Ladder Safety Policy
Purpose and Scope
The purpose and scope of this Policy is to outline Ladder Safety procedures and training. All employees of Radnor House or students who might be expected to use a ladder during the course of their work should be familiar with this document. This standard operating procedure covers all types of ladders, including step, extension and fixed ladders. Ladder users must be able to recognise and avoid ladder hazards and be aware of safe practices in setting up, storing, moving and working from this equipment.
1. It is the responsibility of the Deputy Head Master to ensure that all staff and students
who may use a ladder read and understand this document.
2. It is the responsibility of Radnor House to provide basic ladder training safety
information to all people in need of that training.
3. It is the responsibility of the Caretaker/Porter to ensure that all ladders being used are
free from defects and that all moving parts are working properly.
4. It is the responsibility of the Finance and Administration Director to maintain records of
ladder training and dissemination of this policy.
; Type IA-300 pounds extra heavy duty
; Type I-250 pounds, heavy duty
; Type II-225 pounds, medium duty
; Type III-200 pounds, light duty
; Fixed Ladder - A ladder that cannot be easily moved or carried and may be an
integral part of a structure.
; All employees and students who use ladders should have Ladder Safety Training.
; Ladder Safety Training will consist of recognition of possible hazards associated with
ladder use, proper maintenance and safety precautions to be taken when using
ladders and the reading and understanding of this policy.
; All employees and students who use ladders must inspect them for defects or
possible hazards before the ladders are used. Ladders with loose parts or faulty
rungs should be taken out of service immediately.
; Ladders that are taken out of service should be tagged "Defective" and removed
from the work area.
; Whenever possible someone should be within shouting distance whilst others are
working on a ladder.
Safe Ladder Setup
; All ladders must be placed on firm ground.
; Do not set ladders on boxes, blocks or other objects that might move. ; Do not lean or reach out while standing on ladders.
; Secure ladders whenever a danger of slippage might occur. ; Do not use ladders in high wind or during inclement weather conditions. ; Never set up ladders in front of or around doors, unless the door is posted or
; Do not sit on ladders.
; Use safety shoes or other rubber sole shoes when climbing a ladder.
Climbing and Standing on Ladders Safely
; Always face a ladder when climbing up or down.
; Avoid carrying materials or tools when climbing a ladder. Climb the ladder
first then pull up the materials with a rope.
; Rungs and steps should be clear of grease, oil, wet paint, snow and ice before
; Do not climb onto a ladder from the side.
; Do not slide down a ladder.
; Climb or stand on a ladder with your feet in the centre of the rung. ; Do not stand on the top rung or step of a ladder.
Proper Use and Care of Ladders
; Never use metal ladders near exposed electrical wires.
; Place warning signs or setup barriers around a ladder before use. ; Do not move a ladder while someone is on it.
; Never use a ladder when under the influence of alcohol or prescription
; Do not leave tools or materials on top of ladders.
; Only one person should be on a ladder at a time.
; Do not use a ladder on a scaffold.
; Do not try to rock a ladder to move it.
; Store wood ladders where they will not be exposed to the elements. ; Make sure ladders are properly secured when transported. ; Do not paint wood ladders. Painting could hide potentially dangerous defects. ; Remove defective ladders from service immediately.
Step Ladder Safety
; Never use a step ladder over 20 feet in length.
; Always open a step ladder completely making sure the spreader is locked
; Do not stand higher then the second step from the top of a step ladder.
; Do not straddle a step ladder.
Extension Ladder Safety
; The sections of an extension ladder should overlap enough to retain the strength of
the ladder. * see Table 1
; Never splice or tie two short ladders together.
; When using a ladder for access to a landing, it must extend 3 rungs or 3 feet above
; The top of an extension ladder should rest against a flat, firm surface.
; Elevate and extend extension ladders only from the ground.
; When practical, secure extension ladders at both the base and the top. Extension Ladder Setup
; Lay the ladder on the ground when it is collapsed.
; Have someone foot the ladder or make sure it is braced against something.
; Pick up the ladder and walk it to an upright position making sure it will not be
obstructed by trees or wires.
; Slide the bottom of the ladder outwards to the proper angle and set the feet
; Extend the ladder by pulling the extension line.
; Make sure the rungs on the upper half of the ladder are properly secured by the
; If possible, tie the ladder off or have someone steady the ladder as you climb it.
Fixed Ladder Safety
; Fixed ladders must be secured to the object they are attached to.
; Fixed ladders over 20 feet must have a safety cage surrounding the ladder.
; The safety cage should have 15" clearance to all points from the centre.
; Defects in fixed ladders should be repaired as soon as possible.
; When a defect is not repairable the ladder must be taken out of service.
Length of Ladder Required Overlap
Up to 36' 3 Feet
Over 36'to 48' 4 Feet
Over 48' to 60' 5 Feet