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2013 VET E-standards (MS Word 680kB) - E-standards for Training

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2013 VET E-standards

E-standards for Training

     V1.0 January 2013

Acknowledgement

    flexiblelearning.net.au Australian Flexible Learning Network Page 4

    2013 VET E-standards

     With the exception of the Commonwealth Coat of Arms, the Department‟s logo, any material protected by a trade mark and where otherwise noted all material presented in this document is provided under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/) licence.

     New Generation Technologies for Learning incorporating E-standards for Training National VET E-learning Strategy

    2013 VET E-standards

Table of Contents

    1 Background ...................................................................................................................... 1

    1.1 Summary list of VET E-standards ......................................................................................... 1 2 Accessibility ..................................................................................................................... 3 3 Content Formats ............................................................................................................... 3 4 Content Packaging ........................................................................................................... 9 5 Intellectual Property Management ................................................................................ 10 6 Metadata.......................................................................................................................... 10 7 Platforms......................................................................................................................... 11

    7.1 Desktop Platforms .............................................................................................................. 11

    7.2 Mobile Platforms ................................................................................................................ 13 8 Repositories ................................................................................................................... 17 9 Web Services/Data Exchange ........................................................................................ 17 10 Appendix 1: URIs referenced in this document ......................................................... 19 More Information ............................................................................................................... 24

     New Generation Technologies for Learning incorporating E-standards for Training National VET E-learning Strategy

    2013 VET E-standards

1 Background

    The vocational education and training (VET) E-standards were developed by the E-standards for Training business activity under the Australian Flexible Learning Framework (Framework), and continue to be maintained under the National VET E-learning Strategy (the Strategy). The E-standards are reviewed and ratified by the E-standards Expert Group

    (EEG) - the National Senior Officials Committee (NSOC) endorsed technical standards body for the VET sector. Standards ratified by the EEG are endorsed by the Flexible Learning Advisory Group (FLAG) for implementation by the states and territories and relevant national agencies.

    The E-standards maximise the viability, integrity and portability of e-learning resources. VET E-standards aim to ensure that resource development follows internationally accepted specifications and that the technologies and applications used to build and deliver the resources ensure the most consistent operation and widest possible use and reuse of those resources.

    The E-standards identify applicable standards for e-learning functionality and technology in the VET sector, and are intended to facilitate interoperability of learning resources and systems, and remove barriers to e-learning.

    This document provides a summary of the VET E-standards. For more information, please refer to the E-standards for Training website.

    The following table contains a summary list of E-standards and their applications, with a full account on the following pages.

    Note: Where more than one recommended technology provides the same functionality, the choice of which of them to use is at the discretion of the resource developer. Unless otherwise indicated, the formats, standards and specifications recommended in the E-standards are intended ensure maximum interoperability of VET systems and content and apply to all supported desktop and mobile platforms. The formats, standards and specifications are unlikely to be cutting edge as there is a need to support real world users

    access to content and systems on a broad spectrum of devices.

    The E-standards also have a “legacy” section that was created to support developers of

    content whose audience utilises feature phone devices.

    1.1 Summary list of VET E-standards

    Topic Purpose

    Accessibility Identifies accessibility requirements that must be met to ensure that

    web content provides people with a disability equal access to

    information. The requirements promote accessible web design, and

    apply to any website or other web resource in Australia or on an

    Australian server.

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    2013 VET E-standards

    Content formats Agreed VET file formats for all digital content to enable maximum use

    of content across a wide range of environments.

    Content packaging Enables the packaging of digital content to enhance its portability.

    Content packaging is particularly relevant for creating learning

    objects.

    Intellectual property Recommendations for describing intellectual property and attribution management requirements.

    Metadata and Describes digital resources (particularly learning resources) to enable

    vocabularies content to be better managed and easier to locate, use, re-use and

    report particularly when published online or through a Learning

    Management System.

    Platforms Minimum hardware and software that VET e-learning content and

    systems should work with.

    Repositories Standards relating to the implementation and use of repositories

    Web services Technologies for the exchange of XML data over the web.

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2 Accessibility

    Recommended standard References

    WCAG 2.0 (W3C Web Content Accessibility A customisable quick reference to Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0 requirements Guidelines) (success criteria) and techniques

    Content produced to the VET E-standards must Understanding Conformance and Accessibility Supported Technologies

    meet the conformance requirements for:

    The Australian Government Information Office (AGIMO) Web Guide

    WCAG 2.0 Level AA, that is, all criteria for Level Note: The E-standards for Training endorse a technology neutral application of WCAG 2.0 and A plus those in Level AA

    therefore an accessibility-supported use of Word, Excel, PowerPoint and JavaScript on the

     understanding that materials created using these formats have sufficient techniques for the

    applicable success criteria and meet the accessibility conformance requirements of WCAG 2.0 AA.

    What is Accessible Web Design?

