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Unit1Festivalsaroundtheworld

By Brenda Martinez,2014-06-05 02:39
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Unit1Festivalsaroundtheworld

    Unit 1 Festivals around the world

    I. 单项填空

    ABCD四个选项中?选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

    1. —I’m sorry, sir. I’m late again.

    Tom, how did it _________?

     A. happen B. come about C. take place D. occur

    2. The girl __________ a blue skirt will perform a dance.

    A. having on B. wore C. dressed up D. dressed in

    3. Generally speaking, every child wants to be _________ when he does something good. A. celebrated B. congratulated C. praised D. tricked

    4. A celebration was held in Zhongshan Park _________ those who devoted their lives to the revolutionary cause.

    A. in respect of B. with the purpose of C. in memory of D. in case of 5. During the Olympic torch relay, thousands of people __________ in either side of the street. A. collected B. gathered C. selected D. picked up

    6. Don’t bother to look for my umbrella; it will _________ some day.

    A. turn down B. turn out C. turn up D. turn over

    7. Having said farewell to their friends, they ________ for home. A. set in B. set on C. set down D. set off

    8. In our childhood, we were often _________ by our mother to pay attention to our table manners.

    A. allowed B. hoped C. reminded D. demanded

    9. Will you stay for lunch?

    Sorry, _______. My brother is coming to see me.

    A. I mustn’t B. I can’t C. I mayn’t D. I won’t

    10. May I smoke here?

    If you _______ , choose a seat in the smoking section.

    A. must B. should C. may D. can

    II. 阅读理解

    阅读下列短文?从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中?选出最佳选项。

     The United States is one of the few countries in the world that has an official day on which

    fathers are honored by their children. On the third Sunday in June, fathers all across the United States are given presents, treated to dinner or otherwise made to feel special.

     The origin of Father’s Day is not clear. Some say that it began with a church service in West

    Virginia in 1908. Others say the first Father’s Day ceremony was held in Vancouver, Washington.

    The president of the Chicago branch (分部) of the Lions’ Club, Harry Meek, is said to have

    celebrated the first Father’s Day with his organization in 1915; and the day that they chose was the third Sunday in June, the closest date to Meek’s own birthday!

    Regardless of when the first true Father’s Day occurred, the strongest promoter of the holiday

    was Mrs. Bruce John Dodd of Spokane, Washington. Mrs. Dodd felt that she had an outstanding father. He was a veteran of the Civil War. His wife had died young, and he had raised six children without their mother.

    In 1909, Mrs. Dodd approached her own minister and others in Spokane about having a church service dedicated to fathers on June 5, her father’s birthday. That date was too soon for her minister to prepare the service, so he spoke a few weeks later on June 19th. From then on, the state of Washington celebrated the third Sunday in June as Father’s Day. Children made special desserts, or visited their fathers if they lived apart.

    States and organizations began lobbying (游说) Congress to declare an annual Father’s Day.

    In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson approved of this idea, but it was not until 1924 that President Calvin Coolidge made it a national event to “establish more intimate relations between fathers and

    their children and to impress upon fathers the full measure of their obligations.” Since then,

    fathers had been honored and recognized by their families throughout the country on the third Sunday in June.

    When children can’t visit their fathers or take them out to dinner, they send a greeting card.

    Traditionally, fathers prefer greeting cards that are not too sentimental. Most greeting cards are whimsical (奇形怪状的?异想天开的) so fathers laugh when they open them. Some give heartfelt

    thanks for being there whenever the child needed Dad.

    1. Which of the following statements is true?

    A. Most countries in the world celebrated the Father’s Day.

    B. Father’s Day began with a church service in West Virginia.

    C. In America, Father’s Day is on the third Sunday in June.

    D. President Calvin Coolidge made Father’s Day a national event in 1916. 2. Fathers are shown respect for on Father’s day except for ____________?

