1. Walden Pond, once praised by Thoreau for its natural beauty, is now the site of many tourist stands.
2. Almost every summer night the cooling northeast wind swept through our bedroom windows, marking air conditioning unnecessary and a light blanket welcome. / Swepping through our bedroom windows almost every summer night, the cooling northeast wind made…
3. The steep surrounding slopes were capped with snow, which fed two streams plunging down to join in the valley below.
4. With the river on one side and a large tree providing shade, this is a good spot for a picnic, and we can spread our blanket on the grassy knoll.
5. Panting for breath after running up the stairs, Mr wood stood at his neighbour‟s door and knocked again and again till someone opened it.
6. The town folk envied horace, who had come into a small fortune with which he bought a big house and obtained a partnership in the biggest grocery in town.
7. Standing in front of the mirror, Jim looked at his image, wondering at the big change that had come over him in recent years.
8. The idea that his only daughter whom he had greatly wronged might never forgive him almost drove hime mad.
9. The story, written in plain language, consists of three parts with an interesting plot centering round an aristocratic family living in 17th century France.
10. Mud-covered and shivering, John sat hunched over a bowl of hot broth prepared by his father to drive off the chill.
11. Far above the waters of a beautiful lake and over the tops of the tall pime trees growing on the steep of a hill stand five Chinese-style pavilions.
12. Farther down the street, the old man stopped and leaned against a lamp-post, listening to a cheerful song coming out of a restaurant on the oppsite side of the street.
13. Sarah sank in the nearest chair, completely exhausted, her limbs stiff with cold, her mind a piece of blank.
14. Throughout the day Mrs Rymer behaved very properly, her pleasant, refined face wearing a grave look, her elegant figure wrapped in deep mourning while occasionally she uttered a sigh or a sob.
15. Tony thought it necessary to break the news to his family, that Mr Jacob, his former employer, had promised him a half-day job at 20 pounds a week.
16. The thought that he might have wronged his friend who had rendered him good services on many occasions troubled his mind, already overburdened with worries and cares. 17. The men of the disbanded royal bodyguard, suddenly turned loose onto the street of a capital seething with unrest, unemployed and perhaps disgruntled at their abrupt dismissal, were a potentially dangerous element.
18. For many years London has been a business centre with hotel accommadation for visiting businessmen toghter with well-to-do travellers but completely inadequate for the swarms of shour-stay tourists landing at Heathrow or disembarking at Dover.
19. Nearing the top, he climbed recklessly faser and faster, his eyes already glowing with triumph, but suddenly he slipped and fell, tumbling to the ground and lying motionless there, a crumpled pile of arms and legs.
20. Bertrand Russell was one of the very few persons who have received both the Order of Merit,
which was conferred on him by the British government in 1949, and the Nobel Prize for literature,
conferred in Norway in 1950.
1. …little opportunity to travel.
2. …many such novels.
3. … / Neither sentence is correct English.
4. He has many more problems…
5. …this kind of apple / these kind (s) of apples.
6. I enjoy either kind, …
7. …every book in the fiction section.
8. …than in any other country in the world.
9. …a greater amount of rainfall this year than there was last year.
10. …all this luggage / all the luggage at the airport.
11. …such beautiful poetry / such a beautiful poem that it is hard to believe she has never had a
12. …a great many friends in New York.
13. Whatever nonsense…
14. That third sister of his…
15. I can‟t for the life of me remember.
16. Presumably there are fewer / less diseases…
17. …than all other methods.
18. …once every three months.
19. …study of language.
20. …some more soup?
1. How much work have you done this morning?
2. To dig a tunnel will need a great amount of labour. 3. He‟s done the least work.
4. There are several methods of approaching this problem. 5. I know little French.
6. There must be less empty talk but more practical work. 7. Were there many people at the reception?
8. May I have a few words with you?
9. There were fewer people today at the exhibition than yesterday. 10. Harry made the fewest mistakes.
11. You‟ve learnt more poetry and done more exercises than I have.
12. Jack‟s done the most work and made the most mistakes.
13. He‟s done a lot of work and made a lot of mistakes.
14. A millionaire has lots of money—and lots of worries.
15. Anna has enough worries because she hasn‟t got enough money.
16. The telephone rang every few minutes.
17. We have been persisting in making the experiment all these last few cold days.
18. Both his next books on English linguistics will come out in 2006.
19. Soon we learned that we had to wait another three more weeks. 20. My brother spent $ 500 for a second-hand car, but I spent almost twice the amount for the
1. Light travels faster than sound.
2. Be quiet, please. Don‟t let me hear a sound.
3. In writing English, after each word we leave a space.er 4. This box occupies too much space.
5. After a big meal, you should take a rest.
6. Everybody needs food, drink and rest.
7. He did it out of kindness.
8. Thank you. You have done me a kindness.
9. He lives close at hand.
10. The children suffered a lot at the hands of their stepfather. 11. Have you got an English-French dictionary?
12. Have you got an English and a French dictionary? 13. How do you like the red and white roses in my garden? 14. Have you seen the red (roses) and the white roses in my garden? 15. He is still in hospital.
