Religious Beliefs on Nature
Taoism and Sustainable Development
The modern thought of sustainable development has, actually, stemmed from people’s growing understanding of and their deep concern about environmental problems. In fact, a variety of views and ideas on sustainable development have also been embodied in the principles, doctrines and practices of Taoism. The Taoist idea of “cherishing human beings and treasuring life” does not, however, entail (把„„给以) upon men the privilege to put themselves above nature. Instead, it requires mankind to live in harmony with nature, under the principle that man is an integral (组成的) part of nature. To grasp such a dialectical relationship is of crucial importance in today’s drive to achieve a sustainable development.
Buddhism and Ecological Environment
Buddhist theory of “pratityasamutpāda” emphasize the importance of relations in different things and points out that there are no things which are isolated. The theory of “Connection Among Three Worlds” and other theories are the way for
Buddhism to link up subject and object. The real intention of Dharma is to establish an equal circle of life between human beings living things and nonliving things. According to the Buddhist belief, the transformation of the external environment and the realization of an ideal environment are set up on the reform of the subjective world of man. The environmental crisis today is namely the result of human deviation from the Buddhist principle.
The Buddhist Ecological Views and Practice
The Buddhist ecological views are mainly embodied in its attitudes toward nature, life and ideal. The Buddhist ecological practices not only provide the Buddhists with the way of self-improvement and guide them toward their adaptation to the community and their service to the masses, but also demonstrate that the way to achieve global ecological protection depends on enhancing the people’s understanding and participation.
Islamic Ecological Outlook and Its Modern Significance
The Islamic culture’s outlook of a harmonious ecology and ties brilliant success
achieved through integration (结合) with other cultures and in the spirit of modern
science will be revitalized (复活) to demonstrate important spiritual value in
overcoming ecological crisis and facilitating sustainable development. And it will also contribute in encouraging people to create an ecologically harmonious world, featuring luxuriant (丰富的) forests crystal-clear lakes, paradise of chirping birds and gardens of fragrant (香的) flowers in the new century.
The Contribution of Taoists to the Protection of Ecological Environment
The age-old Chinese Taoism has been contributing to the development of human civilization, over the past two millenniums, through the development of its rich ideals, culture and religious legacy (遗产). Taoists of all ages have taken Nature
as the fundamental theme of their faith and religious practice, and so have made active contribution to protecting the natural ecological environment.
Carry Forward the Ideal of Taoism, Protect Ecological Environment and Benefit Mankind
As an ecological crisis worsens around the world, more and more people have
realized that the environment problem is not merely a result of over zealous (狂
热的) industrial and technological development, but is an issue closely related to people’s world outlook, values and knowledge system. We hold that only when the Taoist belief of “letting things take their own nature course” takes root at the heart of all people and is earnestly practiced, can the world’s ecological crisis
be thoroughly resolved and mankind’s eternal welfare be preserved.
Love Nature, Respect Life
Taoism, an old-aged Chinese religion, views the mankind and nature as a harmonious unit, and that all matters on earth bear the character of truth and possesses the right and value to exist. It regards protection of the natural environment an essential part of its religious practice, and holds that the natural ecological valance must be preserved. It advocates (主张) that men should take the limit of
endurance of the natural ecological environment into full consideration during economic development, and enhance people’s consciousness of the harmonious co-existence with nature. It also respects life, opposes war and killing and advocates peaceful co-existence of all races, ethnic nationalities and religions.
Taoist ['tɑ:əuist, 'tauist] n. 道教信徒
cherish [ˈtʃeriʃ] vt.珍爱?爱护?抚育?怀有(希望、感情等)
Buddhism ['budizəm] n. 佛教
in the spirit of 本着...的精神
demonstrate [ˈdemənstreit] vt.论证?说明?显示 vi.示威游行(或集会)
facilitate [fəˈsiliteit] vt.使变得(更)容易?使便利
luxuriant [lʌg'zjuəriənt] adj. 繁茂的, 丰富的, 肥沃的
paradise [ˈpærədais] n.天堂?乐园
chirp [tʃə:p] vi.发出啾啾声
millenniums n. 一千年(黄金时代)
outlook [ˈautluk] n.观点?见解?展望?前景
welfare ['welfɛə] n. 福利, 社会保障, 幸福adj. 福利的