DOC

UNIT FIVE

By Kathleen Andrews,2014-01-15 14:39
8 views 0
UNIT FIVE

Unit 5

Tim Berners-Lee www

杨致远 YaHoo

Pierre Omidyar eBay 淘宝网 马云

Marc Andreessen 网景 李彦宏 baidu

比尔-盖茨

TEXT I

Network Designer-Tim Berners-Lee

     Internet computer persons name

    I. Pre-reading Questions

    The students may be asked a number of questions such as the following before they make their guesses. 1. What nationality is Tim Berners-Lee?

    2. Is he a university graduate?

    3. When did he begin to take an interest in the computer?

    4. Did he work in a research institute specializing in computer science?

    5. Was he given the assignment of designing the World Wide Web or did he hit upon the idea just by accident? 6. What was it that made WWW a reality?

     Guess: tell us sth about a person, who is related to or may have contributions to internet.

     Writing style: a kind of Biography

     ShakaKing of Zulus

     A Man From StratfordWilliam Shakespeare

    II. Background Information

    1. In the past decade, Internet has changed people’s way of life and work. It has become an indispensible part

    of human lives.

    Question 1): What’s the usage of Internet in your daily life?

    ? Informationimmediately and conveniently; unlimitedly

    As long as you have learned how to use it, you can turn it to help whenever you need.

    Examinations (CET4, CET6); learning materials(crazy English topics and beautiful sentences); How to

    cook a certain dish; the lines of a song------start the engine, type in the key words, then it is done in

    several minutes. You don’t need to read the referenced books or even go to the library. It serves as an

    encyclopedia. 47.4% using internet to get information

    ? communicationwithout the limit of time/space/money

    E-mail: don’t need waiting for days and go to the post office; you can get reply within minutes no

    matter at home or abroad.

    QQ chat: sound; visual chat; qq zone to show your own thoughts

    BBS: share your opinions with others or do a discussion through messages.

    Blog: publish the compositions of yourself; decorate it as you like to show your personality and

    individuality.

    Xiaonei.com: connect with all your formal classmates from Middle School to University by using your

    real name and log on to it.

    ? entertainment: music, TV programmes; movies, news or military sports; games

    enjoy to your heart’s content without the interruption of advertisements, do not worry about the time.

    36.3% watch TV on internet

    ? services: open an account in the on-line bank, then you may pay your telephone fee, book

    the tickets for travelling, on-line training courses, buying or selling the products. In a word, it makes

    our life more convenient and efficient. 75.9% people believe in the internet advertisments 2. Be aware of the cheating and computer crimes; for all our students, it is a waste of time and money; bad to

    health

    We should make full use of its advantages and avoid the shortcomings subjectively. 3. Since internet is so important in our life, what do you know about it? What do you know about the creators

    of it? Computer elites and websites

     ?Billgates: a. Founder of Microsoft company;

    b. Operating system: windows 97, 98, 2000, me, XP----monopoly position in this area.

     c. At the age of 31, he became the richest man in the world

    d. 1995-2007 13 years number one on Ferbes’ list of the top rich person in the

    world. (Forbes is the most authoritative financial magazine) 59 billion dollars

    e. He could earn 250$ per second; 20 million a day; 7.8 billion a year. If you can earn

    2000 yuan a month, his one day’s salary may equals to your whole month.

    f. If he drops 1000$, he wouldn’t bother to pick it up, because in 4 seconds, he could

    earn it back.

    g. If he distributes all his money to the population of the whole world, each person could

    get 15$

    h. If he changes all his money into one dollar, he could build a road from the earth to the

    moon 14 times

     ?Mayun: Hangzhou Normal University; English major

    a. Alibaba.com one of the biggest website for B2B ―Never set earning money as the major purpose,

    just get the reasonable profit‖

    b. Taobao.com the biggest website for personal exchanges in China, meaning you can buy and sell

    anything valuable here.

    c. E-bay the biggest online trading websites in the world

    Alibaba, Yahoo, Amazon, AOL, E-bay the most important ones in the world

    ?Liyanhong Baidu.com the biggest search engine in China. He graduated from Peking University as the

    major of information; get post-graduate degree in America majoring in computer 8 years

    Chinese characteristics: the name comes from one poem written 800 years ago: ― Hundreds and

    thousands of times, for her I searched in crowds. Suddenly I turned around, to where the light were

    waning and there she stood‖

    Literal meaning: searching beauty many many times.

