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sop 320 - Crosy Volunteer Fire Department

By Darrell Cox,2014-07-25 21:18
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sop 320 - Crosy Volunteer Fire DepartmentSOP,fire,Fire,SOPs

    Crosby Volunteer Fire Department

    Post Office Box 78

    Crosby, TX 77532

    Non Emergency: (281) 328-4512 / Emergency: Dial 9-1-1

    wwwcrosbyvfd.org

    STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

    STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE 320

    MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENTS

    1. This procedure establishes a standard to be used on motor vehicle accidents.

    2. This procedure is to be used on all motor vehicle accidents to which the Crosby Volunteer Fire Department responds.

    3. The officer in charge must provide safe apparatus positioning for fire/EMS crews and the accident scene. a. Position apparatus a safe distance from the accident scene, if traffic conditions warrant, traffic lanes

    shall be shut down until a scene survey can be completed and scene is deemed safe by the officer in

    charge.

    b. Apparatus may be repositioned after the scene survey is complete and hazards are identified or under

    control.

    4. Any motor vehicle accident scene that will require traffic control will be at the discretion of the officer in charge or the incident commander.

    a. Incidents involving hazardous materials, fuel leaks or an electrical emergency (wires down etc.) will

    have all traffic stopped until all the hazards have been removed.

    b. Accidents involving extrication or when the safety of the fire/EMS crews is in danger due to the close

    proximity of passing vehicles, all or part of the roadway may need to be closed. This will be

    coordinated with police personnel on the scene.

    c. If no police personnel are on the scene and manpower permits, fire department or EMS personnel

    may assist in traffic control until a police unit arrives on the scene. At that time, traffic control will be

    turned over to the police agency.

    d. If no police units are on the scene and manpower is limited, traffic shall be stopped until the

    rescue/suppression activities are complete and the incident commander feels it is safe to let the traffic

    resume. If a firefighter is available at this time, he/she can assist with traffic control.

    5. An overall survey of the incident shall be performed by the officer in charge and will include but not limited to the following:

    a. Positioning of the apparatus

    b. Control traffic as required

    c. Perform scene survey

    d. Stabilize vehicle(s) as required

    e. Provide EMS services or assistance as required

    f. Initiate the Incident Command System (ICS)

    g. Secure the vehicle (battery etc.)

    6. Any vehicle that is occupied with patients to be treated or is in an unsafe situation shall be stabilized. a. Stabilize vehicles as required.

    b. Stabilization shall be performed on vehicles in unstable situations, such as on their side, roof or on

    uneven ground.

    c. Stabilization may include step chocks, wheel chocks, cribbing or securing with a winch or rope. d. Vehicle ignition system must be turned off, parking brake set and transmission in park or in neutral.

    7. When operations require medical treatment by fire department personnel, the officer shall use the following protocol.

    a. Perform scene survey

    b. If the engine company arrives on the scene prior to EMS, the officer in charge shall assign an EMT or

    First Responder to do a triage on the patient(s) and initiate BLS until EMS arrives, at which time

    patient care will be turned over to the arriving EMS crew.

    c. Stabilization shall be done on each vehicle that the occupants are still inside before any fire/EMS

    personnel gain entry into the vehicle.

    d. If EMS needs assistance from the fire department, an EMT or First Responder will be supplied to

    them at the discretion of the incident commander (who will take into consideration manpower for

    suppression/rescue activities).

    8. When arriving on the scene of a motor vehicle accident with no apparent hazards, the officer shall; a. Position apparatus

    b. Control traffic

     c. Complete a scene survey

    d. Stabilize vehicles

    e. Provide EMS services or assistance as required

    f. Initiate the Incident Command System (ICS)

    g. Secure the vehicle (battery etc.)

    9. The officer when given a report of a subject or subject(s) trapped shall;

    a. Position apparatus (keeping in mind the use of rescue tools)

    b. Control traffic

    c. Complete scene survey

    d. Stabilize vehicles

    e. Provide EMS services or assistance as required

    f. Initiate the Incident Command System (ICS)

    g. The engine shall be positioned at the discretion of the incident commander. NOTE: Consideration

    shall be given that the vehicle is not positioned too close to the scene and provides a suitable working

    area for the rescue tools.

    h. All hydraulic rescue tools shall be removed from apparatus, properly connected and operated to

    ensure correct operations. Hydraulic tools and hand tools should be staged in a tool staging area and

    should be placed in the outer action circle.

    i. Under the direction of the operations/extrication officer, extrication should be coordinated with EMS

    personnel to ensure the safety of all occupants in the vehicle. During extrication, blankets, small

    backboards etc. shall be used to protect the occupants.

    j. No fire personnel will be permitted to be near the extrication site unless they are protected by full

    personal protective equipment (boots, gloves, coat, pants, helmet and eye protection).

