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Unit 2 The Chain of Love

Warm-up

    Look at the following pictures. What would you do to help these people in need? Fill in the following boxes, and then share your answers and the reasons with your classmates.

Reading Reading Tip

    He was driving home on a country road one evening. Ever since Look for the details that

    the Levi’s factory closed, work in this small town had been almost as the writer uses to

    slow as his battered old car. Now, as winter raged on, the chill had describe where and when

    finally hit home. It made the road ahead even bleaker. the events in the story.

    The afternoon was slowly fading into twilight. With the take place.

    continuous snow flurries making it difficult to see, he almost missed the elderly lady stranded on

    the side of the road. Fortunately, even in the dim light of day, he could see she needed help, so he pulled up in front of her car and got out. The lady smiled nervously, looking visibly worried. No

    one has stopped over the past few hours, except for this man. He looks poor and hungry. Is he going to hurt me? she thought to herself.

    Realizing that she was frightened, the man said quickly, “I’m here to help you. Why dont you

    wait inside the car where its warm? By the way, my name is Joe.

    All she had was a flat tire, but for those who were of this ladys age, that was bad enough.

    While Joe was working to change the tire, the lady began to talk to him. She told him that she was from St. Louis and was only passing through the small town. She thanked him for coming to her aid. Joe just smiled in response.

    The elderly lady asked him how much she owed him and added that any amount would be all right. She shuddered at the thought of all the awful things that might have happened if Joe had not stopped to help her.

    Joe, however, hadnt thought twice about stopping to help the lady. To him, this wasnt a job,

    but rather a way to help someone in need. He knew that there were plenty of people who had lent him a helping hand in the past. He told her that if she really wanted to repay him, she could help the next person whom she found in need.

    Waving goodbye to Joe, the elderly lady started her car and drove off. It had been a cold and depressing day, but Joe felt uplifted as he headed home.

    A few miles down the road, the lady saw a small dingy-looking café. She went in to grab a bite and get out of the cold before she embarked on the last leg of her trip home.

    A waitress came over and brought a clean towel for her to wipe her wet hands. She had a sweet smile, one that even being on her feet that entire day couldnt erase. The lady then noticed

    that the waitress was heavily pregnant. She wondered how someone like this waitress could be so

thoughtful and generous to a stranger. Then she remembered Joe.

    The lady finished her meal and quietly slipped out of the door while the waitress was getting the change from the hundred-dollar bill the lady had given her for the bill. When the waitress returned, the lady was no longer in sight. On the table was a napkin, with four more one-hundred-dollar bills underneath it. The lady had paid almost fifty times as much as the cost of her meal! Tears filled the waitresss eyes as she read what was written on the napkin. It said,

    Someone once helped me out in the way Im helping you now. If you really want to pay me back,

    dont let the chain of love end in your hands.

    That night, after the waitress returned home, she lay awake in bed, thinking about the money and what the lady had written. How could the elderly lady have known that she and her family needed money, especially with her baby due the next month? Her husband, who was sleeping beside her, was worried sick about their future. She gave him a soft kiss and whispered, Everything will be all right. I love you, Joe.

    Adapted from The Chain of Love by Jonnie Barnett and Rory Lee. Chicken Soup for the

    Country Soul. Reprinted by permission of Jonnie Barnett and Balmur Entertainment, Inc.

    (ASCAP), and Rory Lee and Melanie Howard Music, Inc.

Post-reading

    Reading Comprehension

    I. The writer uses several adjectives to describe where and when the events in the story take place. Fill in the blanks with the items listed in the box below.

    Places Time

    ____________ 1. the country road ____________ 1. the winter day ____________ 2. the café

    A. small B. depressing C. bleak D. cold E. dingy-looking

    II. Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions or statements. ( ) 1. What is the main idea of the reading?

    (A) One good turn deserves (應得) another.

    (B) Heaven helps those who help themselves.

    (C) Never trouble trouble till trouble troubles you.

    (D) Where there is a will, there is a way.

    ( ) 2. Joe helped the elderly lady out of __________.

    (A) pride (B) kindness (C) necessity (D) joy

    ( ) 3. Which of the following statements is NOT the reason the elderly lady gave the waitress

    money?

    (A) The waitress was kind to her.

    (B) The elderly lady wanted to continue the chain of love.

    (C) The elderly lady knew that the waitress was Joes wife.

    (D) The elderly lady thought the waitress was in need of money. ( ) 4. Which of the following statements is true?