    A. gifts B. dinners C. get-together D. lobbies 3. Which is the right order that Father’s day came into being?

    a. President Woodrow approved of the festival idea. b. Mrs. Bruce John acted as a promoter.

    c. Father’s Day ceremony was held in Vancouver, Washington.

    d. States and organizations began lobbying Congress to declare an annual Father’s Day.

    e. President Calvin Coolidge made Father’s Day a national event.

     A. c b d a e B. c d e a b C. b e d a c D. e a d c b 4. What does the underlined word mean in paragraph 6? A. remote B. close C. private D. detailed 5. What is the main idea of the passage?

    A. Father’s day is celebrated all over the world.

    B. Mrs. Dodd made Father’s Day an official day.

    C. How Father’s Day came into being.

    D. The origin of Father’s Day is not clear.

    ?. 补全对话

    从方框中所给句子中选出适当的语句填入下面的对话中。

    A: Where are they?

    B: What about swimming?

    C: Is it good?

    D: Have you been to the new sports center yet?

    E: Where is it?

    F: How about boating?

    G: Any day except Wednesday.

    Peter: Hello, Julie. 1 ?

    Julie: Not yet. Peter, 2 ?

    Peter: On Hill Road, you know, Mill Street, behind the station. Julie: Oh, 3 ?

    Peter: Yes, It’s great. You can do a lot of sports. I played table tennis last Thursday and watched

    the basketball match there, too.

    Julie: 4 ?

    Peter: There is a very good swimming pool. Do you want to go with me next week?

    Julie: Sure. 5 .

    Peter: Well. Why don’t we go on Friday? Then we can stay late.

    Julie: OK. Let’s meet after school.

    ?. 书面表达

    复活节是西方重要的节日之一?其受欢迎的象征是复活节兔子和鸡蛋。请根据以下提示写篇关于复活节的介绍。

    1. 复活节是庆祝春天的宗教性节日。

    2. 庆祝方式各有不同?复活节兔子来访?孩子们寻找父母藏好的糖果和鸡蛋?孩子装扮并挨户要糖果等。

    要求?

    1. 文章必须包括以上所有要点?可适当增加细节?使行文连贯。

    2. 词数?不少于60

    参考词汇?the Easter Bunny复活节兔子 symbol象征

    完形填空?CDADC CBDAD CABDA BCBAD 阅读理解?CBDA ABCD ACBD DBAC

    期末复习完型阅读训练?六?

    完型填空:

     “Hi, Mom, happy fiftieth birthday!” I heard my son, Brian, say as 1 as if he were sitting next to me.

     2 he wasn’t.

     Brian was on the USS Kitty Hawk on maneuvers (大规模演习) 3 between our U.S. shore and the Persian Gulf.

     My party-loving friend, Denise, had 4 me out for a quiet fiftieth birthday

    celebration dinner. When we

     5 at the restaurant, I scanned (扫视) the sea of 6 , but didn’t recognize anybody.

     A wave of 7 washed over me, and tears welled in my eyes when 8 I heard Brian in my head. “Hi, Mom, happy fiftieth birthday.” “What’s wrong?” Denise

    asked when she saw me dabbing (轻轻擦) at my 9 .

     “I think I’ve had too much wine. I keep 10 Brian wish me a happy birthday,” I said. She gave me a(n)

     11 smile. “Our table is ready,” she said, leading me toward the stairs.

     I’d hardly sat down in the chair of honor when a 12 entered the room, carrying a sheet of cake. The firefighter

     13 the cake on the table in front of me so I could 14 the fifty blazing candles. Once again I heard Brian speak, “Mom, be sure to 15 me a piece of cake.” This time he

     16 very far away, but it seemed that he was just in front of me. I 17 in my chair. Was I losing my mind?

     “I’ll have some 18 as soon as I get this helmet (头盔) 19 ,” the firefighter said. Every drop of blood in my veins flowed to my feet. He 20 his uniform and quickly pulled the helmet from his head.

     “Brian!”

     “Hi Mom. Happy fiftieth birthday!”

