Australian Heritage Database
Places for Decision
Class : Historic
List: National Heritage List
Great Ocean Road and Rural Environs Name of Place:
105875 Place ID:
2/01/140/0020 File No:
2211 Geelong Environment Council Inc. Primary Nominator:
11/09/2005 Nomination Date:
Monuments and Memorials Principal Group:
14/09/2005 - Nominated place Legal Status:
22/08/2007 - Included in FPAL - under assessment by AHC Admin Status:
Place meets one or more NHL criteria Recommendation:
: Other Assessments:
Apollo Bay Nearest Town:
Distance from town (km):
Direction from town:
42000 Area (ha):
Great Ocean Rd, Apollo Bay, VIC, 3221 Address:
Surf Coast Shire VIC LGA:
Colac - Otway Shire VIC
Corangamite Shire VIC Location/Boundaries:
About 10,040ha, between Torquay and Allansford, comprising the following:
1. The Great Ocean Road extending from its intersection with the Princes Highway in
the west to its intersection with Spring Creek at Torquay. The area comprises all that
part of Great Ocean Road classified as Road Zone Category 1.
2. Bells Boulevarde from its intersection with Great Ocean Road in the north to its intersection with Bones Road in the south, then easterly via Bones Road to its intersection with Bells Beach Road. The area comprises the whole of the road reserves.
3. Bells Beach Surfing Recreation Reserve, comprising the whole of the area entered in the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR) No H2032.
4. Jarosite Road from its intersection with Great Ocean Road in the west to its intersection with Bells Beach Road in the east. The area comprises the whole of the road reserve.
5. An area at Point Addis, Point Addis Road, comprising an area bounded by a line commencing at MGA point Zone 55 260033mE 5746787mN, then via straight lines joining the following MGA points consecutively: 260117mE 5746814mN, 260178mE 5746750mN, 260045mE 5746730mN, then directly to the commencement point.
6. An area at Eastern View, Golf Links Road, comprising an area bounded by a line commencing at the north east corner of Lot 26 LP11651, then northerly to MGA point 242345mE 5738040mN, then westerly to the intersection of the eastern road reserve boundary of Golf Links Road with MGA northing 5737970mN (approximate MGA point 242170mE 5737970mN), then southerly via the eastern road reserve boundary of Golf Links Road to its intersection with the northern road reserve boundary of Great Ocean Road, then easterly via the road reserve boundary to its intersection with the south west corner of Lot 1 TP539266, then northerly to the north west corner of Lot 1 TP539266, then easterly directly to the point of commencement.
7. An area bounded by a line commencing at MGA point 241895mE 5737530mN, then via straight lines joining the following MGA points consecutively: 242155mE 5737660mN, 242170mE 5737620mN, 242430mE 5737710mN, then northerly to the intersection of the northern road reserve boundary of Great Ocean Road with MGA easting 242410mE (approximate MGA point 242410mE 5737790mN), then south westerly via the northern road reserve boundary of Great Ocean Road to its intersection with the north east corner of Lot 2 TP403676, then westerly via the northern boundary of Lot 2 TP403676 to its intersection with the eastern boundary of Lot 2022 2187, then north westerly to the eastern most point of Lot 3 TP403676, then northerly, westerly and southerly via the eastern, northern and western boundaries of Lot 1 TP558905 to its south west corner, then via straight lines joining the following MGA points consecutively: 240160mE 5736490mN, 240175mE 5736350mN,
