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RTD Strategy Report

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RTD Strategy Report

    EnerBuild RTD Strategy Report (Rev. 3.2)

    31 March 2003

Co-ordinator:

    Professor J Owen Lewis

    National University of Ireland, Dublin Energy Research Group

    University College Dublin

    School of Architecture

    Richview, Clonskeagh

    IRL-Dublin 14

    http://www.enerbuild.net

Report prepared by Cian O‟Riordan

    EnerBuild RTD: Strategy Report

1. Introduction and Objectives ..................................................................................................................... 3

2. Structure of the Construction Industry and Implications for Research ....................................................... 5

    2.1 The Driving Forces: Security of Supply and Climate Change ............................................................. 5 2.2 The Importance of Energy in Buildings .............................................................................................. 5

    2.3 Market Failure and Energy Efficiency in the Building Sector and the Role of the EnerBuild Network .. 5 42.4 European Responses ....................................................................................................................11 2.6 Conclusion .............................................................................................................................12

3. State of Research and Future Priorities ..................................................................................................14

    3.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................14

    3.2 Solar Technologies [Mats Santamouris, University of Athens]...........................................................15 3.3 Lighting & Daylighting (Prof. Marc Fontoynont, CNRS) .....................................................................24

    3.4 Mechanical Heating & Cooling (John Berry, Ove Arup) .....................................................................29

    3.5 Building Integrated PV (Peter Toggweiler, Enecolo) .........................................................................35

    3.6 Building Components (Peter Wouters, BBRI) ...................................................................................40

    3.7 Building & Urban Design (Koen Steemers, Cambridge Architectural Research) ................................44

4. Cross-Cutting Considerations .................................................................................................................49

    4.1 Health, Comfortable, and Safe Spaces for The People of Europe .....................................................49 4.2 Information Technology ....................................................................................................................56

    4.3 Dissemination & Technology Transfer ..............................................................................................65

    4.4 The EnerBuild Strategy: A Sociological Commentary (Elizabeth Shove, University of Lancaster) ......72

5. Assessment of Future Priorities & Activities necessary ...........................................................................76

    5.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................76

    5.2 Review of above .............................................................................................................................76

    5.3 Pareto Voting .............................................................................................................................76

    5.4 Conclusion .............................................................................................................................78

6. Future Structures .............................................................................................................................83

7. Conclusion: Research and Energy Efficiency in Buildings .......................................................................85

Appendix A - References ............................................................................................................................86

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    EnerBuild RTD: Strategy Report

    1. INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES

    The EnerBuild RTD Thematic Network aims to enhance cooperation and the exchange of knowledge between coordinators of building sector energy research and development projects supported in the European Commission‟s Fourth and Fifth Framework programmes. This RTD Strategy Report has been prepared for submission to the European Commission DG Research as one of the project‟s final deliverables. It draws on information gathered over the course of the 36-

    month EnerBuild project, at a series of meetings with project participants and workshops with industrial and research representatives not directly involved in EnerBuild; and on the specialist expertise of the EnerBuild Steering Committee members.

    The objective of this RTD strategy report is to examine and propose a development strategy and funding priorities for future RTD actions in the Building Sector based on the broad technical and economic experience, and market knowledge available among the project participants. The report seeks to answer a simple question: how can future RTD actions in the Building Sector contribute to the construction of more energy efficient and sustainable buildings?

    The report looks at different areas of building-related research, following the lines the project thematic groups and specialist research areas of the thematic group coordinators. This strategy is intended to be pragmatic in nature: it seeks to identify pathways of technical enquiry (being a strategic document, pathways of technical enquiry rather than specific research projects are identified) that are likely to have an actual market impact. Consequently, its fundamental approach involves “the strategic evaluation of contextually specific opportunities for success. The implicit goal is to identify efficient and effective means for creating and exploiting possibilities for increasing the energy efficiency of the built environment given the contours of the present social, economic 1and technological landscape”.

    Something that defines the nature of this landscape is the structure of the construction industry, and its fragmented nature this presents particular challenges for the dissemination and transfer of research technologies into buildings. Two particular contours in the current landscape are the EU Directive on Energy Performance in Buildings [COM (2001) 226], and the emerging EC Sixth Framework Programme (FP6).

    The report also examines social, comfort and information technology issues that impinge upon the research directions by drawing on studies undertaken by the EnerBuild network participants.

As this report features contributions from experts in specialist areas solar technologies, lighting

    and daylighting, mechanical heating and cooling, building and urban design, building components, photovoltaics in buildings, comfort, sociology, information technology, and dissemination and technology transfer the final sections seek to draw the various contributions together. In particular, we seek to identify the research areas and activities that we regard as particularly important to creating energy efficiency in buildings: these may cut across several of the specialist areas.

    Based upon the foregoing, the Fig. 1.1 illustrates the framework for this RTD Strategy Report: 3 of 89 31-Mar-03

EnerBuild RTD: Strategy Report

Fig. 1.1

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    EnerBuild RTD: Strategy Report

    2. STRUCTURE OF THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY AND IMPLICATIONS FOR

    RESEARCH

2.1 The Driving Forces: Security of Supply and Climate Change

    In its Green Paper "Towards a European Strategy for Energy Supply" the Commission highlighted three main points: