Charles Dickens was born at 13 Mile End Terrance, Landport, Portsmouth, on 2 February 1812. His father John Dickens and his mother Elizabeth had been upper servants in the house of Lord Crewe. There are ten people in his family. When Charles was five ,his family moved to Chatham, Kent, where there were a lot of sailors and soldiers. Charles was small in size, and not strong. As his family slipped into poverty, he was despatched to sell or pawn the remaining possessions of any value, including the precious books he had read. Although he was sent to school,he left school after his fifteen birthday to begin the world in earnest. He found first job and expanded his more conventional selfeducation. At the age of eighteen he met a girl whom he was seriously in love for over three years, however,he didn't marry her because of the girl's heartlessness.
When he was 22 years old, Charles Dickens started his writing career. His first comic fictional sketch was accepted by the pseudonym 'Boz' in August 1834, which made Dickens financially secure to write. He was independent at the age of 23, and then married to Catherine, who was a plump, pretty girl. Oliver Twist, his
first fully crafted novel, mounted a direct attack on the impersonal cruelty of the workhouse system. Then he accomplished Nicholas
Nickleby and The old Curiosity. In October 1836, he endured a
painful operation for a fistula,which interrupted the writing of Barnaby Rudge. But at last he finished this novel. Soon he
completed the plans for his next venture, a tour of North America.
Charles Dickens and Catherine, left for America and left their four children in Lodgings in January 1842 . After Dickens arrived in Boston, he was overwhelmed with invitations and had to shake hands with hundred of people every day. He travelled by train and riverboat and found American disappointed his hopes. Then he returned to England in June. By the close of 1843 Dickens had determined to move his whole family to Italy. The most unusual adventure of Dickens' year in Italy was his hypnotic treatment of Madame de La Rue. Because of his illness ,he suspended to write during two years. But the two-year break from producing novels had given Dickens the opportunity of writing in a more careful way. Dickens' attack was no longer aimed at specific social abuses, but at a climate of opinion that saw everything in terms of monetary value, viewing childhood as an irritating preliminary to the real business of the world and marriage a matter of buying and selling. During 1847 he published several novels continuously such as Household Words,
Haunted Man and Bleak House.
On 7 February 1855 Dickens celebrated his forty-third birthday with a dinner. Two days later, he had a letter from his first great love.
But his dream ended in disillusion when they met again. From the autumn of 1855 to the spring of 1856 Dickens moved his family to Paris. Nelly, playing a minor part in The Frozen Deep,became the last great love of his life. Dickens neither wrote to Catherine nor sent her his love in his letters. Then he began to tell everyone that Catherine sufffered from bouts of insanity. A month later, Catherine ,worn down by Dickens' behaviour, agreed to move out of her home and sign a settlement ending their marriage.
Then Dickens saw Nelly usually, but he led his double life with great discretion. Dickens had won Nelly's mother's content to the relationship. In August 1860 Dickens made the decision to live at Gods Hill. But he was unhappy in the last year of his life. In April 1869,he suffered a minor stroke and gave up the tour that he had never stopped. In August 1869,he began his last novel, The Mystery
of Edwin Drood. On 8 June 1869, Dickens suffered a paralytic stroke after dinner. Although the doctor was called, there was nothing to be done. Dickens was laid on the dinning room sofa, and died the next day without regaining consciousness.
In a word, Dickens was the most popular novelist of his time,
and remains one of the best known and most read of English
[authorsAs a famous writer,Charles Dickens' works have a great influence on literature in the world, including Chinese literature.