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Contrast Between Formal English and Informal English

By Edna Harrison,2014-09-14 04:23
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Contrast Between Formal English and Informal English

    Contrast Between Formal English and Informal English

    Generally speaking, formal English is more common in writing than in speaking. For example, it is found in notices, announcements, newspapers, business letters and so on. Informal English is more common in speaking than in writing.It is usually spoken with family and friends. Informal English is mostly slang or a greater or smaller percentage of our day-to-day spoken language.

    Here is an example of formal English that you might come across in a book:

    As the price of five dollars was reasonable, I decided to

    make the purchase without further thought.

    The same thought would be expressed quite differently in informal English. Here's an actual example from a young American:

    It was, like, five bucks, so I was like "okay".

    You need to know formal English because you want to be able to read a book, give a business presentation or write an official letter. You also need informal English because you want to be able to understand and communicate with English speakers in everyday situations.

Here are some examples:

    informal ................................................................................... Formal ain't ................................................................. ..........................is not gonna .........................................................................................going to wanna ......................................................................................... want to wassup (what's up)............................................ what's new / how are you? gotta......................................................................................... got to wanna ........................................................................................ want to gonna ........................................................................................ going to mustn't....................................................................................... must not don't ........................................................................................... do not

    There is also grammatical difference between formal English and

    informal English. For example, if I wanted to say "她会这样做的",formal

    English would be like this : She would have done this. Informal English

    would be : She'd have done this. She would instead of she'd, it would

    instead of it'd, she will instead of she'll. Another example, in informal

    English that can often be left out before an object clause. This is a kind of

    grammatical difference between informal and formal English.

    Also, in informal English, you write it like how you would speak it.

    For example, if I was using formal English, I wouldn't start a sentence

    with AND or BUT. If I was using informal English, then it wouldn't matter. Basically, with formal English, the structure and the grammar is more strict, and you need to follow the grammar rules very closely. If you are using informal English,then it doesn't matter THAT much, as long as the other person understands you, it's alright. The vocabulary is also different. Formal English is more posh and more sophisticated while informal English is more everyday.

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