Joan of Arc

By Grace Dunn,2014-06-17 23:07
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Joan of Arc

    Joan of Arc

    Saint Joan of Arc

Painting, c.1485. Artist's interpretation; the only portrait for which she

    is known to have sat has not survived. (Centre Historique des Archives

    Nationales, Paris, AE II 2490)


    Born c. 1412, Domrémy, France

    Died 30 May 1431, Rouen, France

    Venerated Roman Catholic Church in

    Beatified 18 April 1909, Notre Dame Cathedral by Pope Pius X

    Canonized 16 May 1920, St. Peter's Basilica, Rome by Pope Benedict XV

    Feast 16 May

    France; martyrs; captives; militants; people ridiculed for Patronage their piety; prisoners; soldiers; Women Appointed for

    Voluntary Emergency Service; Women's Army Corps

    [1][2]Joan of Arc (c. 1412 30 May 1431) also known as "the Maid of Orleans," was a 15th century Catholic Saint, and national heroine of France. A

    peasant girl born in Eastern France, Joan led the French army to several important victories during the Hundred Years' War, claiming divine

    guidance, and was indirectly responsible for the coronation of King Charles VII. She was captured by the English, tried by an ecclesiastical

    court and burned at the stake when she was nineteen years old. Twenty-four years later, the Holy See reviewed the decision of the ecclesiastical court, found her innocent, and declared her a martyr. She was beatified [2]in 1909 and later canonized in 1920.

    Joan asserted that she had visions from God that told her to recover her

    homeland from English domination late in the Hundred Years' War. The

    uncrowned King Charles VII sent her to the siege at Orléans as part of

    a relief mission. She gained prominence when she overcame the dismissive attitude of veteran commanders and lifted the siege in only nine days. Several more swift victories led to Charles VII's coronation at Reims and

    settled the disputed succession to the throne.

    Joan of Arc has remained an important figure throughout Western culture. From Napoleon to the present, French politicians of all leanings have invoked her memory. Major writers and composers who have created works about her include Shakespeare, Voltaire, Schiller, Verdi, Tchaikovsky,

    Twain, and Shaw. Depictions of her continue in film, television, video

    games, song, and dance.