By Victor Powell,2015-01-23 00:42
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Build Up to XC - Paraglider Flying Exercises

This list supplements the BHPA Pilot Task Book by listing, in a fairly logical sequence, exercises that build up XC skills i.e. control your airspeed and direction

    in order to safely and efficiently use dynamic and thermal lift to gain height and minimise height loss in sink. Those marked in bold with * are BHPA Pilot tasks

No Exercise Benefit Description Tips / Safety Ideal Date(s) Carried Out Notes / Debrief

    Conditions 1. Ground Safe and Any safe ; Pre-flight checks

    Handling and efficient ground conditions WGHHCAT

    Launch handling, take strong or light ; Forward Launch

     off and landing ; Reverse Launch ; Walk glider in figure

    Of 8

    ; Walk glider up hill

    ; Collapsing wing on


    ; PLF

    2. Efficient Safe and Plenty of height ; Clear turns

    Turns efficient turns and clear of ; Control only (no

     that minimise other gliders weight shift)

    height loss ; Weight shift only turn

    ; Combined (weight

    shift first)

    3. Speed Safe, efficient Plenty of ; Fly at min sink

    Control* and height and ; Fly at trim

    appropriate clear of other ; Speed transition speed control gliders

    for lift, sink,


    downwind and



    e.g. downwind

    in sink.

    4. Speed Bar As above. Feel for any Stable ; ? bar

     loss of conditions with ; ? bar

    pressure, plenty of height ; ? bar possible and clear of ; Use of full speed bar onset of other gliders range frontal


    5. Canopy Safe and Light thermic or ; Assess whether Control efficient flight in slightly gusty conditions gusty or (Active strong thermic or both?

    Flying) conditions. ; Focus on keeping

    wing overhead.

    ; Use of constant

    control pressure

    6. Rapid Safe exit from Ears one at Stable ; Small ears / weight Descent excessive lift a time. conditions shift turn

    - Big Ears* and or getting with plenty of ; Release ears one at

    blown back. height and a time.

    clear of other ; Ears and bar (ears gliders first)

    ; Land with ears in.

    Spot Safe and Stable 7. ; Assessment of wind Landing* efficient conditions strength and

     landing with plenty of direction.

    avoiding height and ; Approaching from

    injury to self, clear of other upwind leg.

    others or gliders ; Turning into wind damage to ; Excess height equipment figure of 8

    ; Go around

    ; Landing

    8. Slope Safe and Practice Light non- ; Land on upwind leg!

    Landing efficient landing during light thermic winds. ; Keep up speed for

     avoiding injury winds. the flare

    to self, others,

    damage to ; Turn into wind then

    equipment and flare?

    avoid bottom

    landing / walk


    9. Gaining More Enables pilot to Good dynamic ; Fly further from the Space / connect with lift / lift band hill

    Explore Lift thermals earlier ; Find strongest part of Band and free of the lift band

    other gliders ; Pick a spot and fly

    out and back

    360 Turns* Safe and Practice Stable 10. ; Gentle turns.

     efficient turns, forward, conditions ; 360s

    vital skill for high and with plenty of ; Assess distance using clear of height and /height change. thermals other traffic. clear of other ; Practice with especially gliders another glider? with other


    Using Lift* Getting to 11. ; Count to 4

    (Thermals) cloudbase, ; S turn if low near

     finding and ridge and other

    using lift traffic

    during XC ; 360 if higher and downwind. clear

    ; Finding and staying

    with the core!

    ; Flying upwind to

    connect with core?

    ; Note position on the


    ; Leave upwind sink

    using bar and 45

    degree off wind


    12. Scratching Safe and Light winds ; Fly faster

     efficient flight to with stable / ; Don’t fly too far out

    maintain height non thermic ; Turn quick flat and in light conditions efficient. conditions

    Asymmetric Safe recovery Should be Stable 13. ; Pull a riser on one Collapse* from tuck. with conditions side

     Instructor! with plenty of ; Weight shift away

    height and from collapse

    clear of other ; Counter turn not too gliders much (stall)

    ; Pump out with long

    definite strokes.

    14. Wingovers More advanced Stable ; Altitude and space

     canopy control conditions with ; Fly at normal to full

    plenty of height speed

    and clear of ; Pull hard on one other gliders brake

    ; Roll into turn and

    ease off on brake

    ; Let glider dive to

    build up speed.

    ; Apply opposite brake

    and weight shift

    ; Careful canopy does

    not deflate at top,

    apply both brakes

    15. Watch And Always ; Clouds

    Listen ; Thermals

     ; The Site

    ; Other Pilots

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