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The general principles and rules of psychology in life

By Philip Perez,2017-12-17 02:36:00
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The general principles and rules of psychology in life

1.Butterfly Effect

In the 1970s, an American meteorologist named Lorenz explained the theory of the air system by saying that the occasional vibration of a butterfly's wing in the Amazon rainforest might cause a tornado in Texas in two weeks. 

The butterfly effect is that very small changes in initial conditions, which are constantly magnified, can make a huge difference to their future state. Some small things can be confused, and some small things, if they are systematically enlarged, are important to an organization, to a country, and cannot be confused.

The complex cascading effect of the Butterfly Effect can happen to us every day, we can not go back to the past to change our past, change our future, what we need is to correctly grasp our present, perhaps, the future results will tend to the good, and take the wrong step you may not be able to find in a short time, but a few decades later, it is not only your future, but more.

Another revelation of the Butterfly Effect in our work is that detail makes the difference between success and failure. Old England famously said, "A nail is missing, a horse's paw is missing, a horse's paw is missing, a horse is missing, a war horse is lost, a battle is lost, a battle is lost, a country is lost." The ancients said it well: "Mount Tai does not reject the fine soil, it can become high; rivers do not choose the fine flow, it can become deep." So, big gift does not give small, details determine success or failure. We should pay attention to training and improve self-insight in life and work, seriously do a good job, do everything, bit by bit, finally embarked on the road to success.

2. Frog phenomenon

Put a frog directly into the hot water pot, because it is very sensitive to adverse environmental reactions, will quickly jump out of the pot. If a frog into the cold water pot, slowly warming, the frog will not immediately jump out of the pot, the water temperature gradually increased in the end the frog was boiled to death, because when the water temperature is too high for the frog, it is too late, or do not have the ability to jump out of the pot.  ­

Frog phenomenon tells us that some mutations, often easy to arouse people's vigilance, but the cause of death is in good self-feeling, the gradual deterioration of the actual situation, no sober awareness.

Enlightenment of frog phenomenon (1) The main threat to our organization and social survival comes not from sudden events, but from slow, gradual and imperceptible processes. People are short-sighted, see only a part of the whole, can not look at the whole situation, for sudden changes, can calmly face, for large changes occur quietly, but can not be perceived, and will eventually bring us more serious harm!

(2) Frog, like all the people in our life, we can not blindly indulge in life and work in the status quo, comfortable with the status quo, do not think ahead, to look to the future, hard to think about new issues, diligent in learning new knowledge, can not live "today there is wine, today drunk" and "when a day monk, a day clock" the dream of life, otherwise will be very sad!

3. Alligator Law

The idea is to assume that a crocodile bites your foot. If you use your hand to try to break free of your foot, the crocodile will bite your foot and your hand at the same time. The more you struggle, the more you will be bitten. So if the crocodile bites your foot, the only way you can sacrifice one foot.

This is one of the technical laws of economic trading, the core theory of which is stop-loss. In securities investment, for example, the crocodile rule is that when you find yourself trading away from the direction of the market, you must stop immediately, without any delay, without any luck, or a big loss is enough to lose the previous 99 profits. So strict adherence to stop-loss discipline is the only way to ensure the survival of investors in the risk market. Stop-loss is a basic skill of securities investment.

The revelation of the law of crocodiles to our life and work is: (1) When you make a mistake, stop immediately, and do not make any excuse, expectation, reason or take any other action, or else you will get into more trouble and mistakes, which will lead to more serious consequences. (2) learn to give up. Life, sometimes bad circumstances will come unexpectedly, so that we are caught off guard, busy, or even suffered a serious loss, this time to be safe, timely initiative to give up local interests and the preservation of the overall interests is the wisest choice.

4.Catfish effect

In the past, the survival rate of sardines during transport was very low. It was later discovered that if a catfish were placed in sardines, the situation would be improved, the survival rate would be greatly improved. Why? The original catfish in a strange environment, will be "irritable", wandering around, which for a large number of quiet sardines, no doubt has played a role in accelerating the movement of sardines. In this way the problem of sardines' lack of oxygen will be solved, and the sardines will not die.