    Then, pursuing one’s dream while overcoming all kinds of difficulties

    Baidu: hundreds of times, persistent search for ideal. You may find details of life, Chinese culture here. If

    you want to find something more professional, especially English majors, you can go to another one

    google

    ? Google: It’s the biggest search engine in the whole world. Larry Page and Sergey Brin are the two

    ranking 5 and 6 on the Forbes.

    Googol: you can plus one hundred zeros after one, also 10/100 10 raise to the power of 100. It was

    created by a nine-year-old boy to show a name for a large number. The goal of google: to collect as much

    information as possible, And improve the lives of as many people as possible.

    Chinese people prefers to use baidu because its name is difficult to remember for many Chinese. Nowadays, they have a Chinese name:谷歌 means the song of harvest; the happiness of raping.

     So what kind of contributions may Lee has made? Is he rich or not?

    ?The Main Ideas

    Answers for reference:

    1. Access to the Internet which gives people information of all kinds seems a matter of course. 2. World Wide Web, which began as a little computer program nearly 20 years ago, was the work of Tim Berners-Lee alone.

    3. Having designed a kind of ―hypertext‖ notebook which linked various kinds of information on his own computer, Berners-Lee wanted to open it up to everyone who would like to link their stuff to his. 4. Berners-Lee devised HTML, URL and HTTP, all of which finally brought the World Wide Web to fruition in 1991.

    5. Brought up as a quintessential child of the computer age, Berners-Lee created a most significant global system.

    6. In spite of his Gutenbergian creation of the WWW, Berners-Lee chose the non-profit road, both for himself and for his creation.

     So we say it is a biography of Tim Berners-Lee, whose major contribution is designing the world Wide Web and loosing it to the whole world without claiming the proprietary right and charging any money.

     We have learned one autobiography in unit 3 namely Salvation. So we know, for this kind of work/articles mainly given a summary of a persons life. Usually, the author will select the most typical events, in order of time/occurrence, give us a better understanding of who the person is, what kind of experiences he had and what

    kind of contribution or value he left for the whole world. Since we have learned sth about the internet elites, now let’s see this great genius in details.

    ? Teaching Points for Reference

    Part 1 (1-2) turning to internet for all kinds of information seems to be quite easy. The author uses questions to attract readers attention.

    1. log on/in to the internet=enter the computer system Search on/surf the internet Antonym: log off/out: stop working on the computer

    e.g. Log on using your name and password.

    Log on to this commercial website.

    2. launch: start using a search engine; put it into work. Strike up, initiate, inaugurate, begin

     1) start an activity; especially an organized one

     Launch an investigation/a campaign/an attack

     2) to make sth appear in the public for the first time

    Launch a book/a new product

     3) send sth into space/sky

     launch a communications satellite/a missile/a rocket/a balloon/a shuttle

     n. launch party; launch date; attend/go to/speak at launch

    3. enquire: British way of spelling. In American English: inquire

     Implied that the author was born in London

    4. hit: one successful visit to a certain computer website.

     There are about 3000 websites available for you to visit.

    5. It turns out that/to be: the result is----

     E.g. It turned out that the manager of this new established company was my formal classmate.

     The accommodation they offered for us turned out to be a small room on the top of the building.

     Online: on the computer/through computer

     AOL: American On Line

     You may ask about anything on the computer

    Paraphrase: from where second-hand touring bikes are sold to where computer training through by E-mail

    courses are offered.

    6. Where excellence is not an act but a habit.

    Aristotle: We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit. =high quality is not just something we do by chance/occasionally, but rather something that one does

    regularly that one finds it difficult to stop doing.