240215mE 5736315mN, 240190mE 5736300mN, 240185mE 5736230mN,
240190mE 5736205mN, 240197mE 5736195mN, then directly to the intersection of the northern road reserve boundary of Great Ocean Road with MGA easting 240235mE (approximate MGA point 240235mE 5736190mN), then easterly via the road reserve boundary of Great Ocean Road to its intersection with the western most point of Lot 139 LP10103, then directly to the northern most point of Lot 139 LP10103, then south easterly to the eastern most point of Lot 138 LP10103, then south westerly via the south eastern boundary of Lot 138 LP10103 to its intersection with the road reserve boundary of Great Ocean Road, then westerly via the road reserve boundary to its intersection with the eastern boundary of Lot 1 LP10103, then southerly and westerly via the eastern and southern boundary of Lot 1 LP10103 to its south west corner, then directly to the south west corner of Lot 11 LP10103, then directly to MGA point 239830mE 5735333mN, then directly to the intersection of the northern road reserve boundary of Great Ocean Road with MGA easting 239739mE (approximate MGA point 239739mE 5735417mN), then westerly via the northern road reserve boundary to its intersection with northern boundary of Lot 4A 3/PP3015,
then westerly, southerly and easterly via the northern, western and southern boundaries of Lot 4A 3/PP3015 to its intersection with the northern road reserve boundary of Great Ocean Road, then south easterly via the alignment of the southern boundary of Lot 4A 3/PP3015 to its intersection with the southern road reserve boundary of Great Ocean Road (approximate MGA point 760520mE 5732120mN), then south westerly via the road reserve boundary to its intersection with MGA easting 759630mE (approximate MGA point 759630mE 5730860mN), then directly to geographical coordinate point 38.5341S 143.9809E, then northerly via straight lines joining the following geographical coordinate points consecutively: 38.5315S 143.9831E, 38.5269S 143.9868E, 38.5226S 143.9896E, 38.5131S 144.0001E, 38.5113S 144.0035E, 38.5064S 144.0077E, 38.5023S 144.0075E, 38.5001S 144.0119E, 38.4939S 144.0201E, 38.4922S 144.0253E, 38.4880S 144.0313E, 38.4858S 144.0347E, 38.4821S 144.0361E, 38.4789S 144.0356E, 38.4775S 144.0369E, 38.4751S 144.0422E, then north westerly directly to the point of commencement.
8. An area 2km south west of Cinema Point, comprising a circle of 100 metres radius centred on MGA point 239050mE 5734740mN.
9. An area bounded by a line commencing at geographical coordinate point 38.5419S 143.9783E, then southerly via straight lines joining the following geographical coordinate points consecutively: 38.5421S 143.9802E, 38.5451S 143.9847E, 38.5470S 143.9886E, 38.5475S 143.9915E, 38.5490S 143.9918E, 38.5507S 143.9885E, 38.5525S 143.9882E, 38.5557S 143.9849E, 38.5569S 143.9826E, 38.5570S 143.9796E, 38.5588S 143.9785E, 38.5613S 143.9788E, 38.5679S 143.9737E, 38.5687S 143.9682E, 38.5713S 143.9667E, 38.5759S 143.9622E, 38.5774S 143.9589E, 38.5779S 143.9530E, 38.5784S 143.9495E, 38.5815S 143.9474E, 38.5844S 143.9402E, 38.5886S 143.9363E, 38.5907S 143.9306E, 38.5933S 143.9257E, 38.5983S 143.9216E, 38.6007S 143.9232E, 38.6089S 143.9212E, 38.6119S 143.9182E, 38.6145S 