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KeytoexercisesinBook3

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KeytoexercisesinBook3

    Key to exercises in Book 3

    Unit One

    Section A

    ?

    1. beneath 2. disguised 3. whistles 4. restrain 5. grasp 6. longing 7. praying 8. faithful 9. pledge 10. drain

    ?

    1. tell ( our teacher) on you 2. track down 3. work it out 4. picking on me 5. reckoned with 6. call on 7. on his own 8. get through 9. in disguise 10. revolves around

    ?

    1. G 2. O 3. D 4. I 5. K 6. L 7. B 8. F 9. A 10. N ?

    1. advice 2. level 3. problems 4. necessity 5. skills 6. experience

    8. value 9. tool 10. manner 7. solution

    ?

    1. air-conditioned 2. handmade 3. thunderstruck 4. heartfelt 5. data-based 6. self-employed 7. custom-built 8. weather-beaten

    ?

    1. well-informed 2. new-found 3. hard-earned 4. soft spoken 5. newly-married 6. widely-held 7. well-meant 8. well-educated

    ?

    1. no matter how different it may seem from any other substance

    2. No matter what a woman tries to do improve her situation

    3. No matter what excuse he gives

    4. No matter what anyone else may think

    5. no matter how they rewrite history

    ?

    1. Just as we gained fame in victory, we lost nothing in defeat. 2. Just as the head teacher plays a significant role in the school, Jane plays a significant role of leader in the classroom.

    3. Whoever was out there obviously couldnt see him just as he couldnt see him.

    4. She has been searching all her life for the perfect chocolate just as I have been searching for the perfect beer.

    5. You can make those kinds of comparisons just as you were doing the analyses a minute ago

    ?

    1. No matter how experienced a speaker you are, and how well you have prepared your speech, you will have difficulty making a speech at such a noisy reception. 2. Just as all his sisters friends cared about him, Jimmy cared about them.

    3. Car manufactures stamp a vehicle identification number at several places on new cars to help track down stolen vehicles.

4. If you dare tell on me when the teacher gets back I wont say a word to you any

    more.

    5. Some elderly people prefer to live on their own while the great majority choose to

    live with their children.

    6. Here is something that needs to be reckoned with: how to get the necessary finances to establish the company.

    ?

    1.每当有人帮了你(无论事情大小(无论地位高低(你都应该对他说声“谢谢”。

    2.蒸汽机的发明使船舶发生了变化(正如其已经改变了陆地运输一样。

    3.尽管经理努力帮忙(他还是不能找到问题的根源所在。

    4.这个女孩的生活天天围着哥哥转(完全明白该做什么来使哥哥高兴。

    5.如果你不知道自己想要什么(你最终得到的可能都是自己不想要的。

    6.吉米有他妹妹帮助他渡过那些没有父亲的艰难日子。

    ??

    1. B 2. A 3. C 4. A 5. D 6. A 7. D 8. D 9. C 10 B 11. B 12. B 13. A 14. C 15. D 16. C 17. A 18. C 19. D 20. A

    Section B

    ?

    1 It was an autumn night in my native Nova Scotia.

    2. They were vacationing in (it) for the night.

    3. It took me years, thought, to learn that the love in our family didnt just happen.

    4. First, love needs time.(Para. 3)

    Love needs another, harder to find quality as well, the ability to let go.(Para. 7)

     Finally, love needs words to make it real. (Para. 11)

    5. It can only be achieved through patience and understanding.

    ?

    1. C 2. B 3. D 4. D 5. A 6. D 7. A 8. C

    ?

    1. hollow 2. considerate 3. rival 4. elastic 5. paralleling 6. inspire 7. manipulate 8. acknowledged 9. soaring 10 respective ?

    1. on 2. apart 3. with 4. along 5. on 6. into 7. of 8. between 9. up 10. of

    Unit 2

    Section A

    Vocabulary

    III.

    1. moderate 2. consume 3. advisable 4. modified 5. evidence 6. restricted 7. calculate 8. remedy 9. impact 10. sufficient IV.

    1. bounce back 2. summed up 3. Up to 4. at risk 5. went to zero 6. goes up 7. interfere with 8. derived from 9. In general 10 take in

V.

    1. G 2. K 3. O 4. N 5. J 6. A 7. C 8. D 9. F 10. I

    Collocation

    VI.

    1. cost 2. pollution 3. potential 4. quality 5. chance 6. crime 7. interest 8. efficiency 9. strength 10. creativity

    Word Building

    VII.

    1. appearance 2. utterances 3. attendance 4. hindrance 5. maintenance 6. resistance 7. performance 8. existence 9. occurrence 10. acceptance VIII.

    1. world-famous 2. ice-cold 3. snow-white 4. waterproof 5. waist-deep 6. carefree

    Sentence Structure

    IX.