    Parody: writing between the linesreading between the lines

    7. Buy the ticket of shuttle beforehand/ahead of time

     Shuttle: a way of public transport going regularly from one place to another over a particular route. E.g. a

    train, an airplane, a bus

    1.zip off: move quickly or make sth more quickly to a certain direction.

     The children’s bicycle zipped past us.

     I’m just zipping into town to buy some medicine.

     v. I zipped and buttoned my clothes.

    9. enquire about=inquire of asking information for

     Inquire into=question; cross examine

    10. nuts and bolts: figurative meaning

    E.g. I want to know the nuts and bolts of this matter.

     Our school can teach you the theory of teaching, but can’t teach you the nuts and bolts of the

    profession

    From---to-- all kinds of information

    11. large beds with posts at the four corners to support a frame for curtains to be used by dogs. Para2.

1. You may say so what: express disinterest or indifference

    Searching for information on internet is so common to people nowadays that you may ask: why do you

    mention all these things above, we all know that.

    3. unencumbered: not limited/obstructed

    You wouldn’t worry about being interrupted by the time, space, high charges of long-distance phone.

    Para3.

    1. scroll: to move text on a computer screen up and down so that you can read different part of it.

    e.g. scroll down to the bottom of the document(arrow key, mouse, scroll bar)

    2. cyberspace: prefix about computer

     Cyberworm cybersalon cybercafé netbar cyberholic cyberchat

     Portable computer ; notebook computer; palm computer; dial up connection

    3. lowly: humble, honest He speaks too lowly/in a lowly way

    4. hack: hacker

     Hack into sth: to secretly find information through other’s computer without permission.

     He hacked into the bank’s computer.

    Hack n. person employed to do some boring work.

    Paraphrase: who know at that time that this humble software consultant would create the World Wide Web which would change our civilization bring about millionaires and provide with us rich source of information. 4. n+ving: n serves as the object of the verb

    man-eating animals; time-consuming; peace-loving; English-speaking; record-making; epoch-making Para4. This one(WWW) was invented by Tim Berners-Lee alone

     examples and comparison

    Thomas Edison light buld dozens of people

    William Shockley transistor two of his research scientists

    Internet(protocols; packet switching) committee

    Berners-Lee World Wide Web alone

    1. get credit for sth: praise/approval

    1) claim/get/receive/take credit Why should she get all the credit?

    Give sb credit; deserve credit; Get credit where credit is due.

    We should give credit to all who helped make the event a success.

    2) buy now, pay later; money borrowed; lent

    long-term credit; short-term credit; interest-free credit

    foreign credit; consumer credit; export credit; trade credit

    have credit; use credit; extend/give sb/grant sb/offer sb credit

    Most shops selling furniture or electrical goods will offer credit.

    On credit: I bought it on credit.

    2. father: n-v create, found, or originate father a plan

    e.g. shoulder one’s responsibility; the thief was cornered and caught

     winter in a warmer place; to bag everything in the table

    3. Nonproprietary proprietary: of goods made and sold by a particular company

    Proprietary brand/right

    Proprietor: the owner of a business/hotel

    Owner: generally all the things

    Para5.

    1. It started, of all places, in the Swiss Alps.

    Of all places, of all things, or of all people are used to suggest that a particular place, thing, or person seems surprising or unlikely when there are many other places where something might happen, many other things which might be expected to be done, or many other people who might be present or be doing something.

    Here, it is in the Swiss Alps that he began his working on his invention. Surprising enough, such a fact didn’t take place in an individual city or town but in the Swiss Alps, which seemed to be remote from industry.

Not care about working in an unknown place, not care about profit, reputation.

    Examples:

    Of all places, they went vacationing in an unknown village.

    Of all things, she bought an ordinary bowl as a souvenir.

    I can’t understand why she, of all people, should speak to us about how to use the computer.

    2. stint: stint as sth 1) a period of time that you spend working somewhere or doing a particular activity.

    e.g. He has a two year stint as a teacher.

     He did a stint/had done his stint in the library.

     2) a fixed amount/small amount of sth

     Stint on sth: She never stint on money when buying clothes.

    3. noodle around with sth: play about sth; explore an idea

     I’d like to think about and noodle with all kinds of physics problems.

    4. far-flung notes: notes that spread over a wide area through here and there.

    5. memory-constrained organ: human brain that couldn’t always retain or recall information freely.

    6. keep track of: write down sth; remember sth for a long time

    He had always been interested in programs that did with information as the human brain did, but that

    programs can provide information in a much better way than the human’s brain that can’t always retain or

    recall information freely.

    7. random: without any plan/aim

    at random: sb will be chosen at random.

    Para8.

    1. cobble sth together: make sth quickly and not carefully.

     The essay was cobbles together from some old notes.

    2. lingua franca: general language; used by people speaking different languages for communication. e.g. The international business community sees English as a lingua franca.

    Para9.

    1. on the seventh day: implied meaning, according to the Bible, God has finished the creation in six days. On

    the seventh day, he could have a rest. So the Jews and Christians consider Sunday as Sabbath , only for rest

    and worship for God. In our text, after Lee finished the creation of the World Wide Web, his contribution is

    great enough and he could have a rest. But further more, he invented the first browser( a devise for reading

    through data on a computer, as if it were a book.)

    2. debut: make one’s first public appearance

    e.g. She made her professional stage debut in SwanLake.

    Make a debut; the debut of a new foreign policy

    Para10.

    1. quintessential: most typical; perfect

    quintessence: the quintessence of evil/good manners

    2. compromise: two people or groups make a concession in order to have a happy end. Reach a

    compromise; compromise between A and B;

     compromise with sb on sth a compromise solution/agreement/candidate

    para11.

    It’s so valuable that it deserves everything you say.

    Nobel Prize for: physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and economics, and for the promotion of world peace. IT field.

    TEXT ?

    Angels on the Internet

    .Questions

    1. What was the problem that Deng Yongxin had? What e-mail did he send on the Internet? 2. Who was the first person that responded to Deng’s e-mail and what e-mail did she send out?

    3. Who was Dr.Juan Alejos? What did he offer to do to help Shao-Shao?

    4. Who was it that made it possible for Yongxin and Han Dan to take Shao-Shao to the United Sates for treatment? What did she do?

    5. Who was Dr. Hillel Laks? What did he do to help Shao-Shao? Was he successful in his attempt? 6. Who are the angels on the Internet? Why are they called angels?

    Oral Work

    I. Role-play

    Discussing Plans after Graduation

    Sample role cards:

    Wei Ping: You are a second-year student in the English Department of Pujiang University. You have come home for the weekend. Your father / mother is a teacher of English in a secondary school. He / She wants you to be a teacher like him / her after graduation. You have never thought of being a teacher. What you have in your mind is becoming an information analyst working on the Internet. You give your reasons for your preference. Your father / mother tries to persuade you. Finally you say it’s too early for you to decide.

    Parent: You are Wei Ping’s parent. You have been teaching English in a secondary school for more than twenty years and you love your work. You think your son / daughter would be a good teacher after graduation. You tell him / her this and give your reasons. When your son / daughter disagrees and tells you his / her idea of working in the information industry, you think differently. You insist on your own opinion and try to persuade him / her.

II. Interaction Activities

    Parents and Child

    Suggestions:

    Expressions that might be used to answer the questions in the grid.

    1. have the permissive attitude—let the child do whatever he wants to give up their authority over…

     think that the younger generation knows bestthey being better educated

     think that the older generation knows bestmore experienced

    2. fly into a fury

     keep silent

     criticize severely

     punish physically

    3. feel proud / self-satisfied / complacent

     praise

     remind…to be modest

    4. help…out

     give encouragement / advice / guidance

     ―Failure is the mother of success.‖/ ―Success comes after many failures.‖

    5. never quarrel in front of children

Google成立于1997年~几年间迅速发展成为目前规模最大的搜索引擎~并向YahooAOL等其他目录

    索引和搜索引擎提供后台网页查询服务。目前Google每天处理的搜索请求已达2亿次,而且这一数字

    还在不断增长。Google数据库存有??亿个Web文件。属于全文:Full Text;搜索引擎。

Report this document

For any questions or suggestions please email
cust-service@docsford.com