143.9186E, 38.6164S 143.9178E, 38.6180S 143.9152E, 38.6274S 143.9093E, 38.6344S 143.8972E, 38.6358S 143.8938E, 38.6386S 143.8941E, 38.6400S 143.8948E, 38.6409S 143.8960E, 38.6419S 143.8960E, 38.6432S 143.8943E, 38.6441S 143.8904E, 38.6458S 143.8869E, 38.6485S 143.8861E, 38.6532S 143.8765E, 38.6539S 143.8738E, 38.6556S 143.8725E, 38.6572S 143.8722E, 38.6590S 143.8698E, 38.6622S 143.8669E, 38.6688S 143.8655E, 38.6702S 143.8674E, 38.6717S 143.8680E, 38.6730S 143.8673E, 38.6734S 143.8651E, 38.6756S 143.8596E, 38.6769S 143.8529E, 38.6782S 143.8506E, 38.6786S 143.8461E, 38.6799S 143.8438E, 38.6831S 143.8419E, 38.6859S 143.8416E, 38.6871S 143.8427E, 38.6896S 143.8431E, 38.6928S 143.8417E, 38.6940S 143.8363E, 38.6944S 143.8252E, 38.6937S 143.8185E, 38.6946S 143.8155E, 38.6943S 143.8112E, 38.6964S 143.8061E, 38.6980S 143.8063E, 38.6998S 143.8021E, 38.6984S 143.7971E, 38.7000S 143.7929E, 38.7029S 143.7833E, 38.7039S 143.7775E, 38.7053S 143.7777E, 38.7066S 143.7749E, 38.7076S 143.7686E, 38.7060S 143.7641E, 38.7077S 143.7616E, 38.7086S 143.7572E, 38.7131S 143.7538E, 38.7153S 143.7495E, 38.7147S 143.7478E, 38.7166S 143.7435E, 38.7167S 143.7392E, 38.7195S 143.7292E, 38.7215S 143.7295E, 38.7229S 143.7278E, 38.7231S 143.7255E, 38.7272S 143.7163E, 38.7276S 143.7136E, 38.7268S 143.7123E, 38.7269S 143.7116E, 38.7282S 143.7113E, 38.7293S 143.7089E, 38.7293S 143.7069E, 38.7315S 143.7000E, 38.7328S 143.6991E, 38.7357S 143.6915E, 38.7352S 143.6899E, 38.7380S 143.6837E, 38.7409S 143.6798E, 38.7489S 143.6731E, 38.7525S 143.6722E, 38.7550S 143.6723E, 38.7562S 143.6731E,
38.7562S 143.6740E, then southerly to the south east corner of Lot 11B 8/PP2396, then north westerly via the western boundary of Lot 11B 8\PP2396 to the north west corner of Lot 11B 8/PP2396, then north easterly via the eastern road reserve boundary of Great Ocean Road to its intersection with MGA northing 5729730mN (approximate MGA point 759405mE 5729730mN), then north easterly directly to the point of commencement.
At Skenes Creek the following areas are included: Lot 11C 3/2936; all that part of Lot 10B 3/2936 and Skenes Creek Road (comprising the whole of the road reserve) to the south of a line connecting the following MGA points: 735640mE 5710640mN and 735693mE 5710630mN.
Excluded from the above area are Lot 11C 8/PP2936, Lot 11D 8/PP2936 and Lot 30E PP3861.
10. An area 1km south of Lorne, comprising a circle of 250 metres radius centred on MGA point 759200mE 5728625mN.
11. An area 3km south west of Lorne, comprising a circle of 250 metres radius centred on MGA point 757990mE 5727240mN.
12. Teddy's Lookout, Lorne, comprising an area bounded by a line commencing at MGA point 759640mE 5728586mN, then via straight lines joining the following MGA points consecutively: 759655mE 5728575mN, 759650mE 5728535mN, 759590mE 5728475mN, 759536mE 5728467mN, 759530mE 5728480mN, then directly to the point of commencement.
13. At Wye River and Separation Creek the following Lots are included: Lot 2012 3861, Lot 2F 3861 and the adjoining Lot to the east of Lot 2F 3861, Lot 1 TP762047, Lot 2G 3861, Lot 29R 2813, Lot 2007 2813, Lot 2006 2813, Lot 27E 2813, Lot 2068 2813.
14. At Kennett River the following Lots are included: Lot 10B 3861, Lot 10C 3861 and the adjoining Lot to the north of Lot 10C 3861.
15. All that part of Mariners Lookout Road to the north of MGA northing 5709180mN. The area comprises the whole of the road reserve.