The catfish effect, which activates insiders by introducing external competitors, is a management term that has important implications for a business or organization: (1) for managers, it is the use of incentives. Fishermen use catfish as an incentive to keep sardines swimming to keep sardines alive for maximum benefit. In enterprise and unit management, managers also need to bring in catfish talents to change the situation of enterprises relative to a pool of stagnant water. To achieve the goal of management, catfish talents are needed to change the situation of enterprises relative to a pool of stagnant water. (2) For the enterprise, the unit internal staff, lies in the lack of sense of anxiety. Sardine staff's sense of anxiety is too little, blindly want to pursue stability, but the reality of life is not to allow sardines to have a moment of peace. "Sardines" if you do not want to suffocate and die, they should also have to be active and actively looking for a new way out. (3) For externally introduced talents, it is self-actualization. Catfish talents are necessary for the management of enterprises and units. Catfish talents emerge out of the need to gain living space, rather than having such a good motive in the first place. For catfish talents, self-actualization is always the most fundamental.

5. Herd effect

Where the head of the sheep goes, the sheep behind follow.­

Herd effect means that people are often influenced by the majority and follow the popular thought or behavior, also known as the "herd effect." People will follow what the public agrees and they will not think about the meaning of the event. In economics, the "herd effect" is often used to describe the herd following psychology of economic individuals. The herd mentality can easily lead to blind obedience, and blind obedience will often fall into a hoax or be subject to failure.

The "herd effect" tells us that, in many cases, it is not what the proverb says-"the eyes of the masses are bright." The general public in the market tends to lose basic judgment. People like to get along and follow the crowd. The eyes of the masses also turn to the information media in the hope of obtaining a basis for judgement. But media people are also ordinary people, not your eyes, and you can't discern spam and lose your directions.So collecting information and judging it keenly is the best way to get people to reduce their blind-following behavior and make more use of their reason.

For individuals, it is inevitable that they will be eaten or eliminated after following others in the ass. The most important thing is to have their own creativity, do not go the ordinary way is your shortcut to stand out. Whether it is to join an organization or to start their own business, to maintain a sense of innovation and the ability to think independently is crucial.

6.Hedgehog rule

Two sleepy hedgehogs, cuddled together by the cold, left some distance apart because they each had spines, but they were too cold to stand, so they came together.After some tossing and turning, the two hedgehogs finally found a suitable distance: they could get each other's warmth without being strapped. ­

The hedgehog rule mainly refers to the "psychological distance effect" in interpersonal communications.When applied to management practice, a leader should keep intimate relations with his subordinates if he wants to do a good job, but this is an "intimate and inter-personal" relationship, which is a close and appropriate cooperative relationship. Keeping a psychological distance from subordinates can avoid their defenses and tensions, can reduce their flattery, flattery, gifts, bribes and other acts, can prevent brothers and sisters with subordinates, eat and drink. This can not only gain the respect of subordinates, but also ensure that the principle is not lost in the work. A good leader and manager, to achieve "the secret of the dense, the secret of the sparse," this is the way to success.

7. Law of Watches

The law of watches means that when a man has a watch, he may know what time it is, but when he has two at the same time.Neither watch can tell a man a more accurate time, but it can make the watcher lose confidence in the exact time.。­

Watches Law gives us a very intuitive enlightenment in business management, is that the same person or the same organization can not use two different methods at the same time, can not set two different goals, or even each person can not be two people at the same time command, otherwise it will make the business or individuals at a loss. The deeper implication is that no one can choose two different codes of conduct or values at the same time, or else his work and life will be in chaos.

Instead of telling a person a more accurate time, two watches can cause the watcher to lose faith in the exact time.All you have to do is choose the trusty one, calibrate it as much as possible, and use it as your yardstick and follow its directions. Nietzsche famously said, "Brother, if you are lucky, you have only one kind of morality and not to be greedy, so that you can cross the bridge more easily." If everyone "chooses what you love and loves what you choose," you can be satisfied with success or failure.

8.broken window theory

If the windows of a house are broken and no one mends them, the other windows will soon be broken for no apparent reason; one wall, if there is some graffiti that has not been washed away, will soon be covered with a mess of unsightly things; A very clean place, people are embarrassed to throw garbage, but once there is garbage on the ground, people will not hesitate to throw, the slightest sense of shame.­

From the "broken window effect", we can get the truth that the existence of any kind of bad phenomenon is sending a message that will lead to the unlimited expansion of bad phenomenon, and at the same time must be highly alert to those who appear to be accidental, individual, slight "fault," If this behavior is ignored, ignored, unresponsive, or poorly corrected, it will encourage more people to break more window panes, and it is highly likely that it will turn into the evil effect of a thousand miles of embankments, and fester in ant nests. As Liu Bei put it, Don t be good and do nothing, don t be evil.

