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Industry

By Sally Palmer,2014-11-07 23:51
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Industry

    Industry

    China'sRefractories,Vo1.18,No.2,2009 Refractories

    ImportandExportofChina'sRefractoriesinFirst Quarterof2oo9

    TheimportandexportvalueofChina'srefracto

    riesinfirstquarterof200l9wasUSD387millionde. creasing35.82%yearonyear,inwhichtheexport valuewasUSD350milliondecreasing36.91%yearon year.andtheimportvaluewasUSD36milliondecrea

    sing23.45%yearonyear.

    TheexportvolumeofChina'srefractoriesinfirst quarterof2009was616.6thousandtonsdecreasing 53.35%yearonyear.inwhichtheexportvolumeofre. fractoryrawmaterialswas279.5thousandtonsdecrea. sing67.23%yearonyear,andtheexportvolumeofre

    fractoryproductswas337.1thousandtonsdecreasing 28.1l%yearonyear.Theexportvalueofrefractory rawmaterialswasUSD120milliondecreasing59.63% yearonyear,andtheexportvalueofrefractoryproducts wasUSD230decreasing10.58%yearonyear. TheimportvolumeofChina'srefractoriesinfirst quarterof2009was45.8thousandtonsdecreasing 4o.29%yearonyear.inwhichtheimportvolumeof refractoryrawmaterialswas37.3thousandtonsdecrea. sing43.17%yearonyear,andtheimportvolumeofre

    fractoryproductswas8.5thousandtonsdecreasing

    23.29%yearonyear.Theimportvalueofrefractory rawmaterialswasUSD13milliondecreasing53.26% yearonyear,andtheimportvalueofrefractoryproducts wasUSD23millionincreasing22.O9%yearonyear. BreakthroughonDegradableRefractoryFiber AchievedbyLIRR

    OnMarch2009,CeramicFibersCo.,Ltd.of

    LIRRfSinosteelLuoyangInstituteofRefractoriesRe

    searchCo.Ltd.)producedenvironmentalfriendlyfi. bercottonandfiberblanketsuccessfully,andrealized an18hcontinuousproduction.

    Theenvironmentalfriendlydegradablefiberisa newfiberproductwhichischaracterizedbyenviron. mentalprotectionandgoodhightemperatureresist

    ance.anditisanalternativeofaluminumsilicatefi

    ber.Thistechnologywaspossessedbysomemultina

    tionalcompanies,andthebreakthroughondegradable refractoryfiberwillpushLIRRtotheleadingposition inthefieldofrefractoryfiber.

    StateofChina'sRefractoriesIndustryin2008 China'srefractoriesindustryransmoothlyfrom JanuarytoOctober2008butdeclinedgreatlyinthelast twomonths.

    ThetotaloutputofChina'srefractoryproducts was24.1718milliontons,inwhich,theoutputof denseshapedrefractoryproducts,insulatingrefractory productsandmonolithicrefractoryproductswere 15.5408milliontons.472.0thousandtonsand 8162.0thousandtons.respectively.

    Influencedbytheglobaleconomiccrisis.theout.

    putofChina'srefractoryproductsinNovemberand Decemberof2008decreasedby10.63%and5.65% comparedwiththeaverageoutputofthefirstten monthsof2008.rheoutputofdenseshapedrefractory productsinNovemberandDecemberdropped7.14% and7.16%:theoutputofmonolithicrefractoryprod. uctsdeclined17.44%and4.59%.

    I&SIndustry

    RunningSituationofChina'sI&SIndustryin FirstQuarterof2009

    ThecrudesteeloutputofChinainthefirstquarter of2009was127.44milliontons.increasing1.4% yearonyear.Thesteelproductsoutputwas144.73 milliontons.increasing2.8%yearonyear.Thecoke outputwas74.01milliontons.decreasing5.9%year onyear.Theironalloyoutputwas3.93milliontons, decreasing7.1%yearonyear.Theimpoavolumeof ?

    42?China'sRefractories,Vo1.18,No.2,2009 steelbilletwas910thousandtons,increasing17.3 times.Theexportvolumeofsteelproductswas5.14 milliontons.decreasing54.9%.Theimportvolumeof steelproductswas3.23milliontons,decreasing 22.6%.Theimportvolumeofironorewas131.53 milliontons.increasing19%.Theexportvolumeof cokewas150thousandtons.decreasing94.8%. Thesteelproductspriceroseatthebeginningof 2009,butdeclinedsincethemiddleofFebruary.The averagepriceof6.5mmsteelwirerodand20mmme

    diumandheavyplateinMarchwas3368CNY/tand

    3443CNY/tdecreasing6.9%and2.3%compared withNovember2008.decreasing33.5%and42.3% yearonyear,respectively.

