Vegetable Crop Judging

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Vegetable Crop Judging

CATA Curricular Activities Code

    Revised 6/2009

    Purpose and Standards

    The purpose of the Vegetable Crop Judging Contest is to create interest and promote understanding in the vegetable crop industry by providing opportunities for recognition through the demonstration of skills and proficiencies. It is the intention of the contest to provide a venue for students to explore career opportunities, skills and proficiencies in the vegetable crop industry. The emphasis of this contest is to promote critical thinking, evaluation, oral and written communication skills.

    Foundation Standards: Academics Science, 1.d, 1.l. Communications Written and Oral Conventions Listening and Speaking 1.1, 2.2, 1.8. Ethics and Legal Responsibilities, 8.4. Leadership and Teamwork 9.1, 9.2, 9.3, 9.6.

    Plant and Soil Science Pathway Standards: G1.1-1.6, G5.1, G1.2, G7.1, G.10.1-10.3. Contestants

    Teams shall consist of three or four members. The scores of the three highest team members shall be used for the team score. All team members are eligible for individual awards Classes

    Class Individual Team

    Judging Class 1 50 150

    Judging Class 2 50 150

    Judging Class 3 50 150

    Judging Class 4 50 150

    Reasons Class 1 50 150

    Reasons Class 2 50 150

    Reasons Class 3 50 150

    Reasons Class 4 50 150

    Identification 400 1200

    TOTAL 800 2400


    1. The team or individual scoring the highest identification(s) will be the winner.

    2. If a tie still exists, the total score of the individual or team will be used to determine the

    high individual or team.

    Sub-contest Awards

    Sub-contest awards will be given for high teams and individuals in the following areas: Identification, Judging, and Reasons. (Reasons are not included in judging sub-contest score.)

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    CATA Curricular Activities Code Vegetable Crop Judging


    I. The Vegetable Crop Judging Contest will consist of the following:

    A. Judging vegetables and giving oral reasons.

    B. Identification of edible portions of vegetables, vegetable seeds, common weeds,

    common insects and pests and vegetable plants intended for transplanting.

    C. Identification of market defects, evidence of diseases and insect or pest damage.

    D. There are 800 points possible for each contestant.

    II. General Rules

    A. The individual(s) responsible for the contest has the authority to determine

    whether an answer given by a student is correct or not, using the current CATA

    Curricular Code.

    B. Contestants and coaches are invited to ask questions of judges and inspect the

    judging samples after the close of the contest.

    C. The judges will explain the placings at a set time after the close of the contest.

    III. Judging

    A. Four classes of vegetables will be judged; each class will consist of four plates

    with each plate containing vegetables according to the following:

    2 Specimens

    Celery Cauliflower

    Cabbage Lettuce

    Broccoli (2 bunches)

    4 Specimens

    Artichokes Sweet Potatoes or Yams

    Dry Onions Irish Potatoes


    6 Specimens 10 Specimens

    Squash Carrot

    Table Beets

    Classes will be made from the following varieties, types or kinds:

    Kind Varieties or Types

    Artichokes Globe Type

    Broccoli No Variety Specified

    Cabbage No Variety Specified

    Carrot Imperator Type

    Cauliflower No Variety Specified

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    CATA Curricular Activities Code Vegetable Crop Judging

    Celery Green Type

    Dry Onions Flat or Globe Type

    Irish Potatoes Russet, White

    Lettuce Iceberg type, Butterhead,

    Redleaf, Greenleaf, and


    Squash Zucchini, White Scallop

    Sweet Potatoes No Variety Specified

    Table Beets No Variety Specified

    Tomatoes Large Slicing Market, Roma

    B. Instructions To Contestants -- Rules for Judging

    1. The name of the vegetable will be specified by the host institution.

    2. The vegetables will be judged on the basis of quality which will bring the best

    financial return on the retail market.

    3. Placings will be submitted on cards supplied to the contestant. Comparative

    reasons will be given on all classes without notes. (Notes may be used in the

    preparation of reasons).

    4. No contestant will be allowed to touch any vegetable on the judging plates.

    The judges will place the vegetables in a position so that all qualities and

    conditions can be seen without turning them over.

    5. Twelve (12) minutes will be allowed to judge each of the four classes; two (2)

    minutes will be allowed for each set of reasons; reasons will be given on each

    of the four classes.

    6. Fifty (50) points will be allowed on each class correctly placed; up to fifty (50)

    additional points will be allowed for each set of reasons.

    7. The total points possible for each contestant in the judging portion of the

    contest is 400.

