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The stylistic analysis of the poem the bells

By Henry King,2014-08-05 23:12
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The stylistic analysis of the poem the bellsof,The,the,poem,bells,Poem

The stylistic analysis of the poem the bells

    5卷第8

    V01.5No.8

    读与写杂志

    ReadandWtePeriodicaI

    20088

    August2008

    ThestylisticanalysisofthepoemthebeIls

    原卫国

    (山东省科技大学济南校区LIi东莱州250031)

    Abstract:Thispaperanalyzesthestylisticfeatureofthepoemfromtheperspectiveofitstheme

    ,itssentence

    pattern.

    Keywords:stanzasentencepattern

    中图分类号:6642文献标识码:A文章编号:16721578(2008)8-0016-o1 TheauthorofthepoemthebellsisEdgarA1lanPoe,who isafirstclassAmericanpoetinnineteenthcentury,isal- soconsideredasagreatwriteroffictionwithuniquestyle andacriticofacumenandinsight.Hisworksarereadthe worldoverwithappreciationandunderstanding. Thepoemconsistsofthreestanzas.eachonewithdif- ferent1ines.

    Thethemeofeachstanzaisasuggestionthatthewhole processoflifeisadegradingfromtheparadisetothe hel1.Thekeywordofeach,stanzaissilverbells,golden bell,brazenbells,ironbells,whichsymbolizesdifferent mentalimage.

    Herewecanfindthereexistsnearlyidenticalsentence patternineachstanza,sowecancomparethemverydistinc

    tively:1)sledgeswiththebells,themellowweddingbells. thetollingofthebells,theloudalarumbells,2)silver bolls,goldenbells,brazenbells,ironbelis3)aworldof merrimenttheirmelodyforetelis,aworldofhappinesstheir harmonyforetells,ataleofterrortheirturbulencytells, aworldofsolemnthoughttheirmonodycompels,4)theicy airofnight,thebalmyairofnight,thestartledearof night,thesilenceofthenight.5)inasortofrunicrhyme, allintune,outoftune.inasortofrunicrhyme.6)a crystallinedelight,a1iquiddittyfloats,agushofeupho

    nyvoluminouslywells,ahorrortheyoutpour,fromtherust withintheirthroatsisagroan7)fromthejingling andthetinklingofthebells,totherhymingandthechim- ingofthebells,intheclamorandtheclangorofthe bells,tothemoaningandthegroaningofthebells Secondly,wecaninferwhattheauthorintendtoconvey tous:infirststanza,thestarsthatoversprinkle.all theheavensseemtotwinklewherebywecanunderstandthe firstgradeJoyjustlikefromtheparadise,etherealbliss ichcannotbesurpassed.acrystallinedelightisakind ofpure,transparentdelight.Inthefirst1ine,hearthe sledgeswiththebells.theword"sledgeisthetransports

    tionvehicleofXmasFather.whichbringsgiftstothepoor, sowemayalsounderstandthejoyissacred,whichisen

    dowedbyGod.Inthesecondstanza,hearthemellowwedding bells.goldenbells!Whataworldofhappinesstheirharmony foretells!Whataliquiddittyfloatstotheturtle——dove

    thatlistens,whileshegloatsonthemoonwherebythejoy

    issecularjoy,thejoyfromearthtransferredtothemoon, thejoyoftheweddingwhosecharacteristicsisharmony.In thethirdstanza,heartheloudalarumbel1s--brazenbel1s! whatataleofterror,now,theirturbulencytells! Bythesideofthepa1efacedmoon.Whatataletheir

    terrortellsofdespair!Whatahorrortheyoutpouronthe bosomofthepalpitatingair!Themoodexpressedisinmore lowerspiritthanpreviouskind.Itdescribesthefeeling ofthepersoninthethreatofdangerwhile1iving.The fourthkindisthescareofdeath.Thewordstodescribe negativeemotionappearfrequently:"melancholymenace.on thehumanheartastoneTheyareneithermannorman——

    Theyareneitherbrutenorhuman——TheyareGhou1s'

    Here"ghouls"istheshortformofghostandsou1.Theking intheunderworldkeepgivingwarningtotheliving,andev- erybodyisdoomedtodie.Thetragicendofbeingalive wouldfalloneachone.Inthisstanza.theauthorusesa lotofparallelstructuretocreateahorribleatmosphere. Fourkindsofbellssymbolizedifferentstagesofjour- neyoflife:thefirstsilverbellsymbolizestheatmosphere ofchiidhood,inchildren'smind,theworldinwhichheor sheinhabitsisnodifferentfromthefairytale.Without worryofsurvival,freeofcare,tomostchiidrentheir chiIdhoodisthegoldenageinwholeprocessoflife.Their spiritismorelikelytobeinecstasy.Thesecondgolden bellsymbolizestheatmosphereofmaturity.Developfroma childtoanadult,thebosomoftheyoungmanisfullof longingforfuturelife.Theirspirittendstointranqui1i

    tywhileenjoyingmatrimoniallife.Fullofhope,fullof dream,somanythingsuncertain,tomostinexperiencedyoung

    mallthe1ifeismorelikeadreamland.whichisaprecious stageinlife.Yetallcometochangewithtimepassingby. Afterbeingaformalmemberofthesociety.everyoneis underpressureofsurvival,shoulderingtheresponsibilityof supportinghisorherfamily.Nochoicebuttoadapttothe lawsofthesurvivalofthefittest,keepinghardtocompete, nevergiveup,alertagainstpossibledisease,potentialdan

    get,approachingagingthelifeisnotaeasygametoevery

    one.Nobodycantotallybefreeofendlessworry,seriesof waitingtroubletobesolved.Dangerdwellssomewhereatthe bottomofeveryone'sheart.Thatistheinevitabledestiny t01iveinthesecu1arwOrld.EspeciallytOthep0DrI1o livewithoutanyhope,despairistheirfrequentvisit0r. Listen:"H0wtheyclanandclash,androar!Whatahorr0r they0utpourontheb0somofthepa1pitatingair!Yetthe ear,itfullyknows,BythetwangingAndtheclaIlgingH

    thedangerebbsandflows:Yettheeardistinct1ytel1s,In thejanglingH0wthedangersinksandswel1s,bythsinking ortheswe1lingintheanger0fthebells——.fthebe11s.

    ——

    ofthebel1s.bells,bells,bells."

    Fr0mtheperspectiveofthefigure0fspeech,here"h0w thedangerebbsandfl0ws.h0wthedangersinksa1dswel1s

    isconsideredasrepetiti0n,wherebythefrequencyOfdanger isstressed.Stanza4thehumanheartastOneisametaph0r, inW]ichthehumaheartisc0mparedto8st0ne.'Theyare neithermanorwoman——Thevareneitherbrutenorhuman"is para1le1alm0sttorepetiti0n."Keeptie,time,time"Of

    thebe1ls,bells,be1ls"isrepeatedsevera1times.

frnces:

    [1]AlinguisticguidetoEnglishpoetryGeoffreyN.Leech 2OO3ForeignlanguageTeachingandResearchPress. [2]王佐良.英国诗选.上海译文出版社.2OO2.

    

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