16. An area bounded by a line commencing at geographical coordinate point 38.7593S 143.6816E, then via straight lines joining the following geographical coordinate points consecutively: 38.7606S 143.6825E, 38.7617S 143.6812E, 38.7632S 143.6795E, 38.7659S 143.6723E, 38.7680S 143.6691E, 38.7705S 143.6673E, 38.7746S 143.6667E, 38.7764S 143.6724E, 38.7786S 143.6757E, 38.7807S 143.6742E, 38.7794S 143.6697E, 38.7837S 143.6646E, 38.7853S 143.6619E, 38.7917S 143.6504E, 38.7932S 143.6456E, 38.7935S 143.6425E, 38.7922S 143.6405E, 38.7935S 143.6387E, 38.7940S 143.6280E, 38.7948S 143.6259E, 38.7946S 143.6229E, 38.7965S 143.6178E, 38.8106S 143.6011E, 38.8162S 143.5970E, 38.8194S 143.5908E, 38.8213S 143.5901E, 38.8221S 143.5877E, 38.8242S 143.5867E, 38.8258S 143.5889E, 38.8269S 143.5892E, 38.8287S 143.5861E, 38.8306S 143.5861E, 38.8369S 143.5812E, 38.8422S 143.5738E, 38.8471S 143.5638E, 38.8488S 143.5644E, 38.8582S 143.5554E, 38.8587S 143.5514E, 38.8562S 143.5447E, 38.8582S 143.5356E, 38.8575S 143.5191E, 38.8597S 143.5118E, 38.8559S 143.5024E, 38.8498S 143.4973E, 38.8453S 143.4903E, 38.8361S 143.4887E, 38.8108S 143.4605E, 38.7895S 143.4298E, 38.7844S 143.4265E, 38.7853S 143.4104E, 38.7819S 143.3997E, 38.7772S 143.3993E, 38.7709S 143.3900E, 38.7618S 143.3713E, 38.7593S 143.3631E, 38.7566S 143.3577E, 38.7578S 143.3425E, 38.7600S 143.3273E, 38.7541S 143.3111E, 38.7531S 143.3003E, 38.7571S 143.2982E, 38.7607S 143.2853E, 38.7644S 143.2813E, 38.7634S 143.2750E, 38.7712S 143.2664E, 38.7742S
143.2598E, 38.7702S 143.2454E, 38.7703S 143.2392E, 38.7692S 143.2328E, 38.7634S 143.2283E, 38.7634S 143.2209E, 38.7610S 143.2130E, 38.7558S 143.2095E, 38.7510S 143.2028E, 38.7467S 143.1957E, 38.7412S 143.1850E, 38.7353S 143.1843E, 38.7276S 143.1733E, 38.7081S 143.1538E, 38.6921S 143.1362E, 38.6753S 143.1146E, 38.6685S 143.1034E, 38.6514S 143.0692E, 38.6515S 143.0611E, 38.6490S 143.0537E, 38.6436S 143.0488E, 38.6409S 143.0397E, 38.6340S 143.0298E, 38.6319S 143.0213E, 38.6265S 143.0141E, 38.6258S 143.0031E, 38.6242S 142.9907E, 38.6271S 142.9794E, 38.6264S 142.9663E, 38.6220S 142.9494E, 38.6257S 142.9468E, 38.6298S 142.9383E, 38.6197S 142.9064E, 38.6194S 142.8897E, 38.6123S 142.8729E, 38.6086S 142.8622E, 38.6078S 142.8554E, 38.5970S 142.8498E, 38.5955S 142.8407E, 38.5882S 142.8190E, 38.5830S 142.8154E, 38.5761S 142.7979E, 38.5698S 142.7845E, 38.5593S 142.7668E, 38.5473S 142.7508E, 38.5454S 142.7482E, 38.5249S 142.7223E, 38.5249S 142.7223E, 38.5249S 142.7223E, 38.5173S 142.7101E, 38.5137S 142.6989E, 38.5066S 142.6926E, 38.5010S 142.6837E, 38.4923S 142.6681E, 38.4858S 142.6607E, 38.4783S 142.6501E, 38.4716S 142.6416E, 38.4652S 142.6310E, 38.4606S 142.6215E, 38.4570S 142.6148E, 38.4475S 142.5980E, 38.4415S 142.5903E, 38.4385S 142.5841E, 38.4356S 142.5803E, then northerly to the north west corner of the Bay of Islands Coastal Park, then easterly via the northern boundary of the Bay of Islands Coastal Park to its eastern most point, then south easterly to the south west corner of Lot 3 LP135751, then south easterly via the southern boundary of Lot 3 LP135751 and its alignment to its intersection with the western road reserve boundary of Halladale Street, then southerly via the western road reserve boundary of Halladale Street to its intersection with the southern road reserve boundary of Schomberg Road, then easterly via the southern road reserve boundary to its intersection with the eastern road reserve boundary of Irvine Street, then northerly via the eastern road reserve boundary of Irvine Street to its intersection with the southern road reserve boundary of Great Ocean Road, then easterly via the