Model Test Two
Part I Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15minutes to go over each passage quickly. For questions 1 – 7, mark:
Y (for Yes) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage; N (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage; NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage.
For questions 8 – 10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
One City, Two Visions
Experts differ in method, but agree that people make a city prosper.
What should be the next step after a city has become a domestic success in almost every field?
“Have more internationally competent talents prepared,” one expert answered.
“It should learn more about how to learn,” said another.
They were speaking about Shanghai and both assertions(断言) refer to the quality of people,
and the belief that any further development of the city requires talented individuals who have both professional expertise(专门知识) and international vision.
Comments from an article entitled “On Internationally Competent talents,” by Miao Qihao,
Deputy Director of Shanghai Library, which was published in the Hong Kong-based Wen Wei Po
on October 12, 2003, add some insights into this interesting and very relevant social issue. “Internationally competent talents, in many occasions these days, have become the equivalent of Haigui ( Chinese who have gone abroad to study or work and then returned), but I don’t quite
agree with this,” says Miao.
He explains his definition of internationally competent talents as having various categories, including foreign professionals and haigui who, according to a more accurate term suggested by
the United Nations specially referring to talent backflow from developed countries to developing ones, is “reserve brain drain(人才流失).” These expertise and knowledge of these two kinds of
arrivals, Miao concluded, certainly add more international flavor to Shanghai’s economy and
The real challenge for Shanghai to foster a strong contingent of internationally competent talents, Miao maintains, is not only expanding the first two categories, but for local professionals to upgrade themselves to international standards. “They are the largest part and their quality to a
large degree determines the quality of human capital of the whole city,” he adds.
But for those who have never been abroad, under what conditions can they be regarded as “international talents”? Diplomas and English proficiency? Practical criteria, but much too simplified. According to Miao, ethical virtues and professional expertise are essential, in addition to three qualities, namely, understanding of international practices and rules, cross-culture communication, and global vision.
We are not calling for know-alls, but for professionals who have professional knowledge,
Miao clarifies in his definition of understanding of international practices. For example, human resource managers of academic institutions should be able to tell qualified foreign university diploma from false ones, he adds.
As for international rules, Miao raises an example of a Chinese export company that was stunned by the emerging technological barrier in the European market. Though the new regulation was published half a year earlier on the official website, ignorance to international rules made the company believe that the once warm and extravagant reception they extended to their European clients would exempt(免除) them from restriction.
Skills in communication with people speaking different languages and having different cultural backgrounds, in Miao’s opinion, are another essential but lacked capability. The English name of a Shanghai organization, for instance, sounds like “hang you”, which may confuse or
even frighten its foreign clients. Many may attribute this to insufficient English ability, but overlook the problem of cross-culture communication lying deeply beneath.
“Think global, Act local,” a slogan Miao cites to illustrate his understanding of global spirit and vision. “Global” is a big word, but it can also be reflected in very practical local actions. Printing name cards with recycled paper, for example, is a practice for the good of environment protection, a grave global issue.
Miao goes on to argue that tolerance to foreign culture and appreciation of national heritage are another part of global vision. “Shanghai should be a Chinese Shanghai open to the whole
world, not an oriental version of Paris or New York,” he suggests.
In addition, Miao says that top domestic experts are internationally competent talents worthy of the name.
While Miao focuses on Shanghai’s keeping up with international development, Xiao Wei, a
professor of Fudan University, prescribes(指示, 规定) another theory on what Shanghai people
can do to make their city progress faster, in his article entitled “A Market Promoted by Science
and Education, Supported by a Learning Society”.
Shanghai is facing massive challenges on its transition from the first modernization based on industrialization and urbanization to the second modernization featuring knowledge economy, he says. In the Report on China’s Sustainable Development Strategy in 2003 released by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai was once again honored with greatest sustainable development ability, but also challenged by the really small margin of second place, Beijing, which had set the pace in developmental potential indicators of “social support” and “international support” for a
succession of years.
Therefore, to keep its leading position, Shanghai has to make human capital its priority and usher ；引领者？in an economy largely supported by education and scientific advance, says Xiao.