    ? ?1. A. hardly B. impossibly C. clearly D. loudly

    ? ?2. A. So B. Then C. And D. But ? ?3. A. somewhere B. anywhere C. everywhere D. nowhere ? ?4. A. sent B. supported C. provided D. invited ? ?5. A. got B. reached C. arrived D. came ? ?6. A. smiles B. voices C. faces D. dishes ? ?7. A. happiness B. sadness C. anger D. disappointment ? ?8. A. at present B. no more C. at once D. once again ? ?9. A. eyes B. nose C. ears D. fingers ? ?A. seeing B. saying C. listening D. hearing 10.

    ? ?A. relaxing B. exciting C. D. surprising 11. understanding

    ? ?A. fireman B. firewoman C. waiter D. waitress 12.

    ? ?A. pulled B. set C. pushed D. kept 13.

    ? ?A. light up B. add up C. take awayD. blow out 14.

    ? ?A. save B. buy C. make D. bring 15.

    ? ?A. shouted B. sounded C. laughed D. cried 16.

    ? ?A. calmed B. .turned C. froze D. thought 17.

    ? ?A. rest B. cake C. paper D. bread 18.

    ? ?A. off B. away C. down D. on 19.

    ? ?A. carried B. packed up C. put on D. took off 20. away

阅读理解

    A

     When I was in my fourth year of teaching, I was also (and am still) a high school track and field coach (田径教练). One year, I had a student, John, who entered my

    class when he was a junior (三年级学生). John changed to our school from Greece,

    and seemed to be interested in athletics, so I encouraged him to join our track team. I explained to him that even though he had never taken part in it before, I did believe that he could do well in any event, and I would be willing to coach him at whichever ones interested him. He accepted the offer, and began to work hard at every practice.

     About a month later, I had found out from other sources that John was a first-class tennis player, winning various junior awards in his home country. I went to him asking, “John, I really appreciate that you came out for the track team, but why didn’t you play tennis instead? It seems that would interest you a lot more, since you’re so good at it.”

     John answered, “Well, I like tennis, but you told me that you believed in me, and that you thought I could do well in track, so I wanted to try it for that reason.”

     From then on, I often remember my student’s reply. I told it to a friend and she suggested I write it down to share somewhere with more teachers. No matter how critical (不满的) students can be of themselves, I’ve found that a simple “I trust that you can do it!” can go a long way!

    21. According to Paragraph 1, the author seems to think more about John’s ______.

    A. PE marks B. self-confidence C. interest in sports D. state of health

    22. Why did John take part in the track team?

    A. He had been an excellent runner.

    B. He was encouraged by his teacher.

    C. He liked running more than tennis.

    D. He had no tennis coach to train him.

    23. The purpose of this passage is probably ______.

    A. to build a close teacher-student relationship

    B. to introduce a new way of sports training

    C. to explain the value of sports and games

    D. to show the importance of encouragement

    24. The passage is mainly written for ______.

    A. teachers B. parents C. students D. players

    B

     Have you ever set a goal for yourself, like getting fit or being picked for a team? Like lots of people, maybe you started out doing great, but then lost some of that drive and had trouble getting motivated (激励) again. Everyone struggles

    with staying motivated and reaching their goals. Just look at how many people go on diets, lose weight, and then gain it back again!

     Check in with your goal.

     It helps if you write down your small goals in the same way you wrote down your big goal. That way you can follow what you need to do, check off tasks as you finish them, and enjoy knowing that you’re moving toward your big goal. If you’re feeling weak on willpower, you can look at your list to help you change!

     Go on with your goal if you slip up (出差错).

     If you slip up, don’t give up. Forgive yourself and make a plan for getting back on road. Pat yourself on the back for everything you did right. Don’t beat yourself up, no matter how far off track you get. Most people slip up when trying to make a change it’s a natural part of the process.

     Share with a friend.

     Another way is having supportive people around you. Having a goal partner can make all the difference in times when you don’t feel motivated. If you’re not getting support from someone when you really need it, you may need to take a break from that friendship and make friends with people who want to help you succeed.

