Council on Medical Assistance Program Oversight
Legislative Office Building Room 3000, Hartford CT 06106
(860) 240-0321 Info Line (860) 240-8329 FAX (860) 240-5306
Sen. Toni Harp Sen. Terry Gerratana
Summary for May 10, 2013 at 9:30 AM in LOB Room 1E
Attendance: Steve McKinnon, Rev. Bonita Grubbs, Debbie Poerio, Mary Alice Lee, Julia Evans Starr, Sheila Amdur, Ellen Andrews, Katherine Yacavone, Joyce Hess, Christine Bianchi, René Coleman Mitchel, Sen. Toni Harp, Rep. Catherine Abercrombie, Colleen Harrington,
Sylvia Kelley, Bill Halsey, Kristin Dowty, Uma Ganesan, Robert Zavoski, Kate, McEvoy,
James George DCF
Sen. Harp began the meeting at 9:30 AM.
There were introduction of committee members.
Mary Alice Lee- 2010 Birth Data Report- Birth to Mothers with Husky Program and Medicaid Coverage: 2010
Mary Alice Lee gave an overview of the 2010 Birth Medicaid Data from CT Voices for Children. Full Report Available online at www.ctvoices.org
Births to Mothers with HUSKY Program and Medicaid Coverage: 2010
As part of CT Voices’ series of research reports monitoring the performance of the HUSKY Program, this report looked at births to Connecticut mothers with HUSKY Program or Medicaid coverage in 2010. It compared prenatal care indicators and birth outcomes for births to mothers with publicly-funded coverage to all other in-state births to Connecticut residents. Among the findings:
; The proportion of all Connecticut births covered by the HUSKY Program and fee for
service Medicaid continues to increase, from 28.4 percent in 2003 to 38.4 percent in 2010.
; Most Connecticut teens that give birth are covered in the HUSKY Program and Medicaid.
; Mothers in the HUSKY Program and Medicaid are less likely than other Connecticut
mothers to get early prenatal care.
; Babies born to mothers in the HUSKY Program and Medicaid are more likely to be
preterm and low birthweight, though the low birthweight rate has declined.
; Mothers in the HUSKY Program and Medicaid are more likely to smoke during
pregnancy, but the rate has declined dramatically since monitoring began. Treatment of
tobacco dependence was not covered in Connecticut’s HUSKY Program or FFS
Medicaid until October 2010 when coverage in Medicaid was mandated by the federal
Affordable Care Act.
; Taken from www.ctvoices.org
Coverage for Pregnant Women
HUSKY A (managed care in 2010) Household income <250% FPL (pregnant woman = 2) OR Already enrolled (parent or teen) with household income <185% FPL HUSKY B (managed care in 2010) Already enrolled teen under 19 in household with income >185% FPL (may be switched to HUSKY A)
Medicaid (fee-for-service) Enrolled late in pregnancy and provider doesn’t participate in
managed care network OR Emergency Medicaid for labor & birth only (including coverage for undocumented women)
Purpose: To describe 2010 births to mothers with HUSKY Program and Medicaid coverage, To compare maternal health and birth outcomes for mothers with HUSKY and Medicaid coverage to pregnancy and birth outcomes for other Connecticut mothers, To describe 2000-2010 trends in maternal health and birth outcomes for mothers with HUSKY Program and Medicaid coverage
Methods: CT Voices obtains birth data from Department of Public Health, with approval for data linkage from DPH Human Investigations Committee, CT Voices links birth data to HUSKY A & B enrollment and Medicaid FFS eligibility data, CT Voices analyzes by payer source and by maternal health and birth outcomes (low birthweight, preterm birth) , CT Voices provides DSS and DPH with copies of the linked file (under interagency data-sharing agreement)
2010 Births to Connecticut Residents
• 37,711 Births (36,784 in-state births)
• HUSKY A: 12,213 births
• HUSKY B: 8 births
• Medicaid FFS: 2,256 births
• 38.4% of all Connecticut babies were born to mothers with publicly-funded care
2010 Births by Payer Type
• Husky A & B are 32.4%
• Medicaid fee for Service: 6.0%
• Other Payers 59.2%
• Percent of all 2010 births to CT Residents (37,711)
Trends Described in Report.
