Specialisation: Fluids and Thermal Engineering ME 501 Advanced Engineering Mathematics (4 0 0 8) Vector and Tensor Analysis (Cartesian and Curvilinear): Orthogonal coordinate systems, Transformation of coordinate systems. Review stndof ODEs; Laplace & Fourier methods, series solutions, and orthogonal polynomials. Sturm-Liouville problem, Review of 1 and 2 order PDEs. Similarity transformations for converting PDEs to ODEs. Linear systems of algebraic equations, Gauss elimination, LU decomposition etc., Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization. Matrix inversion, ill-conditioned systems. Numerical eigen solution techniques (Power, Jacobi, Given, Householder, and QR methods). Numerical solution of systems of nonlinear algebraic equations; Newton-Raphson method. Numerical integration: Newton-Cotes methods, error estimates, Gaussian quadrature, Numerical integration of ODEs: Euler, Adams, Runge-Kutta methods, and predictor-corrector procedures; stability of solutions; solution of stiff equations. Solution of PDEs: finite difference techniques. Functions of Complex Variable: analytic functions and mapping. Probability and Statistics – Probability Distribution, Bays Theorem, Random numbers, Parameter Estimation, Testing of Hypothesis, Goodness of Fit. Texts/References: 1. I.N. Sneddon, Elements of Partial Differential Equations, McGraw-Hill, 1957. 2. F.B. Hilderbrand, Introduction to Numerical Analysis, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1974. 3. W.E. Boyce and R.C. Diprima, Elementary Differential Equations and Boundary Value Problems, Wilet, 1977. 4. E. Kreyzig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, New Age International, 1996. 5. M.K. Jain, S.R.K. Iyenger and R.K. Jain, Computational Methods for Partial Differential Equations, New Age International, 1994. 6. R. Courant and D. Hilbert, Methods of Mathematical Physics, Wiley, 1989. 7. Louis A. Pipes and Lawrence R. Harvill, Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Physicists, McGraw-Hill International Edition, 1970. rd8. M. K. Jain, S. R. K. Iyengar, and R. K. Jain, 'Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engineering Computation', 3 edition, 1993, New Age International. 9. D. S. Watkins, 'Fundamentals of Matrix Computations', 1992, John Wiley. 10. A. J. McConell 'Applications of Tensor Analysis', 1957, Dover. ME 520 Fluid Mechanics (3 0 0 6) Fluid kinematics; Integral and differential forms of governing equations; Mass, momentum, and energy conservation equations; Navier-Stokes equations and its applications; Potential flow; Laminar boundary-layer; Free-shear flows: jet, wake, and mixing layer; Instability and transition; Turbulent flow; Compressible flow: Isentropic flow; flow with area change; flow with heat transfer; flow with friction. Texts: 1. B.R.Munson, D.F.Young and T.H.Okiishi., Fundamental of Fluid Mechanics, John Wiley and Sons., 1994. 2. P.M.Gerhar, R.J.Gross and J.I.Hochstein., Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 1993 3. H.Schlichting, Boundary Layer Theory, McGraw-Hill Series in Mechanical Engineering, 1979 4. F.M.White, Fluid Mechanics, McGraw-Hill international editions., 1994. 5. F.M.White, Viscous Fluid Flow, McGraw-Hill international editions., 1991 ME 521 Experimental Methods (2 0 2 6) Theory and Experimentation in Engineering: Problem solving approaches, Types of engineering experiments, computer simulation and physical experimentation; Generalized measuring system, types of inputs, analog and digital signals, standards, calibration and uncertainty, Measurement System: Performance characteristics, static performance characteristics-static calibration-linearity, static sensitivity, repeatability, hysteresis- threshold- resolution, readability and span; Analysis of Experimental Data : Causes and types of experimental error, un-certainty analysis, statistical analysis of data, probability distributions and curve fitting; Dynamic performance characteristics; Input types; Instrument types- zero order instrument, first order instrument, second order instrument; Experiment Plans: Model building; Measurement Methods and Applications : Measurement of force and torque; Measurement of strain and stress; Measurement of pressure; Flow measurement and flow visualization; measurement of temperature; optical methods of measurements; Data Acquisition and Processing : Types and configurations of DAS, signal conditioning, A/D, D/A conversion; Design, Planning, Execution and Analysis of experimental projects. Texts: 1. Beckwith, Buck, and Marangoni, Mechanical Measurements, Narosa Publishing House, 1995.
2. Doeblin, Measurement Systems - Application and Design, 4e, McGraw-Hill, 1990. 3. Holman, Experimental Methods for Engineers, 6e, McGraw-Hill, 1994. 4. Doeblin, Engineering Experimentation, McGraw-Hill, 1995.
