Haze behind the incoming economic know how much?
In sub-saharan Africa, the application of low sulfur fuel and clean vehicles will generate $43 billion in 10 years of health benefits;In a few years to reduce the annual growth rate of car ownership to single digits, will help ease the haze...
Air pollution, not with Chinese characteristics.Only 12% of the world's urban air pollution has reached the world health organization (who) guidelines, in the center of many cities reached more than 10 times the level suggested by the pollution.According to the world health organization, air pollution causes more than 7 million deaths a year, which is more than forecast more than twice before.
Air pollution is not only eroded people's life safety and consumption growth prospects.Let's look at the international authoritative institutions such as fog air pollution numerical calculator.
According to the oecd study, only in 2010, China and India economic losses caused by the air pollution in 1.4 trillion and $0.5 trillion respectively.In Europe, due to road traffic caused by exposure to air pollution caused by the loss of $137 billion a year.
The world health organization says 2015 only a energy consumption caused by outdoor air pollution, the subsidies health impact of its value
to reach about $2.7 trillion, more than half of the total amount of the support to the energy sector.
The United Nations environment programme (unep) also estimates that by 2030, the world due to ground-level ozone pollution of soybean, corn, wheat and other crops losses could reach $17 billion to $35 billion a year. According to the UN environment programme (unep) data, the loss caused by air pollution on the world's valuation has reached $3.5 trillion a year.These losses are mainly the population death and disease.It is estimated that in 2010, the outdoor air pollution in the oecd countries the population death and disease caused by the economic impact of $1.7 trillion.
Improving air quality brings huge potential economic benefit is obvious. In the United States, due to the implementation of the Clean Air Act amendment (1990) and reduce PM2.5 and ground-level ozone, which brought about by the direct economic benefit is estimated is used to implement the policy for 90 times.About 85% of the economic benefit due to PM2.5 levels in the outdoor environment is reduced, thus making the decrease in the number of premature deaths.
According to the world health organization estimates that once the implementation of the national energy appropriate pricing, the death toll from outdoor air pollution will be reduced a third, and can reduce more than 20% of greenhouse gas emissions.And, if cancel the energy
subsidies and turned instead to set consistent with the interests of the state tax project, so, can raise about 3% of gross domestic product (GDP), equivalent to an annual increase of $3 trillion.
The world bank estimates that in sub-saharan Africa, the application of low sulfur fuel and clean vehicles will generate $43 billion in 10 years of health benefits.
Environmental protection environment, vice President of the sarft Wang Jinna for economic benefits of the prevention and control of atmospheric pollution was calculated, and the action plan for the control of air pollution on steelmaking industry GDP will lead to the loss of 81.2 billion yuan, cement, coke industry GDP is less 16.7 billion yuan and 14.2 billion yuan respectively.
China-eu sheng-jun liu, vice President of the lujiazui international finance research institute (microblogging) think, fog to China's economic thinking, one is the environmental cost of economic development "be innovated", cost pollution from can't meet all be seen.The second is the "average" cost of economic development, because unlike food, water, air can't supply.
Deutsche bank's chief economist Ma Junceng has given a set of for
PM2.5 governance reform policy combination, he suggests, to achieve the 2030 Chinese cities PM2.5 average down to 30 micrograms/target, policy must be changed, the policy Suggestions including coal resource tax rate will increase 5 to 9 times;The standard of the collection of sewage charges such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides 1-2 times, in a few years to reduce the annual growth rate of car ownership to single digits.
, vice President of the school of management, tsinghua university, the central bank's monetary policy committee, Mr. Bai that haze governance or the core elements for zombie companies exit the market swiftly.