6 Different degrees of disability inclusion

By Mary Hunt,2014-05-25 18:39
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6 Different degrees of disability inclusion

Tool: Different degrees of disability inclusion

Degree 1 Low degree of disability inclusion required

    When? :

    - For projects that do not target people or intend to improve living conditions

    - For projects that support related institutions

Examples of concerned sectors:

    - Veterinary services

    - Regional economic integration

    - Anti-corruption

    - Tax administration, taxpayer’s management and effective exchange of information

    - Anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing, etc

Degree 2 Medium degree of disability inclusion

    When? :

    - For projects that address the wellbeing of all people (i.e. the whole population or

    subgroup in the area)

    - For projects that focus on essential / basic services

    - For projects supporting institutions which implement the types of project mentioned


    - For any of the identified problems/strategies that have a direct or indirect impact on

    persons with disabilities, their living conditions or prevention of disability. Examples of concerned sectors:

    - Private sector development

    - Sustainable land management

    - Climate change

    - Disaster risk reduction

    - Research, science and technology

    - Territorial development, etc

Degree 3 High degree of disability inclusion required

    When? :

    - For projects that involve social, health and education sector components

    - For projects concerned with discrimination and human rights

    - For projects with an identified subgroup of persons with disabilities in the target group

    - For projects that contain a specific disability component in addition to more general


    - For projects supporting institutions aiming at implementing one of the types of project

    mentioned above.

Examples of concerned sectors:

    - Health, including HIV and AIDS

    - Education

    - Social sector and housing

    - Urban development including transport

    - Water and sanitation

    - Democratisation and human rights

    - Information and communication technologies

    - Social cohesion and employment

    - Energy

    - Food security

    - Governance

    - Conflict prevention

     Low level of disability Medium level of disability High level of disability inclusion required inclusion required inclusion required

     Projects targeting general Projects involving health, Projects do not population education and social sectors target persons Projects with an impact on Projects focussing on

    persons with disabilities discrimination and human rights Projects focussing on Projects with an identified sub-essential services group of persons with disabilities

Disability specific projects

    In this chapter we are primarily discussing the inclusion of a disability perspective in development projects in general (sometimes called ‘mainstreaming’). Another approach is to have ‘disability specific’ projects. Disability specific projects are designed specifically to empower persons with disabilities. While this manual deals with the disability-inclusive approach, in certain situations, disability specific projects are also necessary.

When are disability specific approaches used?

    - For projects that specifically focus on the concerns of persons with disabilities

    - For projects supporting institutions that implement these types of projects

Examples of concerned sectors and activities:

    Projects to enhance the capacity/ the empowerment of disabled people's organisations

Projects developed to create equitable access to health/ education/ habilitation/

rehabilitation for persons with disabilities

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