southern road reserve boundary of Great Ocean Road to its intersection with the north west corner of Port Campbell National Park, then easterly via the northern boundary of Port Campbell National Park to its intersection with the High Water Mark at approximate MGA point 673435mE 5723580mN, then south easterly and south westerly via the High Water Mark to its intersection with Port Campbell National Park (approximate MGA point 673370mE 5723350mN), then easterly via the northern boundary of Port Campbell National Park to its intersection with Plantation Road at approximate MGA point 682120mE 5721765mN, then easterly via Plantation Road to its intersection with Booringa Road, then southerly, westerly and easterly via the Port Campbell National Park boundary to its intersection with the High water Mark at approximate MGA point 687490mE 5713530mN, then south easterly via the High Water Mark to its intersection with MGA easting 692790mE (approximate MGA point 692790mE 5707620mN), then north easterly to geographical coordinate 38.7563S 143.2227E, then via straight lines joining the following geographical coordinates consecutively: 38.7565S 143.2248E, 38.7586S 143.2247E, 38.7603S 143.2302E, 38.7619S 143.2331E, 38.7660S 143.2361E, 38.7666S 143.2412E, 38.7668S 143.2498E, 38.7687S 143.2533E, 38.7699S 143.2570E, 38.7681S 143.2647E, 38.7670S 143.2643E, 38.7649S 143.2646E, 38.7631S 143.2657E, 38.7618S 143.2682E, 38.7624S 143.2704E, 38.7606S 143.2724E, 38.7602S 143.2738E, 38.7606S 143.2758E, 38.7603S 143.2773E, 38.7612S 143.2789E, 38.7608S 143.2798E, 38.7599S 143.2795E, 38.7584S 143.2797E, 38.7579S 143.2814E, 38.7578S 143.2835E, 38.7570S
143.2846E, 38.7563S 143.2888E, 38.7546S 143.2932E, 38.7545S 143.2957E, 38.7533S 143.2954E, 38.7518S 143.2976E, 38.7506S 143.2985E, 38.7492S 143.3019E, 38.7490S 143.3039E, 38.7507S 143.3094E, 38.7504S 143.3122E, 38.7507S 143.3144E, 38.7520S 143.3164E, 38.7540S 143.3238E, 38.7555S 143.3251E, 38.7564S 143.3278E, 38.7548S 143.3308E, 38.7550S 143.3332E, 38.7541S 143.3394E, 38.7548S 143.3416E, 38.7545S 143.3457E, 38.7537S 143.3491E, 38.7538S 143.3539E, 38.7545S 143.3548E, 38.7535S 143.3563E, 38.7534S 143.3577E, 38.7546S 143.3614E, 38.7580S 143.3665E, 38.7592S 143.3726E, 38.7590S 143.3739E, 38.7592S 143.3749E, 38.7600S 143.3749E, 38.7620S 143.3782E, 38.7611S 143.3787E, 38.7615S 143.3798E, 38.7625S 143.3796E, 38.7666S 143.3892E, 38.7680S 143.3909E, 38.7695S 143.3937E, 38.7708S 143.3955E, 38.7756S 143.4023E, 38.7770S 143.4024E, 38.7787S 143.4029E, 38.7794S 143.4038E, 38.7785S 143.4045E, 38.7786S 143.4060E, 38.7803S 143.4085E, 38.7815S 143.4091E, 38.7817S 143.4112E, 38.7809S 143.4143E, 38.7794S 143.4157E, 38.7807S 143.4183E, 38.7809S 143.4206E, 38.7818S 143.4212E, 38.7808S 143.4232E, 38.7812S 143.4246E, then easterly to the intersection of the southern boundary of the road reserve boundary of Great Ocean Road with MGA easting 710810mE(approximate MGA point 710810mE
5704700mN), then easterly via the road reserve boundary to its intersection with MGA easting 711020mE (approximate MGA point 711020mE 5704615mN), then southerly to the intersection of the High Water Mark with MGA easting 710990mE (approximate MGA point 710990mE 5704450mN), then easterly via the High Water Mark to its intersection with the boundary of Lot A2 2936 (approximate MGA point 731474mE 5704510mN), then westerly and northerly via the western boundary of Lot A2 2936 to its intersection with the eastern road reserve boundary of Great Ocean Road (731430mE 5704780mN), then northerly via the eastern road reserve boundary to its intersection with south west corner of Lot 1 PS309028, then easterly via the southern boundary of Lot 1 PS309028 to its intersection with the boundary of Lot 13B 2 2936, then easterly via the northern boundary of Lot 13B 2 2936 to its intersection with the High Water Mark, then north easterly via the High Water Mark to its intersection with MGA northing 5706390mN (approximate MGA point 732830mE 5706390mN), then north easterly to the point of commencement.
