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choice of sentence!11

By Tommy Webb,2014-06-18 02:49
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choice of sentence!11 choice of sentence!11

;Types of Sentence

    ;According to their function, we have — ; 1) declarative sentences. ;陈述句,

    ; 2) interrogative sentences.;疑陈句,

    ; 3) imperative sentences.;祈使句,

    ; 4) exclamatory sentences. ;感陈句,

    ;According to their structure, we have — ; 1) simple sentences. ;陈陈句,

    ; 2) compound sentences. ;列句,

    ; 3) complex sentences. ;陈合句,

    ; 4) compound-complex sentences. ;列陈合句,

    ;From a rhetorical;修, point of view, we have — ; 1) loose sentences. ;松散句,

    ; 2) periodic sentences. ;掉尾句,

    ; 3) balanced sentences. ;平衡句,

; 4) Short and long sentences ;陈短句,

    Choice of sentences Rhetorical classificationa.Loose sentences

    b.Periodic sentencesc.Balanced sentences

Loose sentences ()

    ;main idea is presented at the beginning and the

    subordinate or dependent constituents are added to it.

    Such sentences are placed in a natural order like this:

    subject-verb-complement. The in formation is orderly

    presentation. It is often simpler, natural, and direct.

    E.g. my roommate told me to buy a ticket for him

    when I went to train station yesterday.

Periodic sentence

    ;Subordinate idea comes first and main idea

    comes at the end.

    E.g. Having considered both sides of the

    argument, I have come to the conclusion that

    the advantages of owning a car outweigh the

    disadvantages.

    ;Though Jim Thorpe had brought great glory to his nation, though thousands of people cheered him upon his return to the United Stages and attended banquets and a New York parade in his honor, he was not a citizen.

    You can’t understand the writer until you read thoroughly. Such sentence can emphasize the element placed at the beginning. It is more complex, emphatic, formal or literary.

Balanced sentences

    ;When a sentence contains two or more

    points, then such a sentence is often

    presented in parallel structures so that

    the parts are equally prominent and

    mutually supportive.

    ;The feeling of the nation must be quickened; the conscience of the nation must be roused; the propriety of the nation must be started; the hypocrisy of the nation must be exposed; and its crimes against God and men must be proclaimed and denounced.

    ;Such parallel sentences are emphatic and forceful.

    When a sentence contains two parallel clauses

    similar in structure but contrasted in meaning, it is a

    balanced sentence.

    ;On hearing the news, he was angered, and I was

    saddened.

    ;In Plato’s opinion man was made for philosophy; in

    Bacon’s opinion philosophy was made for

    man.

    ; --Thomas Babington Macaulay

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