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Unit 6 Good manners

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Unit 6 Good manners

    Unit 6 Good manners

    I.Teaching aims and demands

    1.Topics

    1 learn about good table manners

    2 learn to make apology

    3 learn to express your gratitude

    4 make a contrast study on table manners in Chinese and Western cultures 5 be a student with good manners

    2.Function: 道歉和致谢(Apologising and Expressing thanks)

    Excuse me. Forgive me.

    I'm (very/so/terribly) sorry. That's all right./That's OK./No problem. I apologize for... Oh, well that's life.

    I'm sorry. I didn't mean to...

    Oops. Sorry about that.

    Thank you. It's beautiful.

    3.Vocabulary

    interrupt; apologise; fault; introduce; apology; forgive; culture manner(s); impression; toast; behave; napkin; roll; dessert; unfold; lap; damp ;cloth; custom; starter; pray; course ;breast; flesh; bone; raise; advice; spirit; impolite; mix; wing; extra ;childhood; stare; disabled

    Vocabulary (2)

    Drinks: orange juice, milk, cola/coke /fruit juice, beer, water, tea, coffee Colors: red, green, yellow, blue, orange, black, purple, pink, gray, white, dark green, light blue, gold, silver

    Miscellaneous: restaurant, meal, toy, shop, hamburger, sweet, sour, spicy, delicious. too, fresh, stale, cold, hot, warm,

    Vocabulary arranged as meals:

    Chinese breakfast: porridge, noodles cakes, baozi, milk, eggs, dumplings Lunch: meat, vege, fried rice, bread

    dinner: a big meal with meat and vege

    Drinks: coke, fruit juice, water, tea,

Other food: ice cream, chocolate, candy

    4.Grammar :the Attributive Clause(3)

    1>能够用英语描述人物,事件,时间,地点,原因等--使用限制性从句

    2>能够用英语对特定的人物,事件,时间,地点等作补充说明--使用非限制性从句

    II .Key sentences

    1Express your gratitude. 2 The man who greeted me is my teacher. 3Write a than-you letter 4 make use of the expressions 5May I interrupt you for a moment? 6 I am terribly sorry. What does Bill say to apologize for taking the bike without telling Cliff? 7

    8Just ask me next time if you want to use the bike, will you? 9I guess it wasn't really your fault, was it?

    10You are looking for two seats to sit down, but there are none. 11People who go to a formal Western dinner party for the first time 12Knowing them will help you make a good impression.

    13Having good manners means knowing how to drink a toast and how to behave at table. 14The knife and fork that are closest to your plate are a little bit 15Dinner starts with a small fish. 16Some people pray before they start eating. 17You get a bowl of soup-but only one bowl and never ask for a second serving. 18It is polite to finish eating everything on your plate.

    18When drinking to someone's health, you raise your glasses. 19They follow the fashion of the day.

    20Although good manners make you look good, you do not need to worry about Laying the table for a dinner in Western countries and in China is not the same. 21

    22Make a list of things on a Western dinner table.

    23Chinese people prefer using chopsticks instead of forks and knives. 24The extra information can be left out. 25I wish you all the best. 26Some good manners to keep in mind

    27 make jokes about disabled people

    28What a surprise to see you!

    29drink too much alcohol

    30take turns playing different roles in the discussion

    Unit 6 Good Manners

     Period 1.Warning up and Listening

     Teaching Aims and Demands:

     ? To learn some expression of apologies and response properly to apologies.

     ? To listen focusing on key words and important sentences

    Step 1 .Warming up:To invite two pairs to play two short plays.

    First, Situation 1

     Because today is A’s birthday, she wants to invite B to her birthday party. In the morning, A

    meets B on the way to the school. A invites B, but B’s father have told B that he must look

    after B’s younger brother at night. So B can’t go to A’s party. B apologizes for it and wish A

    happy birthday.

     Situation ?

    Between class, A is running around the classroom. At that time, B drops his pen and A steps

    on it and breaks it.

     Step 2 Look at the 4 pictures on the page 36.

     1) What do you think is happening in every picture?

     2) Can you make a dialogue for every picture?

     Complete the dialogues with proper words according to the situation given.

     Step 3 Discuss in groups, What are good manners?

     After discussion, fill in the next table

     Good manners Bad manners

     Do you think you are a person with good manners? Can you tell us a story as an example?

     Step3 .Listening.

     1) Listen to the tape with this question How many times does Bill apologize?

     2) Listen to the tape for the second time, summarize two problems

     3) Listen to the tape for the last time and fill in the blanks. Check

     the answers and exercise the expressions of apology.

     4) Workbook: Listening

     ?.Homework: Make two dialogues with your partner about apologies.