     Don’t give up!

     Ending an unhealthy behavior or creating a new, exciting one is all about taking responsibility (责任) for our lives. Finding the motivation to do it isn’t easy, but it is always possible. You can stay motivated by writing down your goals, sticking to your plan, and reminding yourself of what led you to set your goal in the first place. Change is exciting we’d all be very bored without it.

     Good luck in reaching your goals!

    25. The underlined word “drive” in the first paragraph refers to ______.

    A. the wish to achieve a goal B. the need to have great energy C. the pressure to drive fast D. the strong energy to drive 26. If a person slips up, the author thinks of it as ______.

    A. strange B. natural C. necessary D. wrong

    27. What is the advice for staying motivated?

    A. To set a big goal in the first place.

    B. To share a goal with your friend.

    C. To divide your goal into small ones.

    D. To make a plan for changing your goal.

    28. The passage is mainly about how to ______.

    A. help your friend succeed at last

    B. set a big goal and reach it

    C. deal with a friend who offers no support

    D. keep motivated to achieve your goal

    C

     Few buildings on earth can compete with the legendary beauty of the Taj Mahal. Towering over the ancient Indian city of Agra, the Taj Mahal is the grandest monument (纪念碑) to love ever created.

     The lovers in this story are the 17th century Indian emperor Shah Jehan and his wife Mumtaz Mahal. She took a leading role in advising him, which is something unusual for a woman to do for a husband who’s an emperor. Over the course of their

    nineteen-year marriage she gave birth to 14 children. But in 1631 while trying to deliver their fifteenth she tragically died. He was heartbroken when she died. And after her death, he decided to build the world’s greatest monument ever built,

    for love.

     He ordered the royal architects to design the most beautiful building the world

    had known and decided to name it after his beloved, Mumtaz Mahal. He called on twenty thousand workers and sent many more people to all corners of his country in search of valuable metals and jewels. And after seventeen years of hard work, Shah Jehan’s monument was completed and his beloved empress was moved to her final resting place.

     Everything had gone according to plan, but Shah Jehan’s luck was about to change ... In 1658, just four years after the completion of the Taj Mahal, he was thrown out of power. Unfortunately, his son, Aran Azibe imprisoned him, his own father. And he spent the last seven years of his life in prison. And he was allowed to look at the Taj Mahal through a window. His life was in ruins, but when he died his last wish was promised. He was buried beside his beloved wife in the Taj Mahal. 29. The Taj Mahal was built for ______.

    A. Mumtaz B. Shah C. Mumtaz or Shah D. Mumtaz and

    Shah

    30. The Taj Mahal was completed in ______.

    A. 1658 B. 1662 C. 1654 D. 1665

    31. What was unusual for Mumtaz Mahal according to the passage?

    A. She gave birth to 14 children for her husband.

    B. She gave important advice to her husband.

    C. She asked her son to imprison his father.

    D. She planned to build the world’s greatest monument.

    32. Which of the following is TRUE about Shah Jehan?

    A. He was killed by his own son.

    B. He lost his power as a result of the Taj Mahal.

    C. He put his own son into prison.

    D. He hoped to be buried together with his wife.

    D

     John Farish, an engineer who was staying at the St. Francis, one of the city’s finest hotels, remembered the very early morning of Wednesday, April 18, 1906: I was awakened by a loud noise, which might be compared to the mixed sounds of a strong wind flowing through a forest and the breaking of waves against a rock. In less time than it takes to tell, a shake, similar to that caused by a nearby explosion (

    ), shook the building to its bases and it began a series of the most lively movements. Together with a frightening sound, it was followed by big crashes (碰撞) as the

    neighboring buildings and chimneys fell to the ground.

     A few blocks away, in a comfortable room in the Palace Hotel, the world’s

    greatest singer, Enrico Caruso, was asleep after a good performance at the Opera House the night before. He awoke to find: Everything in the room was going round and round. The light was trying to touch the ceiling and the chairs were all chasing each other. Crash crash crash! It was a terrible scene. Everywhere the walls

    were falling and clouds of yellow dust were rising. My God, I thought it would never stop!

