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1 Passage 21 This is the VOA Special English Education Report. The Ford Foundation in the United States is a charitable organization that calls itself "a partner for social change." It has a study program currently (1)available to college graduates in twenty-two countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. The Ford Foundation Internat..

Passage 21

    This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

    The Ford Foundation in the United States is a charitable organization that calls itself "a partner for social change." It has a study program currently (1)available to college graduates in

    twenty-two countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America.

    The Ford Foundation International Fellowships Program offers graduates a chance to continue their studies. The aim is to help them learn ways to (2)solve problems in their own

    countries.

    Joan Dassin is the executive director of the program.

    JOAN DASSIN: "Let's say you have an undergraduate law degree but you really want to be able to bring (3)international human rights standards to bear on a particular conflict in your part of the world. So in that case we would send you to a program in Geneva on international human rights that would give you the international markers that you need to (4)press cases in your

    particular country setting, and so on. So we work very closely with students not so much about what they want to study, but more about what problem are you trying to solve."

    About two-thirds of the fellows study in the United States, Canada or Europe. The others study in their home country or region.

    The Ford Foundation started the program eight years ago with two hundred eighty million dollars. Fellows are chosen by (5)independent local committees. They get advice about which

    schools and programs could help them reach their goals. The foundation says ninety-five percent are accepted into a university graduate program within one year of (6)getting a fellowship.

    Almost four thousand fellows have been chosen since the first were named in June of two thousand one. As of last December almost half had completed their fellowships.

    The Ford Foundation says the goals include strengthening democratic values, reducing poverty and increasing international cooperation. Another goal is to fight "brain drain" (7)to

    make sure fellows return home to use their educations. The foundation says more than eighty

    percent have done that.

    The program pays all costs, including support services like training in computer skills, academic writing and a foreign language. Partner organizations in the home countries (8)stay in contact with the fellows throughout the program.

    Joan Dassin says the fellowships are aimed especially at those with the fewest resources available.

    JOAN DASSIN: "(9)People from all walks of life, and particularly from rural areas or

    marginalized communities, can have access to higher education (10)at the most advanced levels,

    and our program provides that opportunity."

    Passage 22

    New Ways for Poor Countries to Diagnose Infectious Diseases

    This is the VOA Special English Development Report.

     Two new discoveries could offer easier ways to identify infectious diseases in developing countries.

    The first involves sheep. Researchers have found that hair sheep are a good (1)source of

    blood for use in tests to diagnose infectious diseases in people.

    In developed countries, microbiologists do these tests with blood from wool sheep or horses. But for developing countries, that costs too much. So tests often use human blood instead.

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    Ellen Yeh from the Stanford University School of Medicine in California was one of the authors of the study. She (2)explains the problems with using human blood.

    ELLEN YEH: "First off, there is the infectious disease risk because if you use human blood there's a lot of transmissible diseases. In particular, in Africa, you'd be worried about things like H.I.V. The other big problem with using human blood for making these blood agar plates is that they're actually not (3)accurate."

    Doctor Yeh says tests with human blood can produce the wrong results, so they are not (4)dependable.

    The study found that blood from hair sheep is (5)an excellent substitute. It produced the

    same results as tests using wool sheep and horses.

    Also, hair sheep require less care than wool sheep. They could better handle hot, (6)dry climates because they do not have a lot of wool. It also means they do not need to be sheared.

    ELLEN YEH: "Having to shear the sheep for wool is actually very costly and labor (7)intensive. The other advantages of hair sheep include that it's more resistant to parasites, so they're less prone to infection."

    The scientists also tested an easier, cheaper way to prepare and process the blood. They found this new method effective. The blood can be (8)collected directly into bags, much like with

    human donors.

    The study appeared last month in the online journal PLoS One, from the Public Library of Science.

    (9)The same journal also published a report in July on an experimental device called the

    CellScope. The CellScope is a cell phone microscope. Engineers at the University of California, Berkeley, developed it.

    They attached small microscope lenses to a holder fitted to a mobile phone. The phone's camera was able to take color images of malaria parasites and tuberculosis bacteria in blood and sputum. (10)The team used a special dye and special lighting to make the images bright. The

    pictures could also be sent wirelessly to distant experts for diagnosis.