17. At Hordon Vale, comprising Lot 8 PS326892 and Lot 1 TP83406.
18. An area 3km north west of Hordon Vale, comprising that part of Lot 21H 2005 and Lot 21A 3357 to the south of a line connecting MGA points 715393mE 5706850mN and 715480mE 5706910mN, and to the north of a line connecting MGA pints 714887mE 5706395mN and 714945mE 5706375mN. Also included is Lot 1 PS14969.
19. An area 2km south west of Lavers Hill comprising Lot 27C 2089, Lot 29C 2089, Lot 2007 2089and Lot 2011 2089.
20. An area approximately 4km north east of Hordon Vale, comprising an area bounded by a line commencing at MGA point 721945mE 5707283mN, then via straight lines joining the following MGA points consecutively: 722013mE 5707281mN, 722011mE 5707195mN, 721943mE 5707198mN, then directly to the commencement point.
21. The road reserve of the Old Ocean Road between its intersection with the eastern road reserve boundary of the Great Ocean Road at MGA easting 687546mE (approximate MGA point 687546mE 5715333mN) and the western road reserve boundary of the Great Ocean Road at MGA easting 695403mE (approximate MGA point 695403mE 5711158mN).
22. The road reserve of the Old Ocean Road between its intersection with the eastern road reserve boundary of the Great Ocean Road at MGA easting 710526mE (approximate
MGA point 710526mE 5709022mN) and the northern road reserve boundary of the
Great Ocean Road at MGA northing 5705236mN (approximate MGA point
Assessor's Summary of Significance:
The Great Ocean Road and Scenic Environs is an outstanding and iconic coastal journey. Stories and scenery along the road and coastline help us understand Australia‟s history, prehistory and ongoing coastal processes.
Constructed by workers including more than 3000 returned servicemen as a utilitarian memorial to First World War servicemen, the Great Ocean Road is a significant reminder of the participation of Australian servicemen in the First World War, the Australian community‟s appreciation of their service, and the support provided for the continuing welfare of servicemen upon returning to Australia. Archaeological evidence of the repatriation workers‟ camps has potential to reveal details of the living and working conditions and experiences of sustenance workers in remote locations during the inter-war period.
The Ocean Road Planning Scheme was a pioneering planning mechanism which enabled an
integrated approach across four local shires to protect and preserve the exceptional scenery of the region. The Scheme initiated processes which led to an evolution in the protection of land in Australia for its scenic environmental value.
The frequently changing diverse landscapes and views from the Great Ocean Road have made it an exemplar route of scenic journey, and Australia‟s most famous coastal drive. The route was designed to follow the lines of nature and facilitate public access to this spectacular coastline, creating a flowing, serpentine journey that hugs the coast and provide views of diverse scenery. Its viewpoints, scenic lookouts and unobtrusively engineered roadworks allow a natural aesthetic to dominate. The Great Ocean Walk provides further public access to areas of coastline where the road diverts inland.
