;Types of Sentence
;According to their function, we have — ; 1) declarative sentences. ;陈述句，
; 2) interrogative sentences.;疑陈句，
; 3) imperative sentences.;祈使句，
; 4) exclamatory sentences. ;感陈句，
;According to their structure, we have — ; 1) simple sentences. ;陈陈句，
; 2) compound sentences. ;列句， 并
; 3) complex sentences. ;陈合句，
; 4) compound-complex sentences. ;列陈合句，并
;From a rhetorical;修， 辞point of view, we have — ; 1) loose sentences. ;松散句，
; 2) periodic sentences. ;掉尾句，
; 3) balanced sentences. ;平衡句，
; 4) Short and long sentences ;陈短句，
Choice of sentences Rhetorical classificationa.Loose sentences
b.Periodic sentencesc.Balanced sentences
Loose sentences ()
;main idea is presented at the beginning and the
subordinate or dependent constituents are added to it.
Such sentences are placed in a natural order like this:
subject-verb-complement. The in formation is orderly
presentation. It is often simpler, natural, and direct.
E.g. my roommate told me to buy a ticket for him
when I went to train station yesterday.
;Subordinate idea comes first and main idea
comes at the end.
E.g. Having considered both sides of the
argument, I have come to the conclusion that
the advantages of owning a car outweigh the
;Though Jim Thorpe had brought great glory to his nation, though thousands of people cheered him upon his return to the United Stages and attended banquets and a New York parade in his honor, he was not a citizen.
You can’t understand the writer until you read thoroughly. Such sentence can emphasize the element placed at the beginning. It is more complex, emphatic, formal or literary.
;When a sentence contains two or more
points, then such a sentence is often
presented in parallel structures so that
the parts are equally prominent and
;The feeling of the nation must be quickened; the conscience of the nation must be roused; the propriety of the nation must be started; the hypocrisy of the nation must be exposed; and its crimes against God and men must be proclaimed and denounced.
;Such parallel sentences are emphatic and forceful.
When a sentence contains two parallel clauses
similar in structure but contrasted in meaning, it is a
;On hearing the news, he was angered, and I was
;In Plato’s opinion man was made for philosophy; in
Bacon’s opinion philosophy was made for
; --Thomas Babington Macaulay