A hot dog (also known as a frankfurter, frank, wiener, or weenie) is a
moist sausage of soft, even texture and flavor, often made from advanced
meat recovery or meat slurry. Most types are fully cooked, cured or smoked.
When served, it is usually hot, and is placed in a special purpose soft, sliced hot dog bun, although it is possible for them to be eaten alone. It may be garnished with mustard, ketchup, onion, mayonnaise, relish, cheese, chili or sauerkraut. The flavor can be similar to a range of meat products from bland bologna to spicy German bockwurst varieties. Hot dogs
made from a range of meats are on the market, but Kosher or Halal hot dogs
must be made from beef, chicken or turkey. Vegetarian hot dogs made from
meat analogue are available.
Unlike other sausages which may be sold uncooked, hot dogs are precooked before packaging. Hot dogs can be eaten without additional cooking, although they are usually warmed before serving. Since even the unopened packaged hot dog can have bacteria it is safer to reheat them (especially important for pregnant women and those with suppressed immune systems). Contents
; 1 History
; 2 Etymology
; 3 General description
o 3.1 Ingredients
; 3.1.1 Condiments
o 3.2 Commercial preparation
; 3.2.1 Natural casing hot dogs
; 3.2.2 Skinless hot dogs
o 3.3 Final preparation
; 4 Health effects
; 5 Hot dogs in the United States
o 5.1 Hot dog restaurants
; 6 Hot dogs outside the United States
; 7 See also
; 8 Notes
; 9 References
; 10 External links
A "home-cooked" hot dog with mayonnaise, onion, and pickle-relish
Claims about hot dog invention are difficult to assess, as stories assert the creation of the sausage, the placing of the sausage (or another kind of sausage) on bread or a bun as finger food, the popularization of the existing dish, or the application of the name "hot dog" to a sausage and bun combination most commonly used with ketchup or mustard and sometimes relesh.
The word frankfurter comes from Frankfurt, Germany, where pork sausages served a bun similar to hot dogs originated. Wiener refers to Vienna,
Austria, whose German name is "Wien", home to a sausage made of a mixture of pork and beef (cf. Hamburger, whose name also derives from a
German-speaking city). In German speaking countries, except Austria, hot
dog sausages are called Wiener or Wiener Würstchen (Würstchen means
"little sausage"). In Swiss German, it is called Wienerli, while in
Austria the terms Frankfurter or Frankfurter Würstel are used.
The city of Vienna traces the lineage of the hot dog to the Wienerwurst
or Viennese sausage, the city of Frankfurt to the Frankfurter Wurst, which
it claims was invented in the 1480s and given to the people on the event of imperial coronations, starting with the coronation of Maximilian II,
Holy Roman Emperor as King; the hot dog has also been attributed to Johann Georg Lahner, a 18th/19th century butcher from the Bavarian city of Coburg
who is said to have invented the "dachshund" or "little-dog" sausage and brought it from Frankfurt to Vienna.
Around 1870, on Coney Island, German immigrant Charles Feltman began selling sausages in rolls.
Others have supposedly invented the hot dog. The idea of a hot dog on a bun is ascribed to the wife of a German named Antonoine Feuchtwanger, who sold hot dogs on the streets of St. Louis, Missouri, in 1880, because his
customers kept taking the white gloves handed to them for eating without burning their hands. Anton Ludwig Feuchtwanger, a Bavarian sausage
seller, is said to have served sausages in rolls at the World's
Fair–either the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago or the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St Louis–again allegedly because the
white gloves he gave to customers so that they could eat his hot sausages in comfort began to disappear as souvenirs.
The association between hot dogs and baseball began as early as 1893 with Chris von der Ahe, a German immigrant who owned not only the St. Louis Browns, but also an amusement park.
Harry M Stevens Inc., founded in 1889, serviced major sports venues with hot dogs and other refreshments, making Stevens known as the "King of Sports Concessions" in the US.
In 1916, an employee of Feltman's named Nathan Handwerker was encouraged
by celebrity clients Eddie Cantor and Jimmy Durante to go into business in competition with his former employer. Handwerker undercut Feltman's
by charging five cents for a hot dog when his former employer was charging ten. At an earlier time in food regulation the hot dog suspect, Handwerker made sure that men wearing surgeon's smocks were seen eating at Nathan's Famous to reassure potential customers.