    SeventyTwoLarge?andMiddle-scaleI&SEnter- prisesofChinaintheRedinFirstQuarterof2009 AccordingtothestatisticsofTheAssociationof I&SIndustry.thesalesrevenueoflarge.andmiddle. scaleofI&SEnterprisesofChinawasCNY449.95 billiondecreasing21.74%.andprofitdeficitwasCNY 3.3billioninfirstquarterof2009.Theaveragecrude steeloutputperdayinfirstquarterwas1.416million tonscorrespondingto517milliontonsofcrudesteel annualcapacity.Theaveragecrudesteeloutputper dayinJanuarycorrespondedto485milliontonsof crudesteelannualcapacity.Theaveragecrudesteel outputperdayinFebruarycorrespondedto527million tonsofcrudesteelannualcapacity.Theaveragecrude steeloutputperdayinMarchcorrespondedto531mil

    liontonsofcrudesteelannualcapacity.Thetotalout

    putofI&Swasobviouslyovermuch.whichwasthe mainreasonofsupplyexceedingdemandinChina's market.

    POSCOandChineseSteelmakersStopLowPrice SteelExports

    SilobreakerreportedthatSouthKorea'sintegrated steelmakerPOSCO.andChina'svarioussteelmakers havestoppedtheirexportsofsteelproductsatlow pricesforthecompetitionhasgonerampantinAsia. Accordingtomarketsources,afiercecompetition amongPOSCOandtheChinesesteelmakersonce

    broughtamuchlowerlevelofUSD300pertonFOBfor CRsheetsfromtheinitialoneofUSD430perton FOB.Untilnow,thoughwhattheychargeforvarious steelproductsisbelievedtohavehitbottom.Thereare expectationsforanadvanceinsteeltransactionprices inAsiaforJulytoSeptembershipmentsiflowprices havecompletelydisappeared.

    GlobalI&SDemandtoDecrease14.9%in2009 TheGlobalI&SIndustryAssociationforecasted theglobalI&Sdemandin2009wouldbe1.0186bil. 1iontonsdecreasing14.9%yearonyear.TheI&S demandofUSAwoulddecrease36.6%yearonyear. TheI&SdemandofEuropeUnionwoulddecrease 28.8%yearonyear.TheI&SdemandofJapan woulddecrease20.4%yearonyear.AndtheI&S demandofBrazil,Russia.IndiaandChinawouldde- crease5.9%yearonyear.

    ChineseHRCExportPriceContinueUpwardMo? mentum

    ItisreportedthatChinesehotrolledsteelcoil (HRC)pricecontinuesitsupwardmomentuminMay. Theaveragepriceof3.0mmHRCin23majorChinese citiespostedataboutCNY3600perton.Butinsiders arenowbecomingmorecautiousaboutthefuturemar- ket.Theysaidthepricegapbetweendomesticandin

    ternationalresourceswouldbefurtherwidenedasChi- nesesteelpricecontinuestorise.whichcouldthende. terioratethedomesticmarket.Otherinsidersalsocon

    cernthatthehugeHRCcapacitycouldpotentiallybe rampedupifpricescontinuetorise.

    SpeculationsPushupChineseIronOreImports ChinaMiningreportedthattheheadoftheChina IronandSteelAssociation(CISA)blamedspeculators andstrongdemandfromthesmallsteelmillsforpush

    ingironoreimportstoarecordhighinApril. AccordingtothedatareleasedbyGeneralAdmin- istrationofCustoms,ironoreimportsinAprilreached 57milliontons,upby9.45%monthonmonthand 33%yearonyearoverthesameperiodoflastyear. ImportsfromJanuarytoAprilrose22.9%yearonyear t0l88milliontons.

    0mcialswiththeCISAbelievedtradersandsmall steelplantsplayedamajor

    Customsdatashowed

    roleinpushingupimports.

    thatsixofthetop10iron

    oreimportersinthefirstquarterweretraders,com' paredwithanaverageoftwoorthree.

    TheCISAsaiditwouldlaunchaninvestigationin- totheironoreimporters,andthefindingswereexpec- tedtocomeoutinMay.

    China'SRefractories,Vo1.18,No.2,2009?43? total

    Hebei

    Shandong

    Liaoning

    Jiangsu

    Shanxi

    Hubei

    Henan

    Shanghai Tianjin Sichuan Anhui

    Hunan

    InnerMongolia

    Jiangxi Yunnan

    Guangxi Guangdong Xi~iang Gansu

    Fujian

    Jilin

    Beijing Heilongjiang

    Sha'allxi Guizhou Chongqing Zhejiang Qinghai Ningxia Hainan

    41.63

    10.62

    4.19

    3.79

    3.5l

    2.0l

    1.46

    1.42 1.39 1.37 1.24 1.19 1.06 1.o5 1.o6 1.O3 0.68 0.57 O.53 0.47 0.46 0.46 O.37 0.38 0.42 0.31 0.27 0.22 0.O8 O.o2 0.oo 41.47 9.85 4.39 3.39 3.34 2.63

    1.67 1.68 1.53 1.37 1.20 1.30 1.10 0.98 0.93 0.96 0.57 0.68 0.42 0.49 0.44 0.58 0.48 O.31 0.27 0.29 O.28 0.25 0.08 O.o2 O.0l 0.4% 7.8%

    4.6% l1.7%

    4.9%

    23.5%

    12.2%

    15.5%

    9%

    

    0.2% 3.5%

    8.2%

    3.3% 7.5% 13.6% 6.8% 20%

    

    l6.1% 27.7%

    3.6% 3.3%

    21.2%

    22.6%

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