     Period 2. Speaking and Talking

     Teaching Aims and Demands:

    ?To use the expressions of apologies and possible answers freely through

     some situations.

     ?To distinguish what good manners are and what bad manners are

     .Step 1Speaking. Practice different expressions.

     For example:” Forgive me, I’m very sorry!” is quite formal. While “Oops, Sorry about

    that” is a very informal way. To help students understand that in what situations they should

    use formal expression and in what situations they should use informal expressions.

     In these exercise, Ss have to imagine themselves at a party. Everyone is very polite. They

    should talk to each other politely and make excuse when troubling others. Then ask Ss to

    work in groups and consider the following three situations.

     Sample: Dialogue 1

     A: Aren’t you going to introduce me to him?

     B: Oh, forgive me. I didn’t know you hadn’t met. Danna, this is Alex.

     A: Hi, Alex. Nice to meet you!

     Choose three groups to reports.

     Step 2Talking

     1) Read the following situations carefully

     2) Divide the whole class into 6groups. Every two groups make a

     dialogue. One is Pros and the other is Cons. Every group should list their

     opinions to try their best to persuade the other group. Discuss in groups.

     3) According to their opinions, two groups make a dialogue. They

     should be against the opinions of the other group and give their opinions.

     ?.Homework:

     1) Choose one of the situations in Talking to write a dialogue

     2) Preview Reading

     Period 3. Reading ?

     Teaching Aims and Demands:

     ? To get to know the western talk manners

     ? To compare Chinese table manners with western table manners

     ? Improve the reading ability of the Ss, especially the skills of

     summarizing and scanning.

     Step 1 Warming up

     1) Teacher tells a story of a Chinese at a western dinner party who

     made a fool of himself due to the lack of cultural background.

     The story is: Once a Chinese was invited to an American dinner party. When

    he saw the napkin on the table, he tied it around his neck just as Chinese parents do to their

    children when they’re fed. As a result, he made a fool of himself.

     2) Teacher then presents the tools on the table and shows how to put

     these knives and forks and how to use them. Then ask one student to imitate.

     3) Brainstorming Judge these manners. Which are good and which are bad.

     ?Can you speak with your mouth full?

     ?Can you use your hand to take food from the plate?

     ?Is it polite to touch the glasses when you toast?

     ?Is it polite to persuade others to drink up after toasting?

     4) Do Pre-reading, discuss in groups

     Situations Rules for being polite in Chinese culture

     At a dinner party

    Greeting your teacher

     Receiving a birthday present

     Paying a visit to a friend’s house

     Ask three Ss to finish this table.

     Step 2 Reading

     ? Ss do scanning for exercise 2( 3minutes for scanning)

     In what order will the following dishes be served at a western dinner party

     dessert drink main course starter sou

     summarize the main idea of every paragraph (答案见教参P136)

     ? With following questions, listen to the tape and read carefully.

     1). Instead of a hot, damp cloth, napkin is often seen at the Chinese

     dinner party nowadays. What sign do you think it implies? How can you use it?

     2). What do soft drinks refer to? Is white or red wine a soft drink?

     3). Do people say anything or keep silent when drinking to one’s health or

     drinking a toast? What do you usually do if you drink a toast?

     Ask some Ss to answer these questions and do exercise 3

     Homework:

     1). Do practice on P116-117

     2). Preview languages study and grammar

    I finished reading the book which my father gave me for my birthday.

    The car, which had been parked in front of our house for more than a week , was stolen.

    Paula, whose husband lives in London, lives alone on the fourth floor.

    My sister Ellen, whom you saw yesterday at the party, is a nurse.

    This morning Andrew , whose mother is a doctor, told me about his new teacher.

    The meeting will be held in the dining hall, where more than 150 guests can be seated.

    My father works for a company which has its head office in a big city.

    Lisa will always remember her childhood , when she lived with her aunt in the mountain village.

     Period 4. Reading ?

     Teaching Aims and Demands:

     ? To learn some useful expressions about table manners.

     ? To learn some useful words and sentences

    Step 1 Carefully Reading

     1). Explain some words and expressions( apologize, table manners,

     impression) (See the teacher’s book in P121-122,P127-128)

     2). Analyze some complex sentences( In China, you sometimes get a hot,

     damp cloth, to clean your face and hands, which, however, is not the

     custom in Western countries). (See the teacher’s book in P121-122)

     3). Sum up the text

     Finish the exercise 2 on P40

     ?custom A.. long, thing, curly strips of pasta; usually used in

     Chinese and Italian cooking

     ?toast B. a pair of thing sticks which people in China and Far

     East use to eat their food with

     ?breast C. slightly wet

     ?dishes D. center.

