Unit One A Brush with the Law A Brush with the LawA Brush with the Law
1. Get Ss to know the chief purposes of law are to maintain peace and order, to protect the rights
of citizens, but the law in the western country may be unjustly applied or may be unjust in
2. Understand the structure: comparison and contrast (对于犯罪的界定的前后强烈对比).
3. Master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text.
4. Conduct a series of speaking activities based on the text.
5. Teach students how to look up new words in an English-English dictionary.
6. About the writing, Ss should get to know the writing skill—coherence (P.23).
7. About the listening, Ss finish Units 1-2 directed by teacher.
1. The Understanding of the arbitrariness of the British law and the hierocracy in capitalist
2. Understanding “youth counterculture”.
Time Allotment: (This unit will be finished within 6 periods)
stndrdththth 1 period 2 period 3 period 4 period 5 period 6 period
Intensive reading: While-reading While-reading Post-reading Extensive Listening
Pre-reading; reading and
I. Intensive Reading (4 periods)
Pre-reading Tasks (40 minutes)
1. Background information (20 minutes)
1) Lawyer, solicitor, barrister
Lawyer is the general term for anyone whose work it is to advise his clients about the law and represent them in court
A solicitor is a lawyer who gives advice, appears in lower courts, and prepares cases for a barrister to argue in a higher court.
A barrister is a lawyer who has the right of speaking and arguing in the higher courts of law.
2) Middle class
In Britain, the middle class refers to the class of people between the nobility and the working class. It includes professional men, bankers, owners of business. In the United States, however, the middle class refers to the class of people between the very wealthy class and the class of unskilled
labourers and unemployed people. It includes businessmen, professional people, office workers, and many skilled workers.
3) Youth Counterculture: (2 minutes for reading, 5minutes for pair-work)
In the early 1960s, many young people in the United States became disappointed about the existing state of affairs in their society. They especially hated the Vietnam War. They wanted to have a change, but didn‟t know how. They could not find a constructive way of changing the society into
a better one. As a result, they turned to a destructive way. They rejected conventional social values and demanded more personal freedom. They were a group of young people thinking they were struggling against the unfairness. This group of young people indulged themselves in sex, drugs, alcohol and rock music. They took price in wearing long hair and unusual clothes. They felt proud when doing anything unconventional. This trend didn‟t cool down until the late of 1970s. Its original
purpose was to struggle against the capitalist society, while it ended in a passive, negative attitude to life and an absurd style of life. We should say it was a tragedy of the capitalist world.
Questions for discussion: (Pair Work)
1) Why did “youth counterculture” come into being?
2) What did the youths do?
3) How did it develop?
2. Warming-up Activities (10 minutes)
Students work in pairs or groups to discuss the following questions.
1) What does the word “law” remind you of ?
2) What are the basic requirements of law?
3) What‟s the function of law? (Sample answer: To keep order in the society, to protect the legal
rights of citizens, to punish those who commit crimes.)
4) Do you think law can always fulfill its function, and why?
5) On what basis should police be able to arrest somebody?
6) Is it the case in this story?
3. Translate the following quotations on law into Chinese. (10 minutes)
1) Law is the crystallization of the habit and thought of society.
2) The Law is the expression of the general will. All citizens have the right to take part, personally or through their representatives, in its making. It must be the same for all, whether it protects or punishes. All citizens, being equal in its eyes, shall be equally eligible to all high offices, public positions and employments, according to their ability, and without other distinction than that of their virtues and talents.
------Adapted from Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
While-reading Tasks (80 minutes)
1. Global reading
1) T guides Ss to skim the text to find out the text structure and sum up the main idea of each part. (10mins)
Part I (Para.1) The whole process of the narrator‟s being arrested and taken to court was arbitrary. It was a rather unpleasant experience.
Part II (Paras.2-12) By telling why he was arrested and how he was released, the narrator reveals that both the police and the court dealt with the matter quite arbitrarily.
Part III (Paras.13-22) The narrator believes that if he had come from a different background, he would have found guilty.
2) Summery of the text:
I went to the local library with the intention of seeking employment there. But when I was walking out of it, I saw a man approaching me. He turned out be a police officer. He said that he was arresting me. I thought it was a kind of joke, but when another policeman in uniform appeared, I meant he meant the real business.
My unpleasant experience reveals that the law can be arbitrary applied sometimes and even the law itself may be unjust.
3) Discourse Analysis
The author tells us about what happened to him when he was involved in the law suit. It was really a very unpleasant experience, yet it provides us with much food for thought. The text is a narrative, written in the first person. Apart from narration, it also includes the narrator‟s interior monologue as well as dialogues, which makes the narration vivid and true to life. 2. Detailed Reading
T explains the text in detail.