ME 522 Convective Heat and Mass Transfer (3 0 0 6) Conservation equations and boundary conditions; One-dimensional solutions; Heat transfer in laminar developed and developing duct flows; Laminar boundary layers: Similarity and integral solutions; Turbulence fundamentals and modeling; Heat tranfer in turbulent boundary layers and turbulent duct flows; Laminar and turbulent free convection; Fundamentals of boiling and condensation; Numerical methods. Texts: 1. W. M. Kays and E. M. Crawford, Convective Heat and Mass Transfer, Mc Graw Hill,1993. 2. Louis C Burmeister, Convective Heat Transfer, John Wiley and Sons, 1993. 3. Adrian Bejan, Convective Heat Transfer, John Wiley and Sons, 1995. ME 523 Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics (3 0 0 6) Review of fist and second law of thermodynamics, Maxwell equations, Joule-Thompson experiment, irreversibility and availability, exergy analysis, phase transition, types of equilibrium and stability, multi-component and multi-phase systems, equations of state, chemical thermodynamics, combustion. Third law of thermodynamics Kinetic theory of gases- introduction, basic assumption, molecular flux, equation of state for an ideal gas, collisions with a moving wall, principle of equipartition of energy, classical theory of specific heat capacity. Transport phenomena-intermolecular forces, The Van der Waals equation of state, collision cross section, mean free path Statistical thermodynamics- introduction, energy states and energy levels, macro and microscales, thermodynamic probability, B-E, F-D, M-D statistics, distribution function, partition energy, statistical interpretation of entropy, application of statistics to gases-mono-atomic ideal gas, distribution of molecular velocity, ideal gas in a gravitational field. References: 1. F.W.Sears and G.L.Salinger, Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory And Statistical Thermodynamics, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi. 2. Wylen and Sontag, Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics, Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi. 3. M.J.Moran and H.N.Shapiro, Fundamentals Of Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley and Sons. 4. Zemansky, Engineering Thermodynamics, Mc Graw Hill. 5. Bejan, Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley and sons.
Specialisation: Machine Design
ME 501 Advanced Engineering Mathematics (4 0 0 8) Vector and Tensor Analysis (Cartesian and Curvilinear): Orthogonal coordinate systems, Transformation of coordinate systems. Review stndof ODEs; Laplace & Fourier methods, series solutions, and orthogonal polynomials. Sturm-Liouville problem, Review of 1 and 2 order PDEs. Similarity transformations for converting PDEs to ODEs. Linear systems of algebraic equations, Gauss elimination, LU decomposition etc., Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization. Matrix inversion, ill-conditioned systems. Numerical eigen solution techniques (Power, Jacobi, Given, Householder, and QR methods). Numerical solution of systems of nonlinear algebraic equations; Newton-Raphson method. Numerical integration: Newton-Cotes methods, error estimates, Gaussian quadrature, Numerical integration of ODEs: Euler, Adams, Runge-Kutta methods, and predictor-corrector procedures; stability of solutions; solution of stiff equations. Solution of PDEs: finite difference techniques. Functions of Complex Variable: analytic functions and mapping. Probability and Statistics – Probability Distribution, Bays Theorem, Random numbers, Parameter Estimation, Testing of Hypothesis, Goodness of Fit. Texts/References: 11. I.N. Sneddon, Elements of Partial Differential Equations, McGraw-Hill, 1957. 12. F.B. Hilderbrand, Introduction to Numerical Analysis, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1974. 13. W.E. Boyce and R.C. Diprima, Elementary Differential Equations and Boundary Value Problems, Wilet, 1977. 14. E. Kreyzig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, New Age International, 1996. 15. M.K. Jain, S.R.K. Iyenger and R.K. Jain, Computational Methods for Partial Differential Equations, New Age International, 1994. 16. R. Courant and D. Hilbert, Methods of Mathematical Physics, Wiley, 1989.
17. Louis A. Pipes and Lawrence R. Harvill, Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Physicists, McGraw-Hill International Edition, 1970. rd18. M. K. Jain, S. R. K. Iyengar, and R. K. Jain, 'Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engineering Computation', 3 edition, 1993, New Age International. 19. D. S. Watkins, 'Fundamentals of Matrix Computations', 1992, John Wiley. 20. A. J. McConell 'Applications of Tensor Analysis', 1957, Dover. ME 530 Advanced Mechanics of Solids (3 0 0 6)
Analysis of Stresses and Strains in rectangular and polar coordinates: Cauchy’s formula, Principal stresses and principal strains, 3D Mohr’s Circle, Octahedral Stresses, Hydrostatic and deviatoric stress, Differential equations of equilibrium, Plane stress and plane strain, compatibility conditions. Introduction to curvilinear coordinates. Generalized Hooke’s law and theories of failure. Energy Methods. Bending of symmetric and unsymmetric straight beams, effect of shear stresses, Curved beams, Shear center and shear flow, shear stresses in thin walled sections, thick curved bars. Torsion of prismatic solid sections, thin walled sections, circular, rectangular and elliptical bars, membrane analogy. Thick and thin walled cylinders, Composite tubes, Rotating disks and cylinders. Euler’s buckling load, Beam Column equations. Strain measurement techniques using strain gages, characteristics, instrumentations, principles of photo-elasticity.
