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Functional Area Capability:

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Functional Area Capability:Func

    The Queensland Counter-Terrorism

    Committee

    Public Annual Report

    2009

    1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................................................... 3 1.1 PURPOSE ......................................................................................................................................... 3 1.2 THE SECURITY AND COUNTER-TERRORISM ENVIRONMENT ............................................................... 3 1.3 QUEENSLAND COUNTER-TERRORISM CAPABILITY HIGHLIGHTS 2009 ................................................ 3 2. QUEENSLAND COUNTER-TERRORISM COMMITTEE ....................................................... 4 2.1 ROLE OF THE QCTC ........................................................................................................................ 4 2.2 RESPONSIBILITY FOR CAPABILITY DEVELOPMENT ............................................................................ 5 2.3 QCTC MEETINGS 2009 .................................................................................................................... 5 3. QUEENSLAND COUNTER-TERRORISM STRATEGY 2008 - 2010 ....................................... 5 3.1 A STRATEGIC APPROACH ................................................................................................................. 6 3.2 STRATEGY 1: ENGAGE .................................................................................................................... 6 3.3 STRATEGY 2: COOPERATE ............................................................................................................... 6 3.4 STRATEGY 3: PROTECT ................................................................................................................... 7 3.5 STRATEGY 4: EXERCISE .................................................................................................................. 7 3.6 STRATEGY 5: DEVELOP ................................................................................................................... 8 4. FUTURE DIRECTIONS .............................................................................................................. 8

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    1.1 Purpose

    This is the fifth annual report of the Queensland Counter-Terrorism Committee (QCTC). This Report covers the period 1 January to 31 December 2009 and focuses on the initiatives undertaken by Queensland Government agencies to give effect to the Queensland Counter-Terrorism Strategy 2008-10.

    The Queensland Counter-Terrorism Strategy provides five strategic directions for the development and implementation of counter-terrorism initiatives in Queensland. The directions provided by the Strategy are to:

    ; ENGAGE: Promote the education and involvement of the broader community in

    preventing, preparing, responding and recovering from terrorism.

    ; COOPERATE: Strengthen arrangements by communicating, coordinating and

    collaborating with stakeholders.

    ; PROTECT: Enhance detection and deterrence to ensure a safe environment. ; EXERCISE: Practise and test counter-terrorism arrangements through exercises. ; DEVELOP: Refine our preparation, response and recovery arrangements.

The strategic directions also support the sustained development of the State‟s counter-

    terrorism capabilities to ensure that cohesive and coordinated arrangements are in place. Lead agency responsibility for the development of particular area of counter-terrorism capability is assigned to relevant Queensland Government agencies through the QCTC Reporting Framework and is reflective of the core responsibilities of that agency. 1.2 The Security and Counter-Terrorism Environment

    Queensland‟s counter-terrorism capabilities are developed to reflect both the current and emerging security environment in which we live. Throughout 2009, the following key national and international factors contributed and shaped that environment:

    ; The National Counter-Terrorism Alert Level remained at Medium (a terrorist attack

    could occur).

    ; The main terrorist threat to Australia and its interests continues to come from

    extremists who are part of, or take inspiration from global Islamic terrorism. ; 18 organisations remained listed throughout 2009 under the provisions of the

    Criminal Code (Cwth) as terrorist organisations subsequently making it an offence

    to associate with these organisations.

    ; A number of Australian citizens have been charged and/or convicted of engaging in

    terrorist activities including training, providing support or planning attacks. 1.3 Queensland Counter-Terrorism Capability Highlights 2009

    Major areas of achievement together with significant actions to ensure that functional capability was maintained and enhanced during 2009 included:

    ; The Queensland Police Service (QPS) Counter-Terrorism Awareness Program run

    by the Metropolitan North Region was presented as „best practice‟ at the

    International Leadership in Counter Terrorism Program in Sydney.

    ; The Major Transport Precinct Program “Not on My Shift” DVD training resource

    was distributed to precinct stakeholders. The DVD was developed through

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    collaborative project between Transport and Main Roads (TMR) and the QPS with

    strong input from industry stakeholders.