Births to mothers with HUSKY Program or Medicaid were:
• More likely to be third births or greater
• More likely to be singletons v. multiple births
• Less likely to achieve recommended maternal weight gain (16-40 pounds) during
• Leading medical risk factors: Anemia, Gestational diabetes, Pregnancy-associated
• Smoking Rates by Payer Type:
• 9.9% Husky A and B
• 5.6% Medicaid FFS
• 1.5% other Mothers
• Treatment for tobacco dependence was not a covered benefit for pregnant women
until mandated by the Affordable Care Act. 10/1/10
• Improved Coverage Options
• Medicaid eligibility for parents up to 185% FPL (2007) and pregnant women up to 250%
• Presumptive eligibility for pregnant women (2010)
• Coverage for recent immigrants who are legally residing in US and pregnant (with
federal matching funds since 2009)
• Medicaid coverage for family planning services for women and men with income less
than 250% FPL (2012)
• Improved Benefits
• Treatment for tobacco dependence for pregnant women (since 2010) and all Medicaid
enrollees (since 2012)
• Targeted outreach and referral for linking pregnant women to dental care (since 2010) • Screening for maternal depression during and after pregnancy, with referral to
Connecticut Behavioral Health Partnership for treatment if needed • Improved Quality of Care
• HUSKY pay-for-performance project to improve the quality of maternity care (DSS;
• Four-state learning network to identify best practices for improving birth outcomes (DPH
participating in National Governor’s Association initiative)
• Federally-funded community-based care-coordination projects for reducing low
birthweight and preterm birth in New Haven (Community Foundation of Greater New
Haven) and Hartford (DPH)
• Improving maternal health and birth outcomes in five non-urban counties (DPH, with
funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
• Promote Optimal Maternal Health
• Maintain Medicaid coverage for HUSKY parents under 185% FPL
• Make certain that eligible pregnant women and new mothers are covered early in
pregnancy and after 60 days postpartum
• Help teens and low income adults obtain family planning services when they wish
to avoid pregnancy
• Ensure Availability of Data
• Continue state funding for ongoing linkage of birth records with HUSKY A & B and
Medicaid FFS records so that data are readily available for:
• HUSKY program oversight
• Public health surveillance
• Health policy development
• Use linked birth datasets for ongoing monitoring and evaluation of the HUSKY Program,
public health programs (WIC, Healthy Start projects, etc.) and state-funded early
Connecticut Voices for Children is a non-profit organization that conducts research and policy analysis on children’s issues, and state-funded independent performance monitoring
in the HUSKY Program. This report on births in 2010 was prepared under a contract between the Connecticut Department of Social Services and the Hartford Foundation
for Public Giving, with a grant from the foundation to Connecticut Voices. Connecticut Voices for Children contracts with MAXIMUS, Inc. for data management and data analysis.
This report was prepared by Mary Alice Lee Ph.D.; Amanda Learned of MAXIMUS, Inc., performed the data linkage and conducted the analyses. This publication does not express the views of the Department of Social Services or the State of Connecticut. The views and opinions expressed are those of the authors.
• For Additional Information…
A detailed report on 2010 births is available at www.ctvoices.org
Contact: Mary Alice Lee PhD
Connecticut Voices for Children
Presentation Notes and Highlights:
; Husky Covers 2 out of 3 Medicaid births.
; Looked by payer type and the distribution by payer type. This is the coverage for
undocumented immigrant women.
; Number of births by town: 77% births in Hartford were covered by the husky program. ; Prenatal care and birth outcomes. Husky mothers are had about 82% prenatal care. Adequate
prenatal care. When prenatal care began and when the expected number of visits takes place.
There hasn’t been much change in early prenatal care.
; Low birth weight has declined.
; Difference in cost in the program- vaginal birth and cesarean- $4,000 dollars per birth- rate
in the program.
; Maternal health 2010.
; Smoking Rates by Husky Coverage- About 10% of mothers of husky B and husky A
o In 2010- coverage for smoking cessation until October for the Affordable Care Act.
o It was not a policy until October of 2010.
o Rates in the Husky Program were 4-5X times higher.
; In 2009, Coverage for recent immigrant women. Since the enactment of CHIPRA- matching.
In 2012 state of CT- instituted a family planning.
; Benefits of the program have improved.
; Improved Identify pregnant women and link them to dental services. CHNCT is conducting
screening for maternal for depression and making referrals to CT Connecticut Dental Health
; Making sure the birth outcomes are the best the way we can be
; Husky is working on the Pay for Performance project.
; CT DPH working with 5 urban counties. 2 federally funded program- new haven-
community foundation and for city of Hartford sponsored by the Dept. of public health. ; Keep these husky parents covered in the program. Better availability to time these
; Remain in good health and coverage during the inter-conception period. Families are
together in coverage. Make sure eligible women- still stay covered.
