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NorwegianI(NorwegianTutorialBasicPhrases

By Peter Perez,2014-06-04 10:13
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NorwegianI(NorwegianTutorialBasicPhrases

    Norwegian Tutorial: Basic Phrases, Vocabulary and

    Grammar

    Note: Before heading to the tutorial I would Strictly recommend to download any online dictionary which could easily translate the difficult Norwegian words provided below so that you can understand them easily and learn quickly, if you have one so that’s good if not then I’ll personally prefer BabelFish dictionary

    which is free so you don’t need to buy it. The download link is provided below:

    Download BabelFish Translator

    There are two types of written Norwegian, Bokmål and Nynorsk. This tutorial includes

    Bokmål only. Thanks to Dan for helping with this tutorial!

1. Basic Phrases

    God morgen Hallo / God dag God kveld

    Good Morning Hello / Good Day Good Evening

    God natt Ha det bra Hei / Ha det

    Good Night Goodbye Hi / Bye

    Ingen årsak / Vær så god Vær så snill (Tusen) Takk Don't mention it / You're Please Thank you (very much) welcome

    Ja / Nei Herr / Fru / Frøken Velkommen!

    Yes / No Mister / Misses Welcome!

    Hvordan har du det? Hvordan går det? Bra / Dårlig

    How are you? How it's going? Good / Bad

    Jeg heter... Hva heter du? Hyggelig å treffe deg! My name is... (I am What's your name? Pleased to meet you! called...)

    Hvor kommer du fra? Jeg er fra... Unnskyld

    Where are you from? I'm from... Excuse me / Sorry

    Jeg vil gjerne ha... / Jeg Hvor bor du? Jeg bor i... skulle gjerne hatt... Where do you live? I live in... I would like...

    Jeg er ____ år (gammel). Hvor gammel er du? Jeg vet [ikke.] How old are you? I am ____ years (old). I [don't] know. Snakker du norsk? Jeg snakker engelsk. Snakk langsomt Do you speak I speak English. Speak slowly Norwegian?

    svensk, dansk, fransk, italiensk, spansk, tysk, Hva heter ... på norsk? holländsk, rysk, japansk How do you say ... in Swedish, Danish, French, Italian, Spanish, German, Norwegian? Dutch, Russian, Japanese

    Vær så snill å gjenta / Forstår du? Jeg forstår [ikke.] Vennligst gjenta Do you understand? I [don't] understand. Please repeat Hva er dette? Hvor er ... ? Hvor mye koster dette? What is this? Where is ... ? How much does this cost? Jeg er sulten Jeg er tørst Jeg er trett I'm hungry I'm thirsty I'm tired Jeg er syk Jeg tror [ikke] det Kom inn / hit I'm sick I [don't] think so Come in / here Ta plass Stans! / Stopp! Straks! Have a seat. Stop! Immediately! / Soon! Jeg har gått meg bort Hjelp! Fare! I'm lost Help! Danger! Pass på! Vent litt! Hvor langt er det? Watch out! Wait a minute! How far is it? Det var synd. Velbekomme! Skål!

    That's too bad! Have a good meal! Cheers! (toast) Lykke til! Jeg elsker deg. Jeg savner deg. Good luck! I love you. I miss you.

2. Pronunciation

    Norwegian letter(s) English sound

    d silent at end of word; and in -ld, -nd, -rd

    ig ee

    eg ay

    h silent before consonants, such as in hv-

    j, gj, hj yuh, as in yes

    kj, tj sh, but softer and more palatalized (as in German)

    sj, skj sh

    sl shl

    ki, ky, kei, køy sh, but softer and more palatalized (as in German)