    Dan Fletcher heads the team that developed the CellScope. He notes that many poor areas of the world have few hospitals, yet have mobile phone networks that are well developed. Passage 23

    Pregnant Women at Greater Danger from H1N1 Flu

    This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

    The H1N1 flu virus that has spread around the world is especially risky for pregnant women. If they become (1)infected, especially after the first three months of pregnancy, they can get very sick or even die. Cases of fetal death have also been reported.

    Pregnant women face an (2)increased risk even during outbreaks of seasonal influenza. But

    the new H1N1 flu has been affecting a younger age group than seasonal flu epidemics.

    The W.H.O. says pregnant women should take the antiviral drug Tamiflu as soon as possible after they show (3)signs of illness. The drug is also called oseltamivir.

    The agency says treatment should begin immediately and not wait for the results of laboratory tests. The effects are greatest when given within forty-eight hours. But experts say the medicine could still do some good even if there is a (4)delay.

    Since April, more than one thousand deaths have been reported from the H1N1 virus, commonly called swine flu. But so far the virus has not shown itself to be more severe than

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seasonal flu.

    The World Health Organization has (5)predicted that the H1N1 virus will infect at least two

    billion people in the next two years. Agency chief Margaret Chan has expressed concern there is not a good process in place to produce enough vaccine against the virus.

    In the United States, there are now (6)guidelines for the use of H1N1 vaccine when it

    becomes available. An advisory committee of the Centers for Disease Control and (7)Prevention

    said there are five groups that should be vaccinated first.

    These include pregnant women and people who live with or care for children younger than six months. (8)They also include workers in health care and emergency services, and people

    between six months and twenty-four years of age.

    The fifth group on the list is people twenty-five to sixty-four with chronic health problems.

    If vaccine supplies are limited, then (9)the committee says two groups of children should be vaccinated before other children. One group is those who are six months to four years old. The

    other is those five to eighteen with chronic medical conditions.

    In April, after the first cases in the United States, officials told schools to close at the first sign of an H1N1 outbreak. (10)The government later eased those warnings. Since then officials

    have been reported working on final guidelines for when schools should close. Passage 24

    Researchers Link Gene to Need for Less Sleep

    This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

    The next time you think about going without sleep, consider this: Laboratory animals that are kept awake for long periods of time ... die.

    Yet sleep scientist Ying-Hui Fu at the University of California, San Francisco, says little is known about the basic need for sleep.

    YING-HUI FU: "We do not why some humans need more sleep; why some humans need less sleep; why, when we do not sleep, we do not function well. We just do not know much about sleep at all."

    But here is something that scientists now know: A team led by Professor Fu has reported the first genetic link to how much sleep we need.

    The team was looking for (1)a natural clock in the body that controls sleep and wakefulness.

    What they found was a genetic abnormality. People who have this mutation need less sleep than others.

    But keep in mind that the scientists say this mutated gene may be (2)rare. The study

    involved two members of an (3)extended family. They did fine on just six hours of sleep a day.

    Studies have shown that over time, most humans need eight to eight and a half hours of sleep for the best health.

    To test their theories, the scientists genetically (4)engineered the mutation in mice. The mice

    with the mutation needed less sleep than normal mice. They were also more active even after being kept awake.

    The study appears in the journal Science. The researchers will continue to study the mice to test whether the gene is related to other medical conditions. And they will study whether it is involving in (5)controlling sleep quantity alone, or also what scientists call the

    "wakefulness-behavioral drive." This drive is important for getting food, (6)shelter and mates.

    (7)How you sleep can be as important as how much you sleep -- especially for newborn

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babies. A new report says images in (8)parenting and women's magazines may send the wrong

    message about how to put babies to bed.

    The study found that more than one-third of the pictures in women's magazines (9)showed babies in unsafe sleep positions. They showed babies sleeping on their sides or stomachs. Also, only a third of the pictures showed sleep environments considered safe by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

    (10)The academy says babies should sleep on their backs. It says they should be placed on a

    separate sleep surface from their parents, without blankets, pillows or other soft bedding. These guidelines are credited with reducing cases of sudden infant death syndrome in the United States. Passage 25

    'Non-Formal' Schools Aim to Fill Need in Kenya's Slums

    This is the VOA Special English Development Report.