9.28 Law (Baledo Law)

Baledo, an Italian economist at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, believed that the most important things in any group accounted for only a small fraction, about 20%, and the remaining 80%, though majority, were secondary. About 80% of society's wealth was concentrated in 20% of people's hands, while 80% owned only 20% of society's wealth.­

The Law tells us that instead of analyzing, handling and looking at problems evenly, we should grasp the key few in business operation and management; identify the key customers who can bring 80% profits but only 20% in total volume; strengthen services to achieve the effect of twice the result; and enterprise leaders should carefully classify and analyze their work, and spend their main energy on solving major problems and grasping major projects.

10.barrel theory

If the planks that make up the cask are of different lengths, then the quantity of water in the cask depends not on the longest plank, but on the shortest one.­

The apocalypse of the barrel principle is: As a person, it is impossible to be perfect, it is inevitable that there are some kind of "short board". Facing one's own "short board", is to passively avoid covering up, or to face the problem in order to improve, often tests one's attitude to life and survival wisdom. The former will only let the shortcomings and shortcomings more and more, eventually cover up the strengths, not only severely restrict their own growth and progress, but also may bungle their work; the latter will allow themselves to open their minds in debunking, in filling the short self-improvement, so as to enhance the realm of people, improve the overall quality, and ultimately achieve some career. No doubt, wise people will only choose the latter, timely make up short, Kefa change.

A person is like this, a team is also like this. Imagine a team of uneven quality of staff, different levels of ability, and managers do not take timely and effective measures to make up for it, then a long time, the ability of the lower staff will inevitably drag the whole team, which in turn affect and restrict the play of the advantages of the whole team. Therefore, a team to become a more water, strong and durable "bucket", we have to find ways to improve the length of all the planks, only so that all the planks have reached a "high enough" height, can fully play the role of the team, and thus enhance the core competitiveness of the entire team. And to do this, it needs managers to pay attention to both those "long wood"-star staff model driven role, but also to strengthen the "short wood"-the general staff training, to motivate its vision, improve themselves, in order to improve its comprehensive quality.

Practice has proved that the gap between people, team and team, often lies in the ability to effectively do a good job to fill the gap is to improve the work, the pursuit of progress is an indispensable important link, only aim at the short, make up the short, the individual can grow healthily, while improving the core competitiveness of the team.

11.Matthew effect

In the Gospel of Matthew, there is a famous saying: "Whatever you have, give it to him; what you do not have, take it from him." Sociologists have derived the concept of the "Matthew effect" to describe the polarization that prevails in the sphere of social life.­

The Matthew effect is summed up as follows: any individual, group or region, once it succeeds and progresses in a certain aspect (such as money, reputation, status, etc.), creates a cumulative advantage and has a greater chance of achieving greater success and progress.The Matthew effect reveals the principle of a growing demand for personal and corporate resources, which is related to personal success and life happiness, and is an important law affecting business development and personal success.

Matthew effect, the stronger the so-called strong, the weaker the weak, a person if successful, what good things will find his head.Attitude proactive obsession, then you win the material or spiritual wealth, access to wealth, your attitude has strengthened your positive initiative, so the cycle, you can make the positive effects of the Matthew effect to the maximum.

12.Birdcage Logic

Hang a beautiful birdcage in the most conspicuous place in the room. In a few days, the owner will definitely make one of the following two choices: throw the birdcage away, or buy a bird back and put it in the birdcage. This is the birdcage logic. The process is simple. Imagine that you are the owner of the room, and as soon as someone walks into the room and sees the birdcage, they can't help but ask, "Where's the bird? Is it dead?" When you reply, "I've never had a bird before." People ask, "So, what do you want a birdcage?" Finally you have to choose between two of two options, because it's so much easier to explain than endlessly. The reason for birdcage logic is simple: most of the time, people tend to adopt inertial thinking. So it is obvious how important it is to cultivate logical thinking in life and work.­

The logic of birdcages tells us that most of the time people are subject to a strong inertial mindset: birdcages must be used to raise birds, new homes must be bought before marriage, and society must be divided into threescore and sixties.The beauty of this inertial mindset is that it helps us to quickly and quickly recognize and adapt to the world around us. However, if we extend our habitual thinking to every corner of our lives, it will become a stereotype. Birdcages, if well designed, can actually be used as ornaments; the so-called "nude marriage" of getting married first and then buying a house, has gradually become accepted after the 80s; In the Nordic countries, because the gap between the rich and the poor is so small and the concept of social equity is so ingrained in the hearts of the people.So it might be a good idea to occasionally try to break through the birdcage logic and think in a diffused way, perhaps there is a new world beyond the birdcage.

Do not limit your thinking, let alone stand still under the scrutiny of traditional eyes. Those who dare to hang up an empty birdcage and can carry on naturally are the ones who are creative and enterprising.