With a number of academic institutions and research centers, Shanghai has done a lot in improving the “visible environment”, but still lags behind(落后) in “invisible environment”
construction, including human capital management, assessment(评估), and performance
Equally important, Xiao points out, is a group of qualified bottom-line technicians who are able to put scientific achievements into practical use. In China, scientific and technological advance only contributes 30 to 35 percent of the force driving economic development. Although Shanghai has better than average with above 50 percent since 2000, it still trails(落后) developed
countries by more than 10 percent.
1. According to the article, the quality of people is essential to the development of a city.
[Y] [N] [NG]
2. Miao Qihao agrees with the definition of haigui (Chinese who have gone abroad to study or
work and then returned).
[Y] [N] [NG]
3. According to Miao, most of the internationally competent talents are local professionals, so to
some extent their quality determines the quality of human capital of the whole city.
[Y] [N] [NG]
4. According to Miao, only those with diplomas and English proficiency are regarded as
internationally competent talents.
[Y] [N] [NG]
5. “Invisible environment” construction includes human capital management, assessment and
[Y] [N] [NG]
6. According to Xiao Wei, the first thing Shanghai has to deal with is human capital in order to
keep its leading position in development.
[Y] [N] [NG]
7. It took a long time for Shanghai to realize industrialization and urbanization.
[Y] [N] [NG]
8. Miao adds that human resource managers of academic institutions should be able to tell
9. Another part of global vision is the tolerance to ____________________________________. 10. According to a more accurate term suggested by the United Nations, haigui refers to
Part II Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter.
1. A) $240. C) $250.
B) $290. D) $200.
2. A) Bill doesn’t take good care of knives. C) He wants to find a better tool.
B) This matter doesn’t concern Bill. D) He wants Bill to fix the knife.
3. A) Phillips will not be in this office at all this week.
B) He will be here on Tuesday only.
C) He’ll be here on Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
D) He’ll be at this office on Tuesday and Thursday.
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
16. A) Vacations. C) Overcrowded classrooms.
B) Wages. D) Paid sick leaves.
17. A) They want the teachers to resign.
B) They want the teachers to return to work.
C) They are very sympathetic toward the strike.
D) They are refusing to comment on the situation.
18. A) Parent Board. C) Teachers’ Union.
B) District Court. D) School Committee.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.
19. A) A few inches above the knee. C) Down to the ankle.
B) A little below the knee. D) Floor-length.
20 A) Boots. C) Slippers.
B) Sneakers. D) Leather shoes.
21. A) Fashions change overtime.
B) Men are thriftier than women.
C) Skirts and shoes are more important than other clothing.
D) Some clothing may suit all occasions.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
22. A) To keep fish alive. C) To preserve dead bodies.
B) To punish criminals. D) To help heal wounds.
23. A) For making salted fish. C) For taking salt from the king’s table.
B) For stealing salt. D) For selling salt.
24. A) He would lose his life. C) He would lose all his salt.
B) He would lose an ear. D) He would be heavily fined.
25. A) Three thousand years ago. C) When man began to preserve the dead.
B) When man began to salt fish. D) No one knows.
Direction: In this section, you will hear a Passage Three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 26 to 33 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbed 34 to 36 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Australian pop star Kylie Minogue has been diagnosed with breast cancer. The 2004 Grammy winner, who turns 37 on May 28, will undergo immediate treatment and has postponed
her (26) ______________ Australian tour, according to a statement released by her (27) ____________ in Australia on Tuesday.
“I was so looking forward to bringing the Showgirl tour to Australian (28) ____________,”
Minogue said in the statement. “I am sorry to have (29) ______________ my fans. Nevertheless,
hopefully all will work out fine and I’ll be back with you all again soon,” she said in the statement,
(30) _____________ by The Frontier Touring Company. Minogue’s management said she had
been staying in Melbourne with her family this week when she was (31) ________________ with the illness. Her (32) _______________ Showgirl tour, which has already played in Europe, was (33) _____________ to tour Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth over the next month. Minogue’s promoter Michael Gudinski said he wished her the speediest of recoveries. (34) ______________________________________________________________________________. Minogue began her Showgirl world tour with a concert in Glasgow in March. After Australia, the singer was also due to give concerts in Singapore and Hong Kong before returning to the UK for a headline appearance at the Glastonbury Festival on June 26. Over the years she moved through a variety of singing styles and became hugely popular in the UK, Europe and Asia for hits such as “Spinning Around” and “Can’t Get You Out of My Head.” (35) ___________________________
____________________________________________________________, and won a U.S. Grammy award in 2004 for best dance recording. The 2004 Grammy winner, (36) _______________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________, according to a statement released by her promoters in Australia on Tuesday.
