. Indeed


    we got what we had expected in every victory, but later, or later after later we found the final result diminished what we had expected. Damage to our homestead would certainly

    threaten our own existence and development. Therefore, it has become a grave task to

    harmonize man and nature in the social development study.

    As for the relationship between man and society, Karl Marx once concluded market economy as human independence based on the matter-dependence In its institutional

    meaning, economical globalization firstly means the globalization of market economy and its

    corresponding principles. Market economy shapes the whole social life according to its

    own requirement, meanwhile its principles such as equivalence exchange and survival of the

    fittest have melted into our life as well. This not only shaped the human independence, but

    also formed a matter-dependence of man. It is the logic of maximum interest rather than

    maximum of happiness that creates the survival logic of modern society. As for man, this

    survival logic becomes a severe challenge to the human logic of expecting good and

    avoiding the bad. Marcuse once said that the inner contradictory of developed industrial

    civilization lies here: its unreasonable part stays in its reasonability. This is the severest

    problem we have to face in the course of economical globalization.

    Social development theory consider development the severest realistic problem, and the primary problem it has to face is how to understand and evaluate the term development

    Development is not only the description but also the evaluation of the existence state and

    process, therefore development is the description of existence with its logical precondition of

    evaluation. This could be summarized as that the problem of development is actually the

    problem of evaluation over existence state and process, and the problem of behavior choice

    according to certain evaluation criterion; in other words, it is a problem to make an orderly

    arrangement in practice. As for the existence logic of expecting good and avoiding bad,

    how to set the criterion of good or bad, and how to choose the right behavior to expect good

    and avoid bad, how to make the orderly arrangement so as to get more good than bad, all this

    form the fundamental problem we have to face. Criterion and choice have become the

    most important nuclear category in social development theory.

    The criterion of development holds a very rich and profound cultural connotation, which includes not only cultural diversity, but also consistency of every age; not only the sure

    tendency of economical globalization, but also the multi-choice of modernization; not only

    the major measure of history, but also the minor measure of history. Here the major

    measure of history refers to the measure we evaluate history from the viewpoint of our

    fundamental interest, long-term interest and collective interest; and the minor measure refers

    to the measure we regulate our historical activities out of our non-fundamental interest,


    temporary interest and partial interest. Life has told us that if we only hold the major measure and neglect the minor one, we cannot realize the ideal promised by the major measure, and even worse, we would distort it into the actual violence which depresses individual growth. On the other hand, if we only hold the minor measure and neglect the major one, we would lose our ideal and, the most serious, our historical activities would threaten human existence and therefore make us feel too anxious to carry out our duties.

    In the process of the building socialism of Chinese characteristics, we create a general

    concept of Fundamental Human, which has been regarded as the fundamental criterion of development. Being the subtle balance of both the major and minor historical measure, the criterion has now become the start of our behavior choice. The notion of scientific development we have formed in the process of building the socialism of Chinese characteristics holds development as the primary concept, with its core the Fundamental Human, its basic requirement the complete harmony and continuance, and its fundamental solution a plan as whole and attention to all. Under such a guidance, the Chinese government is now bending itself to three problems in social development: the first, being the representative of public interest, it is trying to maximum the public interest so as to meet the social fundamental needs; the second, it is seeking to ease the pressure brought by the resources and environment, so as to realize the continuance; the third, it is enhancing its own construction in the public management structure, so as to promote its public service. This is the behavior choice under the guidance of Fundamental Human, which is also the behavior choice of modernity we have made in the process of economic globalization.

    Being contemporary social science researchers, we are determined to liberate our mind

    and promote our study of social development theory on the basis of deriving foreign achievements. To liberate our mind, I think, we need to have the ambition to build the socialism of Chinese characteristics and to realize the grand restoration of Chinese nationalities. Our country has been open for nearly 30 years, and now we are facing an unprecedented opportunity, and yes, we are facing an unprecedented challenge as well. We need a strong ambition and a wide vision to further the study and research of the socialism of Chinese characteristics, because this effort will widen our way. To liberate our mind also requires us the courage to face reality, during the course of building socialistic market economy, many hidden contradiction would gradually appear, which urges us to study them with the courage to face reality and to solve these problems under the notion of scientific development. Only with such courage can we truly liberate our mind and bring forward new questions. To liberate our mind also requires us the courage of new theory creation, it


    is not only a slogan, firstly it requires us to liberate our mind from metaphysics, so that we can further study the new situation and new problems rather than making a brief judgment and evaluation on our performance; secondly it requires us to liberate our mind from doctrinarism, so that we can supply creative research achievements to our construction when we meet new opportunities and challenges; thirdly, it requires us to liberate our mind from the dull and empty language pattern, so that we can form new thoughts and new language to make a brand new argumentation and new explanation.