    ; An integrated multi-agency approach to the conduct of counter-terrorism exercises

    providing improved collaborative outcomes for Queensland agencies.

    ; Exercising of precinct counter-terrorism coordination plans with transport precinct

    stakeholders. Along with exercise activities to respond to identified security/business

    continuity issues in the transport sector.

    ; Equipment Enhancements to Hazardous Material and Chemical, Biological,

    Radiological and Nuclear mitigation resources and detection and identification

    equipment within the Queensland Fire and Rescue Service Specialist units. ; Distribution of the Queensland Plan for the Protection of Surface Transport

    Operations from Terrorism to all Security Identified Surface Transport Operations

    (SISTOs), all rail operators and a number of transport infrastructure stakeholders. ; Queensland has continued to work closely with the Commonwealth and other states

    and territories to maintain high levels of collaboration to counter terrorism threats

    across the prevention, preparedness, response and recovery spectrum.

    2. Queensland Counter-Terrorism Committee

    On 13 December 2004, Cabinet approved the formation of the QCTC to formalise existing networks and arrangements to facilitate communication and the implementation of both state and national counter-terrorism initiatives. The QCTC is co-chaired by Queensland‟s two NCTC representatives and is comprised of senior representation from the:

; Queensland Police Service (Co-Chair)

    ; Department of the Premier and Cabinet (Co-Chair)

    ; Department of Community Safety;

    ; Department of Transport and Main Roads

    ; Queensland Health

    ; Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovations

    ; Department of Environment and Resources

    Representatives from Multicultural Affairs Queensland, Department of Communities also attend QCTC meetings and contribute toward Queensland‟s Counter-Terrorism

    capabilities by assisting with the development of initiatives designed to promote participation and positive community relations amongst diverse community groups. 2.1 Role of the QCTC

QCTC provides whole-of-government coordination and leadership for Queensland‟s

    counter-terrorism arrangements. The mission of the QCTC is to contribute to the security and safety of the Queensland community through the co-ordination of a state-wide co-operative framework to counter terrorism and its consequences. This mission is being achieved through the following objectives:

    (a) the provision of expert strategic policy advice to the Premier and the Cabinet through:

    (i) effective counter-terrorism co-ordination facilitating inter-agency and inter-

    jurisdictional co-operation;

    (ii) development of evaluation and reporting methodologies to facilitate the annual

    reporting process;

    (iii) ensuring awareness of current and emerging trends in terrorism;

    (iv) advising on the adequacy of Queensland‟s counter-terrorism legislation;

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    (v) reviewing and monitoring the adequacy of Queensland‟s counter-terrorism

    strategies and policies to ensure best practice; and

    (vi) reviewing and monitoring the adequacy of Queensland‟s critical infrastructure

    protection arrangements.

    (b) the maintenance of an effective state-wide counter-terrorism capability by:

    (i) developing strong co-operative relationships between all agencies;

    (ii) ensuring an integrated jurisdictional/cross-jurisdictional response capacity exists;

    (iii) maintaining effective arrangements for the sharing of intelligence;

    (iv) monitoring national standards in all training disciplines to achieve best practice;

    (v) ensuring that effective command, control and co-ordination strategies are

    established;

    (vi) integrating consequence management planning with counter-terrorism response

    arrangements; and

    (vi) ensuring the availability of appropriate systems and equipment.

(c) reporting annually to the Premier and the Cabinet on Queensland‟s counter-terrorism

    preparedness and capability. The Committee will otherwise report as required to the

    Director-General, Department of the Premier and Cabinet.

    2.2 Responsibility for Capability Development

    The QCTC Reporting Framework was developed and endorsed by Cabinet to ensure the effective delivery of state and national initiatives. Under the framework, a lead agency has responsibility for developing and reporting on a program of activity designed to strengthen a particular area of capability. This includes translating the Queensland Counter-Terrorism Strategy 2008-10 into specific initiatives to be contained in those agencies Counter-Terrorism Strategic Plans.

    2.3 QCTC Meetings 2009

The QCTC met formally during 2009. Committee highlights included:

    ; Maintaining awareness of the current security and risk environment to ensure

    Queensland‟s counter-terrorism capabilities are proportionate to the assessed threat

    and associated risk.