The powerful, spectacular and distinctive landscapes of the Great Ocean Road and Scenic Environs are highly valued by the Australian community and international tourists for their aesthetic qualities and have inspired visual artists, writers, musicians and theatre troupes. The geological formations from the Twelve Apostles to the Bay of Islands are widely recognised, and are capable of evoking strong emotional responses.
The geomorphological features of the Port Campbell Limestone Coast are rare in their diversity, and it is the definitive place in Australia to observe limestone geomorphology and coastal erosion processes on rocky coasts. The Cretaceous coast of the Otways displays geomorphological processes that are contributing to research into the origins of significant shore platforms that illustrate the environment prior to the breakup of Gondwana.
The Otway Ranges Coastal Cretaceous site contains rare polar dinosaur fossil sites, including Dinosaur Cove, Australia‟smost famous polar dinosaur fossil site and a site which helped
popularise fossils and dinosaurs in Australia. Fossils from later periods are also being discovered in the dunes around Bells Beach. Fossil finds extracted from these sites continue to yield important information about Australia‟s prehistory, and processes of erosion may
lead to further discoveries along this coastline in the future.
The cultural and natural tourism experiences, including the iconic Twelve Apostles and the treacherous „Shipwreck Coast‟, are greatly valued by the Australian community. The iconic
Bells Beach is valued by Australia‟s surfing community for its place in Australian surfing. It was the world‟s first Surfing Recreation Reserve, and remains the location of the world‟s longest running international surfing carnival and home to one the most prestigious trophies in surfing.
The Great Ocean Road and Scenic Environs has a special association with a number of people with importance to Australian history. William Thomas Bartholomew McCormack, founding member of the Victorian Country Roads Board, supervised the construction of the Great Ocean Road and was responsible for the practical and aesthetic design of the famous route. The Great Ocean Road may never have been completed if not for the enthusiasm and determination of Howard Hitchcock, businessman, philanthropist, and Mayor of Geelong from 1917 to 1922. Eminent landscape designer Edna Walling‟s experiences of the environment on the Great Ocean Road from the 1920s-40s were a powerful influence behind her wide-reaching advocacy for the in-situ conservation of native plants, particularly along roadsides, and their judicious use in garden design. The Great Ocean Road is also associated with the more than 3000 returned servicemen who, through the repatriation works program, were employed to construct the road, and took great pride in their involvement in creating an enduring memorial to their fellow servicemen.
Criterion Values Rating
A Events, The Great Ocean Road memorial road from Torquay to Allansford, AT
Processes a journey of 242 kms, is significant for commemoration of the
service of First World War servicemen. The project was envisaged
by the Victorian state government Country Roads Board and the
Great Ocean Road Trust, with the support of the federal
government Repatriation Department, to provide work for First
World War returned servicemen, as a utilitarian memorial to all
Australian First World War servicemen, and as a gift to residents
and tourists to enable access to the spectacular coastal landscape.
The construction involved years of fundraising activities, including
promotional movies, land sales and generous donations from the
The works program employed more than 3,000 returned servicemen
over a period of 13 years from 1919 to 1932. Gullies and other
places along the road bear names given to them by returned
servicemen after places where they had fought. Memorial plaques
commemorating the work of the men and the champions of the
project are located at The Arch at Eastern View and at Mount
The construction of the memorial road combined substantial
community fundraising efforts with the manual labour of returned
servicemen. The road therefore represents a significant reminder of
the participation of Australian servicemen in the First World War,
the Australian community‟s appreciation of their service by its
desire to commemorate the servicemen in a grand manner, and the
support provided for the continuing welfare of servicemen upon
their return to Australia.
Evidence of its importance as a memorial road includes: the route
within the existing road alignment of the Great Ocean Road from Torquay to Allansford, including the newer deviations through the Otway Ranges and the eastern headland at Port Campbell; the Memorial Arch at Eastern View, and the memorial plaques at
Eastern View and Mount Defiance; as well as the hand-cut
markings on the cliff faces adjacent to the road.
