The Witch on Fourth Street
Salem Witchcraft Webquest
The Lesson: Task, Resouces
You are being sent back in time to the year 1692, the time when the Witch Trials were happening in Salem, Massachusetts to change the course of history...or NOT!
You and your group are going to become the court that decided the fate of many men and women who were accused of being witches or having some association with the devil. You will each have a position to fulfill in making the final decision. Just remember that if found guilty, these men and women will be hung or burnt at the stake
and the decision is yours to make! Are you up for the challenge?
In this WebQuest, you will research historical witchcraft trials and especially the 1692 Salem Witch Trials and create your own court pertaining to the way you think things
should have turned out. After some preliminary research, some groups will be encouraged to investigate other historical witch trials, in order to expand our knowledge of the historical context for the Salem Witch Trials.
You will work in your literature circle group, including 1 judges, 1 accused and 1 accuser to decide the fate of 2 factual people that you will select to represent. Along with creating your own outcome for the selected people, you will also research some of
the people who were accused and killed.. You will also research the town of Salem around this time period in order to understand why things happened the way they did and how these trials and deaths could have been prevented as well as relating the events
that occurred to present day.
You will combine all of this into a multi-media presentation, either a PowerPoint
presentation or a web page (it can be as simple as you want, but remember higher marks are given for the more effort and creativity put into the site) that displays your decision
in the court as well the memorial to the people who died and the Salem town
1) You will get into your group and divide yourselves into the following positions.
* The Judges
* The Accused
* The Afflicted
The person who accepts "The Accused" task will pick someone, who in 1692, was accused of witchcraft to represent. This person must an actual person from Salem in this time period who was accused of associating with the devil. You can find names as well as biographies on these people at the following sites.
* Accused of Witchcraft - To see the biographies of these people, click on their name. There will be pictures and other information on each person.
* List of all persons accused of witchcraft in 1692 - Gives the names and residence of
people accused as well as the date they were accused.
* The Accused of Salem - Another list of the accused.
* Who Was Accused? - Some names of those accused and why they were accused.
The person who accepts "The Afflicted" task will pick someone who was supposedly "afflicted" by the devil to represent. This person, too will have to be a real person from
Salem. You can find the names as well as biographies of some of these people at these sites
* The Afflicted - A list of the afflicted persons.
* "Afflicted Girls" - A list of the afflicted people, as well as their place of residence.
* Afflicted Girls - Biographies and trial information of some of the afflicted.
The persone who accept "The Judges" task will select a judge from the list below and represent them.
* The Judges
* Judge John Hathorne - Biography
* Judge Samuel Sewall - Biography
* Judge William Stoughton - Biography
2) Once you have picked the person you wish to represent, you will research them using the links given and other links in the resource section. For the afflicted and accused,
you will do a lengthy research on your character and decide whether or not you think they were guilty of witch craft and write a report on your decision. This report will be submitted to the judges, who will have the final say in deciding the fate of your
character. You should ask yourself the following questions when making this decision. Remember, you are trying to prove that your character is innocent and trying to get the judges to see this too.
* What kind of life did this person lead?
* Did he/she have any reason to lie and say they had an association with the devil or did they have any reason to lie and say they didn't?
* Was this person young, middle aged, old, single, or married? What effect would this have on the trial?
* What would have been the reason for this outbreak of witchcraft in Salem in this time period?
* What are some known personality traits of your character?
* Was this person well respected in the town?
* What other reasons could there have been, besides witchcraft, for the hysteria in
3) The accused and afflicted will then write their report on the innocence of their character and submit it to the judges, who will make a decision on the fate of your character (the verdict). The judges will be responsible to decide if the character is
innocent or guilty of witchcraft and why? They too, will write a report on why they think this person is guilty or innocent. They will base their decision on the questions above for the afflicted and accused. The judges will also get to decide what happens to
this person. Will they be set free or killed? Hung or burnt at the stake? The 3 judges should make their decisions together and write 2 reports (one for each character) together. These reports will be written to represent the verdict in court.
*Note: All written reports will be summarized and presented in the multimedia (PowerPoint) presentations.
Fact or History Maps Personalities Presentation Analysis Fiction
The Original Resource Page: Great Source of Resources on the history of Salem, a
chronology of events, maps, and information on the aftermath of the events.
The Early Colonies Historical Background
; Early Colonist Links: Anne Bradstreet, Edward Taylor, Witch Trials in European etc History ; Colonial Trades
; The Mayflower Webpage ; Witches in the Bible and in ; "Context and the Talmud Developments" ; Witch Persecution at ; What is a Puritan? Bamberg Germany ; Plimouth on the Web ; Castles-Plague-Witch ; The Thanksgiving Story Trials- ; 17th Century New England: ; Medieval Sourcebook: Essex County Witch Trial Witchcraft Documents ; Webquests: Salem-Good [15th Century] Source of Information on all ; The Malleus Maleficarum subjects of Heinrich Kramer and ; Puritan Methods of James Sprenger Punishment ; European Witch Trials: ; Salem Etexts: Archives and The descriptions are in Documentaion English ; Online Witch Trials ; Witchcraft Trials in ; What About Witches? Medieval England ; Witches and Witch Trials in ; The Devil in Essex: Witch North America: hunting in Old and New ; Salem Witch Trials Page England ; Salem Witch Trials and ; Witchcraft in England: The Archival Project Sixteenth and Seventeenth ; Witch Hunts Century ; Salem: Get the Facts ; Witches and Witchtrials in ; Salem Witchcraft Trials:
England, the Channel Great Resources
Islands, Ireland and ; Eyewitness to History.com -
Scotland Salem Witch Trials
; Crime, Punishment and ; Salem Witch Trials: Protest Through Time--the Documentary Archive
Witch Craze Years ; Original Documents from
; Mother Shipton: Salem-from Hawthorne in Witchcraft Trials in Salem: This is a nice set of
England documents and illustrations
; Elizabethan Witchcraft and from primary source Witches material
; Brief History of Witchcraft
; FAQ About the Trials
; Salem Withcraft Trials
; Slide Show: The Curse of
Discovery School : Salem
; The Salem Witch Trials:
; Witchcraft in Salem Village:
Intersections of Religion
; Salem: Famous American
; Timeline of the Trials: Great
; Salem Tmeline:
; Another Good Salem
; Salem: Chronology of
; A list of Timelines
; Theories Why It Happened
; An Alternative Explanation to the Salem Witchcraft Trials
Salem Witchcraft Trials: History in Depth -the Davenport Library
; Cyber Essay: The Crucible Witchcraft Trials
; Dr. Linda Tate's Hawthorne-Salem Web Pages: a good example of a web based
course in American literature and culture.
