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AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY

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AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY

    AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY

    WATERBERG MUNICIPALITY

    REPORT 1:

    STATUS QUO, POLICY ANALYSIS

    AND

    OPPORTUNITY IDENTIFICATION

    (DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION)

    August 2005

    For: By: Waterberg District Municipality WOMIWU Rural Development Harry Gwala Street Box 3640 Modimolle Polokwane 0510 0700

    Tel: 015 297 2107

    AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY

    REPORT 1

    CONTENTS Page

    1. INTRODUCTION 4

    1.1 Orientation 4

    1.2 Methodology 4

    1.2.1 Literature review 5

    1.2.2 Identification of relevant role players 5

    1.2.3 Interviews and field verification 6

    1.2.4 Telephonic interviews 6

    2. STATUS QUO: PRIMARY PRODUCTION IN WATERBERG 6 Table 1: Bela-Bela 7

    Table 2: Mookgophong 8

    Table 3: Modimolle 9

    Table 4: Mokgalakwena 10

    Table 5: Thabazimbi 11

    Table 6: Lephalale 12

    Table 7: Waterberg 13

    2.1 Trends 14

    2.1.1 Cropping 14

    2.1.2 Horticulture 14

    2.1.3 Livestock 15

    3. POLICY ASSESSMENT 16

    3.1 National micro-economic reform strategy 16 3.2 Limpopo growth and development strategy 17 3.3 Limpopo agriculture and forestry summit 21 3.4 Limpopo agricultural development plan 24 3.5 Waterberg district LED 25

    3.5.1 Bela-Bela 27

    3.5.2 Mookgophong 28

    3.5.3 Modimolle 29

    Waterberg Agricultural Strategy 2 Report 1: Discussion document

    3.5.4 Mokgalakwena 30

    3.5.5 Thabazimbi 31

    3.5.6 Lephalale 32

4. OPPORTUNITY IDENTIFICATION 34

    Figure 1 : Meat Cluster - Meat production and processing 36

    Figure 2 : Regional/Zone Cluster - regional production and marketing 37

5. RECOMMENDATIONS 38

BIBLIOGRAPHY

ANNEXURE 1 : Proposed business planning approach

    Waterberg Agricultural Strategy 3 Report 1: Discussion document

    AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY

    WATERBERG MUNICIPALITY

REPORT 1: STATUS QUO, POLICY ANALYSIS AND OPPORTUNITY IDENTIFICATION

    DISCUSSION DOCUMENT

1. INTRODUCTION

    Following the identification of a need to formulate a coherent strategy for agriculture in the district, the

    Waterberg District Municipality appointed Womiwu Rural Development, assisted by Glen Steyn and

    Associates, to help compile a logical plan to lead agricultural development for commercial and

    emerging farmers, further contributing to economic growth, job creation and improved quality of life of

    our citizens.” (PGDS, 2005).

1.1 Orientation

    Waterberg is the largest of six district, and cross border councils making up the Limpopo province. It

    has over a third of the provinces land area (14 million hectares), and responsible for almost 30% of the

    provinces agricultural activity, including 15% of the provinces animal production. The Waterberg is

    made up of six local municipalities and is classified as 90% rural. Compared with the rest of the

    province Waterberg is unique as it is encompasses little former homeland area, has an internationally

    acclaimed biosphere making up 15% of its total area. This creates its own set of challenges and

    opportunities.

1.2 Methodology

    It is proposed that the Agricultural Development Strategy be prepared in five steps:

    i. Status quo;

    ii. Policy assessment;

    iii. Opportunity identification;

    iv. Scoping reports; and

    v. Implementation strategy.

    Waterberg Agricultural Strategy 4 Report 1: Discussion document

This report covers steps one to three Status Quo, Policy Assessment and Opportunity Identification.

    Establishing the status quo lays the foundation on which to build the strategic plan. The integrity of this data is important and a double pronged approach was adopted to build a „solid data foundation‟. Data was collected from a variety of studies, reports and other data bases. Considerable information exists on the agricultural sector in the province. Numerous studies have been conducted in the primary sectors, especially by academic institutions and as part of the Provincial Governments planning process. Most of the major commodities have some capacity for reporting on producer performance and useful primary production data is regularly generated by the Crop Estimates Committee. The second prong, as explained below, was to verify data and fill any gaps by direct contact with industry roleplayers and representatives.