1) brush: a short fight or quarrel; an argument or disagreement
Examples: —to have a brush with the Police/the Custom men/the enemy
—It is his third brush with the law in less than a year.
2) take sb. to court: take legal action against sb.
Examples: —I told him that I would take him to court if he did not repay the money in a week.
—If you go on ill-treating your wife like this, you will be taken to court. 3).…it makes a good story now: …it provides material for a good story now.
Here the verb “to make” means “to have the qualities needed for (sth. good)”.
Examples: —Iced tea makes an excellent drink in summer.
—The wall ca1endar makes a nice New Year gift.
4) “What makes it rather disturbing was the arbitrary circumstances both of my arrest and my subsequent fate in court.”
The author was arrested simply because the Policemen thought he intended to steal milk bottles and later in court he was released fm the charge just because he had the “right” ac—cent, respectable
middle—class parents, reliable witnesses and so on. That is to say, he was arrested arbitrarily and released arbitrarily. And it is this arbitrariness of both his arrest and his release that the author thinks rather disturbing.
arbitrary: based on one's own wishes or will rather than reason .
Examples: —If a leader makes decisions without conducting investigations, he is being arbitrary.
—The arbitrary decisions of the factory owners caused dissatisfaction among the
circumstances: conditions, facts, etc. connected with an event or a person
Examples:—We cannot expect him to continue these activities under such unfavorable
—Because of circumstances beyond our contro1 the meeting was cancelled. subsequent: coming after, following
Examples: —Subsequent events proved that my judgment of the situation was right.
—The story will be continued in subsequent issues of the magazine. 5) a couple of: a small number of; a few, usually two
Examples: —I‟ve got a couple of tickets. Will you go with me?
—Tom is quite busy now. His wife is expecting a baby in a couple of weeks. 6)..…and was not due to go to university until the following October. due: l) expected or scheduled to arrive or be ready; supposed (to) Examples: —The train from Beijing is due at l:30.
—The next train to Naming is due to leave at ten.
—The young man is due to appear in the Magistrates' Court next Monday.
2) to be paid or returned
Examples: —When is the rent due?
—The hooks are due today but I want to renew some of them. 7) temporary: lasting for a short time only. (Its opposite is “permanent”—lasting for a long time or
Examples: —Tim has found a temporary job for the summer in a hardware store.
—This is not my permanent address; it is only a temporary one. 8) save up: keep for future use
Examples: —It took him a year to save up enough money for a computer.
—They are now saving up to buy a house in the suburbs. 9) take one’s time: not to hurry; do sth. in an unhurried way
Examples: —Just take your time and tell me clearly what happened at the meeting yesterday.
—It‟s better to take your time over a piece of work and do it properly than to hurry and
10) It must have been this obvious aimlessness that led to my downfall.
I‟m sure my arrest was the result of my wandering in the streets without any definite purpose.
obvious: easy to see or understand; clear
Examples: —It was obvious that the policeman mistook me for a thief.
—For obvious reasons, the magistrate dismissed the case after fifteen minutes. 14. …this time in uniform… : the second policeman was wearing uniform whi1e the first was obviously in plain clothes.
11) uniform: a certain type of clothing which all members of a group or organization wear Examples: —Policemen wear uniform(s); so do soldiers, postmen and Customs men.
—The boys and girls take great pride in wearing school uniforms.
12) wander: walk around a place in a casua1 way, often without a fixed course, aim or purpose Examples: —After supper he would go out and wander alone in the streets for about an hour.
—David wandered through the bookstore, hoping to find a good book for Lily's birthday. 13)…commit an arrestable offence:…commit an offence which is serious enough for one to be
arrested commit; do (sth. wrong, bad, foolish, or unlawful) Examples: —If we fail to understand this, we shall commit a lot of mistakes.
—During their occupation of China, the Japanese invaders committed many horrible
crimes against the Chinese people.
—The detective concluded that the murder was committed in this very room.
—Can you tell us why the gifted American poet committed suicide (killed himself) at the
peak of his fame?
14) perfectly straight face: a face showing no emotion or humor; a very serious-looking face
perfectly; very; comp1etely
Examples: —You‟re perfectly right.
—I'm perfectly satisfied with your arrangements.
15) turn out: be found or discovered (to be); prove to be
Examples: —It turned out that the best student in my class is the son of a classmate of mine.
—The weather turned out pretty nice that day.
—After a bad start, our English evening turned out (to be) a great success.
—The general manager of the big company turned out to be a young woman of about 30
16) regard… as.: …consider…as
Examples: —I regard him as my best friend.
—He used to regard himself as highly intelligent. Later, be realized that his intelligence
was not absolute.
