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I The head

By Mary Walker,2014-06-13 16:13
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I The head

I The head

    1. In the successive transverse sections through head, how to recoganize the central sulcus exactly?

    2. what is the semioval center? Approximately describe the composition of fiberappearance CT

    and MRI and the clicic significance?

    3. In the successive transverse sections of brain,tell the morphous chandes of cerebral falx from superior to inferior.

    4. In the sections along Raid baseline from superior to inferior,tell the morphous chandes and significance of tentorium of cerebellum.

    5. Describe the variation of position between tonsil of cerebellum and great occipital foramen. 6. In the successive sagittal sections of head, tell the notate significance of marginal ramus of sulcus of cingulum.

    7. Please describe the notate significance of lateral sulcus.

    8. Please describe the notate significance of parietooccipital sulcus.

    9. In the successive sagittal sections of head, how to recoganize the central sulcus exactly? 10. In the successive sagittal sections of head, how to recoganize the internal capsule? 11. In the successive coronal sections of head, tell the morphous chandes and significance of lateral sulcus from anterior to posterior.

    12. Tell the position, composition, adjacent and category of suprasellar cistern. 13. Tell the difference between the position and content of cistern of velum interpositum and top of third ventricle of cerebrum.

    14. Tell the boundary, crossing structures and clinic significance of cistern of cerebellopontine angle.

    15. Tell the characteristics of cerebral vessels.

    16. Tell the name of segmentation, courser and branching of internal carotid artery. 17. Tell the name of segmentation, courser and branching of vertebral artety. 18. Tell the name of segmentation, courser and branching of anterior cerebral artery. 19. Tell the name of segmentation, courser and branching of middle cerebral artery. 20. Tell the name of segmentation, courser and branching of posterior cerebral artery.

    21. Tell the characteristics, courser ,branching and clinic significance of anterior choroidal artery. 22. Tell the characteristics, courser ,branching and clinic significance of posterior inferior cerebellar artery.

    23. Tell the resource, branching and nutritional scope of medial lenticulostriate artery. 24. Tell the resource and nutritional scope of artery of cerebral hemorrhage. 25. Tell the resource and nutritional scope of artery of Heubner artery.

    26. Tell the encephalic structures lacking blood-brain barrier.

    27. Cite an example by way of explanation of the cite an example by way of explanation of composition,cross-connection and clinic significance of occlusalf surface interspace. 28. In the transverse section, tell the position, content and clinic significance of pterygopalatine fossa briefly.

    29. How to measure the height of hypophysis? How to definite the normal value? 30. In the transverse section through interventricular foramen, which cinereal structures can be seen in turns from medial to lateral ?

    31. Tell the composition, content and cross-connection of occlusalf surface interspace. 32. In the transverse sections through occlusalf surface, tell the notate significance of ramus of mandible.

    II. The cervical part

    1. Tell the notate significance of thyroid cartilage.

    2. Tell the layers of cervical fascia and stretching relationship.

    3. In the transverse sections, how to determine the regions of cervical fascia and tell the contents

    of it.

    4. Tell the composition and contents of cervical interfascial space.

    5. Tell the subdivision of laryngeal cavity in the coronal sections of the cervical part. III. The thoracic part

    1. Tell the notate significance of the plane of sternal angle briefly.

    2. Tell the position, content and clinic significance of aorticopulmonary window. 3. Tell the position, content and clinic significance of azygoesophageal recess. 4. In the successive transverse sections through thoracic part, tell the characteristic of

    arrangement of pipages in superior mediastinum above the plane of superior border of aortic

    arch.

    5. Tell the main structures of transverse section through bifurcation of pulmonary trunk in

    thoracic part.

    6. In the transverse sections through thoracic part, tell the way of recoganizing the four

    chambers hearts.

    7. What is the ATS of Mediastinal lymph node?

    8. According to what, can the segments of lung be divided?

    9. Which segments of lungs consist of the left and right lungs usually?

    10. From superior to inferior, tell the changing regularity of the anatomic structures of the

    transverse section through hilum of lung of superior lobe of right lung. 11. Tell the changing regularity of the anatomic structures of the transverse section through hilum

    of lung of middle lobe of right lung.

    12. In the sectional anatomy, which are the five notate signification of the bronchi of right

    superior lobar bronchus?

    13. Briefly tell the anatomic characteristics of transverse section through hilum of lung of

    superior lobe of left lung.

    14. Tell the boundary and content of anterior diastema of trachea briefly.

    15. In the successive transverse sections through thoracic part, how to divide the segments of lung

    and what is the clinic significance?

    16. From superior to inferior, tell the changing regularity of the anatomic structures of the

    transverse section through hilum of lung of inferior lobe of right lung. 17. Tell the general characteristics of sectional anatomy of hilum of superior lobe of left lung

    briefly.

