III. Words and Expressions
e.g. James professed to know everything about sculpture.
He professed the greatest respect for the law. Practice: ；制作的时候中文先出现？然后设置按钮？点击以后出现英文翻译？
She professed total ignorance of the matter.
He professed that he knew nothing about the plot.
e.g. After years of hard work, they finally made an earth-shattering discovery.
The new invention is of earth-shattering importance.
pretend to have or be, put on a false air of
e.g. She feigned to be ill in order not to do the exercises.
He feigned surprise and they all believed him. Collocations:
feign interest / surprise / ignorance / illness (formal) pretend that you are interested, surprised, etc. e.g. “Oh really!” he said, trying to feign interest.
Sometimes it’s best just to feign ignorance (=pretend that you do not know anything). Synonym:
deliberately behave as though something is true when you know it is not, either for fun or to
e.g. Mark closed his eyes and pretended to be asleep.
She shouted but he pretended that he hadn’t heard her.
a strong interest in sth., usually because you are worried about it, with the result that you do not
pay attention to other things
e.g. Because of his preoccupation with his books, he didn’t realize we were already back.
Such preoccupation with your work isn’t healthy.
the state of avoiding giving a direct answer or making a firm decision
e.g. After months of prevarication, a decision was finally made. When we questioned the authorities on the subject, we were met by prevarication.
seeming to be everywhere
e.g. By the end of last century, the computer had become ubiquitous.
We are now confronted with the ubiquitous spread of English.
e.g. It’s invariably wet when I take my holidays.
She invariably forgets to take her keys.
blurt out v.
say sth. suddenly and without thinking, usually because one is nervous or excited
e.g. To our surprise, he blurted his secret out at table.
John blurted out that he dreamed of becoming a computer programmer.
a substance such as oil that one puts on surfaces that rub together e.g. That all-important task acts as a social lubricant, minimizing frictions.
complicated or made up of many confusing parts
e.g. After listening to his speech I thought his ideas and opinions were so tangled that I could not
vote for him.
The floor of the forest was covered with tangled growth.
reduce or become weaker until useless
e.g. My shoes have worn down at the heel.
Your back tyres are badly worn down; you should fit new ones.
bend or twist and to be no longer in the correct shape e.g. Left in the garage where it was damp, the wooden frame had warped.
The door must be warped. It won’t close properly.
a rapid increase in the amount or number of sth.
e.g. Smoking triggers off cell proliferation.
Over the past two years, we have witnessed the proliferation of TV channels.
undermine v. gradually make sb. or sth. less strong or effective e.g. She jealously tried to undermine our friendship.
Lack of food has undermined his health.