Text: nd1. L. S. Srinath, Advanced Mechanics of Solids, 2 Edition, TMH Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003. References: nd1. R. G. Budynas, Advanced Strength and Applied Stress Analysis, 2 Edition, McGraw Hill Publishing Co, 1999. th2. A. P. Boresi, R. J. Schmidt, Advanced Mechanics of Materials, 5 Edition, John Willey and Sons Inc, 1993. rd3. S. P. Timoshenko, J. N. Goodier, Theory of Elasticity, 3 Edition, McGraw Hill Publishing Co. 1970. st4. P. Raymond, Solid Mechanics for Engineering, 1 Edition, John Willey & Sons, 2001. rd5. J. W. Dally and W. F. Riley, Experimental Stress Analysis, 3 Edition, McGraw Hill Publishing Co., New York, 1991. ME 531 Mechanical Vibration (3 0 0 6) Generalised co-ordinates, constraints, virtual work; Hamilton's principle, Lagrange's equations; Discrete and continuous system; Vibration absorbers; Response of discrete systems - SDOF & MDOF: free-vibration, periodic excitation and Fourier series, impulse and step response, convolution integral; Modal analysis: undamped and damped non-gyroscopic, undamped gyroscopic, and general dynamical systems. Effect of damping; Continuous systems: vibration of strings, beams, bars, membranes and plates, free and forced vibrations; Raleigh-Ritz and Galerkin's methods. Measurement techniques. Texts: 1. L Meirovitch, Elements of Vibration Analysis, McGraw Hill, Second edition, 1986. 2. Meirovitch, Principles & Techniques of Vibrations, Prentice Hall International (PHIPE), New Jersey, 1997. 3. W T Thomson, Theory of Vibration with Applications, CBS Publ., 1990. 4. F S Tse, I E Morse and R T Hinkle, Mechanical Vibrations, CBS Publ., 1983. 5. J S Rao and K Gupta, Theory and Practice of Mechanical Vibrations, New Age Publication, 1995. ME 532 Finite Element Methods in Engineering (3 0 0 6) Introduction: Historical background, basic concept of the finite element method, comparison with finite difference method; Variational methods: calculus of variation, the Rayleigh-Ritz and Galerkin methods; Finite element analysis of 1-D problems: formulation by different approaches (direct, potential energy and Galerkin); Derivation of elemental equations and their assembly, solution and its postprocessing. Applications in heat transfer, fluid mechanics and solid mechanics. Bending of beams, analysis of truss and frame. Finite element analysis of 2-D problems: finite element modelling of single variable problems, triangular and rectangular elements; Applications in heat transfer, fluid mechanics and solid mechanics; Numerical considerations: numerical integration, error analysis, mesh refinement. Plane stress and plane strain problems; Bending of plates; Eigen value and time dependent problems; Discussion about preprocessors, postprocessors and finite element packages. Texts: 1. J N Reddy, An introduction to the Finite Element Method, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1993. 2. R D Cook, D S Malkus and M E Plesha, Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Analysis, 3d ed., John Wiley, New York, 1989. 3. K J Bathe, Finite Element Procedures in Engineering Analysis, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1982. 4. T J T Hughes, The Finite Element Method, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1986. 5. O C Zienkiewicz and R L Taylor, The Finite Element Method, 3d ed. McGraw-Hill, 1989.
ME 533 Engineering Design Methodology (2 0 2 6) Fundamentals: principles of design, systematic approach, need analysis and design of specification; Conceptual design: developing function structure, developing concepts by systematic search with physical principles, classifying schemes; Concept selection: matrix methods, necessity methods, probability methods, fuzzy set based methods, case study on consumer product; Embodiment design: basic rules, system modeling, preliminary design calculations and material selection, design considerations like force alignment, vibration etc., failure modes and effects analysis, design for manufacturability and assembly, case studies on design of machines; Optimal and robust design: design problem formulation for analytical and numerical solution, design of experiments, Taguchi’s method; Reverse engineering; Physical prototyping; Lab: conceptual design, reverse engineering, design of simple sensors and actuators, hydraulic and pneumatic systems, motors and controller, product teardown and redesign, embodiment design, CAE analysis, prototyping, design project. Text Book 1. Yousef Haik, Engineering Design Process, Vikas Publishing house, New Delhi, 2003. 2. G. Pahl, and W. Beitz, Engineering Design – A Systematic Approach, Springer – Verlag, 1996. References 1. K. Otto and K. wood, Product Design – techniques in reverse engineering and new product development, Pearson Education, New Delhi, 2004. 2. A. Ertas and J. C. Jones, The Engineering Design Process, 2nd ed., John Wiley and Sons, 1996. 3. A. Kusiak, Engineering Design – Products, Processes and Systems, Academic Press, 1999. 4. C. L. Dym and P. Little, Engineering Design – A Project based Introduction, John Wiley, 2000. 5. G. E. Dieter, Engineering Design – A Materials and Processing Approach, 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill International, 2000. 6. E. Kroll, S. S. Condoor and D. G. Jonsson, Innovative Conceptual Design – Theory and Application of Parameter Analysis, Cambridge Univ. Press, 2001.
Specialisation: Computer Assisted Manufacturing