    NOTE: EMS personnel are well informed, through training about proper protective equipment. The

    fire department incident commander shall be informed of EMS personnel not in proper protective

    equipment and determine if they need to be removed from the scene.

    k. If vehicle reconstruction is not to be performed by a police agency, then secure the battery if the

    vehicle is to be towed.

    l. At the termination of the incident all rescue tools shall be cleaned, re-fueled and readied for service.

    10. When arriving at a motor vehicle accident with fuel spilled/leaking, the officer shall perform the following: a. Pull the “foam line” stand-by

    b. If the safety of any crew member, EMS or the patient is jeopardized, foam the area with AFFF and

    continue to monitor the foam blanket.

    c. No fire department or EMS personnel will be permitted in the hot zone without full turnout gear if

    foam operations are in progress.

    d. If only a small leak is present and foam operations are not needed the leak will be contained and

    absorbed (with “sorball” or “Kitty Litter”) and disposed of by the person(s) responsible for the

    leak/spill. The initial material and responsible party shall be the driver(s) of towing vehicle(s). e. The engine will remain for stand-by until all hazards have been removed and the leak has been

    stopped and the scene secured.

    11. For motor vehicle accidents involving wires down or a damaged transformer, the officer shall: a. Position apparatus at least one pole past a good standing one in case of wire failure or snapback. If

    wires are down near the travel portion of the road, the traffic will be stopped until deemed safe by the

    utility repair company and the incident commander.

    b. Request the utility repair company to respond while en route if you have been given any indications

    electric lines are involved.

    c. Initiate the Incident Command System (ICS)

    d. A scene survey shall be done taking into consideration that ALL WIRES will be assumed LIVE

    until the utility repair company confirms that they are otherwise.

    e. If wires are on or near a vehicle do not permit any person(s) to go near or leave the vehicle involved.

    Communicate the hazard to the vehicle occupants.

    f. Secure the vehicle (battery etc.) if safe to do so.

    12. Any incident involving hazardous materials the officer shall follow the following procedure: a. Position apparatus at a safe distance, uphill and upwind of the incident. Close down all roadways to

    the incident location.

    b. Initiate the Incident Command System (ICS). Call for a hazmat team if there is not one already en

    route. This call will be dependent upon the initial scene size up.

    c. Use binoculars to try to do a scene survey. (try to identify materials involved, conditions of occupants

    etc.)

    d. Isolate and deny entry into warm zone until a hazmat team arrives and begins hazmat operations.

    13. For crowd control at the scene of a motor vehicle accident, the officer shall follow the following procedure. a. At the discretion of the officer in charge, fire line tape will be used to assist in crowd control. If

    bystanders do not obey the fire line tape, consult police for assistance.

    b. At the discretion of the officer in charge, fire line tape will be used to assist in assuring the privacy of

    the patient(s) and to ensure the safety of the bystanders. If necessary, a salvage cover will be held up

    to block view of bystanders.

    14. When the situation at an accident scene requires a helicopter transport, the EMS shall request a helicopter via the incident commander.

    a. EMS shall obtain any pertinent patient information and report to the incident commander who will

    relay it to the helicopter responding. EMS may relay information directly to the helicopter if they are

    available to do so.

    b. If the rescue/engine company on the scene is committed and cannot handle the landing zone, a second

    engine shall be requested to respond. If Crosby VFD cannot respond with the second engine, then a

    request for the next due mutual aid company must be made.

    c. Refer to the SOP for landing site operations for further information.

    15. To stop any unsafe action that is taking place or about to take place the term “STOP/FREEZE” commands all

    persons to stop and correct the unsafe action.

    16. This section will establish procedures for an accident involving a school bus.

    a. Advise Harris County Emergency Communications as soon as possible the following information: the

    bus number, the seriousness and number of injuries.

b. All students are to be evaluated by at least an EMT.

    c. All students that are injured are to be transported to the closest appropriate hospital. d. Students that are not transported must meet the following criteria:

    1) Must have been evaluated by EMS

    2) The evaluating EMT, the student and medical command must all agree the student does not need

    transport or to be checked by a physician.

    3) A Crosby Independent School District representative must be physically on the scene and willing

    to take responsibility for the students not transported. If the representative is not willing to take

    custody of any individual or group of students, those students are to be transported to a hospital

    for evaluation by a physician.

    e. All students transported to a hospital are to be transported by EMS vehicles. f. Students not transported are to be placed in one group and their names, age and sex be put on an

    additional narrative sheet signed by the attending CISD representative.

    g. At NO TIME are the students released to the parents or guardian without notifying EMS, the CISD

    representative and incident command.

    h. All parents/guardians that show up on the scene shall be assembled in a group and an EMS

    representative be assigned to them to explain policy and keep them advised of the situation as best as

    possible.

    i. The incident commander shall set up a scene perimeter and have the perimeter marked by fire line

    tape.

    j. Once initial overall assessment has been made the incident commander shall notify Harris County

    Emergency Communications of the approximate number of students to be transported and their age

    bracket (elementary, middle, high school or special education students).

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