    ; An integrated multi-agency approach to the conduct of counter-terrorism exercises in

    Queensland, including enhanced reporting of activities by agencies to the

    Queensland Counter-Terrorism Training and Exercising Management Committee.

    ; Improving information exchange and engagement of QCTC member agencies. ; Progress towards development of the Safeguarding Queensland Profile and the

    Queensland Research and Development Investment Strategy.

    ; Ensuring national counter-terrorism activities and decisions are effectively

    implemented within Queensland as required.

    ; Ensuring that strong cooperative relationships between all agencies are maintained

    and enhanced to maximise Queensland‟s counter-terrorism preparedness.

    3. Queensland Counter-Terrorism Strategy 2008 - 2010

In 2007, Cabinet approved the Queensland Counter-Terrorism Strategy 2008 2010 to

    guide the development and continuous improvement in Queensland‟s counter-terrorism

    capabilities. This replaces the 2005-2007 Queensland Government Counter-Terrorism

    Strategy.

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3.1 A Strategic Approach

The Queensland Counter-Terrorism Strategy supports the sustained development of our

    counter-terrorism capability. Under the Strategy, QCTC agencies have a role to contribute to the implementation of the Strategy through the development of an “Agency

    Strategic Plan”. Progress and the achievements against these Plans are then reported annually in this Report.

    The Strategy provides five strategic directions for the development and implementation of counter-terrorism initiatives across Government. The Strategic Directions are outlined in 1.1 of this report and focus around Engagement; Cooperation; Protection; Exercise and Development. Agency initiatives undertaken in 2009 to implement the Queensland

    Counter-Terrorism Strategy 2008 - 2010 are highlighted below.

    3.2 Strategy 1: Engage

    Strategy 1 seeks to increase community, industry and Government awareness of counter-terrorism arrangements, roles and responsibilities. Queensland‟s response to terrorism and the terrorist threat are strengthened through the engagement and involvement of the broader community. Throughout 2009 QCTC agencies undertook the following key engagement activities:

    ; Police within Brisbane Central District and the broader Metropolitan North Region

    have completed counter-terrorism awareness training for operational police. ; Enhanced industry awareness and involvement in counter-terrorism activities

    through targeted industry briefings on security threats and risk contexts relevant to

    that industry or sector.

    ; Developed and disseminated Stakeholder Security Reports to assist external

    stakeholders in their security planning through providing an overview of quarterly

    security incident trends.

    ; Delivery of QPS Counter-Terrorism Liaison Officer training across Queensland. ; Maintained public awareness about transport security with a focus on unattended

    baggage and suspicious articles with posters on public transport.

    ; Enhancement of the Department of Employment, Economic Development and

    Innovation (DEEDI) Emergency web page to include roles and responsibilities and

    act as an information base following biosecurity outbreaks.

    3.3 Strategy 2: Cooperate

    Queensland‟s counter-terrorism arrangements are strengthened through effective communication, coordination and collaboration between stakeholders. Strategy 2 seeks to enhance counter terrorism arrangements by ensuring integrated responses are developed in partnership with government and non-government stakeholders, cross agency collaboration is maximised and that appropriate information sharing occurs. This Strategy was advanced in 2009 through:

    ; Contributing to whole-of-government coordination, collaboration and leadership in

    the development and maintenance of Queensland‟s counter-terrorism preparedness

    and capabilities through the activities of the QCTC.

    ; Implementation of an improved information platform within the State Crisis Centre to

    enhance information flow and interactions with key Commonwealth and State

    Government decisions makers.

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    ; Mentoring transport operators and infrastructure owners through the University of

    Queensland‟s National ICT Australia (NICTA) Department for research on future

    technology applications for transport security.

    ; Legislation and risk management programs for security-identified surface transport

    operations.

    ; Regular information sharing and briefing sessions held with the owners and

    operators of critical infrastructure across all relevant sectors.