    Karl Marx once said that problem is the proverb of the age, and it is the voice of the age

    which is open, dreadless and dominant to everyone. Being the self-awareness of society, social science is always mostly concerned with the most realistic problem of its age. The survival logic of expecting good and avoiding the bad has met unprecedented challenge in the time of economical globalization, which has brought about a great many tasks to our attention and expectation. We will be listening to various voices from scholars of either home and abroad, who will show us their enlightening and constructive achievements. This would certainly be a good chance for us to learn from each other, and I do wish it a wonderful success!

    Thank you!


    吉林大学社会发展理论研究中心主任 孙正聿 教授
























































































AbstractTitle: Tradition and Modern in the Course of Modernity

    The paper introduced the relation of the “tradition and modern” and the sociology. It retrospected the different relation of the “tradition and modern” and modernized theory,

    modernity theory. And the paper demonstrated the “growing up of modern” and “invention

    of tradition ”that were new understanding of “tradition and modern”. The understanding has

    important significant to the technicality problems in the home and abroad.

    The understanding about tradition and modern is one of the significant basis that the

    sociology founders and the actual founders established sociology in. Tradition and modern,

    tradition society and modern society become two kinds ideals type of the sociology

    analytical. Auguste Comte has had a contrast about tradition society type and modern society

    type at first. Herbert Spencer has developed the society type theory of tradition society and

    modern society and so on. The concepts of “Gemeinschaft” and “Gesellschaft” brought

    forward by Ferdinand Tonnies indicated that the “tradition-modern” compare typology had

    formed the first step. The main axis of E? Durkheim sociology theory is “mechanical

    solidarity” and “organic solidarity”. Weber divides action into four kinds types——work

    rationality action, value rationality action, emotional action and traditional action and he uses

    them to analyse tradition society and industrial society. Georg Simmel’s viewpoint about

    “form” accomplished the type-rization method in the sociology in microcosmic field. In the T?Parsons’ sociology analysis, the “tradition and modern” is one of the significant basis to

    set forth his views when he analyses individual action or social structure. By the same token,

    now the three sociology sages——Giddens, Beck and Habermas—— also relate to the

    problem of “tradition and modern” like this.

    When we analyse the problem of “tradition and modern”, we must relate to the Eruamerican modernized theory and the relation of “tradition and modern” and modernity. In

    the about 80 and 90 age of 20 century, the truth that the sociology theory ken changed to the

    global ascertained modernized utterance was fading in the sociology theory. A few

    sociologists still are looking at the development of modernity with a criticizing sight. The

    modernity has expanded the understanding about the relation of “tradition and modern”. The

    modernity is the process that the society develops from tradition to modern times and then to

    the more modern and changing modern. In the process, the modernity produces its own new

    tradition and renewing tradition. In fact, this is the basic concept of the broad transformation

    theory. Tradition originates from the past and it is “alive past” and the past that can “alive” to

    now. As the alive past, tradition also is “now” and it perhaps is “future” because of they can

    produce more long society trend. For us, “tradition” embodies out itself significance when it

    relatives to “modern” and tradition is one kind of modern’s “invention”. Tradition is another


express of modern and it also is one kind of the truest verifying of modern. There is “the

    growing up of modern” because there is “the invention of tradition”. The modernity, society

    transform study can face to the transition of “tradition and modern” because there is “the

    growing up of modern”.

    In short ,tradition and modern are the two faces of the modernity process. Modern

    exactly shows it is modern through the contrast of modern and tradition. Tradition is the

    factor of modern developing and is the resource of modern.

    中国社会学会会长 中国人民大学 郑杭生 教授




    “传统和现代” 现代化 现代性 “现代的成长” “传统的发明”








    比过去一切世代创造的全部生产力还要多,还要大。”1 指出,这个社会推动了自由竞



     1 《马克思思格斯选集》第1卷第256页。 2同上书第253253254页。


















    5 他强调的特点有:科学而合理的劳动组织;人的主要活动表现为从对他人的战争和掠夺(孔德认为这是军事类型社会尚武精神的表)转向开发大自然;产业工人和资本家两大阶级集团的形成和对立等等。在孔德看来,










    6 因此取代孔德历史的逻辑的是生物学基础上的类比法。于是,军事社会与工业社会的类型,不再被看作简单的历史发展中的两个阶段,



     3同上书第253253254页。 4同上书第253253254页。 5 参见雷蒙?阿隆《社会学主要思潮》一书中论孔德部分的有关分析。 6 斯宾塞:《社会学研究》,纽约,1891年,第32页。


Report this document

For any questions or suggestions please email