Title: Cadillac Aera
Design Studio: General Motors Advanced Design California
Frank Saucedo – Director
Phil Tanioka – Project Manager
Jussi Timonen – Vehicle Designer
Brent Wickham – Concept Strategist
Shawn Moghadam – Layout Designer
The Cadillac Aera (Aero + Era) launches Cadillac’s philosophy of “Art and Science” into new territory by taking an innovative and stylistic approach to ultra-light weight vehicle design. Aera is a 1000 lb, 2+2 touring coupe, with a range of 1000 miles before refueling; attributes
achieved without compromising size, capacity and safety.
Optimum efficiency, minimum parts
Aera’s highly advanced body structure utilizes a 3D lattice, mono-formed frame. This
polyhedral structure is similar to configurations found consistently in nature, e.g., inside the grouping of bubbles. The structure is formed from unique, alloy-utilizing, semi-solid freeform manufacturing, creating a naturally strong, extremely lightweight frame. All major body parts, including interior components, are essentially “grown” into a single part lattice structure.
Renowned Cadillac smoothness and quietness are accomplished using the harnessed power of compressed air via a highly efficient Pneumatic Drive System (PDS). Its 10,000 psi
composite air storage tank has ample capacity for a 1000 mile range. Flexible, pressurized air cells in the exterior skin, similar to material developed for the NASA Mars Rover airbags, enhance passive safety and interior comfort. The flexible polymer skin optimizes aerodynamics and functions as an ultra-lightweight alternative to conventional body panels and glass.
Additional technologies include an All-In-One (AIO) wheel system, combining rotary actuator
propulsion, steering and suspension functions. A drive by wireless system decreases the
mass of electrical components. Vehicle to vehicle communication (V2V) promotes active safety.
The Cadillac Aera embodies a stylistic, lightweight, minimalist approach to long distance luxury touring.
Title: Honda Air
Design Studio: Honda Advanced Design Studio, Pasadena, CA
The Honda Air concept is a vision of the future of lightweight and alternative fuel performance vehicles; a coastal cruiser for the aggressive lifestyle. Inspired by the modern roller coaster as well as skydiving wing-suits, the Air is powered by a compressed air and pneumatic regulator system. It utilizes turbo vacuums and external air-flow to regenerate tank pressure for extended range and increased boost for an estimated 100 miles. The chassis doubles as the master tank and all components, including seating, are mounted to the central chassis/tank to eliminate redundant structure and reduce overall weight.
Vegetable based polymer panels and fairings protect occupants, maintaining the solid Honda method; safety for everyone. The Air’s cockpit and package maintain the aggressive human packaging of a modern roller coaster aimed at maximizing the open air experience. In order to reduce weight and increase dynamic performance, a hub-less wheel and drive system eliminates the use of heavy drive train components. Glass reinforced seating panels, urethane tire composition and skeletal sub-frame components combine for drastic weight savings. Using a Honda generator / air compressor at home or tire filler at your local filling station, the main tanks and reserves can be filled quickly and safely.
At just under 800 lbs., the powerful anthem of pneumatic propulsion and a character unlike any zero-emission vehicle exemplifies Honda’s concept of fun to drive. The pow[air] of dreams.
Title: MAYBACH DRS
Design Studio: Mercedes-Benz Research and Development Japan:
Advanced Design Center Japan
Holger Hutzenlaub – General Manager, Mercedes-Benz Advanced Design Japan
Hiroshi Yajima – Designer
Hideki Takahashi – Designer
Yong Won Lee – Designer
Toru Nakano – Designer
Teck-Koun Kim – Designer
Masahide Yamada – Design-Modeler
Daniel Schlapp – Design Intern
MAYBACH DRS - “Den-Riki-Sha” (electric powered rickshaw)
Gracing the Roads of Tomorrow
A radically new car culture will arise in the near future, which is aligned with modern architecture, infrastructure and nature. An astonishing variety of future automotive designs will grow, commensurate, with newly available energy sources, drive systems and alternative production methods. Light, transparent designs with sculptured elegance and an extensive range of comfort and safety options are finding their way into a new eco-conscious world.
The MAYBACH DRS “Den-Riki-Sha” (electric powered rickshaw) embodies these attributes
and leverages the traditional values of the classic "Jin-Riki-Sha" (human powered rickshaw),
which originated in Tokyo circa 1870.
Breathtaking beauty, ingenious luxury and technical brilliance characterize the sophisticated development of the “DRS.” This MAYBACH is the first worldwide NMV (Naturally
Manufactured Vehicle). Its production process is unique: Per a highly perfected and complex metamorphosis, a readily developed car is born out of a coded DNA-cocoon. Organic intelligence, aligned with advanced bio-mechanical engineering skills, created this special process being designed for a limited number of exclusive vehicles. A futuristic composition of ultra-light construction with a unique luxurious Exterior & Interior expression.
Powered by a self balancing electric drive unit and controlled by an onboard computer that
is plugged into a mega city’s transport infrastructure, the MAYBACH DRS delivers a smooth,
luxurious journey cross town. To extend its range, this human-electric hybrid allows pedaling power to be supplemented by the driver. Meanwhile, the passengers enjoy the journey in their glamorous surroundings.
MAYBACH traditionally pointed the way to a modern era of luxurious mobility – the “Den-Riki-
Sha” continues this heritage, gracing the roads of tomorrow.
