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keys to unit 3

By Thomas Spencer,2015-02-28 15:11
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keys to unit 3

I Vocabulary:

    1. Fill in the gaps with words and phrases given in the box.

    1) threatens 2) by a small margin 3) civilize 4) closed up 5) wandered 6) paste

    7) without so much as 8) sideways 9) hook up to 10) universal 11) chart

    12) bathed in

    2. Now use the verb in brackets to form an appropriate phrasal verb you have learned and

    complete the sentence with it.

    1) narrowed down 2) looked back on 3) cut off 4) fit into 5) wear (the other)down

    6) lies in 7) put up 8) stand for

    3. Rewrite each sentence with the word or phrase in brackets, keeping the same meaning. The

    first part has been written for you.

    1) which is likely to make people vulnerable to asthma has been found by researchers at

    the Department of Clinical Medicine in Oxford.

    2) with mirrored doors had to be built in so as to make their small bedroom look larger.

    3) feature the space shuttle Challenger blowing up in January 1986 killing all seven crew.

    4) threatened to keep the pupils in after school they were quieted at once.

    5) are a major barrier to the countrys economic growth due to the fact that imported oil

    has absorbed 40% of its foreign exchange/because imported oil has absorbed 40% of its

    foreign exchange.

    4. Complete the sentences, using the words or phrases in brackets. Make additions or changes

    where necessary.

    1) Looked back on; urban life

    2) era; hooked up to; the electronic

    3) the suburb; a sophisticated; system; analyze; make errors

    II Collocation

    1) away 2) inside/in 3)forward/through 4) back 5) off 6) home 7) back down 8)

    in; out

    III Usage

    1. Internet is not such an unusual word as it used to be.

    2. Most men do not look unattractive in them

    3. Wealthy as she is, she is not unconcerned by her sudden unemployment. 4. This claim is not unrealistic in view of a sharp decrease in the citys violent crimes.

    5. His poor health is not unrelated to his unhealthy way of life.

    Comprehension exercises

    I Cloze

    1. Text-related

    (1) statistics (2) rural (3) era (4) stood for (5) on the latch

    (6) vulnerable (7) barriers (8) electronic (9) reflection (10) civilized 2. Them-related

    (1) tougher (2) liable (3) shift (4) electric (5) cautious (6) sophisticated (7) thieves (8) break (9) chances (10) signs

    II Translation

    1. Translate the sentences into English:

    1) The Internet is changing the way people live, no matter whether they are in urban or rural

    areas.

    2) Medium-sized and small companies are more vulnerable to the threat of the global economic

    crisis than large ones.

    3) With regard to our term papers, the professor asked us to analyze the chart of

    unemployment first, and then provide critical reflections on the nations economic

    development.

    4) It never occurred to him that their team would win the basketball match by a large margin.

     teaching in high school, I attributed my success to patience, 5) Looking back on my twenty years

    talent, and the constant pursuit of knowledge.

    2. Translate the passage into English:

    It is almost impossible to keep a determined burglar out. All you can do is discourage him for

    a few minutes, thus exposing him to police patrols. Common sense tells us that lighting is a

    barrier to criminal activity. A light should be fixed in the doorway and switched on at night.

    Make sure/Assure yourself that you don’t leave the door on the latch if you happen to be the

    last to come in. if you decide to buy a sophisticated electronic alarm system, be sure to ask

    for its signs and put them up on both windows and doors. In addition you may have it

    hooked up to a police station.

    Text B

    Comprehension Check

    1. b 2. b 3. b 4. d 5. a 6. d

    translation:

    1. 时至今日?我成了一个典型的被枪支制造商视为其潜在买主的那种女人—— 成了成千

    上万个采取这种行动的人中的一员。

    2. 据称他的犯罪行为非常残忍?他加害于人的欲望非常强烈?这使我开始对自己在任何情

    况下不杀人的信念产生了怀疑。

    3. 我意识到?自己曾经积极提倡的一厢情愿的和平主义会危害自身?更糟的是?会危害我

    的儿子。于是我极不情愿地认定?为了我们的生存?我必须确保有一个最佳选择方案。

    4. 我手指扣住扳机?最后用力一扣?在亲手结束了侵入者生命的同时也庆幸自己没有成为

    牺牲品。

    Language practice:

    1. Match the definitions:

    (1)d, (2)f, (3)h, (4)a, (5)g, (6)e, (7)b, 8)c

    2. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases chosen from the box.

    (1) belief (2) wrapping (3) draw the line at (4) break into (5) take the plunge (6)

    squeeze (7) advocated (8) insure (9) in his favor (10) under no circumstances (11)

    on the line (12) aimed at

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