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2 Body language - Masaryk University

By Harold Morgan,2014-11-14 07:37
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2 Body language - Masaryk University

    MASARYK UNIVERSITY

    FACULTY OF EDUCATION

    DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

    Body language and gestures across cultures

    Bachelor Thesis

    Brno 2010

Supervisor: Written by:

    Michael George, M.A Ondřej Korchan

Announcement

    I declare that I wrote up this bachelor thesis on my own and I used only the sources listed in

    the bibliography.

     …………………………..

     Ondřej Korchan

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Acknowledgments

    I would like to thank my supervisor, Michael George, M.A. for his guidance during writing the thesis, his kind support, patience during consultations and valuable advice.

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Korchan, Ondřej. Body language and gestures across cultures: bachelor thesis. Brno:

    Masaryk University, Faculty of Education, Department of English Language and Literature, 2010. 41 p. Supervisor: Michael George, M.A.

Abstract

    The bachelor thesis deals with body-language as a form of non-verbal communication, gestures and differences in using gestures in different cultures. Interpretation of same gestures differs often in various parts of the world. Knowledge about the importance of body language and its potential usage in practice are included as well.

Anotace

Bakalářská práce se zabývá řečí těla jako formou komunikace, gestikulací a rozdíly

    v používání gestikulace v různých kulturách. Interpretace stejných gest se mnohdy velmi

    odlišuje v různých částech světa. V práci jsou rovněž zahrnuty poznatky o důležitosti řeči těla

    a jejich potenciální využití v praxi.

Key Words

    Body language, non-verbal communication, spacing, handshake, O.K. , gestures, differences in cultures

Klíčová slova

Řeč těla, neverbální komunikace, osobní prostor, podání ruky, O.K., gesta, rozdíly v kulturách

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Contents

     Introduction .................................................................................................................... 7 1

    2 Body language ............................................................................................................... 8 2.1 Is our body able to speak? ........................................................................................ 8 2.2 Pretending of body language .................................................................................... 9 2.3 Several well-known facts about human non-verbal communication .......................... 9 2.4 Nine basic signals we can read in people’s faces .................................................... 10 2.5 Inter-cultural differences in interpretation and explanation of smile ....................... 11 2.6 Personal territory ................................................................................................... 12 2.7 Spacing .................................................................................................................. 12 2.8 Cultural factors that influence areal spacing ........................................................... 13 2.9 Spacing in city and at the countryside .................................................................... 14 3 The most popular gestures ............................................................................................ 16 3.1 Basis of gestures and their origin............................................................................ 16 3.2 Shrug ..................................................................................................................... 16 3.3 Circle of fingers, alias O.K. .................................................................................... 16 3.4 Thumbs up ............................................................................................................. 17 3.5 “V” for victory ....................................................................................................... 18 3.6 Handshake ............................................................................................................. 18 3.7 Dominant x submisive handshake .......................................................................... 18 4 Practical part, country-by country listing ...................................................................... 20 4.1 Non-verbal communication in lessons .................................................................... 20 4.2 How can we learn to understand body language ..................................................... 21 4.3 Are you sensible to body language? (self-evaluating test)....................................... 21 4.4 Body language and gestures concrete criteria that are significant for certain

    countries .......................................................................................................................... 23 4.4.1 North America ................................................................................................ 23 4.4.2 South and Central America ............................................................................. 25 4.4.3 Middle East .................................................................................................... 27