ORAL ENGLISH: Presentation Skills: Giving a Speech
Lessons Objectives: This lesson is designed to improve students’ general ability to make speeches.
You will need to prepare a presentation on any subject you would like to talk about BEFORE you come to class. You will speak alone. You will record your presentation in class on your phone for you to listen to later. When Planning And Giving A Presentation, Remember…
Practice your presentation, by yourself or with a friend. This will give you confidence, but do not practice too much or the presentation will sound false. Do not try to memorise all the words you want to speak. Understand the feeling and the ideas you want to communicate very well and the words should come naturally. If you understand your topic very well, you do not need to memorise the words.
If you want, you can use drawings, items or posters to help explain your ideas.
Introduce yourself and your topic first.
Timing: You will have a maximum of 3 minutes for your presentation. Stick to it. You will take questions from the audience afterwards if there is time.
Body Language: Make sure that you stand up straight. Don't cross your arms;
you will not appear as being honest and people will not accept your message. Be enthusiastic about your presentation and remember to smile; this will help to relieve some of the stress. Don’t be lazy. Give your audience some energy. Try
to include some humour in your presentation. You should try to say something funny every time you make a presentation. Formal, serious speeches with no humour are only used when the situation is dangerous, sad or an occasion when laughter would not be appropriate. Remember to make eye contact with your audience. Never read your presentation - this is boring and you will lose the attention of your audience. Take a small piece of paper with you with only a few words written on it to remind you of the ideas you will talk about. If you have an important quote that is difficult to remember, you can write that out fully and read it when you speak.
Pronounce each word carefully, avoiding slang. Do not say "you know", "and so on", "so-so", “Uhhm”, “Ahhhh”, etc.
Communication is only 20% words; the rest in tone, body language, eye contact, facial expressions etc.
Pitch & Volume: Pitch refers to the highs and lows of the voice. Keep your voice interesting. Whatever you do, you must avoid a monotone. Speak as loudly and clearly as you can to make sure that all the members in your audience can hear your presentation. If you need to, use a microphone.
Speed: The speed, or pace, is an important thing to control. SLOW DOWN. Do not speak too quickly. Pausing is also important. When you want to emphasize a certain word, pause for one second before you say it. This highlights the word.
Change your voice constantly while you are speaking. Try to change your pitch, volume, and speed all the way through your presentation, even if it is only for just one word. This keeps the class listening to your presentation and makes you sound interesting!
At the end of your presentation, thank your audience for listening and ask if they have any questions.