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NorwegianI(NorwegianTutorialBasicPhrases

By Peter Perez,2014-06-04 10:13
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NorwegianI(NorwegianTutorialBasicPhrases

    Norwegian Tutorial: Basic Phrases, Vocabulary and

    Grammar

    Note: Before heading to the tutorial I would Strictly recommend to download any online dictionary which could easily translate the difficult Norwegian words provided below so that you can understand them easily and learn quickly, if you have one so that’s good if not then I’ll personally prefer BabelFish dictionary

    which is free so you don’t need to buy it. The download link is provided below:

    Download BabelFish Translator

    There are two types of written Norwegian, Bokmål and Nynorsk. This tutorial includes

    Bokmål only. Thanks to Dan for helping with this tutorial!

1. Basic Phrases

    God morgen Hallo / God dag God kveld

    Good Morning Hello / Good Day Good Evening

    God natt Ha det bra Hei / Ha det

    Good Night Goodbye Hi / Bye

    Ingen årsak / Vær så god Vær så snill (Tusen) Takk Don't mention it / You're Please Thank you (very much) welcome

    Ja / Nei Herr / Fru / Frøken Velkommen!

    Yes / No Mister / Misses Welcome!

    Hvordan har du det? Hvordan går det? Bra / Dårlig

    How are you? How it's going? Good / Bad

    Jeg heter... Hva heter du? Hyggelig å treffe deg! My name is... (I am What's your name? Pleased to meet you! called...)

    Hvor kommer du fra? Jeg er fra... Unnskyld

    Where are you from? I'm from... Excuse me / Sorry

    Jeg vil gjerne ha... / Jeg Hvor bor du? Jeg bor i... skulle gjerne hatt... Where do you live? I live in... I would like...

    Jeg er ____ år (gammel). Hvor gammel er du? Jeg vet [ikke.] How old are you? I am ____ years (old). I [don't] know. Snakker du norsk? Jeg snakker engelsk. Snakk langsomt Do you speak I speak English. Speak slowly Norwegian?

    svensk, dansk, fransk, italiensk, spansk, tysk, Hva heter ... på norsk? holländsk, rysk, japansk How do you say ... in Swedish, Danish, French, Italian, Spanish, German, Norwegian? Dutch, Russian, Japanese

    Vær så snill å gjenta / Forstår du? Jeg forstår [ikke.] Vennligst gjenta Do you understand? I [don't] understand. Please repeat Hva er dette? Hvor er ... ? Hvor mye koster dette? What is this? Where is ... ? How much does this cost? Jeg er sulten Jeg er tørst Jeg er trett I'm hungry I'm thirsty I'm tired Jeg er syk Jeg tror [ikke] det Kom inn / hit I'm sick I [don't] think so Come in / here Ta plass Stans! / Stopp! Straks! Have a seat. Stop! Immediately! / Soon! Jeg har gått meg bort Hjelp! Fare! I'm lost Help! Danger! Pass på! Vent litt! Hvor langt er det? Watch out! Wait a minute! How far is it? Det var synd. Velbekomme! Skål!

    That's too bad! Have a good meal! Cheers! (toast) Lykke til! Jeg elsker deg. Jeg savner deg. Good luck! I love you. I miss you.

2. Pronunciation

    Norwegian letter(s) English sound

    d silent at end of word; and in -ld, -nd, -rd

    ig ee

    eg ay

    h silent before consonants, such as in hv-

    j, gj, hj yuh, as in yes

    kj, tj sh, but softer and more palatalized (as in German)

    sj, skj sh

    sl shl

    ki, ky, kei, køy sh, but softer and more palatalized (as in German)

    ski, sky, skei, skøy sh

    gi, gy, gei, gøy yuh

    g + other vowels guh

    sk + other vowels sk

    -egn, -egl, -øgn g is silent

    ng nasalized, as in singer and not finger

    æ ah as in cat

    ø ay, but with lips rounded

    å aw as in saw

3. Alphabet

    ahh kaw ooh a k u

    bay el vay b l v

    say em dobbel-veh c m w

    day en eks d n x

    ay ooh ew (lips rounded) e o y

    ef pay set f p z

    gay koo ah (as in cat) g q æ

    haw air ay (lips rounded) h r ø

    ee ess aw i s å

    yod tay j t

4. Nouns & Cases

    Nouns in Norwegian (Bokmål) have two genders, masculine and neuter, which adjectives must agree with when modifying nouns. Technically there is a third gender, feminine (which Nynorsk retains), but since feminine nouns can be written as masculine nouns, I'm including feminine nouns in the masculine category. There are two indefinite articles that correspond with these genders: en for masculine nouns and et for neuter nouns. In the

    vocabulary lists, a noun followed by (n) means that it is a neuter noun and it takes the indefinite article et. The majority of nouns in Norwegian are masculine, so they take the indefinite article en.