; There is a greater risk of losing coverage.
; Teens and Low Income Adults go into the family planning program to avoid becoming
; Link WIC registration data program at least 12 weeks- 64 % reduction in low birth weight.
Council Member Discussion and Questions:
; DPH WIC Data in 2013, you are Eligible for WIC if you have Husky.
; Christine Bianchi discusses dental programs and the project between dental health
partnerships. How we can link healthy start and pay for performance. ; Outcomes related to those who are foreign born- What are the strategies for this?
o These individuals the majorities don’t go get service early in the pregnancy. As a
state-wide effort more strategies.
; Fee for Service percentages for low birth weights in Community based early identification
for women. Continuing that program in the biennial is worthwhile and women in the
community get referred as early as possible.
; Babies born to un-documented immigrants- babies are born are US babies. ; Data in the Hartford area in the 90s babies of foreign born- higher and better than native
born. 2/3 on fee for service panel. What changes?
; Fee for Service are sometimes drug addicted women. Profile with the fee for service
mothers- working to improve those health outcomes. Dr. Z will work with Mary Alice on
; Question: Why is the 18 month delay getting the data set- DPH most the delay and CT needs
to collect from other states CT residents . Data collection delays. ; Released the data to the council before DPH.
; Cesarean rates are there reasons they’ve gone up? What has changed in the practice of
obstetrics to drive this number?
o Once a cesarean always a cesareans
o Hospitals No longer do VBACS.
o At Windham Hospital - no longer have a vagainal birth after they have a cesarean
o Difficult to find a practitioner that will do a VBAC
o Find a large hospital that has anesthesiologist.
o Foreign country- no opportunity to have a vaginal delivery. That will drive the rate.
o Measure to increasing rates of obesity in the population.
o Hospitalists are doing care- more cautious to do the section.
; Foreign born that are undocumented- where there overall costs are higher.
o If you have adequate prenatal care- baby will be healthier?
o Will it cost it more not to provide this? Concerned about the accuracy.
o Evaluate that point.
; Community Health Centers be a part of the discussion and exploration. ; Some barriers are- blood work, ultra sounds, additional testing- tools to have the information
needed to have appropriate prenatal care.
; Comment about how providers wanted money up front. Women babies that are born- who
are we going to be paying for.
Sen. Harp thanked Mary Alice Lee for the Presentation and her work.
Olivia Puckett – Clerk Presentation on Findings from Medicaid Managed Care Conference Olivia Puckett attended the Medicaid Managed Care Conference in November 2012. The full report is available online at www.cga.ct.gov/med
The Goal of the Conference is realize the impact of the Affordable Care Act on States. Presenters discussed the impacts of the Supreme Court Decision and the Affordable Care Act. Rhode Island: Waivers
; Steve Costantino- Executive Director of Office of Health and Human Services
; 1115 Global Waiver Proposed in August 2008 and approved in January 2009
; Recent Waivers Approved: Begin Medicaid Expansion Sooner, Simplify Enrollment and Renewal
Processes managed care for Special Needs Populations, Support of Safety Net Systems ; Recent Waivers Denied: Eligibility Restriction, Enrollment restrictions, increased premiums Nebraska: Managed Care and Medicaid Population
; Vivienne M. Chaumont, Director of Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services Division of
Medicaid & Long-Term Care
; Nebraska Population- 1.7 Million
; Medicaid Population- 237,534
o 152,032 Children enrolled Medicaid and CHIP
o CHIP is a Medicaid Expansion in Nebraska
o Stand-alone CHIP program for unborn children of pregnant women not eligible for Medicaid
implemented on July19, 2012 pursuant to Legislative Mandate
o Managed Care Population- 185,000
; Exclusions: Populations not included, Dual Eligibles, Long-Term Care Clients (nursing facility and Home
and Community Based Services), and Transplants. Services not included: Dental, Pharmacy, Long-term
Care, Non-Emergency Transportation, Behavioral Health
; Medicaid Expansion: Nebraska does not currently cover adults unless they are caretaker relatives
under AFDC, Aged, and Disabled.
; Governor has stated that he will not support expansion of the Medicaid Program.
; Long Term Care Population not currently covered by managed care program.