    1. Mr. Howe, my favorite professor, has received a Distinguished Teacher Award. 2. Yesterday I went fishing, something I hadnt done in years.

    3. Some women are normally inactive but then all of a sudden start a program of intense exercise, an action that breaks the laws of sports science. 4. Even a brief visit to Greece, a modern country with ancient civilization, gives you a deep sense of its culture.

    5. The ancient Chinese, a people of inventors, discoverers, philosophers, soldiers, poets, craftsmen, gave the world many of its most useful things.

    X.

    1. His homework done, his composition written, Larry decided to go and see the film. 2. The manager sat quietly in the office, (his) eyes closed, waiting for the telephone to ring.

    3. The room was a mess, empty bottles and beer cans (being) everywhere. 4. When I walked in, Grandpa was sitting at the kitchen table, the newspaper spread before him.

    5. Diana stood motionless at the end of the diving board, tears streaming down her cheeks.

    Translation

    XI.

    1. The defendant, a woman of only 30, kept insisting on her own innocence. 2. All things considered, dates, beans and some leafy green vegetables are the best sources of iron.

    3. No beverages are served with meals because they interfere with digestion. 4. Taking the popularity of the region into consideration, it is advisable to book hotels in advance. 5. If you have a feeling of wanting to throw up after taking this drug, stop taking it immediately and consult your doctor as soon as possible. 6. 6. Summing up the discussion, he said both parties should consider the most effective way to solve the problem.

    XII.

1. 作为补救缺铁的一种办法(专家推荐使用肉、鸡和鱼(它们是最好的铁质来

    源(也是唯一最容易被身体吸收的铁质来源。

    2. 铁质储量为零时( 你会觉得虚弱(疲乏无力(喘不过气(这是缺铁第三阶段

    的典型症状。3. 耐力运动员(尤其是女性(经常会缺铁(如果增时肉类食物或

    服用铁质补剂(能够恢复到健康状态。

    4. 这位运动医学专家认为(感到劳累、工作效率差的人(最好食用牛肉、羊肉(

    它们含有最易被吸收的铁质。

    5. 铁质储量低的人应该去咨询医生(看看是否应通过调整饮食或服用铁质补剂

    来校正不足。6. 一般说来(如果你忽视自己摄入的铁质含量(不在铁质储备失

    去之前注意警告信号(你会有危险。

    Close Test

    XIII.

    1. D 2. C 3. C 4. A 5. D 6. A 7. B 8. D 9. C 10. B 11. A 12. B 13. D 14. A 15. D 16. A 17. D 18. C 19. C 20. A

    Section B

    I.

    1. O 2. F 3.F 4. O 5. F 6. O

    Comprehension of the Text

    II.

    1. D 2. B 3. D 4. C 5. A 6. C 7. A 8. A

    Vocabulary

    III.

    1. implying 2. complicated 3. obstacle 4. exhibited 5. possess 6. multiplied 7. equip 8. speculate 9. concentrating 10. strength IV.

    1. applied to 2. In response to 3. is associated with 4. in contrast to 5. in the say way that 6. attribute to 7. go through 8. engage in 9. benefited greatly from 10. stems from

    Exercises on Web course only:

    11. in addition to 12. are separated into 13. focus on 14. A succession of accidents

    Unit 3

    Section A

    III.

     1. cultivate 2. comprehensive 3. controversial 4. suspend 5. insulted

     6. preliminary 7. conventional 8. reform 9. worthwhile 10. publicity

    IV.

     1. His girlfriend's father saw him as a man who could not make a living.

     2. The course was canceled over the students' protest.

     3. The problem is so difficult that we cannot work it out without the help of our

teacher.

     4. Children tend to do/try their utmost when they know their parents are making similar efforts.

     5. The new teaching program didn't work well in the school at the outset.

     6. I was kind of excited when I received the letter that offered me an interview.

     7. The school is scheduled to open on September 1.

     8. They appeared to offer a free computer, complete with software and a printer.

     9. In spite of hardships, they made real efforts that have resulted in more progress than expected.

     10. Many people make things more difficult for themselves because they still operate

    on the principle that you should not ask for help, or you might seem weak. V.

    1.F 2. M 3. K 4. D 5. C 6. G 7. L 8.O 9. I 10. B

    VI.

     1. cold 2. competition 3. debate 4. desire 5.

    fear

     4. heat 7. interest 8. love 9. pleasure 10.

    enthusiasm

    VII.

     1.historic 2. atomic 3. optimistic 4. energetic 5. economic

    6. heroic

    VIII.

     1. responsibility 2. rapidity 3. mobility 4. curiosity 5. publicity 6.

    complexity

    IX.