ME 501 Advanced Engineering Mathematics (4 0 0 8) Vector and Tensor Analysis (Cartesian and Curvilinear): Orthogonal coordinate systems, Transformation of coordinate systems. Review stndof ODEs; Laplace & Fourier methods, series solutions, and orthogonal polynomials. Sturm-Liouville problem, Review of 1 and 2 order PDEs. Similarity transformations for converting PDEs to ODEs. Linear systems of algebraic equations, Gauss elimination, LU decomposition etc., Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization. Matrix inversion, ill-conditioned systems. Numerical eigen solution techniques (Power, Jacobi, Given, Householder, and QR methods). Numerical solution of systems of nonlinear algebraic equations; Newton-Raphson method. Numerical integration: Newton-Cotes methods, error estimates, Gaussian quadrature, Numerical integration of ODEs: Euler, Adams, Runge-Kutta methods, and predictor-corrector procedures; stability of solutions; solution of stiff equations. Solution of PDEs: finite difference techniques. Functions of Complex Variable: analytic functions and mapping. Probability and Statistics – Probability Distribution, Bays Theorem, Random numbers, Parameter Estimation, Testing of Hypothesis, Goodness of Fit. Texts/References: 1. I.N. Sneddon, Elements of Partial Differential Equations, McGraw-Hill, 1957. 2. F.B. Hilderbrand, Introduction to Numerical Analysis, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1974. 3. W.E. Boyce and R.C. Diprima, Elementary Differential Equations and Boundary Value Problems, Wilet, 1977. 4. E. Kreyzig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, New Age International, 1996. 5. M.K. Jain, S.R.K. Iyenger and R.K. Jain, Computational Methods for Partial Differential Equations, New Age International, 1994. 6. R. Courant and D. Hilbert, Methods of Mathematical Physics, Wiley, 1989. 7. Louis A. Pipes and Lawrence R. Harvill, Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Physicists, McGraw-Hill International Edition, 1970. rd8. M. K. Jain, S. R. K. Iyengar, and R. K. Jain, 'Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engineering Computation', 3 edition, 1993, New Age International. 9. D. S. Watkins, 'Fundamentals of Matrix Computations', 1992, John Wiley. 10. A. J. McConell 'Applications of Tensor Analysis', 1957, Dover. ME 511 Advanced Materials and Processing (2-0-2-6) Introduction of advanced materials and its manufacturing processes for engineering applications. Piezoelectric materials (PZT): piezoelectric effect, Di-electric hysterisis, piezoelectric constants, piezoelectric charge constants, dynamic behaviour of PZT transducers, piezoelectric materials and manufacturing techniques (stability, poling and depolarisation). Shape memory alloys (SMA): Shape memory effect and the metallurgical phenomenon of SMA, Temperature assisted shape memory effect, Visco-elastic behaviour, magnetic shape memory effect. Various shape memory alloys. Manufacturing technology of SMAs. Electro rheological (ER) and magneto-rheological (MR) materials: Characteristics of ER and EM fluids. ER and EM materials. Composite materials: Design and manufacturing of polymer matrix, metal matrix and ceramic matrix composites. Various forms and type of reinforcements, fillers and additives. Design of composites for structural, wear resistance and high temperature applications. Micro-electro-mechanical (MEMS) systems. Introduction, characteristics of silicon wafers and other materials for MEMS applications. Various manufacturing techniques of MEMS components Materials for high temperature applications: Ni-Cr alloys, ODS materials, Ni base and Co based super alloys, carbon-carbon composites. Diffusion bond coating of high temperature materials. Powder metallurgy: Introduction and feature of powder metallurgy processes. Advanced solidification techniques: directional solidification, single crystal growth and levitation melting.
Textbooks / References: 1. Gandhi, M.V. and Thompson, B.S., Smart materials and Structures, Chapman and Hall, 1992 2. Otsuka, K. and Wayman, C. M., Shape memory materials, C.U.P, 1998 3. Taylor, W., Pizoelectricity, George Gorden and Breach Sc. Pub., 1985 4. Mallick, P.K., Fiber Reinforced Composites Materials, Manufacturing and Design. Marcel Dekker Inc, New York, 1993. ME 512 Mechatronics and Manufacturing Automation (3 0 0 6) Syllabus: Definition of mechatronics. Mechatronics in manufacturing, products and design. Review of fundamentals of electronics. Data conversion devices, sensors, microsensors, transducers, signal processing devices, relays, contactors and timers. Microprocessors controllers and PLCs. Drives: stepper motors, servo drives. Ball screws, linear motion bearings, cams, systems controlled by camshafts, electronic cams, indexing mechanisms, tool magazines, transfer systems. Hydraulic systems: flow, pressure and direction control valves, actuators, and supporting elements, hydraulic power packs, pumps. Design of hydraulic circuits. Pneumatics: production, distribution and conditioning of compressed air, system components and graphic representations, design of systems. Description of PID controllers. CNC machines and part programming. Industrial Robotics. Textbooks: 1. Boucher, T. O., Computer automation in manufacturing - an Introduction, Chapman and Hall, 1996. 2. HMT ltd. Mechatronics, Tata Mcgraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1988. References: 1. Deb, S. R., Robotics technology and flexible automation, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1994. 2. Boltan, W., Mechatronics: electronic control systems in mechanical and electrical engineering, Longman, Singapore, 1999. ME 515 Manufacturing Laboratory (0 0 6 6) Syllabus: Measurement of cutting forces, surface roughness, tool wear, dimensional deviation and vibrations in machining. Measurement of chip thickness ratio and temperature in machining. Determination of the mill modulus of a laboratory rolling mill. Measurement of micro-hardness. Ring compression test for the estimation of friction in metal forming. Open-die forging: observation of bulging and forging load. Hydraulic and pneumatic systems. Sensors and transducers. PID controller. Study of robots. CNC programming. Design of simple electronic circuits. Microprocessors and PLCs for manufacturing applications. Electrochemical machining, laser and plasma cutting. Vacuum coating.