    ski, sky, skei, skøy sh

    gi, gy, gei, gøy yuh

    g + other vowels guh

    sk + other vowels sk

    -egn, -egl, -øgn g is silent

    ng nasalized, as in singer and not finger

    æ ah as in cat

    ø ay, but with lips rounded

    å aw as in saw

3. Alphabet

    ahh kaw ooh a k u

    bay el vay b l v

    say em dobbel-veh c m w

    day en eks d n x

    ay ooh ew (lips rounded) e o y

    ef pay set f p z

    gay koo ah (as in cat) g q æ

    haw air ay (lips rounded) h r ø

    ee ess aw i s å

    yod tay j t

4. Nouns & Cases

    Nouns in Norwegian (Bokmål) have two genders, masculine and neuter, which adjectives must agree with when modifying nouns. Technically there is a third gender, feminine (which Nynorsk retains), but since feminine nouns can be written as masculine nouns, I'm including feminine nouns in the masculine category. There are two indefinite articles that correspond with these genders: en for masculine nouns and et for neuter nouns. In the

    vocabulary lists, a noun followed by (n) means that it is a neuter noun and it takes the indefinite article et. The majority of nouns in Norwegian are masculine, so they take the indefinite article en.

    The only case of nouns that is used in Norwegian is the genitive (showing possession), and it is easily formed by adding an -s to the noun. This is comparable to adding -'s in English to show possession. However, if the noun already ends in -s, then you add nothing (unlike English where we add -' or -'s). Olavs hus = Olav's house

5. Articles & Demonstratives

    There are two indefinite articles (corresponding to a and an): en and et. En is used with

    most of the nouns (words denoting people almost always use en), but you will just have to learn which article goes with which noun. The definite article (the) is not a separate word like in most other languages. It is simply a form of the indefinite article attached to

    the end of the noun. Note that en words ending in a vowel retain that vowel and add an -n instead of adding -en. And et words ending in -e just add -t. Furthermore, the t of et as an indefinite article is pronounced; however, the t is silent in the definite article -et attached to the noun. (For feminine nouns, the indefinite article is ei and the definite

    article that is attached to the noun is -a. In theory, this gender does still exist in Bokmål,

    but in practice, it is rarely used and the feminine nouns are inflected like masculine nouns, i.e. add -en instead of -a for the definite form.)

    Articles

    En words (masculine) Et words (neuter) Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite

    a et a fish the fish the window en fisk fisken vinduet window vindu

    en a baker the baker a child the child bakeren et barn barnet baker

    the a garden a house the house en hage hagen et hus huset garden

    Demonstrative Adjectives

    denne den masculine this suit that suit dressen dressen

    dette det neuter this scarf that scarf skjerfet skjerfet

    these those disse de plural shoes shoes skoene skoene

    Notice that the noun that follows a demonstrative adjective must have the definite article

    attached to it.

    (The feminine form of demonstratives is identical to the masculine; denne and den.)

    6. Subject & Object Pronouns

    Subject & Object Pronouns

     I me jeg meg

     you (singular) you du deg

     he him han ham

     she her hun henne

     it (masc.) it den den

     it (neut.) it det det

     one one man man

     we us vi oss

     you (plural) you dere dere

     they them de dem

7. To Be & to Have

    The present and past tenses of verbs in Norwegian are very simple to conjugate. All the

    forms are the same for each personal pronoun. The infinitive of the verb to be in Norwegian is være, and the conjugated present tense form is er and the past tense is var. The infinitive of the verb to have is ha, and the conjugated present tense form is har and the past tense is hadde.

    være - to be ha - to have

    I am I was I have I had jeg er jeg var jeg har jeg hadde

    you you are you were you have du er du var du har du hadde had

    han he is he was he has he had han er han var han har hadde

    hun hun she is she was she has she had hun er hun var har hadde

    den it is it was it has it had den er den var den har hadde

    it is it was it has it had det er det var det har det hadde

    one man man man one is one was one has man er had var har hadde

    we are we were we have we had vi er vi var vi har vi hadde

    you dere dere dere you are you were you have dere er had var har hadde

    they they they are they were de er de var de har de hadde have had

    To form the future tense of verbs, just add skal before the infinitive. Jeg skal være = I

    will be; hun skal ha = she will have; etc.

