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Australian Quarantine

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Australian QuarantineAustra

    Australian Quarantine Review Secretariat

    Australian Quarantine

    a shared responsibility

    M.E. Nairn, P.G. Allen, A.R. Inglis and C. Tanner

    Department of Primary Industries and Energy

    Canberra 1996

? Commonwealth of Australia 1996

    ISBN 0 642 25971 2

This work is copyright. Apart from any use under the Copyright Act 1968, no part

    may be reproduced by any process without prior written permission from the Australian Government Publishing Service.

    Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to the Manager, Commonwealth Information Services, Australian Government Publishing Services, GPO Box 84, Canberra, ACT, 2601.

Preferred way to cite this publication:

    Nairn, M.E., Allen, P.G., Inglis, A.R. and Tanner, C. (1996) Australian Quarantine: a shared responsibility. Department of Primary Industries and Energy, Canberra.

    Produced by the Australian Quarantine Review Committee Secretariat

Australian Quarantine: a shared responsibility

    CONTENTS

    FORWORD 3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 5 RECOMMENDATIONS 7 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS 18 GLOSSARY 19 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 20 PART 1: INTRODUCTION

    1. THE REVIEW 20 1.1 ORIGIN OF THE REVIEW 20 1.2 TERMS OF REFERENCE 21 1.3 MEMBERSHIP OF THE REVIEW COMMITTEE 22 1.4 CONDUCT OF THE REVIEW 23 1.5 STRUCTURE OF THE REPORT 25 1.6 HISTORY of the ADMINISTRATION OF QUARANTINE 25 1.7 PREVIOUS Reviews of Quarantine 25 PART 2: A SHARED RESPONSIBILITY 2. A FRESH APPROACH 27 2.1 AUSTRALIAN QUARANTINE 27 2.2 SCOPE OF QUARANTINE 28 2.3 ACHIEVING THE QUARANTINE GOAL 32 2.4 A NATIONAL PARTNERSHIP 34 3. AWARENESS AND CONSULTATION 35 3.1 QUARANTINE CULTURE 35 3.2 COMMUNITY AWARENESS 36 3.3 CONSULTATION 42 PART 3: A NEW ORGANISATION

4. QUARANTINE AUSTRALIA

    4.1 INTRODUCTION 48 4.2 PRINCIPLES 48 4.3 ORGANISATIONAL OPTIONS 49 4.4 FUNCTIONS AND OPERATIONS OF QUARANTINE AUSTRALIA 58 4.5 TASK FORCE FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF QUARANTINE AUSTRALIA 68 PART 5: PRE-BORDER QUARANTINE 5. INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATIONS AND LEADERSHIP 69

    1

Australian Quarantine: a shared responsibility

    5.1 INTRODUCTION 69 5.2 WORLD TRADE 69 5.3 PUBLIC HEALTH 73 5.4 natural environment 73 5.5 NATIONAL IMPACT 74 5.6 INTERNATIONAL LEADERSHIP 76 6. OFFSHORE ACTIVITIES 79 6.1 PRINCIPLES 79 6.2 INTERNATIONAL PROJECTS 82 6.3 COOPERATION WITH OVERSEAS AUTHORITIES 89 6.4 PRECLEARANCE 90 6.5 OFFSHORE QUARANTINE AWARENESS 91 7. RISK ANALYSIS 92 7.1 INTRODUCTION 92 7.2 STAKEHOLDER CONCERNS 95 7.3 PRINCIPLES OF RISK ANALYSIS 97 7.4 IMPORT RISK ANALYSIS 99 7.5 METHODS FOR RISK ASSESSMENT 114 7.6 FACTORS INCLUDED IN IMPORT RISK ANALYSIS 117 7.7 OTHER APPLICATIONS OF RISK ANALYSIS 121 7.8 KEY CENTRE FOR QUARANTINE RISK ANALYSIS 121 PART 5: BORDER QUARANTINE

    8. BORDER ACTIVITIES 122 8.1 INTRODUCTION 122 8.2 PRINCIPLES OF BORDER QUARANTINE 122 8.3 Elements OF BORDER QUARANTINE 124 8.4 IMPORT PROTOCOLS 131 8.5 NEW TECHNOLOGIES 139 8.6 HEALTH CLEARANCE (PRATIQUE) 144 8.7 AIRCRAFT DISINSECTION 145 8.8 VECTOR MONITORING 146 8.9 QUARANTINE CLEARANCE AT AIRPORTS AND SEAPORTS 147 8.10 QUARANTINE CLEARANCE OF CARGO 152