    In two thousand three, the government of Kenya established a program of free primary education for all children. But there are not enough public schools for all the children who live in the (1)crowded slums of Nairobi.

    Instead, some of these children attend what are known as non-formal or informal schools. These are supported by communities, (2)religious groups and other organizations.

    Informal schools use the national (3)curriculum taught in public schools. But they operate

    largely with limited resources and without trained teachers. Education activists say the Ministry of Education rarely (4)inspects their teaching quality, lesson notes or examination records.

    They say the (5)presence of informal schools means that Kenya has two levels of education: One for children from the slums, another for children from better conditions.

    Activists say Kenya has at least one thousand six hundred of these non-formal schools. Susan Munuhe is an Education Ministry official. She says only about two hundred informal schools across the country receive money for materials (6)under the free primary education program.

    She says one slum in Nairobi, Mathari, has only about three public primary schools (7)nearby. These can serve two thousand children at most. But she says the Mathari slum alone has more than three hundred thousand children of school age.

    Diana Atieno Tujuh (8)volunteers as a teacher at the Saint Christine's Community Center in

    the Kibera slum, one of the largest in Africa. She says the government has provided books for her school only one time during the past few years. Many parents do not have the money to buy books, so sometimes the teachers pay for them.

    She says many students are sleepy and unable to pay attention in class because there is not enough food for them at home. For the children at Saint Christine's, (9)the mid-day meal they are served might be their only meal all day.

    A government spokesman says the government is trying to discourage informal schools. Alfred Mutua says every child in Kenya has the ability to get the same education. (10)The government, he says, has never rejected a child from a public school. He also says the

    government is building more schools, but it will take time.

    Passage 26

    In New Jersey, a Summer Jobs Program With a Bigger Purpose

    This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

    The United States has lost almost seven million jobs since the recession began in December

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    of two thousand seven. The good news: the central bank says economic activity appears to be "leveling out."

    The bad news: no one knows when the job market will (1)recover.

    These days, if a job is (2)available, young people often have to compete with more

    experienced workers. The situation is worst for those with the least education.

    About thirty percent of workers, age sixteen to twenty-four with less than a high school diploma, were unemployed last month. That was (3)more than three times the national

    unemployment rate. The Labor Department says even among high school graduates, twenty-one percent of those with no college were jobless.

    The federal (4)stimulus spending includes money to pay for jobs for needy young people.

    One such program in the state of New Jersey is giving some young people (5)their first experience with the world of work.

    Counselors at the One-Stop Career Center in Hackensack have found jobs for a few hundred young people this summer. The jobs are twenty hours a week through this month. The pay is seven dollars and twenty-five cents an hour -- the federal (6)minimum wage.

    Those chosen must come from poor families and must also face at least one barrier to getting a job. For example, (7)they must have left school or been in trouble with the law.

    Sixteen-year-old Nahdir Gonzalez left school last year.

    NAHDIR GONZALEZ: "I want a job because I don't want to get in any trouble, I want to stay away from the streets, keep my head on my shoulders, stay on the right path."

    The director of the program is Salvatore Mastroeni, a former principal of a high school.

    SALVATORE MASTROENI: "There's going to be next steps for you after you leave this program. Hopefully, in September or October we might be able to begin either a GED program for you, (8)connecting you then with a college, with a transition program for career pathways."

    Many colleges and employers will accept what is known as a GED (9)as the equivalent of a high school diploma.

    Salvatore Mastroeni often drives from Hackensack to nearby Englewood. There, (10)he has placed young workers in the recreation department and other local government jobs.

    SALVATORE MASTROENI: "Mayor's office, schools, any public entity where youngsters can gain workforce readiness skills."

    Twenty-year-old Desirae Somerville is working in a school office and also helping out at the recreation center.

    DESIRAE SOMERVILLE: "They have me down at Liberty School, working with other children. We're fixing up the classrooms, painting and doing inventory."

    REPORTER: "What would you be doing this summer now if it weren't for this job?

    DESIRAE SOMERVILLE: "This summer, I'd probably be home now sleeping, or looking for another job."

    Passage 27

    Words and Their Stories: More Expressions That Are Old and True

    Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.