; Approximately 53,000 Medicaid Clients are aged or Disabled
; Most Expensive- Least Managed Clients
; Move to at risk managed care in July 2014
; Develop programs for Dual Eligibles
Washington State Health Care Authority- Network Development Strategies- Expanding Medicaid Managed Care Eligibility Enrollment
; Presentation by : Preston W. Cody- Assistant Director Health Care Services
o NEW POPULATION: Medicaid Only, Blind/Disabled Clients Enroll” Exceptions: Living in
Institutional Settings, Enrolled in Chronic Care Management Programs
o State Success: Prepare for Medicaid Expansion, expect improved health outcomes for highest risk,
highest cost enrollees, Potential Cost savings through transition from Fee for Service to Managed Care,
greater oversight and strengthen program integrity for public funded programs.
o State Challenges: Geography and provider limitations, limited provider participation, rural areas,
provider reimbursement, Available of Primary Care Physicians- about 20 PCP care from some patients
covered by Medicaid. Close to 80% accept new patients
o Lessons learned: Focus on how changes will benefit enrollees first, continuously monitor provider
networks, more resources needed to devoted stakeholder management including enrollees’ taxpayers,
and political advocate and provider communities.
o Similar to CT PCMH and Husky. Similar to Eastern CT Geographic Issues.
Utah: Examining Medicaid Expansion Implications for Consumers, Exchanges and Goals of the Affordable Care Act
; Presented by Norman Thurston, Ph.D.
; UTAH’s Experience: Health Care System Reform: Philosophy of Utah’s Approach to health reform is
the invisible hand of the marketplace, rather than the heavy handoff the government is the most effective
means whereby reform may take place.
Market Based Approach: A farmer’s market approach- Consumers- enhanced choice, Health Plans- ;
Access to consumers, Public Programs- Supporting Role. Facilitate Market-Based Outcomes. Everyone
Enrolled in “Best” Program.
; Challenges: Accurate Data: Impact on Budgets, People and Economy. Uncertain Future: November
Election, Legal Issues, Unanswered Questions.
; Now What? Exchange Decisions, Insurance Market Decisions, and Medicaid Decisions- Whose
priorities, can we be flexible?
Texas: Do Medicaid Cost Containment Initiatives Work- A Texas Lesson Key Concepts: Innovative Cost Containment Strategies, Budget Balancing, Hospital Payment Reform, OB Birth Outcomes as Cost Containment, 1115 Waiver for Hospital Reform and Quality.
; 2010-2011 Budget- State Leadership Approved 1.25 Billion in General Revenue ; Medicaid Beneficiaries and Expenditures: 65 and Older/Disabled= 30% caseload, 60% cost.
o Similar to CT Dual Eligibles Population.
; Factors Driving the Medicaid Shortfall: Missed Projections in Medicaid Case Loads Service Utilizations
; How did they Balance? Substantial 4.8 Billion Under-Funding Of Medicaid- Spending Reductions-
Medicaid Managed Care Expansion State Wide, Cost-Containment Initiatives. Gray Area- Cost-
Containment for federal flexibility.
; Cost Containment: Rider 61 to achieve 450 M GR Fund through:
o Payment Reform and Quality Based Payments, Increasing neonatal intensive care management,
More appropriate ER Rates for non-emergent care- Cut 40% in reimbursement., maximizing co-pays
in Medicaid, Improving birth outcomes by reducing birth trauma and elective inductions- resulting in
OB Modifier Requirement for all Medicaid births, increasing fraud, waste, and abuse detection.
o Rider 59 to Save 700M GR Funds pursuing a waiver to allow Medicaid Flexibility
; Greater Flexibility in standards and levels of eligibility
; Better designed benefit packages to meet demographic needs of Texas.
; Use of Co-Pays
; Consolidation of funding streams for transparency and accountability
; Assumed responsibility by the feds of 100% of the health care costs of unauthorized
; Other Cost Containment Initiatives: Electronic visit verification, maximizing co-pays, independent
assessments-private duty nursing, amount, duration and scope, medical transportation, early child
intervention cost containment strategies, immunizations, Orthodontic enforcement, detection and claims
for fraud, waste and abuse.
; Hospital Payment Reform: Pay for Quality- Adjusts payment s by linking quality to payments, Hospital
acquired conditions, potentially preventable events (readmissions, complications, admissions).
o Similar to what CT is doing with Hospital Payment Reform and other payment reforms.
New York: Using 3M Clinical Risk Group for Medicaid Managed Care Risk Adjustment: A Perspective from New York State
; 5 million beneficiaries. 13 Billion In capitation spending CT 2011.