    In its most general sense, accessible web design refers to the philosophy and practice of

    designing web content so that it can be navigated and read by everyone, regardless of

    location, experience, or the type of computer technology used. Accessible web design is

    usually discussed in relation to people with a disability, because this group is most likely to be

    disadvantaged if the principles of accessible web design are not implemented. Failure to follow

    these principles can make it difficult or impossible for people with a disability to access web

    content. “

    From the Australian Human Rights Commission website

3 Content Formats

    Recommended standard(s) Usage notes

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    Web content - file formats

    XHTML 1.0 Transitional When designing e-learning content you cannot assume that the delivery environment or device has

    a specific display size, available screen area or resolution. For example, a user may choose to use content in:

    ; a learning management system (LMS) which may have a fixed or reduced amount of

    available screen area due to the inclusion of the LMS interface,

    ; a content package player with similar but different constraints, or

    ; a smartphone with a smaller resolution,

    Therefore web content should be scalable and designed to resize proportionally to fit the available

    area or resolution. This may be accomplished through a responsive or liquid layout that through the

    allocation of a percentage of space to each element results in images, text and spaces proportional

    to the display size.

    Given changes to the XHTML 1.0 specification since its inception, it is suggested that developers

    refer to the XHTML media types second edition for additional information about the implementation

    of XHTML 1.0

    Note: HTML5 is not recommended at this time for use in development of content intended for

    widespread use in the VET sector because of the inconsistent implementation by browser

    developers and creators of assistive technologies, and the lack of support in browser versions that

    are still reported to be in common use in the VET sector. Please see the E-standards for Training

    2011 HTML5 Research report. If you choose to use HTML5 functionality, you should provide a fall-

    back mechanism for browsers not supporting the element/s or functionality you are including.

    UTF-8 character encoding Web pages should be encoded as UTF-8 and an encoding declaration should be included in the

    page source, but we strongly recommend that you avoid the use of a byte-order mark (BOM), which

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    2013 VET E-standards

    may appear rendered in a web page as ï?? or a small rectangle or ;

    Explanation of BOM

    Controlling the BOM

    Web content - style and formatting

    CSS 2.1 CSS 2.1 is the recommended standard for content developed for cross-platform delivery CSS.3.0 CSS 3.0 may be used provided that it degrades to CSS 2.1 until such time as all CSS 3.0

    modules are ratified and supported.

    Some CSS 3.0 media queries will not render in Internet Explorer versions 7 or 8.

    Text documents (fixed display)

    PDF PDF documents should be readable in Adobe Reader 9.0 and above.

    PDFs are not automatically accessible, but their accessibility can be improved if they are correctly

    tagged by the author. When used, PDFs should be made as accessible as possible See the NGTL

    “Increasing PDF and Microsoft Word Document Accessibility page.

    The Australian Government Information Management Office and Australian Human Rights

    Commission do not consider the use of PDFs as the only method of conveying information to meet

    WCAG 2.0, so there must be an equivalent conforming alternative. That is, a PDF document should

    also have an alternative version in (for example) HTML. The alternative version should be

    downloadable as one stand-alone file, and there should be links in each version referencing the

    other.

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Text documents (editable)

    RTF RTF and DOCX format compatible with Microsoft Office 2007. The MS Office Compatibility Pack

    allows document editing in older Office versions. DOCX

    Note that not all features of Microsoft Word documents are supported in other word-processing

    packages. Compatibility may be increased in some circumstances by saving as a .doc file.

    TXT Plain-text alternatives for interactive web content may be created as TXT files.

    eBooks

    EPUB

    Spreadsheet formats

    XLSX Compatible with Microsoft Office 2007. The MS Office Compatibility Pack allows document editing

    in older Office versions.

    Note that not all features are supported in other spreadsheet packages.

    Presentation formats

    PPTX PowerPoint is a cross-platform compatible presentation application. Keynote and OpenOffice

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    presentations may also be converted to a PowerPoint format to extend their interoperability.

    Compatible with Microsoft Office 2007. The MS Office Compatibility Pack allows document editing

    in older Office versions.

    Note that not all features are supported in other presentation packages.

    Web graphics (non-animated)

    GIF GIF is recommended for images comprising flat or solid areas of colour.

    JPEG JPEG is recommended for photographs and other images with smooth variations of colour

    (gradients). See JPEG - Typical Usage for further information.

    PNG PNG8 is recommended for images with up to 256 colours, not requiring an alpha (transparent)

    channel. It is not suitable for photographs or complex images with gradients.

    PNG24/32 is recommended for images requiring more than 256 colours, and supports an alpha

    channel. (JPEG will often produce a smaller file size but with a quality trade-off).

    Comparison of PNG 8, 24, 32

    Specify image size (both width and height as a percentage of the parent element) in web page

    mark-up for all images.

    Audio formats

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