    18. Briefly tell the boundary and the contents of the vascular anterior diastema. 19. Tell the boundary and the increasing liminal value of the regional nodes of lung in the

    ATS,4R and 5 regions.

    20. In the transverse sections, how to divide the segments of middle mediastinum from ssuperior

    to inferiorWhat structures are there in every section?

    21. In the ATS picture, write the names and positions of mediastinal lymph nodes from 5th to 9th

    regions.

    22. Which pulmonary veins have the functions of dividing the superior lobe of left lung into

    segments?

    23. Which pulmonary veins is the intersegmental veins in dividing the inferior lobe of left lung

    into segments? Which two consecutive segments of lung are divided by the intersegmental

    veins?

IV. chapter abdomen

    nd1. Tell the main structures through the 2 porta hepatis and its clinical significance?

    2. Tell the marking significance of porta hepatis in cross sections?

    3. Tell the divisions of subphrenic space and its connectitvity?

    4. Tell the marking significance of the sagittal part of ramus sinister venae portae hepatis in sectional anatomy of the liver?

    5. Tell the variation and deformation of inferior vena cava?

    6. Tell the discrimination between hepatic vein and hepatic portal vein in sectional view? 7. Tell the main branches′ name and their distributions of hepatic portal vein?

    8. Tell the distribution, branches′ name and their significance of ramus sinister venae portae

    hepatis?

    9. How to identify the hepatic intermediate fissure and the left interlobar fissure? 10. How to identify the hepatic intermediate fissure and dorsal fissure?

    11. Tell the boundary, main structures and clinical significance of space between the hepatic

    portal vein and inferior vena cava?

    12. Tell the definition of perihepatic space?

    13. Tell the method to find the left and right adrenal gland in cross-sections? 14. Tell the reason that the section through the sagittal part of left branch of portal vein is the best

    beginning section to divide the liver segment in sagittal sections?

    15. How to identify the neck of the pancreas and processus uncinatus pancreatis in cross

    sections?

    16. Tell the distribution regularity of peritoneum and peritoneal cavity in the sagittal section

    through the left kidney?

    17. Which section is the best beginning section to divide the liver segment in sagittal sections and

    the reasons?

    18. How to identify the left interlobar fissure and right intersegment fissure in coronal sections? 19. How to definite the location of the main wirsung duct in the pancreas in the sagittal sections? V. chapter male pelvic part and perineum

    1. Tell the distribution regularity of the main structures of the male pelvic part and perineum in

    the cross-sections?

    nd2. Tell the upper and lower boundary of the 2 segment , main structures in the cross-sections of

    male pelvic part?

    3. Tell the sublobe, zonation of prostate and its MRI appearance and clinical significance? 4. Tell the composition, size, and clinical significance of the angle between bladder and

    spermary?

    5. Tell the zonation of prostate and the ultrasonic appearance of each zone? 6. How many zones can the prostate be divided according to McNeal?

    VI. chapter female pelvic part and perineum

    1. Tell the distribution regularity of the main structures of the female pelvic part and perineum in the cross-sections?

    nd2. Tell the upper and lower boundary of the 2 segment , main structures in the cross-sections of

    female pelvic part?

    rd3. Tell the upper and lower boundary of the 3 segment , main structures in the cross-sections of

    female pelvic part?

    4.Tell the features of uterine wall in normal period of duration?

    VII. chapter vertebral region

    1. Tell the composition of intervertebral disk and its CT, MRI appearance?

    2. Tell the composition, communication and clinical significance of vertebral vein systerm? 3. Tell the shape, type and clinical significance of lumbar spinal canal?

    4. Tell the features and narrow part of lumbar nerve root canal?

    5. Tell the composition, content, communication, normal value of anterior and posterior

    diameter of lateral recess of vertebral canal?

    VIII. chapter upper limb

    1. Tell the composition, construction features in sectional layers of the shoulder joint? 2. Tell the composition, construction features in sectional layers of the elbow joint? 3. Tell the radiocarpal joint and its construction features in sectional layers ? 4. Tell the carpometacarpal joint and its construction features in sectional layers ? 5. Why the cross-section through the middle part of the arm is the key section to understand the

    structure distribution of the arm?

    6. Tell the arrangement of the aponeurosis septum, vessals and nerve tract in the section through

    the middle part of the forearm?

    ?. chapter lower limb

    1. Tell the composition, construction features in sectional layers of the sacroiliac joint? 2. Tell the hip joint and its construction features in sectional layers ?

    3. Tell the knee joint and its construction features in sectional layers ?

    4. Tell the talocrural joint and its construction features in sectional layers ? 5. Tell the distribution regularity of muscles, blood vessels and nerves in the sections through

    the middle part of thigh?

    6. Tell the structures of ankle canal from anterior to posterior?

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