To protect the coastal scenery the Victorian Town and Country Planning Board developed the Ocean Road Planning Scheme in
1955. The pioneering planning mechanism was established to control development and preserve the scenic landscape values along the Great Ocean Road.
The Scheme was implemented in four local shires (South Barwon, Barrabool, Winchelsea and Otway), and the concept of protective
coastal planning has been maintained in the region since its inception. The processes instigated by the Ocean Road Planning
Scheme, and subsequent planning controls in the region, initiated an evolution in the protection of public and private land in Australia
for its scenic environmental value. These processes led to principles which are now an integral aspect of environmental planning in Australia. The continuing protection provided by the planning system around the Great Ocean Road is testament to the success of
this early model.
The Otway Ranges Coastal Cretaceous site (from Lorne to Moonlight Head) contains several fossil sites including Dinosaur Cove, Australia‟s most famous polar dinosaur fossil site. The significance of the discovery of polar dinosaur fossils made Dinosaur Cove internationally renowned and stimulated wide public interest in fossils and dinosaurs in Australia.
B Rarity The diversity of geomorphological features found in the single AT
lithological unit of Port Campbell limestone is rare on a national scale. (See also criterion (c) and criterion (d)).
The Otway Ranges is one of only two places in Australia where polar dinosaur fossils are found. The polar dinosaur fossil record of this area is recognised as rare on both national and international scales. (See also criterion (a) and criterion (c)).
C Research The remains of the construction workers‟ camps in numerous AT
locations along the Great Ocean Road have archaeological potential to provide information about the lives of the workers during the period of construction. The majority of records of the Great Ocean Road Trust were destroyed during the 1940s, resulting in a sparse documentary record relating to the workers and their camps and
increasing the potential importance of material evidence from the camps.
The size of certain of the camps and their existence throughout the 13 years of construction of the road creates the potential for a unusually rich deposits of archaeological material relating to
sustenance workers over a span of time. Archaeological investigation is likely to yield evidence of the camps and may provide insight into the working and living conditions of sustenance workers and those who supported them in remote locations during
the inter-war period.
The fossil record of the Otway Ranges Coastal Cretaceous site constitutes one of the very few known polar dinosaur assemblages from either hemisphere, and one of the most diverse. Dinosaur Cove is the first-discovered and best-known site within the Otway
Ranges Coastal Cretaceous site and is internationally recognised for its contribution to human understanding of a polar environment in the Cretaceous period. The fossil record from this area includes an assemblage of velociraptors, flying ptserosaurs, underwater
plesiosaurs, oviraptors, primeval crocodiles, turtles and upright relatives of echidnas and platypus. The earlier finds from these sites continue to be analysed and new discoveries published by some of Australia‟s most pre-eminent palaeontologists. Palaeontological
work continues in the Otway Ranges Coastal Cretaceous site. Further research combined with coastal erosion may lead to further palaeontological revelations in the future.
More recent fossil discoveries near Bells Beach, including some by
members of the public, are making a significant contribution to scientific understanding of the evolution of marine species from the late Oligocene period. They are also important in enabling public understanding of Australia‟s past, due to their accessibility and
relative ease of discovery in the quickly eroding coastal environment. As they are analysed by palaentologists, these discoveries are providing important insights into the evolution of baleen and toothed whales, as it is believed the extinct whale
species Janjucetus hunderi represents a previously unknown
offshoot of the evolutionary tree. As coastal erosion continues, it is possible that more finds will be made at Bells Beach, contributing further to the rich and significant fossil record of the Great Ocean
The Cretaceous coast of the Otways displays geomorphological processes which continue to be the subject of innovative monitoring and research into erosion rates of shore platforms. This research has increased knowledge of the role of erosion in the geomorphological debate over the origins of these platforms. The monitoring sites and their precincts are of national significance. The Cape Otway coast has national significance for its Mesozoic rock platforms,