    (A) The elderly lady was the owner of the café.

    (B) Joe thought the elderly lady would repay him, so he helped her out.

    (C) The waitress was mean to guests.

    (D) Joe was the husband of the waitress in the café.

    ( ) 5. To repay the elderly lady, the waitress could ___________.

    (A) pay the bill for the lady

    (B) return the money to the lady

    (C) let the chain of love end in her own hands

    (D) help the next person she found in need

Topics for Discussion

    I. What were the three characters problems and how were their problems solved?

    II. In our daily lives, we often receive kindness from othersfamily members, friends, teachers, or even strangers. Think of some ways to repay them for their kindness.

Vocabulary, Idioms and Phrases

    Words for Production

    1. chain n. 一連串?鏈條

     An argument between the two nations began a chain of events that finally led to the war.

    Sam kept his dog on a chain to stop it from running away. 2. rage vi. 肆虐;激烈地進行?憤怒;震怒

     rage n. 盛怒?(一陣)怒氣

     As the typhoon raged on, many trees in the park were blown down.

     The woman raged at her dishonest son; she yelled at him angrily for a long time.

     When Mrs. Lee caught Leo cheating on the exam, her face was red with rage.

     The boss flew into a rage and kept shouting at his employees. 3. chill n. (usu. sing.) 寒氣;寒冷

     chilly adj. 寒冷的;冷颼颼的

    Gloria felt warmer after lighting a fire. It took the chill off the room. In autumn, it is usually warm during the day, but it often gets chilly at night. 4. bleak adj. (地方)荒涼的?(天氣)陰冷的

    Without trees and grass, the hill looked bleak.

    It was a bleak winter day, and the weather was chilly and cloudy.

5. twilight n. 薄暮;黃昏?暮色

    As twilight slowly faded into night, stars began appearing in the sky. As night began to fall, Rudy could hardly see the girls face in the twilight.

    6. strand vt. (usu. passive) 使滯留;使受困

    The heavy snow left the family stranded in the mountains. They had to stay there for days.

    7. dim adj. (光線)昏暗的

    In the dim light, Jim could hardly read the words in his book. 8. flat adj. (輪胎)漏氣的?平的;平坦的

    There is no air in this tire; it is completely flat.

    In the past, it was believed that the earth was flat rather than round. 9. aid n. 幫助;援助

     aid vt. 幫助;援助

     The police came to the climber’s aid and helped him get down the mountain. Soft music aids Amys rest; it helps her fall fast asleep.

    10. response 回應;反應?回答;答覆

    respond vi. 回應;反應?回答;答覆

    The police officer ran over to the girl in response to her cry for help.

    Jenny made no response to the question, for she didnt know how to answer it.

    People respond differently to stress. Some take it calmly, while others dont.

    Amy is waiting for Jasons reply, but he has not yet responded to her e-mail. 11. owe vt. ()?將…歸功於

    Ben owed Betty for the taxi ride. He had to give her one hundred dollars.

    Tanya owed her success to Joe. Without him, she never would have become so successful.

    12. shudder vi. (因寒冷、恐懼等而)發抖、顫抖

    The farmer shuddered at the sight of the dead body on his farm. 13. repay vt. 報答;回報?償還

    To repay John for his kindness, Sarah helped him with his homework.

    Jason owes Cindy one thousand dollars. He will repay her soon. 14. café n. 咖啡館;小餐館

    For breakfast, Ella had a sandwich and a cup of coffee at the café. 15. grab vt. 匆忙地取食?抓住

    Jim grabbed a cup of tea before going to the meeting.

    The mother grabbed her son by the arm to keep him from slipping. 16. wipe vt. 擦乾;擦拭

    Jamie wiped her wet hands with a towel.

    17. entire adj. 全部的;整個的

     The entire village was destroyed. No houses survived the big fire. 18. erase vt. 抹滅;消除?擦掉;抹去

    Sue’s childhood memories can never be erased. They will always exist in her mind.

    The teacher had erased every word on the blackboard. Nothing was left there. 19. pregnant adj. 懷孕的

    pregnancy n. 懷孕

     The pregnant woman is going to give birth to her baby in May.

    To avoid harming her unborn baby, Molly quit smoking during pregnancy. 20. generous adj. 慷慨的;大方的

    generosity n. 慷慨;大方

    Teresa is generous to the poor. She is always ready to help them.

    Thanks to the rich mans generosity, the school has enough money to build a new library. 21. bill n. 紙鈔?帳單

    Nancy took out two bills from her purse to pay for dinner.