     And at the same moment, in another part of the city, Jesse Cook, a policeman, reported: The whole street was undulating (起伏波动). It was as if the waves of the

    ocean were coming toward me, and waving as they came.

     It was, of course, an earthquake, one of the largest ever to hit North America,

    and the first of 27 separate quakes that day. The first shock at 5:12:05 a.m. lasted more than 40 seconds. It was by far the largest, about 8.3 on the Richter

    scale; its epicenter (震源) was just off the coast, around the Pacific. 33. When the earthquake happened, Caruso was _____. A. looking at the waves rushing against the rock B. giving a performance at the Opera House C. listening to the sounds of wind flowing D. sleeping in the comfortable Palace Hotel 34. How did Jesse Cook describe the earthquake? A. The street was flooded with ocean water. B. The street was dancing like ocean waves. C. The chairs in the room were chasing each other. D. The light was falling to the ground heavily. 35. What can we know about the earthquake according to the passage?

    A. It was followed by 26 quakes that day.

    B. It caused the most deaths in history.

    C. It came from the center of the Pacific. D. It struck the place at midnight.

    36. The purpose of writing this passage is to _____. A. teach us how to protect ourselves in an earthquake B. find out why the earthquake happened

    C. describe the happenings of a strong earthquake D. introduce what harm the earthquake did to people 假设你正在参加全省中学生英语演讲比赛?请你针对有些父母经常翻看孩子日记或书包这

    一现象?写一篇演讲稿?陈述你的观点。

    演讲稿的主要内容应包括?

    ?认为同学们不必为此苦恼?

    ?希望能够体谅父母的苦衷?

    ?建议与父母进行交流和沟通。

注意?

    1. 词数100左右?

    2. 可以适当增加细节?以使行文连贯?

    3. 开头和结尾已为你写好?不计入总词数。

    Good morning, ladies and gentlemen.

    Some of us are having problems with our parents, as they often look into our school

    bags or read our diaries._____________________ Thank you!

[思路点拨]

    体裁与历年一样?仍是一封书信?但话题却是考生非常熟悉和感兴趣的话题?即对某些父

母偷翻孩子的书包?偷看孩子的日记的做法的一些看法。对于此类文章?要按照要求写出

    此类方面的内容?认真、规范、清楚的书写?并适当运用一些复合句和关联词语进行连接?

    就会是一篇很好的文章了。

[范文]

    Good morning, ladies and gentlemen.

    Some of us are having problems with our parents, as they often look into our school

    bags or read our diaries. I fully understand why we are not comfortable about it, but there's no need to feel too sad. Our parents are checking our bags or diaries to make sure we're not getting into any trouble.

    They have probably heard some horrible stories about other kids and thought we might do the same. Or perhaps they just want to connect with us but are doing it all wrong. My suggestion is: Tell them we want them to trust us as much as we'd like to trust them. If you don't think you can talk to them, write them a letter and leave it lying aroundthey are bound to read it.

    Thank you!

?. 阅读表达?共5小题; 每小题3, 满分15分?

     One bright sunny day our class went out to the schoolyard. Miss Brown told us to look for something on the ground that belonged to us. We looked and looked. Finally Mike cried, “I know! It’s my shadow on the ground. ” We saw that each girl and boy had a shadow and Miss Brown had a bigger one.

     I found when I moved, my shadow moved. When I ran, my shadow ran, too. But I could not catch it. Then Jess found a long and thin bamboo pole and stuck it into the ground. Even the pole had a shadow.

    All this set me thinking about the shadow. I did not have a shadow the day before when I walked in the very dark tunnel(隧道). My shadow is never with me in my room

    at night when the light is______.

     I can’t stop thinking about me and my shadow and about what makes the shadow. I am going to look for more shadows because they are very interesting.

    76. What is the best title for the passage? (Please answer within 10 words. ) 答案:Shadow on the Ground

    77. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one?

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