1.2.1 Literature review

    Appropriate data were sourced and collected either by means of electronic data scanning on the internet or data basis of institutions like NDA, StatsSA, SAMIC, Citrus Growers‟ Association SA, Cotton

    SA, Potatoes SA, SA Groundnut, Sunflower, Wheat and Soya Bean Forums. Specific information was collected from the Crop Estimates Committee and the South African Grain Information Service (SAGIS) with regard to historical and projected information related to plantings of various crops, yields and price estimates. Data is usually more readily available on a Provincial basis. Where necessary some information was extrapolated from existing data and wherever possible this was tested and verified tested by personal interaction with industry roleplayers, sector leaders and organization representatives. Travel and site visits to the area to conduct ground-truthing exercises etc. A list of sources and personal interviews is included in the annexure.

1.2.2 Identification of relevant role players

    The two major role players in Organized Agriculture in the Limpopo, Agri SA (Limpopo) and the Limpopo District Agricultural Union were contacted with the purpose of identifying prominent commercial farmers or leaders in the various farming communities to assist with the verification process. Individuals were identified in the Waterberg District, representing the total spectrum of primary production activities. Commercial farming activities conducted outside the framework of Organised Agriculture were identified on an operational basis.

    Waterberg Agricultural Strategy 5 Report 1: Discussion document

1.2.3 Interviews and field verification

    A range of farmers, commodity traders, production managers (NTK & MGK), and other relevant role players in all the areas of primary production were interviewed to verify crops, areas under cultivation, marketing strategies, trends and opportunities in the agricultural sector in the Waterberg District. Interviews were, where possible, conducted in a one-on-one basis and related to the specific area of operation. Where insufficient information existed, extrapolation of planted areas for various crops and yields pertaining to the specific district had to be done. This was done in a circumspect manner.

1.2.4 Telephonic interviews

    Often readily available information was either insufficient or incomplete to provide an accurate picture of the industry or farming activity. Individuals were then identified and telephone interviews conducted to source or validate particular information.

    2. STATUS QUO: PRIMARY PRODUCTION IN WATERBERG DISTRICT

    Using the methodology described above data was collected for the major agricultural enterprises in the Waterberg area. This has been presented in a format which estimates the anticipated size of activities (eg hectares), expected production levels, associated values and employment. Linked to each enterprise are a statement on recent trends and an opinion regarding a likely future scenario. Information regarding land claims, and LRAD projects is also included. As mentioned earlier, Waterberg District comprises little former homeland area. As such by far the majority of agricultural production taking place at present is by commercial farmers, with little contribution from the emerging agricultural sector.

    Data is presented in tabular format on a local municipality basis, and aggregated on a district basis.

    Waterberg Agricultural Strategy 6 Report 1: Discussion document

Table 1: Bela-Bela - Estimated agricultural production for 2004/5

    Bela-Bela

    Estimated Estimated Employment

    Total Production Revenue Full-time job

    unitCash & Field Crops:AreaUnits(2005)R '000equivalent

    Cottonha00ton7 08915 5970

    Sunflowerha15 00015 000ton15 75027 232497

    Maizeha4 6254 625ton15 4019 241438

    Wheatha1 4001 400ton4 2706 806111

    Sorghumha12 00012 000ton30 96027 8641 136

    Watermelonsha160160melons400 0002 00024Horticulture:

    Grapesha15154.5kg69 2101 03820

    Citrusha200200mt7 00017 500521

    Peachesha9292mt2 7606 623106

    Vegetablesha850850mt21 4553 970322

    TotalLivestock:

    Eggslayers40 00040 000doz.973 3334 62310

    Chickensdoc/week150 000150 000DoC7 800 00019 50046

    Broilersbirds/week10 00010 000ton795 6007 55810

    Porksows3 6003 600ton5 0405 796180

    Dairyl/day2 2002 200litre803 0001 64615

    Cattlehead31 00031 000ton3 10027 900186

    Game1000ha120.52121ha120 520400 000482

    Crocodile?200200?2008 00010

    1Employment3 2343 2344 114

Restitution projects

    * Letlhakaneng 64ha smallholdings restored * Moretele 1 966ha Cattle project restored * Maureen 62ha Residential negotiations * Bela-Bela 1 475ha ? Negotiatons * Ramorula Community ? ? Further research

    Waterberg Agricultural Strategy 7 Report 1: Discussion document

Table 2: Mookgophong - Estimated agricultural production for 2004/5

    Mookgopong

    Estimated Estimated Employment

    Production Revenue Total Full-time job

    unitCash & Field Crops:(2005)R '000AreaUnitsequivalent

    Cottonha2 9002 900ton7 08915 597577

    Sunflowerha13 00013 000ton13 65023 601431

    Maizeha5 2905 290ton17 61610 569501

    Wheatha1 2001 200ton3 6605 83495

    Sorghumha200200ton51646419

    Groundnutsha750750ton1 2083 467138

    Lucerneha5050ton7289096

    Paprikaha5050ton2002 00025

    Tobaccoha120120kg320 7605 212129

    Potatoesha32032010kg1 192 80017 296117

    Watermelonsha150150melons375 0001 87522Horticulture:

    Grapesha44444.5kg199 6652 99557

    Citrusha280280mt9 80024 500729

    Peachesha9393mt2 7836 679107

    Plumsha4646mt1 1545 19153

    Vegetablesha650650mt16 39230 343246

    TotalLivestock:

    Eggslayers120 000120 000doz.2 920 00013 87029

    Broilersbirds/week93 00093 000ton7 399 08070 29193

    Porksows1 7001 700ton2 3802 73785

    Cattlehead42 00042 000ton4 20037 800252

    Game1000ha81.0781ha81 070400 000324

    Crocodile?400400?40016 00020

    1Employment4 2954 2954 057 Restitution projects

    * Rooipan 1 484ha smallholdings restored * De Hoop 678ha smallholdings negotiations * Madisha 1 671ha agriculture negotiations * Ga Aphane 1 239ha cattle & cropping negotiations

    Waterberg Agricultural Strategy 8 Report 1: Discussion document

Table 3: Modimolle - Estimated agricultural production for 2004/5

    Modimolle

    Estimated Estimated Employment

    Production Revenue Full-time job Cash & Field Crops:unitTotal AreaUnits(2005)R '000equivalent

    Cottonha800800ton7 08915 597159

    Sunflowerha2 4002 400ton2 5204 35780

    Maizeha3 2003 200ton10 6566 394303

    Wheatha1 5001 500ton4 5757 293119

    Soya Beansha1 5001 500ton3 3005 082109

    Groundnutsha700700ton1 1273 236129

    Lucerneha5050ton7289096

    Paprikaha5050ton2002 00025

    Tobaccoha1 1901 190kg3 180 87051 6891 281

    Potatoesha909010kg335 4754 86433

    Watermelonsha150150melons375 0001 87522Horticulture:

    Grapesha51514.5kg230 1303 45266

    Citrusha190190mt6 65016 625495

    Peachesha7979mt2 3675 68291

    Plumsha2121mt5292 38224

    Vegetablesha1 4504 500mt36 59067 6901 705

    TotalLivestock:

    Eggslayers50 00050 000doz.1 216 6675 77912

    Broilersbirds/week10 00010 000ton795 6007 55810

    Porksows1 5001 500ton2 1002 41575

    Dairyl/day6 4006 400litre2 336 0004 78943

    Cattlehead58 00058 000ton5 80052 200348

    Game1000ha131.21131ha131 210400 000525

    Crocodile?12001 200?1 20048 00060

    1Employment7 0407 0405 720 Restitution projects

    * Modimolle 12 491ha agriculture, game and tourism partnership proposals

    Waterberg Agricultural Strategy 9 Report 1: Discussion document

Table 4: Mokgalakwena - Estimated agricultural production for 2004/5

    Mogalakwena

    Estimated Estimated Employment

    Total Production Revenue Full-time job

    unitAreaUnits(2005)R '000Cash & Field Crops:equivalent

    Cottonha800800ton7 08915 597159

    Sunflowerha1 2001 200ton1 2602 17940

    Maizeha2 8502 850ton9 4915 694270

    Wheatha800800ton2 4403 88964

    Soya Beansha1 5001 500ton3 3005 082109

    Lucerneha5050ton7289096

    Paprikaha100100ton4004 00050

    Tobaccoha490490kg1 309 77021 284528

    Potatoesha404010kg149 1002 16215

    Watermelonsha140140melons350 0001 75021Horticulture:

    Grapesha1491494.5kg670 23010 053193

    Citrusha420420mt14 70036 7501 094

    Peachesha3838mt1 1302 71143

    Plumsha1313mt3171 42515

    Vegetablesha650650mt16 40230 343246

    TotalLivestock:

    Eggslayers40 00040 000doz.973 3334 62310

    Broilersbirds/week27 00027 000ton2 148 12020 40727

    Porksows500500ton70080525

    Cattlehead54 00054 000ton5 40048 600324

    Game1000ha110.42110ha110 420400 000442

    1Employment3 6703 6703 679 Restitution projects

    * Mabjaneng 3 706ha reserve business plan being compiled

    * Legata 1 671ha reserve strategic partner secure

    * Lebelo 3 600ha agriculture discussion with CSIR

    * Koka Matlou 2 955ha cattle proposal from Strategic Partner

    * Seema 1 848 cattle resolution of boundary dispute

    * Lehutjo 838ha negotiations

    * Molekwa further research

    * Sindane 3 984ha negotiations

    Waterberg Agricultural Strategy 10 Report 1: Discussion document

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