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JAMES CRAFWORD 1920'S SYLLABUSX - APUS2SCOTT

By Frank Bailey,2014-11-10 15:31
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MODERNISM-FOLLOWING CULTURAL TENDENCIES, THE LATEST THING. FUNDAMENTALISM- BELIEVED THE BIBLE TO BE LITERAL. REVIVALISTS: BILLY SUNDAY, AIMEE SEMPLE MCPHERSON- ...

James Crawford

    Ms. Scott

    AP US History

    1/15/10

    thWarren Harding- 29 president, accomplished little but had great quotes, dirtied the White House Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act (1922)- gave large loans to Allied nations

    Bureau of the Budget- restricted government spending

    Teapot Dome-transferred oil reserves to the Sec of Interior who sold them without auction for a bribe

    thCalvin Coolidge-30 president, spoke very little, restored confidence in the White House

    stHerbert Hoover- 31 president, was president during the Stock Market Crash, believed in efficiency Alfred E. Smith- opposed Hoover in the election of 1928

    Business prosperity-gaining wealth and expanding through commerce

    Henry Ford- perfected the assembly line of the automobile and pioneered replaceable parts Assembly line- used interchangeable parts and moved faster than traditional means Open shop-employer who does not require union membership or support

    Welfare capitalism- welfare from businesses through healthcare, pensions, housing, etc Jazz Age- African influenced culture became popular and free thinking was a fad Consumerism: autos, radios, movies- Americans had money to spend and wanted new technology Charles Lindberg- flew across the Atlantic Ocean in the Spirit of St. Louis Sigmund Freud- pioneered psychology and turned the mind into a quantifiable system Margaret Sanger- promoted and coined “birth control”

    Modernism-following cultural tendencies, the latest thing

    Fundamentalism- believed the Bible to be literal

    Revivalists: Billy Sunday, Aimee Semple McPherson- tried to fix broken US morals through religion Gertrude Stein-part of the lost generation, a writer

Lost Generation- writers and artists who left America for Paris

    F. Scott Fitzgerald- wrote Great Gatsby

    Ernest Hemmingway- killed himself

    Sinclair Lewis- American playwright

    Ezra Pound- poet, a leader in Modernism

    T. S. Eliot- wrote The Wasteland

    Frank Lloyd Wright- American architect

    Functionalism- mental states are dependent on external stimuli and are simply responses Edward Hopper- American realist painter

    Georgia O’Keefe- American artist

    Harlem Renaissance- explosion of African culture out of Harlem

    Countee Cullen-American romantic poet

    Langston Hughes- Harlem Renaissance leader, a poet, playwright, and author; invented jazz poetry James Weldon Johnson- early civil rights activist and writer

    Claude McKay- Jamaican writer and reformed communist

    Duke Ellington- a leader in Jazz music, made “American Music”

    Louis Armstrong- amazing trumpet player, jazz performer

    Bessie Smith- blues singer

    Paul Robeson- social activist, athlete, writer, and singer

    Marcus Garvey- Jamaican entrepreneur and social activist

    Scopes Trial- made a fool of William Jennings Bryan, pitted Fundamentalism against Darwinism Clarence Darrow-won the Scopes trial, a very good lawyer

    Prohibition; Volstead Act (1920)- banned production, transport, sale, and consumption of alcohol Organized Crime- led by Al Capone, was used to smuggle alcohol and bribe officials Immigration Quota laws (1924)- slowed immigration to the US from Europe, stopped Asian immigration

Sacco and Vanzetti- accused and hanged for murder they most likely did not commit because of nativism

Ku Klux Klan- resurged in the 1920’s against Catholics, Jews, Blacks, and alcohol

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