16. I‟m going to the hospital to see him.
17. There is a garden in front of the house.
18. There is a picture in the front of the book.
19. This style of dress is no longer in fashion.
20. She likes to read about the lastest fashion.
21. Don‟t talk too much at table.
22. My friend was sitting at the table writing a letter. 23. When we called, his family were at dinner.
24. When we called, his family was giving a dinner.
25. The students take / took quite a fancy to their teacher. 26. The exhibits in the hall soon took the fancy of the visitors. 27. The old man is in possession of a huge fortune.
28. This island was once in the possession of the Great Britain. 29. You must immediately consult a doctor in case of illness. 30. Pauline is stupid, but it is different in the case of Mary; she is just lazy.
1. Don‟t speak loudly. The children are sleeping.
2. Don‟t disturb me. I‟m thinking.
3. The chidlren were jumping to keep warm.
4. The woman got mad. She was hitting her head against the wall. 5. Old Tom knows Russian, but he can‟t speak it well.
6. I hope she likes these reses.
7. Halleck resembles his father very much in disposition and appearance. 8. This material feels soft.
9. I believe we will certainly achieve success.
10. Last night we dined at a Thai restaurant. These almost all the dishes taste hot.
11. In grammar, English differs greatly from Spanish/ 12. This bus can hold 40 people.
13. This rule applies to all the tourists.
14. They were talking about pollution of the environment. 15. Spring is here. The treetops are turning green. 16. The economic situation there has changed from bad to worse. 17. I‟m getting old. I can‟t walk such a long distance.
18. This trunk weighs 50 kilos.
19. Surely you are imagining things.
20. I am not feeling (I don‟t feel) very tired.
1. This case is being looked into by the police. 2. Before long the children had taken to their ner teacher. 3. We can‟t rely on other countries to help us tide over the difficulty.
4. The First World War broke out in 1914.
5. When she came to, she found herself lying in a hospital. 6. He was not really feeling sad. He was just putting on. 7. Some new problems cropped up at the last minute. 8. As most members were absent, the meeting had to be called off. 9. Can you figure out a way to solve this problem? 10. When he was criticized, he flared up.
11. Don‟t be taken in.
12. I got very angry that he should come out with that rude remark. 13. You must work hand, or you won‟t be able to keep up with the rest of the class.
14. Sophie is going to take a day off tomorrow; I must fill in for her. 15. We are going to bring up this question at the next meeting. 16. I‟m going to forward to meeting you in Shanghai.
17. We all look up to Doctor Lin, because she serves herpatients selflessly. 18. He worked in the United States for three years, and he made the most of the opportunity to
improve his English.
19. She was so lazy that she made a mess of her room. 20. This is a used car; it has changed hands several times. Ex. 11A
1. Patience wears out stones.
2. Pride goes bedore a fall.
3. Facts speak louder than words.
4. One swallow doesn‟t make a summer.
5. The Changjiang flows into the East China Sea. 6. Water doesn‟t exist on the moon.
7. It isn‟t ever cold in Hawaii.
8. May in Paris isn‟t always nice; it sometimes rains a lot.
9. He occasionally is wrong, but not often.
10. He never does any homework, but he does well in class.
11. Our company doesn‟t always make very high profits.
12. My mother doesn‟t usually have coffee in the morning.
13. She hardly ever goes to bed before midnight. 14. Phoenix, the capital of Arizona, is very dry; it hardly ever rains. 15. My parents seldom go to church on Sundays.
16. The earth revolves round the sun.
17. India lies to the south of China.
18. The Thames flows through London.
19. I usually vote for a Democrat, but my roommate almost always votes for a Republican.
20. It is an ill wind that blows nobody good.
1. He came to see me every day last week.
2. It is winter time. We usually have breakfast at seven thirty. 3. How long ago did you buy the shoes you are wearing? 4. The old professor stepped into the classroom, opened the book and began to teach.
