Lesson 4 Everyday Use for Your Grandmama

By Terry Lane,2014-08-17 22:02
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Lesson 4 Everyday Use for Your Grandmama Objectives of Teaching 1.To comprehend the whole story 2.To learn to paraphrase the difficult sentences 3.To understand the structure of the text 4.To appreciate the style and rhetoric of the passage. 5.To lean and master the vocabulary and expressions Important and difficult points 1.The comprehension of the whole ..

    Lesson 4 Everyday Use for Your Grandmama

Objectives of Teaching

    1.To comprehend the whole story

    2.To learn to paraphrase the difficult sentences

    3.To understand the structure of the text

    4.To appreciate the style and rhetoric of the passage. 5.To lean and master the vocabulary and expressions

Important and difficult points

1.The comprehension of the whole story

    2.The understanding of certain expressions

    3.The appreciation of the writing technique

    4.Colloquial, slangy or black English

    5.Cultural difference between nationalities in the US

Background information

     The author wrote quite a number of novels, among

    them were The Color Purple which won the Pulitzer Prize of Fiction (普利策小说奖) and The American Book Award(美

国图书奖). In 1985, the Color Purple was made into a movie

    which won great fame

Detailed Study of the Text

     1. wavy: having regular curves

    A wavy line has a series of regular curves along it.

    The wavy lines are meant to represent water.

    Here in the text the word describes the marks in wavy

    patterns on the clay ground left by the broom.

    *image - 1* (此处加一细曲线图)

     2. groove: a long narrow path or track made in a surface, esp. to guide the movement of sth.

    A groove is a wide, deep line cut into a surface.

    The cupboard door slides open along the groove it fits into.

     3. homely: simple, not grand, (of people, faces, etc.,) not good-looking, ugly

    If someone is homely, they are not very attractive to look at;

uased in Am.E.

     4. awe: Awe is the feeling of respect and amazement that you have when you are faced with sth. wonderful,

    frightening or completely unknown., wonder

    The child stared at him in silent awe.

     5. confront: to face boldly or threateningly, encounter If a problem, task, or difficulty confronts you, or you are

    confronted with it, it iss sth. that you cannot avoid and must

    deal with

    I was confronted with the task of designing and building the

    new system.

     6. totter: to move in an unsteady way from side to side as if about to fall, to walk with weak unsteady steps

    The old lady tottered down the stairs.

     7. limousine: A limousine is a large and very comfortable car, esp. one with a glass screen between the

    front and back seats. Limousines are usually driven by a

    chauffeur [ou]


    sedan / saloon is a car with seats for four or more people, a fixed roof, and a boot (the space at the back of the car, covered by a lid, in which you carry things such luggage, shopping or tools) that is separate from the seating part of the car

    convertible: a car with a soft roof that can be folded down or removed

    sports car: a low usu. open car with room for only 2 people for traveling with high power and speed

    coupe [„ku:pei] a car with a fixed roof, a sloping back, two doors and seats for four people

    station wagon (Am E) / estate car (Br.E) a car which has a long body with a door at the back end and space behind the back seats

     8. gray / grey: used to describe the colour of peoples

    hair when it changes from its original colour, usu. as they get old and before it becomes white

     9. tacky: (Am.E, slang) shabby

     10. overalls: are a single piece of clothing that combines

    trousers and a jacket. Your wear overalls over your clothes

    in order to protect them from dirt, paint, etc. while you are


    The breast pocket of his overalls was filled with tools. (工装


     11. hog:

    a. a pig, esp. a fat one for eating

    b. a male pig that has been castrated

    c. a dirty person

    swine: (old & tech) pig

    boar [o:]: male pig on a farm that is kept for breeding

    sow [au]: fully grown female pig

     12. sledge hammer: large, heavy hammer for swinging

    with both hands, a large heavy hammer with a long handle,

    used for smashing concrete

     13. barley: 大麦

     14. pancake: a thin, flat circle of cooked batter (糊状物)

    made of milk, flour and eggs. usu. rolled up or folded and eaten hot with a sweet or savory filling inside

     15. sidle: walk as if ready to turn or go the other way

    If you sidle somewhere, you walk there uncertainly or

    cautiously, as if you do not want anyone to notice you A man sidled up to me and asked if I wanted a ticket for the match..

     16. shuffle: slow dragging walk If you shuffle, you walk without lifting your feet properly off the ground

    He slipped on his shoes and shuffled out of the room.

    If you shuffle, you move your feet about while standing or move your bottom about while sitting, often because you feel uncomfortable or embarrassed.

    I was shuffling in my seat.


    totter (n.6), sidle(n. 15), shuffle

     17. blaze: to burn with a bright flame

A wood fire was blazing, but there was no other light in the


    n. the sudden sharp shooting up of a flame, a very bright


    The fire burned slowly at first, but soon burst into a blaze.

     18. sweet gum tree: a large North American tree of the

    witch hazel (榛子) family, with alternate maplelike leaves, spiny (多刺的) fruit balls, and flagrant juice 美洲金缕梅, 落叶灌木或小乔木. 原产于北美和亚洲. 其分叉小枝从

    前用为魔杖, 这寻找地下水, 故俗称魔杖.

     19. dingy: dirty and faded

    A building or place that is dingy is rather dark and

    depressing and does not seem to have been well looked


    This is the dingiest street of the town.

    Clothes, curtains, etc. that are dingy are dirty or faded.

     20. raise: to collect together

    raise an army / raise enough money for a holiday

    His wife raised the money by selling her jewellery.

We‟re trying to raise funds to establish a scholarship.

     21. underneath: (so as to go) under (sth..) The letter was pushed underneath the door.

    Did you find very much growing underneath the snow?

(Here it suggests a repressive and imposing quality in her


     22. make-believe: a state of pretending or the things which are pretended

    She lives in a make-believe world / a world of make-believe.

    Don‟t be afraid of monster - the story‟s only make-believe.

    The little girl made believe she was a princess.

     23. shove: to push, esp. in a rough or careless way There was a lot of pushing and shoving to get on the bus.

    Help me to shove this furniture aside.

    If you shove sb. or sth., you push them with a quick, rather,

    violent movement.

    He dragged her out to the door and shoved her into the


     24. dimwit: (infml) an ignorant and stupid person

    dim: faint, not bright

    wit: intelligence, wisdom

    at one‟s wit‟s end: at the end of one‟s tether

     25. organdy: (Br. E organdie) very fine transparent

    muslin (麦斯林纱, 平纹细布) with a stiff finish (最后一层涂饰),

    very fine rather stiff cotton material used esp. for women

    s dresses

    (蝉翼纱, 玻璃纱)

     26. pump: low shoe that grips the foot chiefly at the toe

    and the heel

     27. stare down any disaster in her efforts: face up and

    defeat any disaster with her efforts

    stare down: two people looking at each other persistently

    until one shifts his eye

     28. flicker: to move backwards and forwards unsteadily

    shadows flickered on the wall

    flickering eyelids

     29. stumble: to stop and /or make mistakes in speaking

    or reading aloud

    to catch the foot on the ground while moving along and start to fall

    She stumble at/over the long word

    He stumbled and stopped reading.


    stammer: to speak or say with pauses and repeated sounds, either habitually or because of excitement, fear, etc. stammerer

    stutter: to speak or say with difficulty in producing sounds, esp. habitually holding back the first consonant. stutterer

     30. good-naturedly: naturally kind, ready to help, to

    forgive, not to be angry

    A person or animal that is good-natured is naturally friendly and does not easily get angry.

    a good-natured policeman

     31. mossy:

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