—Einstein is regarded by many as the greatest scientist of the twentieth century. 17).…in the most casual and conversational tone I could manage: …trying to sound as unconcerned and informal as I could
casual: relaxed and unconcerned about what is happening or what one is doing Examples:—Because of his casual attitude toward work, he was fired.
—He tried to appear casual as he asked the pretty girl to dance. 18).…it confirmed them in their belief that l was a thoroughly disreputable character: …it reinforced their belief that I was a very disreputable person.
confirm: l) strengthen; make firmer
Examples: —The sudden snowstorm during the night confirmed my decision not to leave.
—What you have told me about Steve confirmed me in my suspicion that he has stolen
my gold watch.
—The result of my experiments has confirmed my belief (confirmed me in my belief)
that your thump is correct.
2) prove to be true or correct
Examples:—The Mayor confirmed the report that his son had been kidnapped.
—Both the special theory of relativity and the general theory of relativity
advanced by Einstein were later confirmed by other scientists. 19) charge: blame (sb.) officially for having broken the law
Examples: —The police charged the driver with drunken driving.
—What is he charged with?
—be charged with murder/stealing/theft/neglecting one‟s duty
20) conduct: manage; direct; carry out
Examples: —After failing a dozen times or so, Dr. Wilson decided to conduct the experiment in a
—The police are conducting investigations into these murders. 21) call (up)on: invite, require; appeal to
Examples: —Dr. Smith was often called upon to speak at these gatherings.
—The President called on his people to work hard for national unity. 22) My ‘trial’ didn’t get that far.
My „trial‟ ended before it reached the stage when witnesses would be called on to give evidence. The adverb „far‟ here means “to a certain point, degree, or stage”.
Examples: —I didn‟t know biological science had got that far. (I didn‟t know biological science had
developed to such a stage as that. )
—How far can he be trusted?
—He went so far as to cheat openly on exams.
23) The magistrate dismissed the case…:
As a rule, the Magistrates' Court consists of three magistrates, with one speaking for the others in court.
dismiss: (of a judge) stop (a court case), refuse to consider a (complaint, plea, etc. ) in a court
Example: —The magistrate dismissed the case because of lack of evidence. 24) stand a chance: have a chance
Examples:—I would apply for the post if I were you. I think you stand a good chance.
—Without a degree and with no experience in teaching, I don‟t think I stand a chance of
getting the teaching post.
—De you think Mark stands a chance of being elected?
25) getting costs awarded against the police: …getting the magistrates to make the decision that the expenses of the case (诉讼费) should be paid by the police.
The word „costs‟ refers here to the expenses of a lawsuit or case which the court re-quires the losing
party to pay.
Example: —He was jailed for 6 months and ordered to pay l ，500 costs.
The verb „to award‟ here means „to decide upon or settle by law‟ (判定).
Example: —A High Court judge awarded him ，2 million damages.
26) respectable: deserving respect (cf. respectful: showing respect to others) Examples: —Dr. Smith is a respectable professor and all his students are respectful to him.
—He came from a poor but perfectly respectable family. 27) reliable: worthy of trust; dependable
Examples: —Mr. Johnson's secretary is efficient and reliable.
—I got these figures from reliable sources.
28). …and (if I) had really been unemployed…:
The narrator was not really unemployed because he was a young man about to go to college. He was looking for a job not to support himself but to save up some money to go travel-ling. 29).…there is every chance that I would have been found guilty:…it is very likely (or chances
are) that the magistrate would have decided me to be guilty.
The verb „to find‟ here means „to decide or declare (sb.) to be (guilty or innocent)‟(裁决).
Examples: —The jury found the accused man guilty (or innocent).
—He was found guilty of murder/embezzlement(挪用公款)/taking bribes/passing on
secret papers to a foreign country.
30).… my solicitor's case quite obviously revolved around the fact that I had a ‘brilliant academic record’:…my lawyer’s argument very clearly cent red on the fact that I had a very good record as a student.
revolve around: move in circles around; have as its center or main topic or concern Examples:—The moon revolves around the earth, and the earth revolves around the sun.
—Mary has no other outside interests at all. Her whole life revolves around her husband
and the children.
—The dispute at the moment revolves around whether we should go on with the
31) meanwhile: during the same period of time
Examples:—The boy had gone back home all by himself. Meanwhile, his parents were looking for
him in the park.
—Bob went to the post office to send a letter. Meanwhile Lily was preparing lunch at home. 32) complain: speak in an unhappy, dissatisfied way
Examples: —For my own part, I have nothing to complain about.
—He is always complaining about the weather in Shanghai.
33) apologize: say one is sorry
Examples: —If I have said anything wrong, I am ready to apologize.
—I must apologize to all of you for being so late.
Key Grammatical structures in the text:
1) Given: if one takes into account or considering; if allowed or provided with