    Today we explain more proverbs. A proverb is a short, well-known saying that expresses a common truth or (1)belief. Proverbs are popular around the world. Many proverbs give advice about how to live. Some proverbs are hundreds of years old, but they are still used today.

    For example, my son is just like his father in many ways. We often say the two of them

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prove the proverb that (2)the apple does not fall far from the tree.

    My daughter is very short. She would like to be taller. But I tell her that good things come in small (3)packages. The size of something is not always important. Some valuable things are very small, like (4)diamonds and other jewels. But I also tell my children that all that glitters is not gold. Do not be fooled by appearances. Something may look valuable, but may not really be valuable. Also, I tell them do not judge a book by its cover. You should not judge something only by its appearance.

    Another proverb is, do not (5)bite off more than you can chew. This means do not try to do

    more than you are able to do.

    Some times I tell my children to (6)cooperate to solve a problem. After all, two heads are

    better than one. Two people working together can get better results. But another proverb says too many cooks spoil the broth. If too many people try to do something, then the job will not be done well.

    (7)I also tell my children that two wrongs do not make a right. You should not do something

    bad just because someone did the same to you.

    Some people are pessimists: they always think about how bad things are or will be. Other people are optimists: (8)they always look on the bright side. They think things will be all right.

    Optimists might say that every cloud has a silver lining. (9)They can find something good even in a bad situation. Other people are both pessimists and optimists. They hope for the best and prepare for the worst.

    Some people often worry about what they will do in a situation that might happen in the future. We could tell them do not cross that bridge until you come to it.

    (10)It is usually much better to prevent a problem from happening than it is to find ways to solve it. So we say an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.

    Finally, I always liked this proverb: You can catch more flies with honey than with vinegar. Honey is sweet while vinegar is not. In other words, you can win people to your side more easily with gentle persuasion than by hostile actions.

    Passage 28

    The Life of a School Nurse? Busy

    This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

    Last week, we discussed a new study of injuries in physical education classes in American schools. The number of students taken to hospitals increased one and a half times from nineteen ninety-seven to two thousand seven. Few injuries were serious. Then why treat them at (1)emergency rooms? One possible reason: a shortage of school nurses.

    Amy Garcia agrees with that. She is the (2)executive director of the National Association of

    School Nurses.

    She says federal guidelines call for one nurse for every seven hundred fifty healthy students. In reality, she says, the number is more like one for every one thousand one hundred.

    Every state is different. The association says Vermont has one nurse for (3)every two hundred seventy-five students. In Utah, which has a bigger population, each nurse is responsible for almost five thousand students.

    The (4)recession may have reduced a national nursing shortage; health care is one industry that has kept hiring. But experts predict that the shortage will grow again. Another problem for schools is limited (5)budgets. Nurses often have to split their time at different schools.

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    And not all schools employ registered nurses. An R.N. must have at least a two-year nursing degree. The Labor Department says registered nurses earned an (6)average of sixty-five thousand

    dollars last year.

    Amy Garcia says school nurses earn an average of forty-two thousand dollars. But some earn half that and are on the same pay system as cleaning people.

    Pat Lewis is a school nurse in Beaumont, Texas. She and one (7)assistant care for about nine

    hundred children ages four to eleven. She says many times (8)the school nurse is the first one to bring health problems to the attention of parents.

    Right now, as schools prepare to begin a new year, one concern is the H1N1 virus, often called swine flu. Last week, federal officials announced their latest guidelines for schools.

    These urge local officials to balance to risk of flu in their communities with the problems that school dismissals could cause. The hope is to keep schools open. (9)But if any schools do have to close, then the hope is to keep children learning -- for example, through phone calls or

    over the Internet.

    Schools could also be used as places to give flu vaccinations. Federal health officials said (10)they expect a vaccine for the H1N1 flu to be available by the middle of October.

    Passage 29

    This is the VOA Special English Development Report.

    Americans bought an estimated eighteen and a half million bicycles last year. Some bikes never get much (1) riding. Mostly they gather dust. But a project based in Washington is putting (2) unwanted bikes from the United States to good use in developing countries.

    Keith Oberg is the director of Bikes for the World.

    KEITH OBERG: "Everybody has an old bicycle, and it is usually not ridden. It sits there in the garage, or (3) basement or shed, going to waste."

    Stephen Popick recently had two bikes to donate.