; Medicaid Snap Shot: Beneficiaries with 3 or more chronic conditions represent 19% of enrollment and
49 % of overall spending. 65.7% Chronic Physical Only. 24.6% MH/Sa and Chronic Physician, 9.7%
Chronic MH. SA Only.
3 Health Status % of Avg % of Total Medicaid Spending
Total Enrollment PMPM
Healthy / Minor 62.0 21.9 297
Single Chronic 16.6 17.9 909
Pairs Chronic 16.8 38.8 1,948
Triples Chronic 2.2 9.7 3,770
Malignancies 0.6 2.1 2,906
Catastrophic Condition 0.8 5.5 5,882
HIV / AIDS 1.1 4.2 3,067
$ 841 Total 100.0% 100.0%
Accountable Care Organization Features and Medicaid Managed Care ; PWC Price Waterhouse Cooper, Gary Jacobs
; The State of Medicaid Managed Care
o The Cost of Medicaid is projected to double over the next 10 Years.
o Affordable Care Act Provisions will add nearly 26 M lives and 619 B in costs over the 10 Year timeframe. o Today Dual Eligibles represent $320 B expenditure. Duals projected to increase from 9 M to 18M lives
over the next 20 Years.
o Two Service models: Capitated and Enhanced Fee for Service.
o Today at least 41 States have moved beyond the EP CCM to medical homes for Medicaid and CHIP.
Provider Performance, Care Coordination and Improving Performance.
o Mature State PCMH has demonstrated improved cost and Quality Outcomes.
; Utilization- Vermont Medicaid pilots saw a 21% and 19% decrease in ED
Visits. North Carolina ADB Hospital admissions decreased 2% while admissions for un-
enrolled ABD population increased 31%.
; Quality: Vermont: Blueprint improved lung-function assessment for asthma and self-
management for diabetes. North Caroline in top 10% on national quality measures for
diabetes, asthma, heart disease. Oklahoma has improved HEDIS Quality Measures including
diabetes screening, breast cancer screening. Access Complaints decreased from1670 in 2007
to 13 in 2009.
; Costs- North Carolina saved nearly 1.5 B between Years 2007-2009. Colorado has a 21.5 %
reduction in median costs for children n a medical home compared to nonmedical home
participants. Vermont saw 12% decrease in PMPM costs for commercially insurers from
o To further promote PCMH Development, Affordable Care Act established a state plan option for
Medicaid Health Homes for beneficiaries with chronic conditions. 20 States have indicated their
interest. CMS has approved 6 States so far, MO, RI, NY, OR, NC, IO.
; Builds on Patient Centered Medical Home Model.
o CMS Dual Demonstrations provide another opportunity to expanded managed care features in a
market historically dominated by FFS.
; Similar to CT Duals Demonstration.
; Of 26 States that submitted proposal to participate in the financial alignment demo, 14
Proposed 2013 Star Dates, 7 proposed capitated demos to cover 1.4 M lives.
; CT, CO, IA, MO, NC and Ok are proposing FFS models. Kaiser Family Foundation
; Mass. is the firsts date to have an MOU with CMS for the dual financial alignment
; A new study concludes that Accountable Care Organization features can produce cost savings for the most costly populations.
; The Rules of engagement for the Medicaid Market and other government programs are evolving and Accountable Care Organization Features will be integral to success in all markets. ; Common Elements of the New Delivery Model
o Medicare Medicaid Duals and Exchanges
o Managed Care- Population management, disease management, case management, PCMH, Patent
Centered Care, provider Accountability for outcomes
o Payment Reforms- Shared Savings, Pay for Performance, Risk Assumption
o Quality and Performance Monitoring and Reporting- HEDIS, CAHPS, Stars. Financial and Quality
Management Systems, HIT Systems, Data and Analytics.
o Consumer Protections- Public disclosure of cost and quality data, compliance.
; Success in Medicaid Managed Care (and other Government Programs) necessitates embracing Accountable Care Organization Core Competencies and targeted market strategies.
o Key Enablers: Partner with Members, Partner with Providers, Create a Compliance Culture Health Insurance Exchange: Long on Options, Short on Time
; In 2014, 12 Million Americans are expected to being purchasing health insurance through
; Emerging Customer Base:
o The newly insured will be less educated less likely to speak English as their primary language.
o Medicaid Expansion may shift the number of enrollees going into the exchanges.
o The new individual exchange population consists of mainly young, white, and relatively healthy
; Price will be a concern for both consumers and insurers, but qualities serve as a differentiator. Price will be a leading factor in consumer decision making. As consumers become more sophisticated insurers will need