    1. In Britain, as in America, there is a great demand for educational reform. 2. In Greece, as in Italy, people use a lot of olive oil in cooking. 3. As in the Hyde School, values such as courage, integrity, leadership, curiosity

    and concern are the first, most important lesson in some public inner-city schools

    in Maryland.

    4. In China, as in Japan, a large number of middle school students take

    supplementary classes in order to get into a famous university. 5. As in the middle of the 1950s, many young people went down to the countryside

    in the late 1960s and early 1970s.

    X.

    1. Once you've practiced a bit, you'll find that it's quite easy. 2. Once the meal was finished, the discussions began.

    3. Once you show any fear, he will attack you.

    4. Once parents make a commitment to the program, they will be daily role models

    for their children.

    5. Once customers come to rely on these systems, they almost never take their

    business elsewhere.

    XI.

    1. In his thinking, as in his behavior, he is very traditional. 2. Once the teachers agree to accept the new teaching program, they have to face

    the strain it puts on them.

    3. In the long run, it is worthwhile to pursue one's study after graduating from university instead of going to work directly.

    4. As the school operates on the Character First principle, moral values and

    academic achievements are stressed equally.

    5. It is said that the meeting, which is scheduled to be held this month, will be put

    off till next month.

    6. The school sees its job as preparing its students for life by cultivating a comprehensive set of principles that can benefit all of them. XII.

     1)跟在法国—样(美国在20世纪60年代也发生过文化革命。

     2)他—旦下定决心去干一件事(就根本拦不住他。

     3)学校强调的观点是?家长和孩子一起参加学校的活动是值得的。

     4)快下课时(老师让学生用最后的五分钟来展开激烈的讨论(依照110

    的评分标准相互评价他们当天的课堂表现。

    5)为了避免引发针对他们的品格培养方案的争论(该校校长解释说(品格

    第一并不是要强迫学生接受某一套道德原则或宗教观念。

     6)非所有的家长部相信海德中学的办学原则(即如果你向学牛传授诸如求

    真、勇敢、正直、领导能力、好奇心和关心他人等美德的话(学生的学

    习成绩就自然会提高。

    XIII.

    1.B 2. D 3. A 4. B 5. D 6. B 7. A 8. D 9. C 10. B

    ll. B 12. A 13. C 14. C 15. A 16. B 17. C 18. A 19. D 20. B

    Section B

    II.

    1. D 2. A 3. C 4. A 5. B 6. A 7. B 8. A

    III.

    1. exert 2. analyzed 3. differ 4. consult 5. discarded

    6. volume 7. delicate 8. convert 9. dismissed 10. flexible

    IV.

    1. in, from 2. on 3. to 4. beh ind 5. From, to

    6. between, up 7. for 8. to 9. from 10. through

    Unit 4

    Section A

    Vocabulary

    III.

    1. inspected 2. assembled 3. exaggerated 4. versions 5. universal 6. approved 7. recruit 8. evolved 9. dedicated 10. solemn

Exercises on Webcourse only:

    11. contracts 12. Independence 13. reputation 14. destruction

IV.

    1. worked on 2. approve of 3. went ahead 4. for sale 5. come up

    with

    6. refashioned into 7. rise to fame 8. captures my attention 9. evolved from 10. named

    after

    Exercises on Webcourse only:

    11. posing for 12. go against

V.

    1. C 2. E 3. F 4. N 5. O 6. K 7. A 8. H 9. L 10. I

Collocation

    VI.

    1. respect 2. influence 3. credit 4. confidence 5. support

    6. acceptance 7. fame 8. insight 9. recognition 10. experience

N Concordance File

    The bottom line is that you gain respect from others only when you 1 rwsblu10 have learned to respect yourself.

    Because of their larger numbers and more active lifestyles, senior

    2 citizens are gaining social influence in the country both politically srblu05

    and economically.

    3 The witnesss story gained credit with the jury. nwblu09

    Perhaps you have used clothing to gain confidence when you

    4 anticipated a situation full of stress, such as a job interview, or a tbb2u08

    public appearance.

    La Pierres comments, which implied that the government was

    intentionally failing to enforce gun laws in order to keep violent 5 erblu07 crime high, thereby gaining popular support for more restrictive

    measures, was outrageous.

    Some college administrators say public service may also help high 6 srblu06 school graduates gain acceptance to the college of their choice.

    7 He did not gain distinction by continuously training for his event. rwsb2u02

    Pupils use drama to gain insights into moral and social issues in 8 nwblu05 works of literature.

    They are not doing this to gain recognition or money; they are doing 9 rwtb2u02 this for the sake of society

    People gain work experience, and, in addition, employers can afford 10 rwtblu01 to employ them.

Word Building

VII.

    1. intelligence 2. consequence 3. significance 4. ignorance 5. indifference 6. competence 7. brilliance 8. magnificence

VIII.

    1. coexists 2. co-director 3. cooperate 4. co-pilot 5. co-author

Sentence Structure

    IX.