5. How I wish you were here with us!
6. Jane tells me you‟re entering college next year.
7. Rome was not built in a day.
8. A rolling stone gathers no moss.
9. Practice makes perfect.
10. He who laughs last laughs best.
11. One good turn deserves another.
12. Whenever ammonia is added to this liquid, its colour changes to organge.
13. I wondered if you could lend me your car.
14. I hear that old Henry died last night.
15. This tape recorder is easy to operate. Watch what I do. I switch it on, press this button and it
1. I met George after he had heard …
2. I met George before he had heard …
3. We reached the football ground before the game had started. 4. We reached the football ground after the game had started. 5. As soon as we arrived at the station, we bought …
6. For several years after Dick (had) left school, he worked …
7. After she‟d cleaned … she had …
8. When we arrived, they‟d laid …
9. He‟d done all his work by the time he went …
10. The secretary had typed … by the time I came …
11. I‟d only been there … when John walked in.
12. He‟d answered … before he got a job.
13. They left before I‟d explained …
14. We managed … before the concert had started.
15. She didn‟t notice it until he‟d pointed it out.
16. I‟d no sooner taken off … than it began …
17. I‟d no sooner put … than I realized …
18. He didn‟t understand until I‟d explained.
19. He came in before I‟d done …
20. We got to the hall after the concert had started. We didn‟t get to the hall until after the
concert had started. The concert (had) started before we got to the hall. Ex. 16D
1. I would certainly take you there if need be.
2. if i were to do this , i would adopt a different method.
3. the president ordered that all the armed forces be mobilized at once. 4. the board decided that Johnson be appointed general manager. 5. if I were you, I would face up to the problem.
6. If I were in better health, I would have long left this place. 7. far be it from me to see him make a mistake.
8. how i wish our factory were better equipped.
9. if we weren‟t to have our test tomorrow, I would go and see a film this evening. 10. it is essential that all the applicants be interviewed one by one. 11. it was suggested that another session be held to discuss the problem of inflation. 12. I insisted that she stay in Shanghai for another day or two. 13. the steel workers demanded that their wages be increased by 10 per sent. 14. i second their motion that the discussion be put off.
15. I prefer that my secretary accompany me to Beijing.
16. it has been decided that more time be allotted for extensive reading. 17. suffice it to say that without national independence there is no democracy or freedom. 18. if you do not listen to my advice, so be it.
19. we unanimously recommended that neutral chairman be appointed. 20. he has become, as it were, an utterly self-centred man.
1. His decision to resign surprised all of us.
2. He showed no inclination to leave.
3. Her resolution never to marry baffled all offers of love. 4. The City Council approved the proposal to build a new dam on the river. 5. Their readiness to accept the peace arrangement really surprised the diplomatic world.
6. He refused the invitation to write another article on the subject. 7. The people of a country should have the freedom to choose their own social system. 8. There is no need for you to start so early.
9. I am not under the obligation to render him any financial support. 10. They have the ability to wage biological warfare.
11. He is not a man to be frightened by the threat of war.
12. There are plans to be made at once.
13. This is a day never to be forgotten.
14. Give me the names of the people to contact.
15. The next train to arrive is from Edinburgh.
16. The last problem to be considered at our next meeting is how to invest the money.
17. Was Cortes the first European ever to see the Pacific Ocean? 18. The best man to see for your eye trouble is the professor of ophthalmology. 19. The way to get into the building is to slip in through the kitchen. 20. The first man to fly non-stop across the Atlantic was John Alcock. Ex. 20D
1. Environmental pollution is a hard problem to be coped with. 2. There is no time to lose. We must start at once. 3. This is an infectious disease to be wiped out in a few years. 4. There was no sound to be heard.
5. I‟ve spent two days here. There is nothing to see.
6. This is a good book in which there is much to be learnt. 7. This is an item of information not to say to any other prople. 8. This is a difficult question to answer.
9. At the sound of footsteps outside the window, I stole out of the room, but there was
nothing to be seen.
10. He is a man to be reckoned with.
11. She was firm in her refusal to accept his offer of marriage. 12. I have accepted the invitation to go to their school for an exchange of experience.
13. I need a box to hold the chessmen.
14. What is there to be proud of?
15. He always thinks that the bed is a good place to read detective stories. 16. Every day I have a lot of question to consider.
17. The only way to deal with her is not to give an inch. 18. She is not a woman to be trifled with.
19. My brother was the third person to be interviewed. 20. You have left me very little to say.
1. … Eurydice was bitten in the heel by a snake.
2. … her foot was caught by a rug and she fell.
3. … a notice pinned to the door by a knife.
4. …„Beware‟written in large letters.
