America After 3 PM:A Household Survey on Afterschool in AmericaSupported by the JCPenney Afterschool FundAmerica After 3 PMExecutive Summary:While most children in America 67 spend some portion of the hours after school in the care of a parent or guardian 25 of the country’s K-12 youth are responsible for taking care of
themselves. These children spend an average of nearly 7 hours per week unsupervised after school. In contrast only 11 of U.S. K-12 youth participate in afterschool programs. Other care arrangements include traditional child care centers 11 sibling care 11 and non-parental adult care such as a grandparent or neighbor 15.Need or Demand for Afterschool More than 26 of the K-12 youth in self-care would be likely to participate in an afterschool program if one were available in the community.Similarly 30 of all children not in afterschool would be likely to participate if an afterschool program were available in the community regardless of their current care arrangement. America After 3 PMExecutive Summary:Satisfaction with Afterschool ProgramsNinety-one percent of parents nationwide are extremely or somewhat satisfied with the afterschool program their child attends. The top 3 reasons parents cite for selecting an afterschool program are child enjoyment affordability and convenient location.Parents of non-participants believe that their children would benefit most from afterschool programs in the following ways: by having fun improved physical activity improved social skills academic enrichment and by staying safe and out of trouble. Contextual Information about Afterschool Programs Nationwide public schools are the largest provider of afterschool programs. YMCAs religious organizations Boys and Girls Clubs and private schools round out the top five providers of afterschool programs.On average families spend 22 per week for afterschool programs. America After 3 PM:Types of Care After SchoolSample Size: 51781Total Kids K-12 in the US: 57 MillionPercentages total greater than 100 because many children are in more than one type of care6738.3 M2514.3 M158.6 M116.5 M116.5M116.5 M0102030405060708090100Parent orGuardianLooking afterhim/ herselfself
careAnother adultsuch asneighborSibling careDay care facilityAfterschoolprogram of RespondentsMillions of k-12 childrenDemand for AfterschoolAmong youth not currently in afterschool programs3.7 M15.3 M0.05.010.015.020.0Total number of children likely toparticipate in afterschoolprograms if programs wereavailableChildren currently unsupervisedand likely to participate inafterschool programs ifprograms were availableMillions of K-12 ChildrenAmerica After 3 PMHours Children Spend in Self CareMore than 15 hrs111-15 hrs186-10 hrs29Up to 5 hrs52Sample Size: 596914.3 million K-12 youth are in self careAverage of 7 hours/week unsupervisedSample Size : 5969America After 3 PM:Youth in Self Care by Grade LevelsGrades 1-5 11Grades 6-834Grades 9-1251Unreported4Sample Size : 5969America After 3 PM:Afterschool Participants by Grade LevelsKindergarten 11Grades 1-555Grades 6-815Grades 9-128Unreported11America After 3 PMGrade level of children in grade level in self careNumber of childrenin self careKindergarten1 42819Unreported9 602819 Grades 1 to 57 1303945 Grades 6 to 834 3901463Grades 9 to 1252 5968930 Grade level children in grade level in afterschoolNumber of childrenin afterschoolKindergarten13 564023 Unreported8 537034Grades 1 to 515 2753131 Grades 6 to 86 727722Grades 9 to 123 389888 America After 3 PMChildren unsupervised by grade levels525.9 M343.9 M71.3 M9602819 142819051015202530354045505560KindergartenUnreportedGrades
1-5Grades 6-8Grades 9-12 of childrenNumber of childrenAmerica After 3 PMChildren in afterschool by grade levels33898886727722152.8
M853703413564023051015202530KindergartenUnreportedGrades 1-5Grades 6-8Grades 9-12 of ChildrenNumber of ChildrenSample Base : 3434America After 3 PM:Afterschool Program Providers2630346534490102030405060708090100YMCA BGCA Public SchoolReligiousOrganizationPrivateSchoolCity/Town of RespondentsAmerica After 3 PMSatisfaction with Afterschool ProgramsDissatisfied5Neutral4Somewhat Satisfied38Very Satisfied53Sample Size: 272491 overallsatisfaction ratingMethodology??The study was conducted in two phases:??Phase 1–Pre-screening
done for overall participation calculation. A total of 30791 households were screened for Afterschool participation by number of children. ??Phase 2–Detailed questionnaires were
mailed to targeted sample to obtain a proportionate number of Afterschool program participants vs. non-participants. Final sample achieved for the main interviews was 18181.??Reporting is done with numbers projected to target Universe of children in US in the age group of 5 –17 years. ??Weighting of household level data has been done by ‘Income’ and ‘Race’ variables. Weighting of child level data has been done by only
‘Race’.??The field-work for the study was conducted was conducted during July-October 2003Screening Phase??Screening conducted among general sample to identify school-age parent households.??Screening also used to gain national and state level participation rates of participation in after school programs.??Screening interviews were conducted using IPSOS-NPD mail omnibus panel??National participation levels have a sampling error of /-1Main QuestionnaireTwo versions of follow-up questionnaire were mailed to school-age parent households:??Participants in afterschool programs??2666 Participant questionnaires mailed??1814 Participant questionnaires received??68 response rate achieved??Non-Participants in afterschool programs??24565 Non-participant questionnaires mailed??16142 Non-participant questionnaires received??66 response rate achievedSample coverage –ScreeningState
NameNon-participantsParticipantsTotal26Nebraska2372826527Nevada2273225928New Hampshire2004224229New Jersey7309882830New Mexico1973823531New
Virginia2882231048Wisconsin8708895849Wyoming1893422350Alaska1495220151Hawaii13268200Total 27536325530791Sample coverage –Main InterviewsState
NameNon-participantsParticipantsTotal26Nebraska1561817427Nevada1211413528New Hampshire1031611929New Jersey4185247030New Mexico1011411531New York1025124114932No. Carolina4045345733No.
Dakota1001211234Ohio7805783735Oklahoma2191723636Oregon2622728937Pennsylvania126297135938Rhode Island891410339So.Carolina1951621140So. Dakota1122013241Tennessee3463037642Texas8218190243Utah216822444Vermont1071412145Virginia4354247746Washington3783040847W.