SEMESTER-II ME 513 Physics of Manufacturing Processes (3 0 0 6) Syllabus: Introduction of manufacturing processes from the point of view of underlying physics. Stresses and Strain: stress and strain behavior of materials, plastic and tangent modulus, work hardening, plastic instability in tensile test, empirical stress-strain equations, effect of pressure, strain-rate and temperature, analysis of stress tensor, eigen values, decomposition into deviatoric and hydrostatic components, octahedral stresses, analysis of strain and strain-rates, stress equilibrium and virtual work, objective stress rates. Plasticity: the criteria of yielding, isotropic and anisotropic hardening, rules of plastic flow, Levy-Mises and Prandtle-Reuss equations, anisotropic flow rule, Hill’s 1948 and 1979 yield criteria for anisotropic yielding. Upper bound theorem and its application in processes like rolling, wire drawing, extrusion, forging and machining. Lower bound theorem with a few applications. Slab method and its application in process like asymmetric rolling, forging, wire drawing and extrusion. Elastoplastic sheet bending. Analysis of autofrettaging. Theory of slipline field and its application in metal forming and machining. Heat transfer analysis in manufacturing. Workability and dynamic materials model. Textbooks : 1. Chakrabarty, J., Theory of plasticity, McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore, 1998. 2. Johnson, W. and Mellor P.B., Engineering plasticity, Von Nostrand Reinhold Company, London, 1972. 3. Bhattacharyya, A., Metal cutting: theory and practice, New Central Book, Kolkata, 1984. References: 1. Incropera, F.P. and DeWiit, D.P., Fundamentals of heat and mass transfer, John Wiley & Sons, Singapore. 2. Prasad, Y.V.R.K., Sasidhara, S., Hot working guide: a compendium of processing maps, ASM International, Materials Park, OH, 1997. ME 514 Computer Integrated Manufacturing (3 0 0 6) Syllabus: Evolution of Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM). Computer-Aided Design (CAD). Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM). CAD/CAM Integration. Review of automation and control technologies. Material Handling technologies. Data Communication technologies. Automatic Data Acquisition technologies. Database Management technologies. Various Manufacturing Systems: Group Technology & Cellular Manufacturing Systems, Flexible Manufacturing Systems, Transfer lines, Automated Assembly Systems. Quality Control Systems. Computer-Aided Process Planning. Concurrent Engineering. Production Planning and Control Systems. Lean and Agile Manufacturing. Web-based manufacturing. Textbooks / References: 1. Groover, M. P., Automation production systems, and computer-integrated manufacturing, second edition, Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi, 2001. 2. Vajpayee, S. K., Principles of computer-integrated manufacturing, Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi, 2005.
SEMESTER III ME 610 Project Phase I 0 – 0 – 18 - 18
SEMESTER IV ME 690 Project Phase II 0 – 0 – 18 - 18
Fluids and Thermal Engineering
ME 601 Gas Dynamics (3 0 0 6) Concepts from thermodynamics; The basic equations of fluid motion; One-dimensional gas dynamics; Isentropic conditions, speed of sound, Mach number, area velocity relations, normal shock relations for a perfect gas, Fanno and Rayleigh flow, one-dimensional wave motion, the shock tube; Waves in supesonic flow: oblique shock waves, supersonic flow over a wedge, Mach lines, piston analogy, supersonic compression by turning, supersonic expansion by turning, the Prandtl-Meyer function, reflection and intersection of oblique shocks, Mach reflection, shock expansion theory, thin aerofoil theory; Flow in ducts and wind tunnels: area relation, nozzle flow, normal shock recovery, effects of second throat, wind tunnel pressure ratio, supersonic wind tunnels; Small perturbation theory; The method of characteristics; Methods of measurement; Computational aspects: One-dimensional inviscid high speed flow. Texts: 1. H. W. Liepmann and A. Roshko, Elements of Gas Dynamics, John Wiley, 1960. 2. J. D. Anderson, Modern Compressible Flow, Mc Graw Hill, 1989. 3. B. K. Hodge and C. Koenig, Compressible Fluid Dynamics (with P.C. applications), Prentice Hall, 1995. 4. A. Shapiro, The Dynamics and Thermodynamics of Compressible Flow, The Ronald Press Co., 1954. ME 602 Computational Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer (3 0 0 6) Root finding; Solution of ODEs, Numerical quadratures; Classification of PDEs; Finite difference discretisation schemes; Convergence, stability, and consistency criterian of finte differenece schemes; finite difference schemes for steady and unsteady heat conduction problems and boundary layer problems. Texts: 1. D A Anderson, J C Tannehill, and R H Pletcher, Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, 2nd ed, Taylor & Francis, 1997. 2. Y Jaluria and K E Torrance, Computational Heat Transfer, Springer Verlag, 1986. 3. S V Patankar, Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, Hemisphere, 1980. ME 603 Radiative Heat Transfer in Participating Media (3 0 0 6) Fundamentals of thermal radiation; Review of surface radiation- Radiative properties of real surfaces, View factors ; Radiative exchange between gray, diffuse surfaces; The equation of radiative heat transfer in participating media; Radiative properties of molecular gases and particulate media; Exact solutions of one-dimensional gray media; Approximate solution methods for one-dimensional media; Zone method; Spherical harmonics method; Discrete ordinate method; Discrete transfer method; Monte Carlo method; Finite volume method. Radiation combined with conduction and convection. Texts: 1. M. F. Modest, Radiative Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill, 1993. 2. R. Siegel and J. R. Howell, Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer, 3rd ed, Taylor and Francis, 1992. ME 604 Conduction and Radiation (3 0 0 6) Conduction: 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D steady conduction; 1-D unsteady conduction; Solution methods - analytical and numerical; Radiation: Fundamentals; Radiative properties of surfaces; Radiant exchange between surfaces; Radiative heat transfer in participating media. Texts