    ; Members across the QCTC community actively participated in a range of fora and

    working groups on a national, state, regional and/or sectoral basis to strengthen

    communication and collaboration on counter-terrorism and security arrangements. 3.4 Strategy 3: Protect

    Enhanced detection and deterrence contributes to a safe environment. Initiatives that contributed to Strategy 3 focused on detecting terrorist threats and protecting key assets, reduce vulnerabilities which could be exploited by terrorists and identifying possible terrorist activity. Throughout 2009 the actions of agencies included:

    ; Development and approval of a rational and adaptable QPS approach to the

    prevention of terrorism.

    ; A targeted program to increase operational policing interaction with business owners

    and operators, aimed at detection and deterrence through intelligence-led patrolling

    of places of interest.

    ; Activities to implement the Code of Practice on the Security of Radioactive Sources. ; Activities to assess the management, coordination and agency interoperability of a

    strategic response to a terrorist incident.

    ; Working collaboratively with the Commonwealth and other State and Territory

    jurisdictions to ensure that suitable legislative tools are in place to assist terrorism

    related investigations and prosecutions and to implement policy or procedural

    changes as identified.

    ; Maintaining and enhancing a range of operational and response capabilities that

    contribute to investigating, responding and recovering from potential terrorist

    incidents.

    3.5 Strategy 4: Exercise

    Strategy 4 promotes regular and effective exercising to practise and test counter-terrorism arrangements. Exercising improves readiness by increasing familiarity with counter-terrorism systems and arrangements, assesses the adequacy of those arrangements, promotes continuous improvement, and provides opportunities for increased stakeholder and broader Government agency participation.

; In 2009 QCTC member agencies continued to strengthen the state‟s exercise and

    training capability, including through:

    o Participation in the National Counter-Terrorism Exercise Program.

    o Promotion of the Counter-Terrorism Training and Exercise Management

    Committee across government agencies to increase participation in Queensland

    counter-terrorism exercise and training program.

    o The development and conduct of counter-terrorism exercises across the state,

    including cross agency exercises which enhanced interoperability and

    strengthened our current counter-terrorism capabilities. The QPS continued to

    coordinate the State based program.

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3.6 Strategy 5: Develop

    Queensland has well practiced arrangements to prevent, prepare for, and to respond to and recover from a potential terrorist incident. However, we must not become complacent. Strategy 5 ensures that we continue to refine our prevention, preparation, response and recovery arrangements. In 2009 key developmental activities included:

    ; Ensuring that strategies and arrangements are in place for the protection of critical

    infrastructure throughout the State and that those arrangements are reviewed on an

    annual basis.

    ; Participation in Australia‟s collaborative approach to counter terrorism through the

    National Counter-Terrorism Committee and in its associated committees and working

    groups to develop national approaches, policies and arrangements.

    ; Arrangements to protect Queensland Surface Transport Operations.

    ; Continued enhancement of cross agency involvement in bioterrorism planning.

    ; Training and exercising in all Regional Ambulance Coordination Centres to

    implementation State Emergency Management Plans.

    4. Future Directions

    The Queensland Counter-Terrorism Strategy 2008-2010 sets the future directions for safeguarding Queenslanders by strengthening counter-terrorism arrangements. In 2010 the QCTC and its member agencies will continue to implement a range of initiatives to give effect to the Strategy as well as ensure that functional capability is maintained and enhanced. Examples of some of the specific initiatives to be pursued in 2010 include:

    ; Reframing of the governance structures and reporting framework of the QCTC to

    reflect the Administrative Arrangements Order (No.1) 2009 and ensure alignment

    with the national security reform agenda.

    ; Review of the Critical Infrastructure Protection Program and the Government Asset

    Protection Program to ensure that the programs are contemporary and align with

    changes at the national level.

    ; Development and implementation risk based strategies targeting terrorist

    vulnerabilities, priority sites and violent extremism

    ; Continue to work with the Commonwealth and other State and Territory

    Governments to examine and develop appropriate strategies to counter violent

    extremism.

    ; Enhance recovery plans and implement initiatives that will enhance community

    resilience.

    ; Finalise implementation of the 2008-2010 Counter-Terrorism Strategy and develop

    the 2011-2013 Queensland Counter-Terrorism Strategy.

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