Emotional factors in language learning
--Anxiety in language learning
By ZengErping WuDe Middle School
Abstract: As we all know, language learning is closely associated with
emotional factors in the research of second language .this essay is based on analysis of emotional factors that affect students in language learning, then discuss what teachers should do and how to deal with them in the process of teaching English.
Key words: emotional factors, SAL, anxiety.
It is known to us all that all normal children are successful in their mother tongue. However, there exist differences in individual proficiency development of second language.
According to Krashen and Pulayer‟s “The affective filter hypothesis”, the filter
controls how much input the learner comes into contact with, and how much input is converted into intake. It is „affective because the factors which determine its strength have to do with the learner‟s motivation and self-confidence and with low anxiety
have low filters and so obtain and let in plenty of input. Learners with low motivation, little self-confidence, and high anxiety have high filter and so receive little input and allow even less in. By this token, except for the factors of cognitive, emotional factors play a key role in second language learning. Therefore, in order to help learners to learn second language better, I will share my strategies of learning second language how to deal with the relationship between emotional factors and SLA.
Recently more and more people have been paying attention to students‟
emotional problems in second language learning, but I have done research about anxiety on influencing second language learning.
The viewpoint defined by famous scholars ,WangWanquan and WanYushu, “As
result of failing to achieve expected targets or being not able to overcome threats suffering from obstacles, students are disappointed and stricken with failure, moreover, they may be engaged with phobia and nervous mood all along. Anxiety in second
language learning, I want to study it from three aspects, such as individual characters, teaching activities and methods, the past hurt experiences.
1. Aspects of anxiety influenced in individual characters
Individual characters deprived from the nature, environment and educated extend.
As result of individual characters, most of students in the process of learning second language, they all are affected on all kinds of factors. We can analysis effects from the aspect of anxiety influenced individual characters. First of all, personality is the whole nature and character of a particular. To extravert, he might feel more relaxed when he speaks second language with foreigners or other persons. By contrast, he might be more nervous to communicate with people for an introverted person. This is a display to prove anxiety in language learning. Secondly, the circumstance of personal growth is sub-divided into family and geography surrounding. According Chomsky‟s opinion, “parents have a key effect on children‟s language learning.
Therefore, if a child acquires a mount of second language knowledge from his parents or relatives, he might be less anxiety no matter where or when he has class or talks. Being referenced especially, children will be more active and optimistic if parents construct loose atmosphere of learning second language. Obtain to our surrounding, we can find it is a fact. Geography, researched from some students which live in zhaotong and other provinces. The research is about the pronunciation distinguished between „n‟ and „l‟ in second language learning for ten students. Five students are from zhaotong, they can not pronounce them right, so they often escape language learning because of inhibition. However, another five students like learning English, especially speaking it in public because they can relax to express their words in English. All in all, as result of shortage of geography, different students have different anxieties to deal with their second language learning.
2. Aspects of anxiety influenced in activities of teaching
This is mainly affected by teachers‟ attitude and their teaching methods. A teacher
or a group should provide some extracurricular to make students practice. Through the survey, we can find that students may be more confident and relaxed who take part in extracurricular frequently. Their anxiety in second language learning is less than that dislike participating in activities. On the other hand, the style of teachers teaching or his ability has similar important in second language learning. The relaxed attitude or mood is influenced into students‟ eyes to make them imitate and study. By the way,
the students can express their words relaxed.
3. Aspects of anxiety influenced in the past experiences
Everyone dislikes making mistakes. However, failure is a necessary process in everyone‟s life and can not avoid it. Anxiety is quite possibly the affective factor that most seriously stops the progress of learning. Most of the time, the anxiety of learners is related to past hurt experiences and the attitude of people around them because they fear main mistakes again and people laughing at them.
There is no doubt that anxiety is one of the important factors which impact language acquisition. Therefore, we should act to reduce the negative emotional factors, like anxiety in our second language learning. Here are some advices to avoid negative factors; creating a relaxed and positive learning environment; providing
opportunities for students to experience success; arousing students‟ interests in the process of second language learning. In my heart, what really counts is not anxiety
itself; but what we thin of anxiety and what we do after anxiety. (800)
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