    STEPHEN POPICK: "I brought in two mountain bikes that my wife and I have ridden for the past ten years. My bikes wouldn't fetch a nice price and wouldn't be worth trying to sell, but they could be useful to somebody else."

    Bikes for the World collects bicycles and (4) delivers them at low cost to community

    programs in developing countries. It shipped more than five thousand bikes during the first eight months of this year. Last year it (5) shipped about ten thousand three hundred.

    The bicycle recycling program is one of the largest in the United States. It is a sponsored project of the Washington Area Bicyclist Association.

    Bikes for the World began in two thousand five. Since then it has shipped more than forty thousand bikes to (6) communities in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, says director

    Keith Oberg.

    KEITH OBERG: "We work currently with partners in seven countries actively -- in Uganda, Ghana. We're talking to an organization that we would like to ship to in Liberia. We have shipped to Namibia and the Gambia in the past. And in Central America we ship to Panama, Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala, and we are talking to two (7) organizations in El Salvador."

    (8) Bikes for the World partners with nonprofit groups in the United States to collect unwanted bikes. Then it works with nonprofits in the other countries to get the bikes to organizations and individuals that need them the most.

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    For example, (9) the Bicycle Empowerment Network Namibia uses the bikes to provide transportation for health workers. That makes it possible for them to visit more patients each day. The organization also has bicycle ambulance services to transport the sick.

    The Bicycle Empowerment Network also provides training and support to help local organizations and individuals open bike shops of their own. The businesses sell the recycled bikes at low cost and provide repair services. (10) Many of the organizations use the money they earn to help pay for other community projects.

    Passage 30

    Now, the VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories.

    (MUSIC)

    Every people has its own way of saying things, its own special (1) expressions. Many

    everyday American expressions are based on colors.

    Red is a hot color. Americans often use it to express heat. They may say they are red hot

    about something unfair. When they are red hot they are very angry about something. The small hot (2) tasting peppers found in many Mexican foods are called red hots for their color and their fiery taste. Fast loud music is popular with many people. They may say the music is red hot, (3) especially the kind called Dixieland jazz.

    Pink is a lighter kind of red. People sometimes say they are in the pink when they are in

    good health. The expression was first used in America at the beginning of the twentieth century. It probably comes from the fact that many babies are born with a nice pink color that shows that they are in good health.

    Blue is a cool color. The (4) traditional blues music in the United States is the opposite of

    red hot music. Blues is slow, sad and (5) soulful. Duke Ellington and his orchestra recorded a

    famous song Mood Indigo about the deep blue color, indigo. In the words of the song: "You ain't been blue till you've had that Mood Indigo." Someone who is blue is very sad.

    The color green is natural for trees and grass. But it is an (6) unnatural color for humans. A

    person who has a sick feeling stomach may say she feels a little green. A passenger on a boat who is feeling very sick from high waves may look very green.

    Sometimes a person may be upset because he does not have something as nice as a friend has, like a fast new car. That person may say he is green with envy. Some people are green with

    envy because a friend has more dollars or (7) greenbacks. Dollars are called greenbacks because

    that is the color of the back side of the paper money.

    The color black is used often in expressions. (8) People describe a day in which everything goes wrong as a black day. The date of a major tragedy is remembered as a black day. A

    blacklist is illegal now. (9) But at one time, some businesses refused to employ people who were on a blacklist for belonging to unpopular organizations.

    In some cases, colors describe a situation. A brown out is an expression for a reduction in

    electric power. (10) Brown outs happen when there is too much demand for electricity. The

    electric system is unable to offer all the power needed in an area. Black outs were common during World War Two. Officials would order all lights in a city turned off to make it difficult for enemy planes to find a target in the dark of night.

    Passage 31

    This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

    A new report says the number of foreign students in the United States reached a record high

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in two (1) thousand eight.

    More than six hundred seventy thousand (2) international students attended an American

    college or university last year. That was eight percent higher than the year before, the largest (3) percentage increase since nineteen eighty.

    The "Open Doors" report is published by the Institute of International Education, with support from the State Department.

    It says the number of international students last year was almost fifteen percent higher than the last record setting year, two thousand two. In all, seven of the ten top countries sent more students last year, just as the economic (4) downturn was worsening.

