Lesson 4 Everyday Use for Your Grandmama
Objectives of Teaching
1.To comprehend the whole story
2.To learn to paraphrase the difficult sentences
3.To understand the structure of the text
4.To appreciate the style and rhetoric of the passage. 5.To lean and master the vocabulary and expressions
Important and difficult points
1.The comprehension of the whole story
2.The understanding of certain expressions
3.The appreciation of the writing technique
4.Colloquial, slangy or black English
5.Cultural difference between nationalities in the US
The author wrote quite a number of novels, among
them were The Color Purple which won the Pulitzer Prize of Fiction （普利策小说奖） and The American Book Award（美
国图书奖）. In 1985, the Color Purple was made into a movie
which won great fame
Detailed Study of the Text
1. wavy: having regular curves
A wavy line has a series of regular curves along it.
The wavy lines are meant to represent water.
Here in the text the word describes the marks in wavy
patterns on the clay ground left by the broom.
*image - 1* (此处加一细曲线图)
2. groove: a long narrow path or track made in a surface, esp. to guide the movement of sth.
A groove is a wide, deep line cut into a surface.
The cupboard door slides open along the groove it fits into.
3. homely: simple, not grand, (of people, faces, etc.,) not good-looking, ugly
If someone is homely, they are not very attractive to look at;
uased in Am.E.
4. awe: Awe is the feeling of respect and amazement that you have when you are faced with sth. wonderful,
frightening or completely unknown., wonder
The child stared at him in silent awe.
5. confront: to face boldly or threateningly, encounter If a problem, task, or difficulty confronts you, or you are
confronted with it, it iss sth. that you cannot avoid and must
I was confronted with the task of designing and building the
6. totter: to move in an unsteady way from side to side as if about to fall, to walk with weak unsteady steps
The old lady tottered down the stairs.
7. limousine: A limousine is a large and very comfortable car, esp. one with a glass screen between the
front and back seats. Limousines are usually driven by a
sedan / saloon is a car with seats for four or more people, a fixed roof, and a boot (the space at the back of the car, covered by a lid, in which you carry things such luggage, shopping or tools) that is separate from the seating part of the car
convertible: a car with a soft roof that can be folded down or removed
sports car: a low usu. open car with room for only 2 people for traveling with high power and speed
coupe [„ku:pei] a car with a fixed roof, a sloping back, two doors and seats for four people
station wagon (Am E) / estate car (Br.E) a car which has a long body with a door at the back end and space behind the back seats
8. gray / grey: used to describe the colour of people’s
hair when it changes from its original colour, usu. as they get old and before it becomes white
9. tacky: (Am.E, slang) shabby
10. overalls: are a single piece of clothing that combines
trousers and a jacket. Your wear overalls over your clothes
in order to protect them from dirt, paint, etc. while you are
The breast pocket of his overalls was filled with tools. (工装
a. a pig, esp. a fat one for eating
b. a male pig that has been castrated
c. a dirty person
swine: (old & tech) pig
boar [o:]: male pig on a farm that is kept for breeding
sow [au]: fully grown female pig
12. sledge hammer: large, heavy hammer for swinging
with both hands, a large heavy hammer with a long handle,
used for smashing concrete
13. barley: 大麦
14. pancake: a thin, flat circle of cooked batter (糊状物)
made of milk, flour and eggs. usu. rolled up or folded and eaten hot with a sweet or savory filling inside
15. sidle: walk as if ready to turn or go the other way
If you sidle somewhere, you walk there uncertainly or
cautiously, as if you do not want anyone to notice you A man sidled up to me and asked if I wanted a ticket for the match..
16. shuffle: slow dragging walk If you shuffle, you walk without lifting your feet properly off the ground
He slipped on his shoes and shuffled out of the room.
If you shuffle, you move your feet about while standing or move your bottom about while sitting, often because you feel uncomfortable or embarrassed.
I was shuffling in my seat.
totter (n.6), sidle(n. 15), shuffle
17. blaze: to burn with a bright flame
A wood fire was blazing, but there was no other light in the
n. the sudden sharp shooting up of a flame, a very bright
The fire burned slowly at first, but soon burst into a blaze.
18. sweet gum tree: a large North American tree of the
witch hazel (榛子) family, with alternate maplelike leaves, spiny (多刺的) fruit balls, and flagrant juice 美洲金缕梅, 落叶灌木或小乔木. 原产于北美和亚洲. 其分叉小枝从
前用为魔杖, 这寻找地下水, 故俗称魔杖.
19. dingy: dirty and faded
A building or place that is dingy is rather dark and
depressing and does not seem to have been well looked
This is the dingiest street of the town.
Clothes, curtains, etc. that are dingy are dirty or faded.
20. raise: to collect together
raise an army / raise enough money for a holiday
His wife raised the money by selling her jewellery.
We‟re trying to raise funds to establish a scholarship.
21. underneath: (so as to go) under (sth..) The letter was pushed underneath the door.
Did you find very much growing underneath the snow?
(Here it suggests a repressive and imposing quality in her
22. make-believe: a state of pretending or the things which are pretended
She lives in a make-believe world / a world of make-believe.
Don‟t be afraid of monster - the story‟s only make-believe.
The little girl made believe she was a princess.
23. shove: to push, esp. in a rough or careless way There was a lot of pushing and shoving to get on the bus.
Help me to shove this furniture aside.
If you shove sb. or sth., you push them with a quick, rather,
He dragged her out to the door and shoved her into the
24. dimwit: (infml) an ignorant and stupid person
dim: faint, not bright
wit: intelligence, wisdom
at one‟s wit‟s end: at the end of one‟s tether
25. organdy: (Br. E organdie) very fine transparent
muslin (麦斯林纱, 平纹细布) with a stiff finish (最后一层涂饰),
very fine rather stiff cotton material used esp. for women’
26. pump: low shoe that grips the foot chiefly at the toe
and the heel
27. stare down any disaster in her efforts: face up and
defeat any disaster with her efforts
stare down: two people looking at each other persistently
until one shifts his eye
28. flicker: to move backwards and forwards unsteadily
shadows flickered on the wall
29. stumble: to stop and /or make mistakes in speaking
or reading aloud
to catch the foot on the ground while moving along and start to fall
She stumble at/over the long word
He stumbled and stopped reading.
stammer: to speak or say with pauses and repeated sounds, either habitually or because of excitement, fear, etc. stammerer
stutter: to speak or say with difficulty in producing sounds, esp. habitually holding back the first consonant. stutterer
30. good-naturedly: naturally kind, ready to help, to
forgive, not to be angry
A person or animal that is good-natured is naturally friendly and does not easily get angry.
a good-natured policeman