    1. Jimmy walked slowly to the corner of the playground, his face covered with tears. 2. The taxi sped away, its lights disappearing into the distance.

    3. Their stomachs crying for food, their back burning from too much sun, both boys gathered their things and headed for home.

    4. Barbara just lay there, her mouth trembling, her eyes unfocused, unable to say a word. 5. Then the two players let him fall to the track, his chest landing first, his head following, bouncing, and finally lying still.

X.

    1. Most snakes, although with a threatening appearance, arent really dangerous if you leave

    them alone.

    2. Women, even though with the same abilities, have failed to approach the income of men. 3. Though with a severe lack of coal, the principal was not forced to close the school. 4. She is capable of making complete French meals even though with no cheese after salad. 5. When in doubt about the result of your test, call the test office.

Translation

    XI.

    1. Everything considered, this city is the worlds most exciting city.

    2. Though with no approval from his parents, he went ahead with his plan to study abroad. 3. The bridge was named after the hero who gave his life for the cause of people. 4. It is said that the painter used his mother as the model in the painting whose faced represented suffering yet strength.

    5. The writer instantly rose to fame in 1950 with the publication of a novel inspired by his experience with a girl on a farm.

    6. One story says that US was short for Uncle Sam whose real name was Sam Wilson, who

    had once worked with a man who had signed a contract w2ith the government to provide meat to the US Army.

XII.

    1. 这幅画上一个神色严肃的男子(身旁站着一位女子(身后是所农舍。他们的原型分别

    是画家的牙医和姐姐。

    2. 公司的申请书(不管是代表自己还是代表他人(都应该有官员的签名。

3. 做了脱口秀之后(约翰和妻子在广播和电视节目上出了名(这些节目给普通民众以启

    迪(而不只是向他们提供信息。

    4. 尽管有些人不赞同(可市领导还是决定实施这个计划(在湖边建造两个五星级宾馆(

    以吸引更多的游客。

    5. 那位著名画家去世了(曾经给他当模特的妻子立即担任了他装潢公司的总经理职务。

    6. 宴会上(他们的衣着都很华丽(但吸引我注意力的却是他们的交谈方式(使得我很想

    和他们交谈。

Cloze

    XIII.

    1. A 2. C 3. B 4. D 5. B 6. D 7. A 8. C 9. A 10. B 11. A 12. C 13. A 14. C 15. C 16. A 17. D 18. D 19. A 20. D

    Section B

    Reading Skills

    I.

    1. To crush is to press something so hard that it is damaged or destroyed. Here Mary compares herself to a thing that is too weak to resist the pressure, i.e., the harsh words from publisher. Mary admits that she is extremely upset.

    2. At the very beginning Engelbreit did not expect to draw greeting cards; she aimed high. Now that she was told her style was better suited for drawing greeting cards, she felt it was a comedown from high expectation. To her, drawing greeting cards was a fall from her lifes goal.

    3. The card is personified. As we know, a card cannot boast. Only the creator of the card boasts. However, the writer means to say that the card is communicating a proud message. 4. Acid means having a sour or bitter taste. When one has an acid tongue, he or she is very bitter to others, that is , he or she is very critical of others.

    5. A trademark is a special name, sign, word, etc. marked on a product; it is a special sign or a distinctive characteristic. Now being cute is Marys distinctive feature.

    6. A core is the central part of certain fruit. A core of ones life is the most important part of

    ones life. The whole sentence means Engelbreit treasures old-fashioned art and values most. 7. When one puts his or her feet firmly on the ground, he or she is down-to-earth. In other words, he or she is very realistic and practical.

    8. When you say an artistic work takes off, you mean it begins to be successful.

Comprehension of the Text

    II.

    1. A 2. D 3. B 4. C 5. C 6. B 7. A 8. D

Vocabulary

    III.

    1. crush 2. astonishing 3. comprised 4. features 5. decorated 6. elaborate 7. influential 8. annual 9. humorous 10. sample Exercises on Webcourse only:

    11. distribution 12. distinctive 13. commerce 14. license

IV.

    1. to 2. down 3. on 4. into 5. to

    6. with 7. off 8. at 9. up 10. up

    Exercises on Webcourse only:

    11. in, at 12. from, with 13. of 14. to

    unit 7

    Section A

Vocabulary

    III.

    1. modernize

    2. interpret

    3. distributing

    4. punctually

    5. conservation

    6. maximum

    7. exported

    8. conquer

    9. classification 10. recreation

IV.

    1. by name

    2. in high gear

    3. turned out

    4. At times

    5. as to

    6. stem from

    7. put in

    8. on the subject of 9. in the interest of 10. work on

V.

    1. D

    2. G

    3. N

    4. B

    5. I

    6. M

    7. E

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