5. … you should never point it at anyone.
6. … you must take care not to damage the roots.
7. … the dog was led out of the room.
8. … After I have paid my taxes, …
9. … the boat was being tossed up and down by the sea.
10. … tree uprooted by the gale.
11. … He was cleaning his gun when it went off unexpectedly.
12. … As she was wondering where to go, …
13. … I was knocked over by a bike.
14. … I saw a long streamer towed behind the aeroplane, marked „Vote for Jones‟.
15. … Since he has been weakened by his last illness, …
16. … I suddenly thought of an idea.
17. When I was dropped by parachute, …
18. When a woman is depressed, a new hat will make her feel happier. 19. … he suddenly saw an old man starting to across in front of him.
20. … I felt a taxi was a welcome sight
1. It gets dark early in winter.
2. Its no use asking her. She doesn‟t know anything.
3. Its two miles to the station from here.
4. Have you seen it hail?
5. We leave it to you to decide what must be done. 6. It is said that the spy slipped arsenic into his tea. 7. It‟s a pity (that) you missed that concert.
8. It looks as if he were very afraid. 9. It is no use crying over spilt milk.
10. It was several months before we met again. Ex. 31D
1. Before John came home, I had finished reading the newspaper. 2. While we were eating dinner, …
3. …when Harry entered. 4. Since I graduated from high school, …
5. Before I read that book, I must
6. After Johnny finished his homework, he…
7. Before I serve the dessert, you must …
8. Before I came to the United States, I had…
9. When I got to school yesterday, I found…
10. … since you moved away from the neighborhood?
11. I‟ll be busy shopping until the store… 12. While I‟m studying, I like to…
13. Where do you stay when you visit Washington? 14. While I‟m in this country to study, I hope to …
15. While the baby is napping, her mother has a chance to rest. 16. After the orchestra had played for several hours, the embassy…
17. … until he got his B.A. degree.
18. No sooner had the criminal found a shelter than he was…
19. … until the weather is dry in the summer.
20. I have been wearing glasses ever since I entered the university.
1. Playing the piano is my favourite pastime.
2. Is it worth while doing such experiments?
3. They insisted on holding a reception in our honour. 4. I have got used to doing this kind of work.
5. After booking the ticket, she began to pack her things. 6. Instead of criticizing him, we should praise him. 7. Have you any objection to carrying out this plan? 8. At the meeting he stressed the importance of following the mass line.
9. Rebuilding this canal has already brought many benefits to our national economy.
10. Seeing so many people before her, she felt very nervous.
11. Having lived in Sichuan for many years, I know that place very well. 12. Pointing at a new building, he said, “This is our club.”
13. We began to knock at the door, thinking that was his home.
14. The river being too wide, we couldn‟t swim across.
15. Such being the case, I won‟t insist on your staying here.
16. The weather being so warm, someone suggested having the party in the open air. 17. Being so excited, he didn‟t know what to say.
18. She sat there silent, tears streaming down her cheeks.
19. When he got to the village, he found the girls picking cotton in the fields. 20. Yesterday afternoon the school master caught some pupils smoking cigarettes in the classroom. Ex. 32E
1. Anyone not hearing that noise must have been stone-deaf.
2. We were delayed by heavy trucks being loaded onto the ship.
3. Suddenly feeling dizzy, Mrs. Wilson sat down quickly.
4. Presents costing less than ten pounds in all may be imported duty-free. 5. Planning to buy a car, Mrs. Jay has opened a savings account.
6. Any dutiable articles not declared to the Customs will be liable to confiscation. 7. Having worked hard all day, I was ready for bed by eight o‟clock.
8. The man was accompanied by a porter weighing at least 160 kilos. 9. The castle, burnt in the sixteenth century, was never rebuilt.
10. Putting/Having put down my newspaper, I walked over to the window and looked out. Ex. 32I
1. She stood back and looked at him, her face smiling radiantly.
2. His exam finished, Porter stumbled wearily out of the room.
3. Henry Adams ran from the room, cold shivers running down his spine. 4. The station wagon sped away, the taillights disappearing into the distance. 5. Dinner over, the family scattered to their various haunts.
6. His opponent gaining a lead of almost 200,000 votes the senator publicly conceded that he had lost his election bid.
7. Nobody having any more to say, the meeting was closed.
8. There being no way for me to cross, I walked upstream on the south side. 9. James sat down, wiped his forehead and smiled complacently, his good humour quite restored. 10. Marie sat on the edge of a frail wooden chair in Kirby‟s suite, (the) champagne glass in her hand, (her) tears in her eyes.