Title: MAZDA MX-0 (as in the number Zero)
Design Studio: MAZDA Design Americas
Derek Jenkins Jacques Flynn
-adjective: having no measurable quantity or magnitude
-noun: the lowest point or degree
Mazda’s long-time commitment to low weight is driven by the belief that effortless cornering and acceleration should be at the heart of every car we design. Our featherweight icon -- the MX-5 Miata, tipped the scales at a little over 2,300 pounds in its first generation. Starting with the MX-5 as a benchmark, the design team has carried out a systematic process of reduction and consolidation. In this process, we have redesigned each component in the MX-0 to carry out the functions of several MX-5 components, effectively replacing a multitude of MX-5 parts with fewer, simplified ones. Innovative lightweight materials have been used extensively to obsessively lower weight.
Aimed at the global market of 2020, and with projected volume of 500,000 units annually, the MX-0 would have positive effects on the world’s environment and economy by way of
less energy consumption and minimized use of raw materials. High-volume, automated manufacturing of sustainable, inexpensive composites coupled with clean-running drive trains are the key to both low weight and high-volume production.
Zero mass = maximum speed:
At the heart of the MX-0 is its purpose as a driving beast. Its ultra-light mass is pushed by high-torque electric motors. High power-to-weight is where a Mazda comes alive. Impossible acceleration and instant cornering is the result. It’s more like flying than driving.
Zero hindrance. Driving bliss.
Title: Mercedes Biome
Design Studio: Mercedes-Benz Research & Development North America, Inc.:
Mercedes-Benz Advanced Design Division
Hubert Lee – Creative Director
Christopher Rhoades – Chief Designer
Nicolas Garfias – Creative Design Manager
Alan Barrington - Designer
Daniel Kim - Designer
Benjamin Messmer - Designer
Jack Luttig - Designer
Symbiosis: Light Technologies from Nature
The Mercedes-Benz Biome is an ultralight vehicle that utilizes technologies from nature to achieve unparalleled efficiency and seamless integration into the ecosystem.
Mercedes-Benz Symbiosis is a system in which the vehicle becomes part of the ecosystem like the leaves of a tree. Symbiosis vehicles collect energy from the sun and store it in chemical bonds, in the form of a fluid called BioNectar4534. Mercedes has also developed technology to retrofit trees with receptors which can harvest their excess solar energy into BN4534. This creates an incentive to plant more trees and collect more energy, while also helping the ecosystem. The vehicle can be composted after its lifespan is complete or used as building material.
Partnership With Nature:
The Symbiosis vehicle forms a seamless part of the ecosystem through green technologies. Most of the energy used to power the vehicles comes from the sun. It is stored in a lightweight grown material called BioFibre. It is much lighter than metal or synthetic composites, but stronger than steel when mature. It is grown in the Mercedes-Benz Nursery through proprietary DNA. The customer’s specific desires are genetically engineered into the Star and the vehicle grows when this combines with the Seed capsule.
All Mercedes-Benz Symbiosis vehicles are grown in an ecologically sustainable nursery, using primarily organic materials.
Growth from Two Seeds:
The interior of the Biome grows from Mercedes-Benz DNA in the front star, when it
fuses with the seed. The exterior grows from the rear star, creating the shape. The wheels are grown separately from four unique seeds.
Technologies from Nature:
Mercedes Benz Symbiosis vehicles release pure oxygen into the environment, helping urban areas to meet air quality standards.
Title: Nissan iV
Design Studio: Nissan Design America
In 2010, Nissan introduces the innovative LEAF electric vehicle (EV) first to mass market, planting seeds for a clean zero-emissions future. Fast-forward to 2035, EVs are flourishing and energy infrastructures have blossomed into a sustainable utopia. What is the future of high performance EV infused with Nissan’s sports DNA?
A natural evolution of our electric vision, Nissan iV is inspired by nature’s intelligent beauty. iV is a super-lightweight sports tourer that showcases “organic synthetics”, a
new manufacturing process utilizing a hybrid of genetics and material ecology. This technology catalyzes Nissan’s zero-emissions future, minimizing vehicle parts and
weight to reduce carbon footprint and increase efficiency.
Every detail of the Nissan iV is engineered toward renewable, lightweight strength. An interwoven organic frame, iV’s chassis is synthetically grown and formed into a stunning, aerodynamic shape. Derived from fast-growing ivy and re-enforced with spider silk composite, the biopolymer frame is ultra light and robust. Weighing 1% of glass, the transparent ETFE cockpit seats four passengers under a photovoltaic canopy collecting solar energy, and provides unique views of the outdoors.
Less is more ― via magnetic propulsion, concentric hub-less in-wheel motors not only power iV, they do triple-duty by functioning as the vehicle’s steering and suspension system. Inspired by honeybees’ ability to avoid obstacles, Nissan’s pro-active Safety
Shield? renders collisions a thing of the past, and reduces weight by eliminating heavy structure (bumpers, beams, airbags, etc.). A slim bio-battery with regenerative super-capacitor technology recoups 60% of energy spent, providing near limit-less range. Through industry-leading technology, Nissan iV maximizes the driving experience by eliminating excess. Nissan fulfills a deep nostalgia for the joy of driving and delivers electrifying, agile performance with zero-guilt. Our mantra: Innovation For All.