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Operations_Manager_2007Active_Directory_Management_Pack_Guide

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Active Directory Management Pack Guide for Operations Manager 2007 Microsoft Corporation Published: March, 2007 Author Jonobie Ford Feedback Send suggestions and comments about this document to momdocs@microsoft.com. Please include the Management Pack guide name with your feedback. Information in this document, including URL and other Intern..

    Active Directory Management Pack Guide for Operations Manager 2007 Microsoft Corporation

    Published: March, 2007

    Author

    Jonobie Ford

    Feedback

    Send suggestions and comments about this document to momdocs@microsoft.com.

    Please include the Management Pack guide name with your feedback.

    Information in this document, including URL and other Internet Web site references, is subject to change without notice. Unless otherwise noted, the companies, organizations, products, domain names, e-mail addresses, logos, people, places, and events depicted in examples herein are fictitious. No association with any real company, organization, product, domain name, e-mail address, logo, person, place, or event is intended or should be inferred. Complying with all applicable copyright laws is the responsibility of the user. Without limiting the rights under copyright, no part of this document may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise), or for any purpose, without the express written permission of Microsoft Corporation. Microsoft may have patents, patent applications, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights covering subject matter in this document. Except as expressly provided in any written license agreement from Microsoft, the furnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property.

    ? 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

    Microsoft, MS-DOS, Windows, Windows Server, Windows Vista, and Active Directory are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.

    All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.

Contents

    Active Directory Management Pack Guide ...................................................................... 5 Getting the latest Management Pack and Management Pack Documentation .............. 5 What's New ................................................................................................................ 5 Getting Started with the Active Directory Management Pack........................................... 6 Before You Import the Management Pack ................................................................... 6

    Files to Download .................................................................................................... 6

    64-bit Considerations on Windows Server 2003 ....................................................... 7 How to Import the Active Directory Management Packs .............................................. 8

    After You Import the Active Directory Server Pack ................................................... 8

    Enable the Agency Proxy Setting on All Domain Controllers ................................. 8

    Configure an Account for Replication Monitoring................................................... 9

    After You Import the Active Directory Client Management Pack ..............................10 Optional Configuration for the Active Directory Management Pack ................................11 Setting the Intersite Replication Latency Threshold Value ..........................................13 Disabling Performance Data ......................................................................................14 Enable Data Collection for the Replication Latency Report .........................................14 Setting Parameters for Tasks .....................................................................................15 Security Considerations for the Active Directory Management Pack ..............................16 Low-Privilege Environments .......................................................................................16 Computer Groups ......................................................................................................16 Understanding Management Pack Operations ...............................................................16 Objects the Active Directory Management Pack Discovers .........................................17 How Health Rolls Up ..................................................................................................17 Key Monitoring Scenarios ..........................................................................................18 Viewing Information in the Operations Manager Console............................................23

    Views .....................................................................................................................23

    Client-Side Monitoring .........................................................................................23

    Active Directory Performance Views ....................................................................24

    Replication Views ................................................................................................26

    Topology Views ...................................................................................................26

    Reports ..................................................................................................................27

    Configuration Information ....................................................................................27

    Operations Information ........................................................................................28

Miscellaneous Reports ........................................................................................28

Management Pack Details .........................................................................................29

Troubleshooting the Active Directory Management Pack ...............................................29

     5

    Active Directory Management Pack

    Guide

    Microsoft Operations Manager 2007 provides two Management Packs for Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS): one that monitors the domain controllers, and one that monitors Active Directory clients. To monitor the domain controllers, the Active Directory Server Management Pack provides a predefined, ready-to-run set of processing rules, monitoring scripts, and reports that are designed specifically to monitor the performance and availability of the Active Directory domain controllers. This Management Pack monitors events that are placed in the Application, System, and Directory Service event logs by various Active Directory components and subsystems. It also monitors the overall health of Active Directory and alerts you to critical performance issues.

    Member servers or desktop clients can sometimes experience issues even though the servers are healthy. The Active Directory Client Management Pack helps to identify these issues. This Management Pack is used with the Active Directory Management Pack and ensures that Active Directory is available for Microsoft Exchange and other directory-enabled applications. It also provides additional information about whether the domain controllers are available by running synthetic transactions against the directory service, such as LDAP binds and LDAP pings.

    This Management Pack does not address Sysvol replication, even though some aspects of Active Directory, such as Group Policy settings for scripts for startup, shut down, logon, and logoff, rely directly on Sysvol replication. If monitoring the File Replication System (FRS) or Distributed File System Replication (DFSR) event log is not sufficient, import the FRS or DFSR Management Packs and, in the case of FRS, deploy the Ultrasound monitoring and troubleshooting tool.

    Getting the latest Management Pack and

    Management Pack Documentation

    You can find the latest Active Directory Management Packs at

    http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=82105. The latest version of this document is

    available at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=85414.

    What's New

    The following features are new in this release of the Active Directory:

     6

    ;;Domain discovery that enables Operations Manager 2007 to automatically discover

    domains in your Active Directory environment

    ;;New performance and client monitoring views to provide more ways to view your

    monitoring data

    ;;A new child domain topology view, allowing you to see subdomains of other domains ;;New dashboard views that combine multiple views into one view to allow analysis of

    trends and similarities between related metrics

    Getting Started with the Active Directory Management Pack

    Before You Import the Management Pack Before you import the Active Directory Management Pack and the Active Directory Client Management Pack, note the following limitations of both Management Packs: ;;Neither of the Management Packs support agentless monitoring.

    ;;The Active Directory Management Pack does not support monitoring across multiple

    forests.

    Before you import the Active Directory Management Pack, take the following actions: ;;Decide whether you want to deploy the Active Directory Client Management Pack.

    This Management Pack integrates with the server-side monitoring capabilities of the

    Active Directory Management Pack to provide a more robust view of Active Directory

    health.

    ;;Verify that each domain controller and client you plan to monitor has an agent

    installed.

    ;;If you plan to use the Active Directory Client Management Pack, deploy it on

    computers that are running directory-enabled applications, such as Microsoft

    Exchange 2000 Server and Microsoft Exchange Server 2003.

    Files to Download

    Download the latest Management Pack files from

    http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=82105, or access the files described in the

    following table in the ManagementPack directory on the installation media.

     7

    File Name Description

    Microsoft.Windows.Server.AD.2000.Discovery Required for monitoring Active

    Directory in Windows Server 2000

    Microsoft.Windows.Server.AD.2000.Monitoring Required for monitoring Active

    Directory in Windows Server 2000

    Microsoft.Windows.Server.AD.2003.Discovery Required for monitoring Active

    Directory in Windows Server 2003