1. M N Ozisik, Heat Conduction, 2nd ed, John Wiley & Sons, 1993 2. F P Incropera and D P Dewitt, Introduction to Heat Transfer, 3rd ed, John Wiley & Sons, 1996 3. V S Arpaci, Conduction Heat Transfer, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1966 4. M F Modest, Radiative Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill, 1993 5. R Siegel and J R Howell, Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer, 3rd ed, Taylor & Francis, 1992 ME 621 Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning (3 0 0 6) Psychrometry; Heating- and cooling-load calculations; Air-conditioning systems; Fan and duct systems; Pumps and pumping; Cooling and dehumidifying coils; Air-conditioning controls; Vapour-compression cycles; Compressors; Condensers and evaporators; Expansion devices; Vapour-compression-system analysis; Refrigerants; Multipressure systems; Absorption refrigeration; Heat pumps; Cooling towers and evaporative condensers. Texts: 1. W F Stoecker and J W Jones, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, 2nd ed, McGraw-Hill International Editions, 1982. 2. J L Threkeld, Thermal Environmental Engineering, 2nd ed, Prentice Hall Inc, 1970. 3. C P Arora, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1996. ME 647 Numerical Prediction of Industrial Fluid Flows (3 0 0 6) Introduction. What is a prediction method? Brief Outlines of Industrial applications, Importance of a prediction method, Mathematical description of flow problems; Discretisation methods in primitive variables, Diffusion and Convection, Various Upwind schemes, Generalized formulation, False Diffusion; Calculation of the flow field- The SIMPLE algorithm- Staggered grid, Momentum equation, Pressure and Velocity correction, Pressure correction equation, Sequence of operation, Discussion of the pressure correction equation, The relative nature of pressure, A revised algorithm: SIMPLER; Turbulence modelling- Introduction, Closure problem, Algebraic models, Application to the free shear flows and wall bounded flows. Turbulence energy equation models-One equation model, two equations model, low-Reynolds numbers effects, Second order closure models-Direct numerical and large eddy simulations; Mini Project on numerical solution of practical problems. Texts: 1. S. V. Patankar, Numerical Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, 1980 2. D. C. Wilcox, Turbulence Modelling for C.F.D., D.C.W. Industries Inc., 1993 ME 648 Viscous Fluid Flow (3 0 0 6) Preliminary concepts; Conservation of mass, momentum and energy; Exact solutions of the viscous flow equations: Couette flows, Poiseuille flow through ducts, unsteady duct flows; Laminar boundary-layers: integral analysis and similarity solutions; Laminar free shear flows: jet, wake, and plume; Stability of laminar flows; Turbulent flow: fundamentals, Reynolds-averaged equations, velocity profile in wall-bounded flows, turbulent flow in pipes and channels, turbulent free-shear flows (jet, wake, and plume); Turbulence modelling: zero, one, and two equation models of turbulence; Numerical methods. Texts: 1. Frank M White, Viscous Fluid Flow, McGraw-Hill, 1991. 2. Schlichting and Gersten. Boundary-Layer Theory. Springer-Verlag, 2000. 3. F S Sherman, Viscous Flow, McGraw-Hill, 1990. ME 650 Gas Turbine Theory (3 0 0 6) General Considerations of Turbomachinery: Classification; Euler’s Equation for Turbomachinery; Velocity triangle; Cascade analysis & nomenclature. Shaft Power & Aircraft Propulsion Cycles. Centrifugal Compressors: Workdone and pressure rise; Slip; Compressibility effects; Compressor characteristics. Axial Flow Compressors: Stage pressure rise; Blockage in compressor annulus; Degree of reaction; 3-D flow; Stage performance; h-s diagram & efficiency; Off design performance; Performance characteristics; Design process. Combustion System. Axial Flow Turbines: Stage performance; Degree of reaction; h-s diagram & efficiency; Vortex theory; Overall turbine performance; Performance characteristics; Blade cooling; Design process. Prediction of performance of simple gas turbines; Off Design performance; Gas turbine blade materials; Matching procedure. Texts : 1. H. Cohen, Gas Turbine Theory, 4th Edition, Longman, 1998. 2. S.L.Dixon, Fluid Mechanics, Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery, Pergamon Press, 1998. 3. Jack D. Mattingly, Elements of Gas Turbine Propulsion, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1996. 4. B. Lakshminarayana, Fluid Dynamics & Heat Transfer of Turbomachinery, John Wiley & Sons, 1996.
ME 651 Numerical Methods for Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer (3 0 0 6) Pre-Requisite : ME-604 Conduction and Radiation Fundamentals of thermal radiation; Radiative transfer without participating media; Radiative transfer with participating media; Governing equations in radiative transfer analysis with participating media; Methods for solving radiative transfer problems - analytic method, Monte Carlo method, zonal method, flux method, P-N approximation, discrete ordinate method, finite element method, discrete transfer method, finite volumet method, collapsed dimension method. Application of numerical methods for solving conjugate radiation, conduction and/or convection problems in 1-D and 2-D Cartesian and axi-symmetric geometry. Texts: 1. R. Siegel and J. R. Howell, Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer, 3rd edition, Taylor and Francis, 1992. 2. M. F. Modest, Radiative Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill, 1993. 