    IV. IDENTIFICATION (Five points each)

    A. Eighty (80) specimens will be selected from the identification list. Specimens will be either vegetable (edible portion), vegetable seeds, weeds common to vegetable crop fields, insects and pests common to vegetable crops, market defects, evidences of diseases and insect or pest damage and vegetable plants intended for transplanting.

    B. Instructions to Contestants

    1. Contestants are not allowed to carry into the contest notes or any materials

    which may aid in taking the contest. No identification answer sheets or

    material indicating answers may leave the identification room. Contestants

    found in violation of this rule will be immediately disqualified.

    2. Contestants are not to take portions of the identification samples nor are they

    allowed to touch the samples in any way. Contestants found in violation of

    this rule will be immediately disqualified.

    3. Common names as given on the attached list will be used in identifying


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    CATA Curricular Activities Code Vegetable Crop Judging

    4. Five (5) points will be allowed for each specimen properly identified with a

    possible total of 400 points for each contestant.

    5. Only the entire name of the specimen, as listed in the Curricular Code, will be

    scored as correct. Ditto marks shall not be used.

    Examples: 1. Yellow wax pepper - correct

    Yellow pepper - minus 5 points

    Wax pepper - minus 5 points

     2. Snap bean seed - correct

    Snap bean - minus 5 points (when it is

     the seed being identified)

    Snap seed - minus 5 points

    6. One point will be deducted for each correct answer which is misspelled.

    Hyphens when included in an answer will not be counted wrong unless a

    hyphen is a specific part of the spelling of a crop name or is required, as in the

    disease, pest and marketing defect section of the contest (see below). An

    answer that is one word and should be two words (or vice versa) is considered

    a misspelling. The ñ in Jalapeño pepper must be present.

    Examples: 1. Greenleaf lettuce - correct

    Green leaf lettuce - minus 1 point

     2. Water cress - correct

    Watercress - minus 1 point

     3. Jalapeño pepper - correct

    Jalapeno pepper - minus 1 point

     4. Edible-pod pea - correct

    Edible pod pea - minus 1 point

7. Misuse of capitalization or plurals will not be counted as a misspelled word.

    8. In the Evidence of Disease, Insect or Pest Damage, and Market Defect

    sections: the vegetable and the diseases, damage or defect must be identified.

    Use names of vegetables as given in the Identification of Edible Portion of

    Vegetables section. In identifying diseases, damage or defect, list as per the

    following examples:

    i. Tipburn Romaine lettuce

    ii. Overmaturity Zucchini squash

    iii. Edible Portion Sprouting Russet potato

    Examples: 1. Bolting Celery - correct

    Celery Bolting - minus 5 points (defect must be listed

    Bolting, Celery - first)

    Bolting - minus 1 point (no hyphen)

    minus 5 points (identification of

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CATA Curricular Activities Code Vegetable Crop Judging

    edible portion not listed)

     2. Mildew Green - correct

    Cabbage - minus 5 points (cabbage is not name

    Mildew Cabbage give in the Edible Portion of

    Vegetables Section

    9. Fifty (50) minutes will be allowed for the identification portion of the contest.

    10. Either the common name or the synonym(s) will be accepted.

    C. Instructions to Judges:

    1. Specimens for identification must be of sufficient size and maturity to show

    identifiable characteristics.

    2. Edible portions must be present with all specimens in the Disease, Insect or

    Pest Damage, and Market Defect section.

    3. Judges will indicate the specimens which should be identified for diseases,

    insect or pest damage, and market defect. The judge will indicate specifically

    which one of the above should be identified by means of an arrow, yarn and

    pin, or some easily detected method.

    4. The judges will identify the specimens at a set time after the close of the


    5. Growers’ Weed Identification Handbook, UC Cooperative Extension will be

    used to determine the correct spelling of all weed identification.

    V. Suggested References:

    ; Growers’ Weed Identification Handbook - UC Cooperative Extension

    ; Pierce, L. 1987. Vegetables: Characteristics, production and marketing. John Wiley and

    Sons, New York

    ; Whitson, T., L. Burrill, S. Dewey, D. Cudney, B. Nelson, R. Lee and R. Parker. 1991

    Weeds of the west. Western Society of Weed Science

    Identification of Edible Portion of Vegetables

    Buckweat Family (Polygonaceae)


    Cotton Family (Malvaceae)


    Ginger Family (Zingerberaceae)


    Goosefoot Family (Chenopodiaceae)


    Swiss chard

    Table beet

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CATA Curricular Activities Code Vegetable Crop Judging

    Gourd Family (Cucurbitaceae) Acorn squash

    Banana squash

    Butternut squash



    Delicate squash


    Spaghetti squash

    White scallop squash Yellow crookneck squash Yellow straightneck squash Zucchini squash

