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President_engdoc - Baikal Economic Forum

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President_engdoc - Baikal Economic Forumforum,Forum

    University lecturer Valeriu Frunzaru, Ph. D.

    Strengthening the organisation and operational capacity of workplace health and safety committees in

    Romania

    - research report -

    2010

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Introduction / 3

    2. Workplace health and safety committee. Brief history / 4

    Institutional construction and change / 4

    The safety technical commission in communism / 6

    The workplace health and safety committee during the transition period / 8

    The workplace health and safety committee in the European Union / 9

    Workplace health and safety in Romania in the Europenization context.

    Sociological perspectives / 11

    Conclusions on the history of workplace health and safety committees / 14

3. The statistic situation of work accidents in Romania / 16 The statistic situation of work accidents in Romania

    4. The workplace health and safety committee. Case studies / 19

    Metodology / 19

    Outcomes / 20

5. Final considerations / 37

6. Summary of research / 42

7. On the project / 49

8. Bibliography / 51

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     1. Introduction 1. Introduction

    Robert D. Putnam together with Robert Leonardi and Raffaella Y. Nanetti in their paper Making Democracy Work: Civic Transitions in Modern Italy (1993) raised

    the issue of how democracy worked in southern Italy, which, from a culture point of view, is very different from northern Italy. If the south is dominated by a culture of mistrust in the others, paternal and personal relations, the north enjoys a high social capital, which is due, on the hand, to the trust, social solidarity and tolerance that citizens show, and, on the other hand, ‚unbiased‟, impersonal relations in institutions.

    The goal of this paper is similar to that of the well-known paper mentioned above, that is find solutions to make workplace health and safety committees operate, in the Romanian culture context and given Romania‟s accession to the EU.

    Workplace health and safety committees are institutions whose main goal is to prevent professional risks, respectively the protection of employees‟ health and safety.

    Operating based on law 319/2006 on workplace health and safety, its enforcement norms, workplace health and safety committees imply the cooperation of employees‟

    representatives in charge of employees‟ safety and the employer or his legal representatives. Together with the work safety doctor they form a group which should look into the workplace health and safety in the company and develop policies / offer solutions to comply with the law in this respect. Workplace health and safety standards in the company need to meet specific regulations on workplace health and safety and The Romanian Government Decisions on the minimum health and safety requirements issued according to Chapter 13 in the EU-accession treaty: ?Social

    policy and employment.

    This paper is part of the project entitled ‚Strengthening the organisation and

    operational capacity of workplace health and safety committees in Romania by rendering the activity of member thereof more efficient‟, by assessing how health and

    safety committees operate and by offering solutions for improving the activity of these institutions. The paper considers, apart from the legal requirements in force, the issue of institutional building up and change given the fact that the Romanian society is becoming more and more European.

    Considering these premises, the main goals of the paper are:

    1. To assess workplace health and safety committees in Romania;

    2. To offer solutions in order to improve the activity of workplace health and safety committees in Romania.

    The secondary goals of this paper are:

    1. To assess the law on the activity of workplace health and safety committees in Romania in the European context;

    2. To assess the trend of work accidents and professional illnesses in Romania in economic areas and in the European context;

    3. To assess how the law on the activity of workplace health and safety committees is enforced;

    4. To assess the activity of workplace health and safety committees according to the law in force;

    5. To offer solutions to strengthen the capacity to organise and operate of workplace health and safety committees.

    In order to reach the research goals, this paper is divided into four sections. In the first section I will present o brief history of workplace health and safety committees, starting with the Communist period up to the EU accession moment. While presenting this history I will underline both the role of the European Union

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    (EU), and that of The International Labour Organisation (ILO) in building up these institutions. I will analyse the evolution of regulations on the workplace health and safety committee starting with the Communist period and up to Romania‟s accession to the EU. In the second part, I will present statistics related to workplace health and safety considering risk differences among economic sectors. Also, I will make comparisons between Romanian and the other EU member states using the data provided by Eurostat. In the third part of the paper I will present the results of sociologic research based on semi-structured interview in two companies operating in the oil and chemic industry. The interviews were conducted with members of the two workplace health and safety committees (both