Part III Reading Comprehension
The term “flexible working” has become familiar to any company, regardless of size, that needs to look at how individual jobs are structured. The thinking behind this is not only the _1_____ that this approach has 2_______ cost benefits, but also the recognition that it can lead to more inventive and _3_______ workforce.
One company with a long history of flexible working is Remploy, the UK’s largest employer
of 4_______ disabled people. Remploy has a UK 5________ of more than 11000 employees in 89
factories working in various sectors of the economy including textiles, furniture and manufacturing services.
Training and development programmes are a key aspect of Remploy’s 6_______ policy, and
each hourly-paid employee has an individual training and action plan. Throughout the company, there is also an 7_______ that progression, and the opportunity to progress, is a motivating factor. In the Manufacturing Services Group, for example, the policy is to train as many employees as possible in two of core businesses. Once they have achieved this, the employees are promoted.
In addition, Remploy has _8_______ to changing markets in recent years by changing
products in over a third of its factories. This has _9_______ the company to remain _10______
and keep the workforce in full-time employment. On these occasions, Remploy’s flexible
approach has enabled employees to be fully retrained whilst continuing to work.
A) contented I) disorder
B) awareness J) responded C) presentation K) competitive D) enabled L) workforce E) radical M) employment F) respectively N) realization
There are more than forty universities in Britain—nearly twice as many as in 1960.During the 1960s eight completely new ones were founded, and ten other new ones were created 1 converting
old colleges of technology into universities. In the same period the 2 of students more than
doubled, from 70000 to 3 than 200,000.By 1973 about 10% of men aged from eighteen 4 twenty-one were in universities and about 5% of women. All the universities are private
institutions. Each has its 5 governing councils, 6 some local businessmen and local politicians as 7 a few academics(大学教师).The state began to give grants to them fifty years 8 , and by 1970
each university derived nearly all its 9 from state grants. Students have to 10 fees and living costs, but every student may receive from the local authority of the place 11 he lives a personal grant which is enough to pay his full costs, including lodging and 12 unless his parents are 13 .Most 14
take jobs in the summer 15 about six weeks, but they do not normally do outside 16 during the
academic year. The Department of Education takes 17 for the payment which cover the whole expenditure of the 18 , but it does not exercise direct control. It can have an important influence 19
new developments through its power to distribute funds, but it takes the advice of the University
Grants Committee, a body which is mainly 20 of academics.
1.A. with B. by C. at D. into
2.A. amount B. quantity C. lot D. number
3.A. more B. much C. less D. fewer
4.A. with B. to C. from D. beyond
5.A. self B. kind C. own D. personal
6.A. making B.consisting C.including D.taking
7.A.good B.long C.little D.well
8.A.ago B.before C.after D.ever
9.A.suggestions B.grades C.profits D.funds
10.A.make B.pay C.change D.delay
11.A.what B.which C.where D.how
12.A.living B.drinking C.food D.shelter
13.A.poor B.generous C.kindhearted D.rich
14.A.professors B.students C.politicians D.businessmen
15.A.at B.since C.with D.for
16.A.travel B.work C.experiment D.study
17.A.responsibility B.advice C.duty D.pleasure
18.A.government B.school C.universities D.committees
19.A.at B.to C.on D.form
20.A.consisted B.composed C.made D.taken
Part V Translation
1. Over a third of the population was estimated_________(无法获得) to the health service. 2. Although punctual himself, the professor was quite used______________(习惯了学生迟到)
3. The price of beer____________(从50美分到4美元不等) per liter during the summer season. 4.We’d like __________________(预订一张餐桌) five for dinner this evening. 5. There’s a man at the reception desk who seems very angry and I think he