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Helping children to work independently whilst the teacher is

By Zachary Patterson,2014-06-13 15:57
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Helping children to work independently whilst the teacher is

    Helping children to work independently whilst the teacher is

    working with a guided group

; Make sure the children are fully aware of the learning objective: ‘We

    are learning to …’

    ; Assign specific roles to individual children on the table e.g. scribe,

    speaker, listener, time keeper …

    ; Provide a pictorial task card as a reminder to the children of what they

    have to do

    ; Provide appropriate supports to help the children to complete their task

    e.g. writing frames, sentence openers, suitable word lists, planning

    models, target flap cards, spelling resource box, word mats, working

    walls

; Have the children work in collaborative pairs for example pairing a

    child with lots of ideas but difficulties with written recording with a child

    who is good at the secretarial aspects of writing but has fewer ideas

; Plan activities which involve alternatives to written recording e.g.

    matching, sequencing, sorting, highlighting …

    ; Matching (labels to objects, labels to parts of a diagram,

    sentences and pictures, highlighting )

    ; Sequencing (cloze procedure to fill in the missing words from

    text, sorting sentences, paragraphs or short texts into the right

    order, highlighting, ‘tops and tails’ – matching the beginnings

    and endings of sentences …)

    ; Spoken word (role play, oral presentations, tape recordings …)

    ; Charts (flow charts, card sorts, mind mapping, brainstorming …)

    ; Images (making posters, drawing diagrams, making 2D or 3D

    displays, video recordings, digital photo spreads …)

    ; Scribing (dictation to a helper, paired recording with a fluent

    writer …)

    ; ICT (word processing, predictive or voice operated word

    processing software …)

    ; Actively teach children core routines for certain tasks and give them

    time to practise them

; Give instructions carefully chunk them rather than saying them in one

    long string. Repeat them and ask a child to repeat them for the group.

; Make sure children know what to do when they have finished where

    to put their work, and what they can do next. Have a tray of extra

    activities prepared for the children to choose from.

    ; Provide a visual reminder to show the children they are meant to be

    working independently.

    ; Keep a poster in the classroom reminding children what they can do if

    they get stuck

; Assign each child a ‘stuck buddy’ so they have someone to ask for help

    if they get stuck

    ; Establish ‘on-going’ stories in books, on the computer or on audio tape

    that the children can add to if they have time to do so

    ; Establish reading or writing journals in the class which children can

    work in whenever they have the time or while waiting for adult attention.

    ; Provide appropriate resources in the classroom for the children

    including pencils, pens, highlighter pens, sticky notes, crayons …

; Ensure all the children are aware of the range of strategies first to

    complete work independently rather than automatically seeking (and

    receiving) adult help

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