    Grass Family (Gaminae)

    Sweet Corn

    Lily Family (Liliaceae)


    Morning Glory Family (Convolvulaceae) Moist flesh sweet potato (syn. Yam)

    Dry flesh sweet potato

    Mustard Family (Brassicaceae) Bok Choy (syn. Pak Choy) Broccoli

    Brussels sprout


    Chinese cabbage (syn. Nappa cabbage)

    Collard greens

    Curly leaved kale


    Green cabbage



    Leaf mustard

    Plain leaved kale


    Red cabbage



    Water cress

    Onion Family (Alliaceae)


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CATA Curricular Activities Code Vegetable Crop Judging


    Green bunching onion (syn. Scallion)


    Red onion

    White onion

    Yellow onion

    Parsley Family (Apiaceae) Carrot



    Cilantro (syn. Coriander; Chinese parsley)



    Pea Family (Fabaceae))

    English pea (syn: Garden Pea)


    Lima bean

    Snap bean

    Snow pea (Syn: Edible-podded pea)


    Sugar snap pea

    Potato Family (Solanaceae) Bell pepper

    Blue potato (blue skin; blue/white flesh)

    Cayenne pepper

    Cherry tomato


    Fingerling potato Habanaro pepper

    Jalapeño pepper

    Poblano pepper

    Red potato

    Roma tomato

    Russet potato

    Sweet Italian pepper Tomato


    White potato

    Yellow wax pepper

    Sunflower Family (Asteraceae) Artichoke

    Butterhead lettuce 119168003.doc 7

CATA Curricular Activities Code Vegetable Crop Judging


    Belgian Endive


    Greenleaf lettuce Iceberg lettuce Radicchio

    Redleaf lettuce Romaine lettuce Miscellaneous Produce Identification

    All items must be placed in a fresh state, not dried or in spice form.

    Basil Rosemary Button mushroom Sage

    Dill Shitake mushroom Mint Tarragon

    Oregano Thyme

    Portabella mushroom

Vegetable Seed Identification

    Banana squash seed Parsnip seed Carrot seed Pea seed

    Celery seed Pepper seed Coated seed Radish seed Cole crop seed Snap bean seed Cucumber seed Spinach seed Lettuce seed Table beet seed Onion seed Tomato seed Parsley seed Zucchini seed

Vegetable Crop Weeds Identification

    Common Name Botanical Name Alkali mallow Sida hederacea Annual bluegrass Poa annua

    Annual sowthistle Sonchus oleracus Barnyardgrass Echinochloa crusgalli Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon Black mustard Brassica nigra Burning nettle Urtica urens Chickweed Stellaria media Cocklebur Xanthium strumarium var.canadense

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CATA Curricular Activities Code Vegetable Crop Judging

    Common groundsel Senecio vulgaris Common knotweed Polygonum aviculare Common purslane Portulaca oleracea Curly dock Rumex crispus Field bindweed Convolvulus arvensis Filaree Erodium sp. Johnsongrass Sorghum halapense Large crabgrass Digitaria sanguinalis London rocket Sisymbrium irio Lambsquarter Chenopodium album Malva Malva spp.

    Black nightshade Solanum nigrum Nutgrass Cyperus spp. Pigweed Amaranthus retroflexus Prickly lettuce Lactuca serriola Puncture vine Tribulus terrestris Russian thistle Salsola australis Scarlet pimpernel Anagallis arvensis Shepherds purse Capsella bursa-pastoris Wild radish Raphanus sativus Yellow mustard Brassica campestris Evidence of Disease, Insect Damage and Market Defects (See I.D. Section)


    Specify Vegetable by name given in Identification Section Edible Portion of Vegetables section






    Cabbage Worm

    Specify Cole Crop by Name given in the Identification of Edible Portion of Vegetables section.

    Edible Portion Sprouting




    Sweet potato

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CATA Curricular Activities Code Vegetable Crop Judging


    Specify Vegetable by name given in the Identification of Edible Portion of Vegetable section.


    Specify Vegetable by name given in the Identification of Edible Portion of Vegetables section.


    Specify Vegetable name given in the Identification of Edible Portion of Vegetables section.






    Sclerotina Drop



    Sweet Corn


    Soft Rot



    Sweet potato






    Sweet potato

    Plants Intended for Transplanting

    Artichoke transplant Iceberg lettuce transplant Butterhead Lettuce transplant Kale transplant Broccoli transplant Onion transplant Cauliflower transplant Parsley transplant Celery transplant Pepper transplant Cilantro transplant Redleaf lettuce transplant Cucumber transplant Romaine lettuce transplant Eggplant transplant Squash transplant 119168003.doc 10

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