8. Useful Words

    noen granger / av og sometimes already allerede til

    always perhaps alltid kanskje

    never both aldri begge

    often some ofte noe(n)

    usually again vanligvis igjen

now between mellom

    a lot, and og mye / mange many

    but of course men selvfølgelig / såklart or a little eller litt

    ikke i det hele tatt / slettes ikke / very not at all veldig / svært overhodet ikke here almost her nesten

    there really? der virkelig?

    with it is med det er

    there each other hverandre det finnes is/are

9. Question Words

    Who How hvem hvordan

    What How much hva hvor mye

    Why How many hvorfor hvor mange

    When How long når hvor lenge

    Where Where from hvor hvorfra

    Which What kind of hvilken, hvilket, hvilke hva slags Hvilken is used with masculine nouns, hvilket is used with neuter nouns, and hvilke is

    used with plural nouns.

    10. Cardinal & Ordinal Numbers

    0 null

    1 1st en, ett første

    2 2nd to annen, andre

    3 3rd tre tredje

    4 4th fire fjerde

    5 5th fem femte

    6 6th seks sjette

    7 7th sju sjuende

    8 8th åtte åttende 9 9th ni niende 10 10th ti tiende 11 11th elleve ellevte 12 12th tolv tolvte 13 13th tretten trettende 14 14th fjorten fjortende 15 15th femten femtende 16 16th seksten sekstende 17 17th sytten syttende 18 18th atten attende 19 19th nitten nittende 20 20th tjue tjuende 21 21st tjueen, tjueett tjueførste 22 22nd tjueto tjueandre 30 30th tretti trettiende 40 40th førti førtiende 50 50th femti femtiende 60 60th seksti sekstiende 70 70th sytti syttiende 80 80th åtti åttiende 90 90th nitti nittiende 100 100th hundre hundrede 1,000 1,000th tusen tusende million million

    billion milliard

    trillion billion

    "Sju" can also be written "syv" (slightly more formal), and "sjuende" as "syvende"

    Similarly "tjue" can be "tyve", but this does seem less common and more formal.

    11. Days of the Week

    Monday this morning mandag i dag morges

    Tuesday tomorrow morning tirsdag i morgen tidlig

    Wednesday tomorrow afternoon onsdag i morgen formiddag Thursday tomorrow night torsdag i morgen kveld Friday day after tomorrow fredag i overmorgen Saturday tonight lørdag i kveld Sunday last night søndag i går kveld day yesterday dag i går morning day before yesterday morgen i forgårs afternoon week ettermiddag uke evening next week kveld nest uke night weekend natt helg today daily i dag daglig tomorrow weekly i morgen ukentlig

    12. Months of the Year

    January januar

    February februar

    March mars

    April april

    May mai

    June juni

    July juli

    August august

    September september

    October oktober

    November november

    December desember

    month måned

    last month forrige måned

    monthly månedlig

    year år (n)

    this year i år

    last year i fjor

    yearly årlig

    13. Seasons

    Winter in (the) winter vinter om vinteren Spring in (the) spring vår om våren Summer in (the) summer sommer om sommeren Fall in (the) fall høst om høsten

    14. Directions

    North Northeast nord nordøst

    South Northwest syd nordvest

    East Southeast øst sydøst

    West Southwest vest sydvest

    to the right til høyre

    to the left til venstre

    straight rett fram /

    ahead frem

    Frem is slightly more formal than fram.

    15. Colors

    orange oransje

    pink rosa

    purple lilla

    blue blå, blått, blå

    yellow gul, gult, gule

    red rød, rødt, røde

    black svart, svart, svarte

    brown brun, brunt, brune

    gray grå, grått, grå

    white hvit, hvitt, hvite

    green grønn, grønt, grønne

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