3. M. N. Ozisik, Radiative Transfer and Interactions with Conduction and Convection, John Wiley & Sons, 1973. ME 652 Principles of Heat Transfer in Porous Media (3 0 0 6) Prerequisites: ME-604: Conduction and Radiation; ME-522: Convective Heat and MassTransfer Introduction; Fluid mechanics – Darcy momentum equation; Porosity; Pore structure; Permeability; High Reynolds number flows; Brinkman superposition of bulk and boundary effects; Local volume-averaging method; Homogenization method; Semiheuristic momentum equations; Significance of macroscopic forces; Porous plain media interfacial boundary conditions; Variation of porosity near bounding impermeable surfaces. Conduction heat transfer Local thermal equilibrium; Local volume averaging for periodic structures; Particle concentrations from dilute to point contact; Areal contact between particles caused by compressive force; Statistical analysis: A variational formulation; A thermodynamic analogy. Convection heat transfer – Dispersion in a tube: Hydrodynamic dispersion; Dispersion in porous media; Local volume averaging for periodic structures; Three dimensional periodic structures; Dispersion in disordered structures: Simplified hydrodynamics, particle hydrodynamics; Properties of dispersion tensor; Experimental determination of D; Dispersion adjacent to bounding surfaces. Radiation heat transfer – Continuum treatment; Radiative properties of single particle; Radiative properties: Dependent and Independent; Volume averaging for independent scattering; Experimental determination of radiative properties; Boundary conditions; Solution methods for equation of radiative transfer; Scaling in radiative heat transfer; Noncontinuum treatment: Monte Carlo simulation; Radiant conductivity; Modeling dependent scattering; Recent developments in the analysis of heat transfer in porous media. Texts/References 1. M. Kaviany, Principles of Heat T ransfer in Porous Media, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1991. 2. R. G. Carbonell and S. Whitaker, Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous Media, in Fundamentals of Transport Phenomena in Porous Media, Bear and Corapcioglu, eds., Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. 1984. Journals 1. Transport in Porous Media 2. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 3. Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A and Part B 4. Journal of Heat Transfer 5. Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer 6. Journal of Fluid Mechanics ME 653 Jet Propulsion (3 0 0 6) Air breathing and non-air breathing engines, aircraft gas turbine engine, cycles analysis of ideal and real engines, components performance-intake, combustor, nozzle, turbomachinery, etc. Turbojet, turboprop, turbofan engines, ramjet and pulsejet, performance parameters like thrust, propulsive efficiency, etc. Chemical Rockets, types of propellants and their properties, injectors, thrust chamber, burning rate, cryogenic propellant, combustion phenomena, thrust vector control, ignition and inhibitors. Basics of Electrical and Nuclear rockets. References: 1. J Mattingly, Elements of Gas Turbine Propulsion, McGraw-Hill Publications, 1996. 2. G.P. Sutton and O. Biblarz, Rocket Propulsion Elements, John Wiley & Sons, 2001. 3. G.C.Oates, Aerothermodynamics of Gas Turbine and Rocket Propulsion, AIAA, New York, 1988. 4. N.A.Cumpsty, Jet Propulsion, Cambridge University Press, 2000. 5. P G Hill and C R Peterson, Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Propulsion, Addison Wesley, 1965. 6. M J Zucrow, Aircraft and Missile Propulsion (Vol. I and II), John Wiley, 1958. 7. W W Bathie, Fundamentals of Gas Turbines, John Wiley, 1996. 8. H Cohen, G F C Rogers and H I H Saravanamuttoo, Gas Turbine Theory, Addison Wesley, 1998.
ME 654 Wind Energy Conversion (3 0 0 6) Sources and characteristics of wind, selection of site, wind resource assessment, power in the wind; classification of wind turbines, horizontal and vertical axis wind turbines, wind turbine aerodynamics, applications-wind diesel systems, wind farms, wind pumps and offshore wind turbines; turbine airfoils and rotor wakes, operational characteristics; structural considerations, wind turbine acoustics, electric power systems, economic assessment, environmental and social issues. References: 1. J F Walker, and N Jenkins, Wind Energy Technology, John Wiley and Sons, 1997. 2. D A Spera, (Ed.), Wind Turbine Technology, ASME, 1994. 3. N G Calvert, Windpower Principles: Their Application on the Small Scale, London, Griffin, 1978. 4. F R Eldridge, Wind Machines, NY: Von Nostrand Reinhold, 1980. 5. D M Eggleston, and F S Stoddard, Wind Turbine Engg. Design, Von Nostrand, New York, 1987. 6. L L Freris, (Ed.), Wind Energy Conversion Systems, Prentice Hall, London, 1990. 7. D M Simmons, Wind Power, Noyes Data Corp. New Jersey, 1975. ME 655 Energy Conservation and Waste Heat Recovery (3 0 0 6) Energy resources and use. Potential for energy conservation. Optimal utilization of fossil fuels. Total energy approach. Coupled cycles and combined plants. Cogeneration systems. Exergy analysis. Utilization of industrial waste heat. Properties of exhaust gas. Gas-to-gas, gas-to-liquid heat recovery systems. Recuperators and regenerators. Shell and tube heat exchangers. Spiral tube and plate heat exchangers. Waste heat boilers: various types and design aspects. Heat pipes: theory and applications in waste heat recovery. Prime movers: sources and uses of waste heat. Fluidized bed heat recovery systems. Utilization of waste heat in refrigeration, heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems. Thermoelectric system to recover waste heat. Heat pump for energy recovery. Heat recovery from incineration plants. Utilization of low grade reject heat from power plants. Need for energy storage: Thermal, electrical, magnetic and chemical storage systems. Thermo-economic optimization. References: 1. J. H. Harlock, Combined Heat and Power, Pergaman Press, 1987 2. F. Kreith and R. E. West, Energy Efficiency, CRC handbook, CRC Press,1999 3. Kays and London, Compact Heat Exchangers, 3rd edition, McGraw-Hill, New York. ME 656 Numerical Simulation and Modelling of Turbulent Flows (3 0 0 6) Introduction: Physical description and significance of turbulent flows. Transition and onset of turbulence; Turbulent free shear and wall-bounded flows; Challenges and complexities. Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS): Introduction; Governing Equations; Computational cost; Examples of DNS of channel and free-shear flows. Large Eddy Simulation (LES): Introduction; Filtering; Filtered conservation equations; Smagorinsky’s model; Appraisal and perspective. Reynolds Averaged Equations: Reynolds averaging; Reynolds averaged equations; Closure problem. Turbulent Viscosity Models: Turbulent viscosity hypothesis; Algebraic models; Turbulent-kinetic-energy models; Exact and modelled equations for turbulent-kinetic-energy and its dissipation; Modifications for wall effects and buoyancy-driven flows. Reynolds-Stress Models: Introduction; Closure relations; Examples; Limitations. References: 1. Tennekes, H., and Lumley, J.L., 1972, A First Course in Turbulence, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. 2. Pope, S.B., 2000, Turbulent Flows, Cambridge University Press. 3. Ferziger, J.H., and Peric, M., 2002, Computational Methods for Fluid Dynamics, Springer. 4. Schlichting, H., and Gersten, K., 2000, Boundary Layer Theory, Springer. 5. Garde, R.J., 2000, Turbulent Flow, New Age International. 6. Wilcox, D.C., 1993, Turbulence Modelling for CFD, DCW Industries, California, USA. 7. White, F.M., 1991, Viscous Fluid Flow, McGraw-Hill. 8. White, F.M., 1999, Fluid Mechanics, McGraw-Hill. ME 657 Two-phase Flow and Heat Transfer (3 0 0 6) Definitions; Review of one-dimensional conservation equations in single phase flows; Governing equations for homogeneous, separated and drift-flux models; Flow pattern maps for horizontal and vertical systems; Simplified treatment of stratified, bubbly, slug and annular flows. Thermodynamics of boiling; Pool boiling- onset of nucleation, heat transfer coefficients, critical heat flux, effect of sub-cooling; Flow boiling- onset of nucleation, heat transfer coefficients, critical heat flux, effect of sub-cooling. Condensation- Film and dropwise condensation Text/References :
1. Wallis, G.B., One dimensional two-phase flows, McGraw-Hill 1969. 2. Collier, J.B. and Thome, J.R., Convective boiling and condensation, Oxford Science Publications, 1994. 3. L S Tong and Y S Tang. Boiling Heat Transfer and Two-Phase Flow. Taylor and Francis, 1997. 4. P B Whalley. Boiling, Condensation and Gas-Liquid Flow. Oxford University Press, 1987. ME 667 Sorption Cooling and Heating Systems (3 0 0 6) Introduction: Classification of sorption systems, Absorption and adsorption systems, Dry and wet types; Working principles of sorption refrigeration system, heat pump and heat transformer; Wet absorption systems; Refrigerant absorbent combination: LiBr-HO and NH-23HO solution thermodynamics, Pressure - concentration - temperature / enthalpy relations and charts; Analysis of single stage, multistage 2and hybrid systems; Types and design considerations for components such as absorbers, generators and rectifiers; Working principle of pumpless absorption systems; Dry absorption / adsorption systems; Refrigerant / Sorbent combinations and their properties; Metal hydride based systems; Heat and mass transfer in sorption beds; Analysis of metal hydride based refrigerator, heat pump and heat transformer; Selection of metal hydride alloys for various engineering applications. Texts / References: 1. W. B. Gosney, Principles of Refrigeration, Cambridge University Press, 1982. 2. K. E. Herold, R. Radermacher and S. A. Keli, Absorption Chillers and Heat Pumps, CRC Press, 1996. 3. M. V. C. Sastri, B. Viswanathan and S. S. Murthy, Metal Hydrides, Narosa Publishing House, 1998. ME 670 Advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics (3 0 0 6) Pre-requisite: ME 602/ MA 573 or equivalent.
Brief review of the governing equations in fluid dynamics; Compact and explicit convection schemes; Linear iterative solver – introduction to Conjugate Gradient method, Geometric multigrid technique; Structured Grid generation - algebraic methods, elliptic techniques; Finite difference technique - Convection-diffusion equation, Projection method, coordinate transformation. Finite volume method - integral approximations, flows in simple and complex geometries, introduction to unstructured grid computations; Parallel computations - Need for vectorization, domain decomposition technique, MPI libraries; Introduction to Turbulent flow computations – ideas behind Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS), Large Eddy Simulation (LES) and turbulence modeling. Texts: 1. J. H. Ferziger and M. Peric, Computational Methods for Fluid Dynamics, Springer, 2002. 2. J. C. Tannehill, D. A. Anderson and R. H. Pletcher, Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, Taylor & Francis, 1997. References: 1. S. V. Patankar, Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, Hemisphere, 2000. 2. J. D. Anderson Jr, Computational Fluid Dynamics, McGraw-Hill International Edition, 1995. 3. K.Muralidhar and T. Sundararajan, Computational Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer, Narosa Publishing House, 1995. 4. S. B. Pope, Turbulent Flows, Cambridge University Press, 2000. 5. Pierre Sagaut, Large Eddy Simulation for Incompressible Flows, Springer, 1998. 6. Tapan K. Sengupta, Fundamentals of Computational Fluid Dynamics, Universities Press, 2004. 7. J. H. Ferziger, NumericalMethods for Engineering Application, John Wiley & Sons,1998.
Machine Design ME 605 Fracture, Fatigue and Failure Analysis (3 0 0 6) Fracture criteria, Introduction to linear elastic fracture mechanics, Analysis of simple crack problems, Nucleation and propagation of cracks, Correlation between microstructure and fracture behaviour in materials. Mechanisms of fracture, Mechanisms of fatigue crack initiation and propagation, Evaluation of fracture toughness, factors influencing fatigue strength, life prediction, prevention of fatigue failure Texts: 1. S.T. Rolfe and J.M Barson, Fracture and fatigue control in structures, Prentice Hall 2. David and Bruck, Elementary Engineering Fracture Mechanics, Norelho 3. N.E. Fros, et al, Metal fatigue, Clarendon Press 4. American Society for Metals, Case histories in failure analysis, ASM. ME 606 Solidification Processing (3 0 0 6) Thermodynamic principles of phase transformations: Binary solutions; equilibrium of heterogeneous systems; Principles of solidification: Nucleation and growth of pure metals and alloys, eutectic solidification; Solidification of ingots and castings: formation of plane front,