; Salem: A legal history
; Salem Trials and the Law
; How Salem Changed the Law
Social, Economic and Political Reasons
Studying the Background of Arthur Miller's The Crucible
Major Catalysts in Salem: The Religious Beliefs of the American Puritans and the
crisis of their social and economic conditions served as a major catalyst in the Salem
witch trials of 1692.
The Salem Witch Trials
A Quote on Responsibilities:
"The three groups most responsible for the trials included the young girls claiming to be bewitched; ministers of the Congregational Church (the official church of the colony),
and government officials: the governor, William Phips, and the magistrates. Betty Parris, the minister's daughter, raised the initial charge. She was soon followed by five other girls, most of whom had some allegiance to the Putnams. Class warfare may have
been vital to the spread of the accusations: The Putnams (representing the poorer farmer class) may have encouraged the girls to focus their efforts on those associated with the Porters (representing the wealthier merchants). Ministers, including Parris of Salem and
Cotton Mather of Boston, fearing that the colony was under attack by evil forces, permitted the scare to become hysteria. The governor, hoping to calm public panic, authorized the trials. The magistrates, manipulated by fear, fashioned testimony (so as
to mold it into accepted categories), and pressed for convictions. Thus, personal animosity (the Putnam clan), a true belief that Satan was on the attack (the ministers), and political advancement (the governor and the magistrates) all contributed to the
The first few accusations were levied against marginal members of the community; the girls then accused respectable members of the community, followed by other prominent men and women in the colony (including the governor's wife). Hoffer provides an
analysis of the trials of five individuals: Bridget Bishop, the disreputable woman;
Rebecca Nurse, the good wife; John Proctor and George Burroughs, the scoffers; and
Giles Corey, the hard man (who refused to take part in the trial and was pressed to death under a pile of rocks). The judgments against Burroughs and Corey, executed in the Fall
of 1692, signaled a change in public sentiment."
; Salem Witchcraft: * Great Clickable Map--GIS-
The GIS of "Salem Village in 1692" is part of an
electronic Research Archive of primary source
materials related to the Salem witch trials of 1692.
Salem: The purpose of the GIS is twofold:
; Virginia Etext: Clickable Picture: The Salem
Witchcraft Papers: a site with records on the
accusers and judges
; Afflicted Girls:
; List of Judges
; Puritan Ministers involved in the trial
The ; Selected list of Accusers and Persons Against
Players: Whom They Testified
; Rebecca Nurse
; List of Defenders
Fact and Fiction
; !950 and 1650?
The ; The Crucible Study Guide
Crucible ; The Red Scare and McCarthism
and ; The Crucible Links: SCORE
; Connecting History and Literature: The Connections
Salem Project to the
1950s: ; The Crucible Web Page
; Crucible: Fact or Fiction
; The Crucible Project
; The Crucible Projects/umkc
; The Impact of McCarthyism
; The Unfriendly Nineteen
; The Red Scare in Hollywood
; McCarthy Multimedia Website
; Artifacts from the 1950s
; From Howard Zinn's A Peoples' History of
the United States
; Literature and Culture of the 1950s
; Trial of American Communists
; Truman On Americans' Cold-war fear of
; The Hollywood Ten Picture
; CNN Specials/McCarthy
Guides & Manuals PowerPoint
o Kathy Schrock's Guide to
o PowerPont Manual http
o Instructions for Using
o LT Technologies Downloads PowerPoint Tutorials Presentations:
o PowerPoint Tutorial
o PowerPoint Tips and 1st PowerPoint Tricks
o Online Tutorials:
Word Processing, Internet
o Powerpoint Tutorial
[Basics on using Microsoft
PowerPoint provided by the
University of California at
Irvine] 1997 version
o Powerpoint Tutorial
[Another tutorial on the
basics of using PowerPoint
provided by the good folks
here at Computing Services,
Rutgers University -
Camden] For Windows 95
o PowerPoint Resources
o PowerPoint Homepage
o PowerPoint In the
o How to Upload
; How to Upload PowerPoint 2
Student PowerPoint Presentations
o Integrated Unit For
Language Arts, Social
Studies & The Arts
o Grant Middle School
o Millenium Middle School
o Mill Springs Academy
o Katherine Stinson Middle
Multimedia Scoring Guides
o The WEB Project
Multimedia Rubric and
o Multimedia Mania
Scoring Rubric for
Students and Judges
o East Central ISD