    Sandra doesnt have enough money to pay her telephone bill.

    22. napkin n. 餐巾()

    Before starting to eat, Greg put a napkin on his lap (大腿) to keep his pants clean.

    23. due adj. 預期的;預計的

     The new novel is due next month. Copies will soon be available at every store.

Words for Recognition

    1. Levis n. 美國牛仔褲品牌

    2. battered adj. 破舊的

    3. flurry n. 陣雪

    4. St. Louis n. 聖路易

    5. uplifted adj. 感到振奮的

    6.dingy adj. 昏暗的;骯髒的

Idioms and Phrases

    1. hit home: to cause someone to fully understand how difficult something is 使深 切感受到

    The horror of the war hit home when we saw the bloody scenes on the TV news. 2. pull up: (of a car or its driver) to stop 停車;停下來

     Tim pulled up in front of his house and then got out of the car. 3. pass through: to stop in a place for a short period of time before continuing a trip 路過;途經

    On our trip to Kaohsiung, we passed through Tainan and grabbed some food there. 4. think twice: to think carefully before deciding to take action 三思而行;仔細考慮

     Sharon is a careful person. She always thinks twice before making any decision. 5. in need: not having enough food, money, or other necessities 生活貧困

     The generous man often gives food and clothing to those who are in need. 6. plenty of: a lot of 很多;大量

Don needed plenty of time to get ready for the test. In fact, he spent the whole weekend studying

    for it.

    7. lend...a (helping) hand: to help someone 幫助

     Ted lent Alice a helping hand through the difficult times. 8. embark on: to start something new or difficult 開始;著手

     The scientist has decided to do a new experiment. He will embark on it soon.

    9. be on one’s feet: to stand 站立

    Grace has been on her feet all day. She hasnt had time to sit down and take a rest. 10. in sight: in an area that one can see 在視線內;在視野中

    The tower is still in sight. We can see it from here. 11. help...out: to help 幫助;援助

    Mike is a great friend. He always helps me out when I am in trouble.

Word File

    I. Compound adjectives: adj. + V-ing

    dingy-looking 看起來骯髒的 healthy-looking 看起來健康的

    sweet-smelling 聞起來香的 strange-sounding 聽起來奇怪的

    good-looking 好看的 tasty-looking 看起來美味的

    evil-smelling 難聞的 same-sounding 聽起來一樣的

    II. The prefix "re-"

    The prefix “re-“ means “back” or “backward.”

    pay; repay 回報 act; react 回應 call; recall 召回

    capture; recapture 奪回 gain; regain 收回 sound; resound 回響

Sentence Patterns

    1. with + O + OC (prep. phrase/adj.)

    Examples:

    1. On the table was a napkin, with four more one-hundred-dollar bills underneath it.

    2. How could the elderly lady have known that she and her family needed money, especially with

    her baby due the next month?

Exercise A:

    Combine the following sentences by using the pattern above. The first one has been done for you.

    1. The mother went shopping.

    Her baby was in her arms.

    ?The mother went shopping with her baby in her arms. 2. The dancer stood.

    Her back was against the wall.

     ? ___________________________________________ 3. Sleeping Beauty lay in bed.

    Her eyes were closed.

    ? ___________________________________________ 4. Wesley sat in a chair.

    A letter was in his hand.

    ? ____________________________________________ 5. The old man fell asleep in the sofa.

    His mouth was wide open.

     ? ____________________________________________

Exercise B:

    Complete the following dialogues by using the pattern above and the items in Box A and B. The first one has been done for you.

    A

    ?your hands

    ?cats-eye reflectors

    ?the remote (遙控器)

    ?your mouth

    ?the window

    B

    ?full

    ?in his hand

    ?open

    ?along the two sides of the road

    ?in your pockets

1. Mom: Dont talk with your mouth full. Mind your manners!

    Denny: I’m sorry. I won't do it again.

    2. Dad: It’s very cold tonight. Why don’t you close the window?

    Hank: Well, I always sleep __________________. 3. Chris: Jason spends too much time watching TV at home. He really is a couch

    potato!

    Ellen: Yeah. All day long, he just sits on the couch ____________________.

    4. Teacher: Don’t walk ____________________!

    Nick: I'm sorry, but its cold today.

    5. Wendy: “Cat’s-eye” reflectors are really a great invention. Sammy: I couldn’t agree with you more. Drivers can drive at ease _____________.