     ?middle E. a practice followed by people of a particular group or region

     ?damp F. a utensil consisting of a small, shallow bowl on a handle, used in preparing,

    serving, or eating food

     ?chopsticks G. the supper part of your chest; the front part of a bird’s body

     ?tender H. the hard parts inside your body and all the animals

     which together form the skeleton

     ?spirits I. Food that is prepared in a particular style

     ?noodles J. easy to cut or chew; sb.or sth that is tender expresses

     gentle and caring feelings

     ?spoon K. the act of raising a glass and drinking in honor of or to

     the health of a person or thing

     ?bones L. strong alcoholic drinks such as whisky and Chinese Maotai

     Step 2 Post-reading

     1. Discussion:

     We are very familiar with table manners in China. But in those years,

     table manners are slowly changed. Can you point out which manners are also

     changed? Give some examples.

     2. Ask some groups to report

     Step 3

     ? Finish the exercise 2 on P40 and check the answer (ask

     one student to show his answer).

     ? Check the answers on P116-117

     Homework:

     Write a short passage about the discussion.

     Period 5 Language Study and Grammar

     Teaching Aims and Demands:

     ? To learn word formation and the meaning of prefixes, such as in-,

     im-, un-, non-

     ? To consolidate the Attributive Clauses, both restrictive and

     non-restrictive through some exercises.

     Step 1.

     ? Explain the formation of the word and the function of prefixes.

     ? Do exercise on P40 to point out which of the following words have

     negative prefixes.

     Nonstop unfold incorrect important understand

     Invite unlucky impossible uniform interesting

     ? Matching exercise

     Un- smoking

     Non- possible

     Dis- able

     Im- like

     Answer: unable, non-smoking, dislike, impossible

     ? Blank- filling with the above words( using Restrictive Attributive

     Clauses for example)

     1). This is a nonsmoking room. You’d better go to the smoking room, which

     is ten meters on your right.

     2). The boy who is unable to finish his work on time felt a bit sorry for

     himself.

     3). Tom and Jack are the only ones in theirs class who dislike football.

     4). It sounds impossible that the little boy who looks so shy in class

     would be so brave to catch a pick-pocket on bus yesterday.

     Step 2. Give some examples of Restrictive Attributive Clauses and

     Non-restrictive Attributive Clauses.

     ? Let Ss distinguish which of the following sentences are

     Attributive Clauses and Non-restrictive Attributives Clauses.

     Non-restrictive: Lijiang, where I was born , is beautiful.

     John, who speaks Spanish, works there. Restrictive:

     The village where I was born is beautiful.

     People who speak Spanish work there.

     ?Explain the differences between Restrictive and Non-restrictive

     Attributive Clauses.

     ?Fill the blanks of this passage with Restrictive and

     Non-restrictive

     In Great Britain today good manners at table include eating with the mouth

     closed; not letting any of the food fall off the plate; using the knife

     only for cutting; and not trying to take food across the table. In other

     parts of the world there are also rules?________,but they are not the same

     as those of Britain. Indeed, the things?________are the things?________.In

     Arabia, for example, the people at a feast?宴会?take pieces of food with

     their fingers and belch loudly?______.

     In the Western countries there are differences between table

     manners?________.In North America it is polite to eat up meat and then put

    the knife down, take the fork in the right hand and eat with it. Most

     European people, like the British, keep the fork in the left hand and the

     knife in the right all the time when they are eating food?_____. In the

     British Isles and Scandinavia(Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Iceland)special

     knives and forks are used for eating fish. In France, Belgium and Italy,

     however, it is correct to keep the same knife for every course?______.

     Table manners of course have changed with time. The earliest meals were

     also the simplest?_______, and everyone took his food from the animal or

     bird?______.The women waited on the warriors?武士?and afterwards ate the

     food?______.

     Table manners did not always include quiet behavior. Quarrels often

     took place at table, an in the 17th century King Louis XIV of France

     ordered that only the knives?_______should be used to prevent people from

     stabbing each other while they were eating.

     Homework: Finish the exercise On P41 and grammar on P118.

     Language Study and Grammar

     Teaching Aims and Demands:

     ? To learn word formation and the meaning of prefixes, such as in-,

     im-, un-, non-

     ? To consolidate the Attributive Clauses, both restrictive and

     non-restrictive through some exercises.

     Step 1.

     ? Explain the formation of the word and the function of prefixes.

     ? Do exercise on P40 to point out which of the following words have

     negative prefixes.

     Nonstop unfold incorrect important understand

     Invite unlucky impossible uniform interesting

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