Great Progress to Energy-saving and Emission Reduction
3 years after the comprehensive work plan for energy-saving and emission reduction announcement, China has introduced a series of measures one after another for fulfilling the tasks involved in the plan. Energy Consumption Per Unit of GDP Kept on Dropping
According to the National Bureau of Statistics of China, the energy consumption per unit of GDP in the first quarter dropped by 2.89% as compared to the previous year, and the reduction rate is 0.27% higher than a year earlier. It’s supposed to be down by 5% all the year round.
In the first quarter, the industrial energy consumption per added-value in each line showed the decline trend, which happened to those industrial enterprises above designated size (i.e. all state-owned enterprises and those non-state-owned enterprises with an annual sales income over 5 million yuan), with 7.51% down to the steel line, 16.58% down to the nonferrous line and 10.17% decline to the electric power line.
In terms of the major pollutant emission reduction, both the energy consumption per unit of GDP and the overall pollutant emissions dropped in 2007, with the energy consumption per unit of GDP declining by 3.27%, which meant theenergy-saving of 89.8 million standard coal. Besides, the overall emissions of SO2 and COD dropped by 4.66% and 3.14% respectively.
Compared with 2007, the two indexes kept on dropping further in 2008, with the energy consumption per unit of GDP dropped by 4.57%, overall emissions of COD and SO2 declined by 4.42% and 5.95% separately.
The accumulative amount of energy consumption per unit of GDP reduction is 10.1% since 2006, with 8.59% and 6.61% decline to SO2 and COD, which saves tremendous energy and reduces greenhouse gases and harmful pollutants.
Accelerating Energy-saving and Emission Reduction against the Economic Crisis
The international financial crisis breaking out cut down the pollutant emissions from industries of various fields, somewhere along the way, the effective work as well as the government resolution made the energy-saving and emission reduction go further.
The relevant departments took a series of measures for curbing industries of high-energy-consumption and high emissions in 2008.
The 12.5 billion out of 27 billion yuan of energy-saving-and-emission-reduction-oriented fund, excluding the central investment in the fourth quarter, was for energy-saving in 2008.
The State Council introduced as soon as possible the pakage plan for driving economic growth to deal with the international financial crisis in the fourth quarter of 2008. Altogether 23 billion yuan were used for projects of energy-saving and emission reduction, ecological construction and envrionmental protection, taking up 10% of the latest adding of the total investment.
The “Restructuring and Revitalization Plan for 10 Major Industries”, launched by the State Council, featured the energy-saving and emission reduction. This plan is meant to improve the energy efficiency through encouraging the industrial restructuring in fields of steel, automobile, etc. Besides, provinces and key enterprises not finishing the task for energy-saving and emission reduction are required to implement rectification within limited time. Additionally, all the projects of high energy consumption out of thatregion or enterprise cannot pass the approval.
China also steer the consumers to purchase small displacement cars through tax reduction or providing financial subsidy, still the new energy movement got spreaded.
China’s incessant effort for energy-saving and emission reduction gains the international praise.
Tough Task for Energy-saving and Emission Reduction
Xie Zhenhua, Chinese minister of the State Environmental Protection Administration, maintains that although China has made a great progress in the field of energy-saving and emission reduction, yet it’s
tough to carry it on to more satisfactory side.
Currently, China is still in the industrialization and urbanization stage. However, energy demand and consumption will continue to grow due to the industrialization and urbanization process at home and abroad as well as China’s industrial structure, which will give us more greenhouse gases because of the
“The financial crisis and dealing with the climate change bring us great chance to adjust industrial structure and change both the development style and lifestyle. We should speed up the development for industries of energy-saving and environmentally friendly lines for the low-carbon economy,” said Xie