2. A + V/be + twice/three times/four times/... + as + adj. (+ N) + as + B.

    Examples:

    1. The lady had paid almost fifty times as much as the cost of her meal!

    2. This park is ten times as large as the garden.

Exercise A:

    Combine the following sentences by using the pattern above and the given words. The

    first one has been done for you.

    1. Michael is six feet tall.

    Michaels son is only three feet tall. (tall) ? Michael is twice as tall as his son.

    2. Bettys mother is fifty-one years old.

    Betty is seventeen years old. (old)

    ? ________________________________

    3. This cake will cost Kelly nine hundred dollars.

    That cake will cost Kelly sixty dollars. (expensive)

     ? ________________________________

    4.

     Jessica owns five hundred books.

    Carter owns fifty books. (many)

     ? ________________________________

    5. The businessman has one million dollars.

    His brother has five thousand dollars. (much) ? ________________________________

Exercise B:

    Today is Ken’s birthday. He is making wishes now. Complete the following passage by using the pattern above and the given words. Make changes if necessary.

    Today is my seventeenth birthday. I want to make three wishes. First, I wish that

    1I could have ____________________________ (twice/much/money) my classmate

    Louis. His parents always give him lots of money, so he can buy whatever he likes. Im so jealous of him! Second, I wish that my bedroom were

    2________________________ (three times/large) my brothers. I need a bigger room

    3since I have _________________________________ (ten times/many/comic books)

    he. Finally, I wish that I could lose some weight. Now Im

    4____________________________ (twice/heavy) most boys in my class! Maybe

    thats why the doctor keeps telling me that I should exercise more!

Expansion

    Pay It Forward

    To make the world a better place to live in, let’s start a meaningful activity called

    “Pay It Forward!” Follow the steps listed below:

    1. Each student should perform an act of kindness for another student. 2. Anyone who has received help should repay this kindness by helping another student.

    3. After an act of kindness has been performed, write it down in English on a piece of paper.

    4. Make each piece of paper into a circle, and then put all the circles together as shown below.

    5. After a week, check how long your chain of love is and share your feelings about the activity with your classmates.

More About Kind Acts

    You are going to hear a conversation between Linda and Danny. Listen carefully and then indicate T (true) or F (false) for each of the following statements by checking (?).

T F

    ____ ____ 1. Danny reached out to the air crash victims a weekend earlier. ____ ____ 2. The Red Cross once helped Danny’s family.

    ____ ____ 3. Danny went to Nantou and helped the typhoon victims on his own. ____ ____ 4. The Red Cross provided food and water for the typhoon victims. ____ ____ 5. Linda didnt do anything to help the typhoon victims in Nantou.

Writing Practice

Narration: Telling a Story

    A narrative simply gives a “word picture” of what has happened. You may use narration to write a true or imaginary story that illustrates or explains some point. The reader expects to learn these things from a narrative: what has happened, who was involved, where or when it happened, and why or how it took place. In a narrative, events are often presented in the order that they happened. The following expressions are often used to make the time order of events clear: Adverbs now, then, early, late, last night, soon,

    (Adverbs a few years later, one day, recently, etc.

    Phrases)

    Subordinators as, when, while, after, before, until, etc.

    Prepositional in September, on October 10, at two oclock, during the summer, by

    Phrases Sunday, until dinnertime, from then on, etc.

    Transitions (at) first, second, next, then, later, afterwards, after that, finally, at

    last, in the end, etc.

Example:

    The Chain of Love

    What happened: Joe helped an elderly lady and he and his family received help in

    return.

    Who was involved: Joe, an elderly lady, Joes wife

    Where did it happen: 1. on a country road

    2. in a restaurant where Joe’s wife worked

    3. at Joe’s house

    When did it happen: one evening and night

    Why did it happen: Joe and the elderly lady had been helped by others before, so

    they were willing to lend a helping hand to others in need. How did it happen: by helping the next person who needed help

    Time expressions: one evening, now, over the past few hours, while, in the past, then,

    when, that night

    Exercise A:

    Fill in the blanks with proper sentences listed on the next page.

    A memorable event in Charlie Chaplins childhood played an important part in

    starting off Chaplins career as a comedian. __1__ She was a singer. __2__ At that very moment, the audience started laughing and booing. __3__ Because of the problems with her voice, the stage manager suggested that the young Chaplin should go onstage in his mothers place. __4__ His performance brought about laughter and cheers from the audience. __5__ That night was Charlie Chaplins first appearance

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