    For the eighth year, India remained the leader in sending students to the United States. More than one hundred thousand students from India attended American schools last year. That was nine percent more than the year before.

    China again sent the second largest number, more than ninety-eight thousand, an increase of twenty-one percent. The biggest increases were in Chinese (5) undergraduate students.

    South Korea was third. The number of South Korean students increased nine percent to seventy-five thousand.

    Canada was the only (6) non-Asian country in the top five. It rose two percent to fourth

    place. Almost thirty thousand Canadian students enrolled for the school year that began last (7) autumn.

    Japan fell to fifth place. The number of Japanese students in the United States decreased for the fourth year, to just over twenty-nine thousand.

    (8) Taiwan also sent fewer students, and the number from Mexico was nearly unchanged.

    The University of Southern California in Los Angeles once again had the highest number of foreign students. (9) The "Open Doors" report says nearly seven thousand five hundred attended U.S.C. last year.

    New York University and Columbia University, both in New York City, were second and third. The other schools in the top five were the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana.

    (10) Business and management was again the most popular area of study for international students. The next most popular subjects are engineering, math and computer science. Passage 32

    This is IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English.

    President Obama is back from his first trip to Asia since becoming what he called "America's first (1) Pacific president." The president, born in Hawaii, began his eight-day trip in Japan, then visited Singapore, China and South Korea. He met with leaders on issues (2) including trade, the world economy and climate change.

    In Singapore, he attended this year's Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit. And he chose Hawaii for the APEC meeting in two years.

    The president spent a day in Japan. He met with the new prime minister, Yukio Hatoyama. They talked about (3) strengthening their nations' alliance. But the prime minister (4)

    campaigned on a promise of a "more equal" relationship. For example, he wants to study a two thousand six agreement for an American Marine air station to move to another area of Okinawa.

    In South Korea, President Obama and President Lee Myung-bak discussed a free trade

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    agreement signed by their governments two years ago. President Obama said he hopes to get Congress to approve it next year.

    China is the United States' second largest (5) trading partner, after Canada. And China now

    holds more United States government debt than any other nation.

    In Beijing, President Obama met with President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao. He also spoke to university students in Shanghai. Among other subjects, he talked about freedoms that Americans value.

    BARACK OBAMA: "These (6) freedoms of expression and worship, of access to

    information and political participation, we believe are universal rights. They should be (7) available to all people."

    China has the world's largest number of Internet users. But it also has what is often called the Great Firewall of China. (8) The government restricts political content and blocks some social networking and news Web sites. President Obama said he is a strong supporter of open

    Internet access.

    His meeting with students in Shanghai was broadcast locally. But China rejected an American request to show it live nationally.

    (9) There were no major developments, but there were promises of closer cooperation in talks between the two presidents. They made a joint statement to reporters, but took no questions.

    Announcements included a series of measures to strengthen cooperation on clean energy. For example, the United States and China will jointly establish a clean energy research center. Scientists and engineers will work on technologies such as carbon capture and storage. (10) That involves preventing industrial gases from escaping into the atmosphere where they can trap heat.

    Also this week, environment ministers from about forty countries met in Copenhagen. They discussed issues related to a climate change conference that opens December seventh in the Danish capital.

    APEC leaders said Sunday that it is unrealistic to expect a full and legally enforceable agreement to be negotiated by then. Instead, they called for a temporary political agreement while continuing to negotiate a replacement for the Kyoto Protocol. That treaty ends in two thousand twelve.

    Passage 33

    This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

    H1N1 flu continues to spread. Currently the virus is most active in the northern half of the world. But experts say it has become the leading (1) influenza virus in all countries.

    No one really knows how many people have gotten sick. H1N1, often called swine flu, was first reported in (2) Mexico in April. Countries are no longer required to test and report individual cases. But close to half a million (3) confirmed cases were reported to the World

    Health Organization as of November first.

    The W.H.O. offices for the Americas and the Western Pacific reported two out of three of those cases. The agency says more than six thousand people (4) worldwide have died from H1N1.

     W.H.O. special adviser Keiji Fukuda said last week that the (5) virus has continued to act in

    some ways like seasonal flu. Most people recover without any need for interventions like (6) antiviral drugs.

    But in other ways H1N1 is different. It remained at unusually high levels in several

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